Abstract

We present a new technique for information processing using Fresnel transform-based correlation. The main emphasis is on the design of a correlator involving the reference object and its near-field diffraction pattern at an optimized distance. The input-scene image and its diffraction pattern constitute the input pattern of the new correlator. The new technique shows a significant increase in discrimination ability and optical efficiency. Moreover, different encoding methods, such as the phase-only filter or the matched filter, can be used in conjunction with this method. A theoretical analysis as well as examples are given.

© 1997 Optical Society of America

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