Abstract

Holographic humidity response is characterized in detail using transmission and reflection geometry in moisture-absorbing acrylamide photopolymer. The diffraction spectrum and its temporal evolution at various relative humidity are measured and analyzed. The quantitative relations between relative humidity and holographic properties of slanted gratings are determined. The responsibility of holographic gratings for various relative humidity is observed by the spectrum response of gratings. The extracted humidity constants reflect the applicability of reflection and transmission gratings at different humidity regions. The humidity reversibility experiment is achieved for confirming repeatability of the sensor. These experiments provide a probability for improving the applicability of a holographic humidity sensor. Finally, the extended diffusion model is derived by introducing the expansion coefficient to describe the dynamic swelling process. This work can accelerate development of the holographic sensor and provide a novel strategy for exploring the swelling mechanism of photopolymer.

© 2015 Optical Society of America

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