Abstract

An anomalous photovoltaic film formed by simultaneous oblique sputter deposition of CdTe and CdS from different directions was integrated onto LiNbO3 and combined with a Mach-Zehnder-type interferometric waveguide modulator. Irradiation by 830-nm laser light with low intensity near 1 mW of the photovoltaic film induced anomalous photovoltages of ∼5 V, which is as high as the half-wave voltage. This photovoltage was used to control the signal light in the waveguide. Modulation by external light was demonstrated with a response time of 0.1 s. Because of the presence of CdS with a photoconductive effect, the response time was much faster than that of conventional anomalous photovoltaic films formed by oblique deposition of CdTe.

© 1997 Optical Society of America

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