## Abstract

A simple phase estimation employing cubic and average interpolations to solve the oversampling problem in smooth modulated phase images is described. In the context of a general phase-shifting process, without phase-unwrapping, the modulated phase images are employed to recover wavefront shapes with high fringe density. The problem of the phase reconstruction by line integration of its gradient requires a form appropriate to the calculation of partial derivatives, especially when the phase to recover has higher-order aberration values. This is achieved by oversampling the modulated phase images, and many interpolations can be implemented. Here an oversampling procedure based on the analysis of a quadratic cost functional for phase recovery, in a particular case, is proposed.

©2012 Optical Society of America

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