Abstract

This paper presents results in which particle image velocimetry (PIV) is used in conjunction with refractive index matching to measure fluid flow velocities within complex, multiphase systems. This application required the adaptation of PIV for use with fluorescent, rather than scattering, seed particles; we refer to the technique as fluorescent PIV (FPIV). We applied index-matched FPIV to the measurement of low flow velocities (tens of microns per second) at high spatial resolution (tens of microns) in a porous medium. We produced clear images of flowing particles in heterogeneous porous media and obtained reliable velocity vectors by a point-by-point interrogation of these images. We also found evidence of the intrapore mixing of porous media flow.

© 1991 Optical Society of America

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