Abstract

A novel technique called a two-frame digital phase-locked loop for fringe pattern demodulation is presented. In this scheme, two fringe patterns with different spatial carrier frequencies are grabbed for an object. A digital phase-locked loop algorithm tracks and demodulates the phase difference between both fringe patterns by employing the wrapped phase components of one of the fringe patterns as a reference to demodulate the second fringe pattern. The desired phase information can be extracted from the demodulated phase difference. We tested the algorithm experimentally using real fringe patterns. The technique is shown to be suitable for noncontact measurement of objects with rapid surface variations, and it outperforms the Fourier fringe analysis technique in this aspect. Phase maps produced with this algorithm are noisy in comparison with phase maps generated with the Fourier fringe analysis technique.

© 2002 Optical Society of America

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