Abstract

We describe a new method for real-time detection and measurement of small vibrations, based on phase modulation in time-average electronic speckle pattern interferometry. The modulation frequency is shifted relative to the vibration frequency, which makes the intensity of the reconstructed image vary at the difference frequency. The amplitude detection limits are about 20 Å by visual observation and 0.1 Å by photoelectric measurement using a lockin technique. No auxiliary system for fringe stabilization is required. At higher amplitude levels we can study the deformation of the object in slow motion. Measurements on different objects, including human ear preparation, are presented.

© 1977 Optical Society of America

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