Abstract

A tunable dual-wavelength filter based on degenerate modes with a ring dielectric rod inside the single point defect cavity is proposed. The band structures and mode profiles are computed by the plane-wave expansion method. The normalized transmission spectra for this structure are investigated by using the two-dimensional finite-difference time-domain method. The two orthogonal output modes of the filter can be regarded as the combination of the original degenerate cavity modes and both excited due to the introduced perturbation rod. The influences of the perturbation rod on the localized modes, band separations, and the tuning ranges are all investigated and analyzed based on the perturbation theory. With the ring dielectric rod being introduced into the defect, a narrower wavelength bandwidth and a wider wavelength tuning range can be obtained, which are superior to that of the filter based on a cavity with a larger radius rod. Besides, the perturbation rod can also be used for splitting degenerate modes for multiwavelength filters. The proposed filter has a simple structure and may be potentially applied in various integrated circuits, such as multiwavelength filters.

© 2015 Optical Society of America

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