Abstract

Resonance-enhanced multiphoton ionization (REMPI) detection of radical species in low-pressure laboratory flames is a promising tool for the development and refinement of combustion models. For accurate REMPI species concentration measurements in flame zones with inherently high background ionization levels, an understanding of the influence of plasma sheaths on REMPI probe response is required. Proper probe response is found to depend on careful control of probe-biasing and laser-focusing conditions. Only negatively biased probes are suitable, because of the influences of secondary ionization on the response of positively biased probes. In situ probe calibration procedures with the (2 + 2) REMPI of N2 at 270.6 nm are described. Detection of O atoms in a stoichiometric 20-Torr methane-oxygen flame permits a precise comparison of both laser-induced fluorescence and REMPI measurements with flame-modeling results.

© 1994 Optical Society of America

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