Abstract

A novel silicon hybrid plasmonic microring resonator consisting of a silver nanoring on top of a silicon-on-insulator ring is proposed and investigated theoretically for possible applications in sensing at the deep subwavelength scale. By using the finite-element method, insight into how the mode properties (Q factor, effective mode volume, energy ratio, sensitivity) depend on the geometric structure of the hybrid microring resonator is presented. Simulation results reveal that this kind of hybrid microcavity maintains a high Q factor 600, an ultrasmall mode volume of 0.15μm3, and high sensitivity of 497nm/refractive index unit for refractive index sensing. The hybrid plasmonic microcavity with optimized geometric structures presented provides the potential for ultracompact sensing applications.

© 2015 Optical Society of America

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References

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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]

2014 (2)

C. Y. Jeong, M. Kim, and S. Kim, “Metal nanodisk hybrid plasmonic resonator on dielectric substrate for relieved fabrication complexity,” Opt. Express 22, 5772–5780 (2014).
[Crossref]

C. Xiang, C. K. Chan, and J. Wang, “Proposal and numerical study of ultra-compact active hybrid plasmonic resonator for sub-wavelength lasing applications,” Sci. Rep. 4, 03720 (2014).

2013 (1)

Y. W. Hu, B. B. Li, Y. X. Liu, Y. F. Xiao, and Q. H. Gong, “Hybrid photonic-plasmonic mode for refractometer and nanoparticle trapping,” Opt. Commun. 291, 380–385 (2013).
[Crossref]

2012 (2)

Q. J. Lu, D. R. Chen, G. Z. Wu, B. J. Peng, and J. C. Xu, “A hybrid plasmonic microresonator with high quality factor and small mode volume,” J. Opt. 14, 125503 (2012).
[Crossref]

Q. J. Lu, F. J. Shu, D. R. Chen, G. Z. Wu, and P. Zhou, “Focusing of electromagnetic field in high-Q hybrid wedge plasmon polariton microresonator,” Appl. Opt. 51, 6968–6973 (2012).
[Crossref]

2011 (2)

Y. Song, J. Wang, M. Yan, and M. Qiu, “Subwavelength hybrid plasmonic nanodisk with high Q-factor and Purcell factor,” J. Opt. 13, 075001 (2011).
[Crossref]

D. X. Dai, Y. C. Shi, S. L. He, W. Lech, and L. Thylen, “Silicon hybrid plasmonic submicron-donut resonator with pure dielectric access waveguides,” Opt. Express 19, 23671–23682 (2011).
[Crossref]

2010 (4)

Y. F. Xiao, C. L. Zou, B. B. Li, Y. Li, C. H. Dong, Z. F. Han, and Q. H. Gong, “High-Q exterior whispering gallery modes in a metal-coated microresonator,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 153902 (2010).
[Crossref]

Y. F. Xiao, B. B. Li, X. Jiang, X. Y. Hu, Y. Li, and Q. H. Gong, “High quality factor, small mode volume, ring-type plasmonic microresonator on a silver chip,” J. Phys. B 43, 035402 (2010).
[Crossref]

P. Dong, N. N. Feng, D. Z. Feng, W. Qian, H. Liang, D. C. Lee, B. J. Luff, T. Banwelll, A. Agarwal, P. Toliver, R. Menendez, T. K. Woodward, and M. Asghari, “GHz-bandwidth optical filters based on high-order silicon ring resonators,” Opt. Express 18, 23784–23789 (2010).
[Crossref]

C. L. Zou, F. W. Sun, Y. F. Xiao, C. H. Dong, X. D. Chen, J. M. Cui, Q. Gong, Z. F. Han, and G. C. Guo, “Plasmon modes of silver nanowire on a silica substrate,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97, 183102 (2010).
[Crossref]

2009 (4)

B. Min, E. Ostby, V. Sorger, E. Ulin-Avila, L. Yang, X. Zhang, and K. Vahala, “High-Q surface-plasmon-polariton whispering gallery microcavity,” Nature 457, 455–458 (2009).
[Crossref]

D. Liang, M. Fiorentino, T. Okumura, H. H. Chang, D. T. Spencer, Y. H. Kuo, A. W. Fang, D. X. Dai, R. G. Beausoleil, and J. E. Bowers, “Electrically pumped compact hybrid silicon microring lasers for optical interconnects,” Opt. Express 17, 20355–20364 (2009).
[Crossref]

H. M. Gong, L. Zhou, X. R. Su, S. Xiao, S. D. Liu, and Q. Q. Wang, “Illuminating dark plasmons of silver nanoantenna rings to enhance exciton–plasmon interactions,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 19, 298–303 (2009).
[Crossref]

L. Zhou, X. F. Fu, L. Yu, X. Zhang, X. F. Yu, and Z. H. Hao, “Crystal structure and optical properties of silver nano-rings,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 153102 (2009).
[Crossref]

2008 (1)

X. D. Wang, X. N. Zhao, X. J. Liu, Y. Y. Li, L. Y. Fu, J. Hu, and C. J. Huang, “Homogenous liquid–liquid extraction combined with gas chromatography–electron capture detector for the determination of three pesticide residues in soils,” Anal. Chim. Acta. 620, 162–169 (2008).
[Crossref]

2007 (3)

R. Dekker, N. Usechak, M. Forst, and A. Driessen, “Ultrafast nonlinear all-optical processes in silicon-on-insulator waveguides,” J. Phys. D 40, R249–R271 (2007).
[Crossref]

J. C. Weeber, A. Bouhelier, G. Colas des Francs, L. Markey, and A. Dereux, “Submicrometer in-plane integrated surface plasmon cavities,” Nano Lett. 7, 1352–1359 (2007).

M. Oxborrow, “Traceable 2-D finite-element simulation of the whispering-gallery modes of axisymmetric electromagnetic resonators,” IEEE Trans. Microwave Theor. Tech. 55, 1209–1218 (2007).

2006 (1)

A. Yalcin, K. C. Popat, J. C. Aldridge, T. A. Desai, J. Hryniewicz, N. Chbouki, B. E. Little, O. King, V. Van, S. Chu, D. Gill, M. Anthes-Washburn, M. S. Unlu, and B. B. Goldberg, “Optical sensing of biomolecules using microring resonators,” IEEE. J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12, 148–155 (2006).
[Crossref]

2005 (2)

H. Ditlbacher, A. Hohenau, D. Wagner, U. Kreibig, M. Rogers, F. Hofer, F. R. Aussenegg, and J. R. Krenn, “Silver nanowires as surface plasmon resonators,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 257403 (2005).
[Crossref]

Q. F. Xu, B. Schmidt, S. Pradhan, and M. Lipson, “Micrometre-scale silicon electro-optic modulator,” Nature 435, 325–327 (2005).
[Crossref]

2003 (1)

K. J. Vahala, “Optical microcavities,” Nature 424, 839–846 (2003).
[Crossref]

2002 (2)

F. Vollmer, D. Braun, A. Libchaber, M. Khoshsima, I. Teraoka, and S. Arnold, “Protein detection by optical shift of a resonant microcavity,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 4057–4059 (2002).
[Crossref]

E. Krioukov, D. J. W. Klunder, A. Driessen, J. Greve, and C. Otto, “Integrated formation of a high-quality beam from a pure high-order Hermite–Gaussian mode,” Opt. Lett. 27, 1504–1506 (2002).
[Crossref]

1972 (1)

P. B. Johnson and R. W. Chriety, “Optical constants of the noble metals,” Phys. Rev. B 6, 4370–4379 (1972).

Agarwal, A.

Aldridge, J. C.

A. Yalcin, K. C. Popat, J. C. Aldridge, T. A. Desai, J. Hryniewicz, N. Chbouki, B. E. Little, O. King, V. Van, S. Chu, D. Gill, M. Anthes-Washburn, M. S. Unlu, and B. B. Goldberg, “Optical sensing of biomolecules using microring resonators,” IEEE. J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12, 148–155 (2006).
[Crossref]

Anthes-Washburn, M.

A. Yalcin, K. C. Popat, J. C. Aldridge, T. A. Desai, J. Hryniewicz, N. Chbouki, B. E. Little, O. King, V. Van, S. Chu, D. Gill, M. Anthes-Washburn, M. S. Unlu, and B. B. Goldberg, “Optical sensing of biomolecules using microring resonators,” IEEE. J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12, 148–155 (2006).
[Crossref]

Arnold, S.

F. Vollmer, D. Braun, A. Libchaber, M. Khoshsima, I. Teraoka, and S. Arnold, “Protein detection by optical shift of a resonant microcavity,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 4057–4059 (2002).
[Crossref]

Asghari, M.

Aussenegg, F. R.

H. Ditlbacher, A. Hohenau, D. Wagner, U. Kreibig, M. Rogers, F. Hofer, F. R. Aussenegg, and J. R. Krenn, “Silver nanowires as surface plasmon resonators,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 257403 (2005).
[Crossref]

Banwelll, T.

Beausoleil, R. G.

Bouhelier, A.

J. C. Weeber, A. Bouhelier, G. Colas des Francs, L. Markey, and A. Dereux, “Submicrometer in-plane integrated surface plasmon cavities,” Nano Lett. 7, 1352–1359 (2007).

Bowers, J. E.

Braun, D.

F. Vollmer, D. Braun, A. Libchaber, M. Khoshsima, I. Teraoka, and S. Arnold, “Protein detection by optical shift of a resonant microcavity,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 4057–4059 (2002).
[Crossref]

Chan, C. K.

C. Xiang, C. K. Chan, and J. Wang, “Proposal and numerical study of ultra-compact active hybrid plasmonic resonator for sub-wavelength lasing applications,” Sci. Rep. 4, 03720 (2014).

Chang, H. H.

Chbouki, N.

A. Yalcin, K. C. Popat, J. C. Aldridge, T. A. Desai, J. Hryniewicz, N. Chbouki, B. E. Little, O. King, V. Van, S. Chu, D. Gill, M. Anthes-Washburn, M. S. Unlu, and B. B. Goldberg, “Optical sensing of biomolecules using microring resonators,” IEEE. J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12, 148–155 (2006).
[Crossref]

Chen, D. R.

Q. J. Lu, D. R. Chen, G. Z. Wu, B. J. Peng, and J. C. Xu, “A hybrid plasmonic microresonator with high quality factor and small mode volume,” J. Opt. 14, 125503 (2012).
[Crossref]

Q. J. Lu, F. J. Shu, D. R. Chen, G. Z. Wu, and P. Zhou, “Focusing of electromagnetic field in high-Q hybrid wedge plasmon polariton microresonator,” Appl. Opt. 51, 6968–6973 (2012).
[Crossref]

Chen, X. D.

C. L. Zou, F. W. Sun, Y. F. Xiao, C. H. Dong, X. D. Chen, J. M. Cui, Q. Gong, Z. F. Han, and G. C. Guo, “Plasmon modes of silver nanowire on a silica substrate,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97, 183102 (2010).
[Crossref]

Chriety, R. W.

P. B. Johnson and R. W. Chriety, “Optical constants of the noble metals,” Phys. Rev. B 6, 4370–4379 (1972).

Chu, S.

A. Yalcin, K. C. Popat, J. C. Aldridge, T. A. Desai, J. Hryniewicz, N. Chbouki, B. E. Little, O. King, V. Van, S. Chu, D. Gill, M. Anthes-Washburn, M. S. Unlu, and B. B. Goldberg, “Optical sensing of biomolecules using microring resonators,” IEEE. J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12, 148–155 (2006).
[Crossref]

Colas des Francs, G.

J. C. Weeber, A. Bouhelier, G. Colas des Francs, L. Markey, and A. Dereux, “Submicrometer in-plane integrated surface plasmon cavities,” Nano Lett. 7, 1352–1359 (2007).

Cui, J. M.

C. L. Zou, F. W. Sun, Y. F. Xiao, C. H. Dong, X. D. Chen, J. M. Cui, Q. Gong, Z. F. Han, and G. C. Guo, “Plasmon modes of silver nanowire on a silica substrate,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97, 183102 (2010).
[Crossref]

Dai, D. X.

Dekker, R.

R. Dekker, N. Usechak, M. Forst, and A. Driessen, “Ultrafast nonlinear all-optical processes in silicon-on-insulator waveguides,” J. Phys. D 40, R249–R271 (2007).
[Crossref]

Dereux, A.

J. C. Weeber, A. Bouhelier, G. Colas des Francs, L. Markey, and A. Dereux, “Submicrometer in-plane integrated surface plasmon cavities,” Nano Lett. 7, 1352–1359 (2007).

Desai, T. A.

A. Yalcin, K. C. Popat, J. C. Aldridge, T. A. Desai, J. Hryniewicz, N. Chbouki, B. E. Little, O. King, V. Van, S. Chu, D. Gill, M. Anthes-Washburn, M. S. Unlu, and B. B. Goldberg, “Optical sensing of biomolecules using microring resonators,” IEEE. J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12, 148–155 (2006).
[Crossref]

Ditlbacher, H.

H. Ditlbacher, A. Hohenau, D. Wagner, U. Kreibig, M. Rogers, F. Hofer, F. R. Aussenegg, and J. R. Krenn, “Silver nanowires as surface plasmon resonators,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 257403 (2005).
[Crossref]

Dong, C. H.

Y. F. Xiao, C. L. Zou, B. B. Li, Y. Li, C. H. Dong, Z. F. Han, and Q. H. Gong, “High-Q exterior whispering gallery modes in a metal-coated microresonator,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 153902 (2010).
[Crossref]

C. L. Zou, F. W. Sun, Y. F. Xiao, C. H. Dong, X. D. Chen, J. M. Cui, Q. Gong, Z. F. Han, and G. C. Guo, “Plasmon modes of silver nanowire on a silica substrate,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97, 183102 (2010).
[Crossref]

Dong, P.

Driessen, A.

R. Dekker, N. Usechak, M. Forst, and A. Driessen, “Ultrafast nonlinear all-optical processes in silicon-on-insulator waveguides,” J. Phys. D 40, R249–R271 (2007).
[Crossref]

E. Krioukov, D. J. W. Klunder, A. Driessen, J. Greve, and C. Otto, “Integrated formation of a high-quality beam from a pure high-order Hermite–Gaussian mode,” Opt. Lett. 27, 1504–1506 (2002).
[Crossref]

Fang, A. W.

Feng, D. Z.

Feng, N. N.

Fiorentino, M.

Forst, M.

R. Dekker, N. Usechak, M. Forst, and A. Driessen, “Ultrafast nonlinear all-optical processes in silicon-on-insulator waveguides,” J. Phys. D 40, R249–R271 (2007).
[Crossref]

Fu, L. Y.

X. D. Wang, X. N. Zhao, X. J. Liu, Y. Y. Li, L. Y. Fu, J. Hu, and C. J. Huang, “Homogenous liquid–liquid extraction combined with gas chromatography–electron capture detector for the determination of three pesticide residues in soils,” Anal. Chim. Acta. 620, 162–169 (2008).
[Crossref]

Fu, X. F.

L. Zhou, X. F. Fu, L. Yu, X. Zhang, X. F. Yu, and Z. H. Hao, “Crystal structure and optical properties of silver nano-rings,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 153102 (2009).
[Crossref]

Gill, D.

A. Yalcin, K. C. Popat, J. C. Aldridge, T. A. Desai, J. Hryniewicz, N. Chbouki, B. E. Little, O. King, V. Van, S. Chu, D. Gill, M. Anthes-Washburn, M. S. Unlu, and B. B. Goldberg, “Optical sensing of biomolecules using microring resonators,” IEEE. J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12, 148–155 (2006).
[Crossref]

Goldberg, B. B.

A. Yalcin, K. C. Popat, J. C. Aldridge, T. A. Desai, J. Hryniewicz, N. Chbouki, B. E. Little, O. King, V. Van, S. Chu, D. Gill, M. Anthes-Washburn, M. S. Unlu, and B. B. Goldberg, “Optical sensing of biomolecules using microring resonators,” IEEE. J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12, 148–155 (2006).
[Crossref]

Gong, H. M.

H. M. Gong, L. Zhou, X. R. Su, S. Xiao, S. D. Liu, and Q. Q. Wang, “Illuminating dark plasmons of silver nanoantenna rings to enhance exciton–plasmon interactions,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 19, 298–303 (2009).
[Crossref]

Gong, Q.

C. L. Zou, F. W. Sun, Y. F. Xiao, C. H. Dong, X. D. Chen, J. M. Cui, Q. Gong, Z. F. Han, and G. C. Guo, “Plasmon modes of silver nanowire on a silica substrate,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97, 183102 (2010).
[Crossref]

Gong, Q. H.

Y. W. Hu, B. B. Li, Y. X. Liu, Y. F. Xiao, and Q. H. Gong, “Hybrid photonic-plasmonic mode for refractometer and nanoparticle trapping,” Opt. Commun. 291, 380–385 (2013).
[Crossref]

Y. F. Xiao, C. L. Zou, B. B. Li, Y. Li, C. H. Dong, Z. F. Han, and Q. H. Gong, “High-Q exterior whispering gallery modes in a metal-coated microresonator,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 153902 (2010).
[Crossref]

Y. F. Xiao, B. B. Li, X. Jiang, X. Y. Hu, Y. Li, and Q. H. Gong, “High quality factor, small mode volume, ring-type plasmonic microresonator on a silver chip,” J. Phys. B 43, 035402 (2010).
[Crossref]

Greve, J.

Guo, G. C.

C. L. Zou, F. W. Sun, Y. F. Xiao, C. H. Dong, X. D. Chen, J. M. Cui, Q. Gong, Z. F. Han, and G. C. Guo, “Plasmon modes of silver nanowire on a silica substrate,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97, 183102 (2010).
[Crossref]

Han, Z. F.

C. L. Zou, F. W. Sun, Y. F. Xiao, C. H. Dong, X. D. Chen, J. M. Cui, Q. Gong, Z. F. Han, and G. C. Guo, “Plasmon modes of silver nanowire on a silica substrate,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97, 183102 (2010).
[Crossref]

Y. F. Xiao, C. L. Zou, B. B. Li, Y. Li, C. H. Dong, Z. F. Han, and Q. H. Gong, “High-Q exterior whispering gallery modes in a metal-coated microresonator,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 153902 (2010).
[Crossref]

Hao, Z. H.

L. Zhou, X. F. Fu, L. Yu, X. Zhang, X. F. Yu, and Z. H. Hao, “Crystal structure and optical properties of silver nano-rings,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 153102 (2009).
[Crossref]

He, S. L.

Hofer, F.

H. Ditlbacher, A. Hohenau, D. Wagner, U. Kreibig, M. Rogers, F. Hofer, F. R. Aussenegg, and J. R. Krenn, “Silver nanowires as surface plasmon resonators,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 257403 (2005).
[Crossref]

Hohenau, A.

H. Ditlbacher, A. Hohenau, D. Wagner, U. Kreibig, M. Rogers, F. Hofer, F. R. Aussenegg, and J. R. Krenn, “Silver nanowires as surface plasmon resonators,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 257403 (2005).
[Crossref]

Hryniewicz, J.

A. Yalcin, K. C. Popat, J. C. Aldridge, T. A. Desai, J. Hryniewicz, N. Chbouki, B. E. Little, O. King, V. Van, S. Chu, D. Gill, M. Anthes-Washburn, M. S. Unlu, and B. B. Goldberg, “Optical sensing of biomolecules using microring resonators,” IEEE. J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12, 148–155 (2006).
[Crossref]

Hu, J.

X. D. Wang, X. N. Zhao, X. J. Liu, Y. Y. Li, L. Y. Fu, J. Hu, and C. J. Huang, “Homogenous liquid–liquid extraction combined with gas chromatography–electron capture detector for the determination of three pesticide residues in soils,” Anal. Chim. Acta. 620, 162–169 (2008).
[Crossref]

Hu, X. Y.

Y. F. Xiao, B. B. Li, X. Jiang, X. Y. Hu, Y. Li, and Q. H. Gong, “High quality factor, small mode volume, ring-type plasmonic microresonator on a silver chip,” J. Phys. B 43, 035402 (2010).
[Crossref]

Hu, Y. W.

Y. W. Hu, B. B. Li, Y. X. Liu, Y. F. Xiao, and Q. H. Gong, “Hybrid photonic-plasmonic mode for refractometer and nanoparticle trapping,” Opt. Commun. 291, 380–385 (2013).
[Crossref]

Huang, C. J.

X. D. Wang, X. N. Zhao, X. J. Liu, Y. Y. Li, L. Y. Fu, J. Hu, and C. J. Huang, “Homogenous liquid–liquid extraction combined with gas chromatography–electron capture detector for the determination of three pesticide residues in soils,” Anal. Chim. Acta. 620, 162–169 (2008).
[Crossref]

Jeong, C. Y.

Jiang, X.

Y. F. Xiao, B. B. Li, X. Jiang, X. Y. Hu, Y. Li, and Q. H. Gong, “High quality factor, small mode volume, ring-type plasmonic microresonator on a silver chip,” J. Phys. B 43, 035402 (2010).
[Crossref]

Johnson, P. B.

P. B. Johnson and R. W. Chriety, “Optical constants of the noble metals,” Phys. Rev. B 6, 4370–4379 (1972).

Khoshsima, M.

F. Vollmer, D. Braun, A. Libchaber, M. Khoshsima, I. Teraoka, and S. Arnold, “Protein detection by optical shift of a resonant microcavity,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 4057–4059 (2002).
[Crossref]

Kim, M.

Kim, S.

King, O.

A. Yalcin, K. C. Popat, J. C. Aldridge, T. A. Desai, J. Hryniewicz, N. Chbouki, B. E. Little, O. King, V. Van, S. Chu, D. Gill, M. Anthes-Washburn, M. S. Unlu, and B. B. Goldberg, “Optical sensing of biomolecules using microring resonators,” IEEE. J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12, 148–155 (2006).
[Crossref]

Klunder, D. J. W.

Kreibig, U.

H. Ditlbacher, A. Hohenau, D. Wagner, U. Kreibig, M. Rogers, F. Hofer, F. R. Aussenegg, and J. R. Krenn, “Silver nanowires as surface plasmon resonators,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 257403 (2005).
[Crossref]

Krenn, J. R.

H. Ditlbacher, A. Hohenau, D. Wagner, U. Kreibig, M. Rogers, F. Hofer, F. R. Aussenegg, and J. R. Krenn, “Silver nanowires as surface plasmon resonators,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 257403 (2005).
[Crossref]

Krioukov, E.

Kuo, Y. H.

Lech, W.

Lee, D. C.

Li, B. B.

Y. W. Hu, B. B. Li, Y. X. Liu, Y. F. Xiao, and Q. H. Gong, “Hybrid photonic-plasmonic mode for refractometer and nanoparticle trapping,” Opt. Commun. 291, 380–385 (2013).
[Crossref]

Y. F. Xiao, B. B. Li, X. Jiang, X. Y. Hu, Y. Li, and Q. H. Gong, “High quality factor, small mode volume, ring-type plasmonic microresonator on a silver chip,” J. Phys. B 43, 035402 (2010).
[Crossref]

Y. F. Xiao, C. L. Zou, B. B. Li, Y. Li, C. H. Dong, Z. F. Han, and Q. H. Gong, “High-Q exterior whispering gallery modes in a metal-coated microresonator,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 153902 (2010).
[Crossref]

Li, Y.

Y. F. Xiao, C. L. Zou, B. B. Li, Y. Li, C. H. Dong, Z. F. Han, and Q. H. Gong, “High-Q exterior whispering gallery modes in a metal-coated microresonator,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 153902 (2010).
[Crossref]

Y. F. Xiao, B. B. Li, X. Jiang, X. Y. Hu, Y. Li, and Q. H. Gong, “High quality factor, small mode volume, ring-type plasmonic microresonator on a silver chip,” J. Phys. B 43, 035402 (2010).
[Crossref]

Li, Y. Y.

X. D. Wang, X. N. Zhao, X. J. Liu, Y. Y. Li, L. Y. Fu, J. Hu, and C. J. Huang, “Homogenous liquid–liquid extraction combined with gas chromatography–electron capture detector for the determination of three pesticide residues in soils,” Anal. Chim. Acta. 620, 162–169 (2008).
[Crossref]

Liang, D.

Liang, H.

Libchaber, A.

F. Vollmer, D. Braun, A. Libchaber, M. Khoshsima, I. Teraoka, and S. Arnold, “Protein detection by optical shift of a resonant microcavity,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 4057–4059 (2002).
[Crossref]

Lipson, M.

Q. F. Xu, B. Schmidt, S. Pradhan, and M. Lipson, “Micrometre-scale silicon electro-optic modulator,” Nature 435, 325–327 (2005).
[Crossref]

Little, B. E.

A. Yalcin, K. C. Popat, J. C. Aldridge, T. A. Desai, J. Hryniewicz, N. Chbouki, B. E. Little, O. King, V. Van, S. Chu, D. Gill, M. Anthes-Washburn, M. S. Unlu, and B. B. Goldberg, “Optical sensing of biomolecules using microring resonators,” IEEE. J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12, 148–155 (2006).
[Crossref]

Liu, S. D.

H. M. Gong, L. Zhou, X. R. Su, S. Xiao, S. D. Liu, and Q. Q. Wang, “Illuminating dark plasmons of silver nanoantenna rings to enhance exciton–plasmon interactions,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 19, 298–303 (2009).
[Crossref]

Liu, X. J.

X. D. Wang, X. N. Zhao, X. J. Liu, Y. Y. Li, L. Y. Fu, J. Hu, and C. J. Huang, “Homogenous liquid–liquid extraction combined with gas chromatography–electron capture detector for the determination of three pesticide residues in soils,” Anal. Chim. Acta. 620, 162–169 (2008).
[Crossref]

Liu, Y. X.

Y. W. Hu, B. B. Li, Y. X. Liu, Y. F. Xiao, and Q. H. Gong, “Hybrid photonic-plasmonic mode for refractometer and nanoparticle trapping,” Opt. Commun. 291, 380–385 (2013).
[Crossref]

Lu, Q. J.

Q. J. Lu, D. R. Chen, G. Z. Wu, B. J. Peng, and J. C. Xu, “A hybrid plasmonic microresonator with high quality factor and small mode volume,” J. Opt. 14, 125503 (2012).
[Crossref]

Q. J. Lu, F. J. Shu, D. R. Chen, G. Z. Wu, and P. Zhou, “Focusing of electromagnetic field in high-Q hybrid wedge plasmon polariton microresonator,” Appl. Opt. 51, 6968–6973 (2012).
[Crossref]

Luff, B. J.

Markey, L.

J. C. Weeber, A. Bouhelier, G. Colas des Francs, L. Markey, and A. Dereux, “Submicrometer in-plane integrated surface plasmon cavities,” Nano Lett. 7, 1352–1359 (2007).

Menendez, R.

Min, B.

B. Min, E. Ostby, V. Sorger, E. Ulin-Avila, L. Yang, X. Zhang, and K. Vahala, “High-Q surface-plasmon-polariton whispering gallery microcavity,” Nature 457, 455–458 (2009).
[Crossref]

Okumura, T.

Ostby, E.

B. Min, E. Ostby, V. Sorger, E. Ulin-Avila, L. Yang, X. Zhang, and K. Vahala, “High-Q surface-plasmon-polariton whispering gallery microcavity,” Nature 457, 455–458 (2009).
[Crossref]

Otto, C.

Oxborrow, M.

M. Oxborrow, “Traceable 2-D finite-element simulation of the whispering-gallery modes of axisymmetric electromagnetic resonators,” IEEE Trans. Microwave Theor. Tech. 55, 1209–1218 (2007).

Peng, B. J.

Q. J. Lu, D. R. Chen, G. Z. Wu, B. J. Peng, and J. C. Xu, “A hybrid plasmonic microresonator with high quality factor and small mode volume,” J. Opt. 14, 125503 (2012).
[Crossref]

Popat, K. C.

A. Yalcin, K. C. Popat, J. C. Aldridge, T. A. Desai, J. Hryniewicz, N. Chbouki, B. E. Little, O. King, V. Van, S. Chu, D. Gill, M. Anthes-Washburn, M. S. Unlu, and B. B. Goldberg, “Optical sensing of biomolecules using microring resonators,” IEEE. J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12, 148–155 (2006).
[Crossref]

Pradhan, S.

Q. F. Xu, B. Schmidt, S. Pradhan, and M. Lipson, “Micrometre-scale silicon electro-optic modulator,” Nature 435, 325–327 (2005).
[Crossref]

Qian, W.

Qiu, M.

Y. Song, J. Wang, M. Yan, and M. Qiu, “Subwavelength hybrid plasmonic nanodisk with high Q-factor and Purcell factor,” J. Opt. 13, 075001 (2011).
[Crossref]

Rogers, M.

H. Ditlbacher, A. Hohenau, D. Wagner, U. Kreibig, M. Rogers, F. Hofer, F. R. Aussenegg, and J. R. Krenn, “Silver nanowires as surface plasmon resonators,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 257403 (2005).
[Crossref]

Schmidt, B.

Q. F. Xu, B. Schmidt, S. Pradhan, and M. Lipson, “Micrometre-scale silicon electro-optic modulator,” Nature 435, 325–327 (2005).
[Crossref]

Shi, Y. C.

Shu, F. J.

Song, Y.

Y. Song, J. Wang, M. Yan, and M. Qiu, “Subwavelength hybrid plasmonic nanodisk with high Q-factor and Purcell factor,” J. Opt. 13, 075001 (2011).
[Crossref]

Sorger, V.

B. Min, E. Ostby, V. Sorger, E. Ulin-Avila, L. Yang, X. Zhang, and K. Vahala, “High-Q surface-plasmon-polariton whispering gallery microcavity,” Nature 457, 455–458 (2009).
[Crossref]

Spencer, D. T.

Su, X. R.

H. M. Gong, L. Zhou, X. R. Su, S. Xiao, S. D. Liu, and Q. Q. Wang, “Illuminating dark plasmons of silver nanoantenna rings to enhance exciton–plasmon interactions,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 19, 298–303 (2009).
[Crossref]

Sun, F. W.

C. L. Zou, F. W. Sun, Y. F. Xiao, C. H. Dong, X. D. Chen, J. M. Cui, Q. Gong, Z. F. Han, and G. C. Guo, “Plasmon modes of silver nanowire on a silica substrate,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97, 183102 (2010).
[Crossref]

Teraoka, I.

F. Vollmer, D. Braun, A. Libchaber, M. Khoshsima, I. Teraoka, and S. Arnold, “Protein detection by optical shift of a resonant microcavity,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 4057–4059 (2002).
[Crossref]

Thylen, L.

Toliver, P.

Ulin-Avila, E.

B. Min, E. Ostby, V. Sorger, E. Ulin-Avila, L. Yang, X. Zhang, and K. Vahala, “High-Q surface-plasmon-polariton whispering gallery microcavity,” Nature 457, 455–458 (2009).
[Crossref]

Unlu, M. S.

A. Yalcin, K. C. Popat, J. C. Aldridge, T. A. Desai, J. Hryniewicz, N. Chbouki, B. E. Little, O. King, V. Van, S. Chu, D. Gill, M. Anthes-Washburn, M. S. Unlu, and B. B. Goldberg, “Optical sensing of biomolecules using microring resonators,” IEEE. J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12, 148–155 (2006).
[Crossref]

Usechak, N.

R. Dekker, N. Usechak, M. Forst, and A. Driessen, “Ultrafast nonlinear all-optical processes in silicon-on-insulator waveguides,” J. Phys. D 40, R249–R271 (2007).
[Crossref]

Vahala, K.

B. Min, E. Ostby, V. Sorger, E. Ulin-Avila, L. Yang, X. Zhang, and K. Vahala, “High-Q surface-plasmon-polariton whispering gallery microcavity,” Nature 457, 455–458 (2009).
[Crossref]

Vahala, K. J.

K. J. Vahala, “Optical microcavities,” Nature 424, 839–846 (2003).
[Crossref]

Van, V.

A. Yalcin, K. C. Popat, J. C. Aldridge, T. A. Desai, J. Hryniewicz, N. Chbouki, B. E. Little, O. King, V. Van, S. Chu, D. Gill, M. Anthes-Washburn, M. S. Unlu, and B. B. Goldberg, “Optical sensing of biomolecules using microring resonators,” IEEE. J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12, 148–155 (2006).
[Crossref]

Vollmer, F.

F. Vollmer, D. Braun, A. Libchaber, M. Khoshsima, I. Teraoka, and S. Arnold, “Protein detection by optical shift of a resonant microcavity,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 4057–4059 (2002).
[Crossref]

Wagner, D.

H. Ditlbacher, A. Hohenau, D. Wagner, U. Kreibig, M. Rogers, F. Hofer, F. R. Aussenegg, and J. R. Krenn, “Silver nanowires as surface plasmon resonators,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 257403 (2005).
[Crossref]

Wang, J.

C. Xiang, C. K. Chan, and J. Wang, “Proposal and numerical study of ultra-compact active hybrid plasmonic resonator for sub-wavelength lasing applications,” Sci. Rep. 4, 03720 (2014).

Y. Song, J. Wang, M. Yan, and M. Qiu, “Subwavelength hybrid plasmonic nanodisk with high Q-factor and Purcell factor,” J. Opt. 13, 075001 (2011).
[Crossref]

Wang, Q. Q.

H. M. Gong, L. Zhou, X. R. Su, S. Xiao, S. D. Liu, and Q. Q. Wang, “Illuminating dark plasmons of silver nanoantenna rings to enhance exciton–plasmon interactions,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 19, 298–303 (2009).
[Crossref]

Wang, X. D.

X. D. Wang, X. N. Zhao, X. J. Liu, Y. Y. Li, L. Y. Fu, J. Hu, and C. J. Huang, “Homogenous liquid–liquid extraction combined with gas chromatography–electron capture detector for the determination of three pesticide residues in soils,” Anal. Chim. Acta. 620, 162–169 (2008).
[Crossref]

Weeber, J. C.

J. C. Weeber, A. Bouhelier, G. Colas des Francs, L. Markey, and A. Dereux, “Submicrometer in-plane integrated surface plasmon cavities,” Nano Lett. 7, 1352–1359 (2007).

Woodward, T. K.

Wu, G. Z.

Q. J. Lu, D. R. Chen, G. Z. Wu, B. J. Peng, and J. C. Xu, “A hybrid plasmonic microresonator with high quality factor and small mode volume,” J. Opt. 14, 125503 (2012).
[Crossref]

Q. J. Lu, F. J. Shu, D. R. Chen, G. Z. Wu, and P. Zhou, “Focusing of electromagnetic field in high-Q hybrid wedge plasmon polariton microresonator,” Appl. Opt. 51, 6968–6973 (2012).
[Crossref]

Xiang, C.

C. Xiang, C. K. Chan, and J. Wang, “Proposal and numerical study of ultra-compact active hybrid plasmonic resonator for sub-wavelength lasing applications,” Sci. Rep. 4, 03720 (2014).

Xiao, S.

H. M. Gong, L. Zhou, X. R. Su, S. Xiao, S. D. Liu, and Q. Q. Wang, “Illuminating dark plasmons of silver nanoantenna rings to enhance exciton–plasmon interactions,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 19, 298–303 (2009).
[Crossref]

Xiao, Y. F.

Y. W. Hu, B. B. Li, Y. X. Liu, Y. F. Xiao, and Q. H. Gong, “Hybrid photonic-plasmonic mode for refractometer and nanoparticle trapping,” Opt. Commun. 291, 380–385 (2013).
[Crossref]

Y. F. Xiao, B. B. Li, X. Jiang, X. Y. Hu, Y. Li, and Q. H. Gong, “High quality factor, small mode volume, ring-type plasmonic microresonator on a silver chip,” J. Phys. B 43, 035402 (2010).
[Crossref]

Y. F. Xiao, C. L. Zou, B. B. Li, Y. Li, C. H. Dong, Z. F. Han, and Q. H. Gong, “High-Q exterior whispering gallery modes in a metal-coated microresonator,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 153902 (2010).
[Crossref]

C. L. Zou, F. W. Sun, Y. F. Xiao, C. H. Dong, X. D. Chen, J. M. Cui, Q. Gong, Z. F. Han, and G. C. Guo, “Plasmon modes of silver nanowire on a silica substrate,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97, 183102 (2010).
[Crossref]

Xu, J. C.

Q. J. Lu, D. R. Chen, G. Z. Wu, B. J. Peng, and J. C. Xu, “A hybrid plasmonic microresonator with high quality factor and small mode volume,” J. Opt. 14, 125503 (2012).
[Crossref]

Xu, Q. F.

Q. F. Xu, B. Schmidt, S. Pradhan, and M. Lipson, “Micrometre-scale silicon electro-optic modulator,” Nature 435, 325–327 (2005).
[Crossref]

Yalcin, A.

A. Yalcin, K. C. Popat, J. C. Aldridge, T. A. Desai, J. Hryniewicz, N. Chbouki, B. E. Little, O. King, V. Van, S. Chu, D. Gill, M. Anthes-Washburn, M. S. Unlu, and B. B. Goldberg, “Optical sensing of biomolecules using microring resonators,” IEEE. J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12, 148–155 (2006).
[Crossref]

Yan, M.

Y. Song, J. Wang, M. Yan, and M. Qiu, “Subwavelength hybrid plasmonic nanodisk with high Q-factor and Purcell factor,” J. Opt. 13, 075001 (2011).
[Crossref]

Yang, L.

B. Min, E. Ostby, V. Sorger, E. Ulin-Avila, L. Yang, X. Zhang, and K. Vahala, “High-Q surface-plasmon-polariton whispering gallery microcavity,” Nature 457, 455–458 (2009).
[Crossref]

Yu, L.

L. Zhou, X. F. Fu, L. Yu, X. Zhang, X. F. Yu, and Z. H. Hao, “Crystal structure and optical properties of silver nano-rings,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 153102 (2009).
[Crossref]

Yu, X. F.

L. Zhou, X. F. Fu, L. Yu, X. Zhang, X. F. Yu, and Z. H. Hao, “Crystal structure and optical properties of silver nano-rings,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 153102 (2009).
[Crossref]

Zhang, X.

L. Zhou, X. F. Fu, L. Yu, X. Zhang, X. F. Yu, and Z. H. Hao, “Crystal structure and optical properties of silver nano-rings,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 153102 (2009).
[Crossref]

B. Min, E. Ostby, V. Sorger, E. Ulin-Avila, L. Yang, X. Zhang, and K. Vahala, “High-Q surface-plasmon-polariton whispering gallery microcavity,” Nature 457, 455–458 (2009).
[Crossref]

Zhao, X. N.

X. D. Wang, X. N. Zhao, X. J. Liu, Y. Y. Li, L. Y. Fu, J. Hu, and C. J. Huang, “Homogenous liquid–liquid extraction combined with gas chromatography–electron capture detector for the determination of three pesticide residues in soils,” Anal. Chim. Acta. 620, 162–169 (2008).
[Crossref]

Zhou, L.

H. M. Gong, L. Zhou, X. R. Su, S. Xiao, S. D. Liu, and Q. Q. Wang, “Illuminating dark plasmons of silver nanoantenna rings to enhance exciton–plasmon interactions,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 19, 298–303 (2009).
[Crossref]

L. Zhou, X. F. Fu, L. Yu, X. Zhang, X. F. Yu, and Z. H. Hao, “Crystal structure and optical properties of silver nano-rings,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 153102 (2009).
[Crossref]

Zhou, P.

Zou, C. L.

Y. F. Xiao, C. L. Zou, B. B. Li, Y. Li, C. H. Dong, Z. F. Han, and Q. H. Gong, “High-Q exterior whispering gallery modes in a metal-coated microresonator,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 153902 (2010).
[Crossref]

C. L. Zou, F. W. Sun, Y. F. Xiao, C. H. Dong, X. D. Chen, J. M. Cui, Q. Gong, Z. F. Han, and G. C. Guo, “Plasmon modes of silver nanowire on a silica substrate,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97, 183102 (2010).
[Crossref]

Adv. Funct. Mater. (1)

H. M. Gong, L. Zhou, X. R. Su, S. Xiao, S. D. Liu, and Q. Q. Wang, “Illuminating dark plasmons of silver nanoantenna rings to enhance exciton–plasmon interactions,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 19, 298–303 (2009).
[Crossref]

Anal. Chim. Acta. (1)

X. D. Wang, X. N. Zhao, X. J. Liu, Y. Y. Li, L. Y. Fu, J. Hu, and C. J. Huang, “Homogenous liquid–liquid extraction combined with gas chromatography–electron capture detector for the determination of three pesticide residues in soils,” Anal. Chim. Acta. 620, 162–169 (2008).
[Crossref]

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (3)

F. Vollmer, D. Braun, A. Libchaber, M. Khoshsima, I. Teraoka, and S. Arnold, “Protein detection by optical shift of a resonant microcavity,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 4057–4059 (2002).
[Crossref]

L. Zhou, X. F. Fu, L. Yu, X. Zhang, X. F. Yu, and Z. H. Hao, “Crystal structure and optical properties of silver nano-rings,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 153102 (2009).
[Crossref]

C. L. Zou, F. W. Sun, Y. F. Xiao, C. H. Dong, X. D. Chen, J. M. Cui, Q. Gong, Z. F. Han, and G. C. Guo, “Plasmon modes of silver nanowire on a silica substrate,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97, 183102 (2010).
[Crossref]

IEEE Trans. Microwave Theor. Tech. (1)

M. Oxborrow, “Traceable 2-D finite-element simulation of the whispering-gallery modes of axisymmetric electromagnetic resonators,” IEEE Trans. Microwave Theor. Tech. 55, 1209–1218 (2007).

IEEE. J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

A. Yalcin, K. C. Popat, J. C. Aldridge, T. A. Desai, J. Hryniewicz, N. Chbouki, B. E. Little, O. King, V. Van, S. Chu, D. Gill, M. Anthes-Washburn, M. S. Unlu, and B. B. Goldberg, “Optical sensing of biomolecules using microring resonators,” IEEE. J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12, 148–155 (2006).
[Crossref]

J. Opt. (2)

Y. Song, J. Wang, M. Yan, and M. Qiu, “Subwavelength hybrid plasmonic nanodisk with high Q-factor and Purcell factor,” J. Opt. 13, 075001 (2011).
[Crossref]

Q. J. Lu, D. R. Chen, G. Z. Wu, B. J. Peng, and J. C. Xu, “A hybrid plasmonic microresonator with high quality factor and small mode volume,” J. Opt. 14, 125503 (2012).
[Crossref]

J. Phys. B (1)

Y. F. Xiao, B. B. Li, X. Jiang, X. Y. Hu, Y. Li, and Q. H. Gong, “High quality factor, small mode volume, ring-type plasmonic microresonator on a silver chip,” J. Phys. B 43, 035402 (2010).
[Crossref]

J. Phys. D (1)

R. Dekker, N. Usechak, M. Forst, and A. Driessen, “Ultrafast nonlinear all-optical processes in silicon-on-insulator waveguides,” J. Phys. D 40, R249–R271 (2007).
[Crossref]

Nano Lett. (1)

J. C. Weeber, A. Bouhelier, G. Colas des Francs, L. Markey, and A. Dereux, “Submicrometer in-plane integrated surface plasmon cavities,” Nano Lett. 7, 1352–1359 (2007).

Nature (3)

Q. F. Xu, B. Schmidt, S. Pradhan, and M. Lipson, “Micrometre-scale silicon electro-optic modulator,” Nature 435, 325–327 (2005).
[Crossref]

K. J. Vahala, “Optical microcavities,” Nature 424, 839–846 (2003).
[Crossref]

B. Min, E. Ostby, V. Sorger, E. Ulin-Avila, L. Yang, X. Zhang, and K. Vahala, “High-Q surface-plasmon-polariton whispering gallery microcavity,” Nature 457, 455–458 (2009).
[Crossref]

Opt. Commun. (1)

Y. W. Hu, B. B. Li, Y. X. Liu, Y. F. Xiao, and Q. H. Gong, “Hybrid photonic-plasmonic mode for refractometer and nanoparticle trapping,” Opt. Commun. 291, 380–385 (2013).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (4)

Opt. Lett. (1)

Phys. Rev. B (1)

P. B. Johnson and R. W. Chriety, “Optical constants of the noble metals,” Phys. Rev. B 6, 4370–4379 (1972).

Phys. Rev. Lett. (2)

Y. F. Xiao, C. L. Zou, B. B. Li, Y. Li, C. H. Dong, Z. F. Han, and Q. H. Gong, “High-Q exterior whispering gallery modes in a metal-coated microresonator,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 153902 (2010).
[Crossref]

H. Ditlbacher, A. Hohenau, D. Wagner, U. Kreibig, M. Rogers, F. Hofer, F. R. Aussenegg, and J. R. Krenn, “Silver nanowires as surface plasmon resonators,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 257403 (2005).
[Crossref]

Sci. Rep. (1)

C. Xiang, C. K. Chan, and J. Wang, “Proposal and numerical study of ultra-compact active hybrid plasmonic resonator for sub-wavelength lasing applications,” Sci. Rep. 4, 03720 (2014).

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1. (a) Structure of the proposed hybrid plasmonic microcavity, (b) the cross section, and (c) the field intensity distribution of the proposed hybrid plasmonic microcavity.
Fig. 2.
Fig. 2. Mode properties of the hybrid plasmonic modes versus width w and radius r .
Fig. 3.
Fig. 3. Mode properties of the hybrid plasmonic modes versus height h .

Equations (5)

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Q = Re ( f ) / 2 Im ( f ) ,
V = w ( r⃗ ) d 3 ( r⃗ ) / w ( r⃗ ) max ,
w = [ d ( w ε ( r⃗ ) ) / d w | E ( r⃗ ) | 2 + μ 0 | H ( r⃗ ) | 2 ] / 2
η = out w ( r⃗ ) d 3 ( r⃗ ) / all w ( r⃗ ) d 3 ( r⃗ ) .
S = d λ / d n ,

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