Abstract

To date, silicon backplane spatial light modulators have been characterized by poor-quality mirrors. Hillock formation during metal sintering has been identified as the source of this problem. Here hillock elimination is achieved by constraining the metal with a low-temperature plasma-enhanced chemical-vapor deposition silicon dioxide coating. A double-layer metallization procedure increases the silicon area available for circuitry and improves the mirror fill factor. Second-layer metal mirrors require a flat, intermediate dielectric substrate. Chemical-mechanical polishing is demonstrated to provide the flatness necessary to achieve high optical quality.

© 1993 Optical Society of America

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