Abstract

A linear piecewise model has been formulated to analyze the performance of a metallic microheater integrated with single-mode waveguides (λ1550  nm) in silicon-on-insulator (SOI). The model has been used to evaluate integrated optical microheaters fabricated in a SOI substrate with 2 µm device layer thickness. The Fabry–Perot modulation technique has been used to extract the effective thermo-optic phase shift and response time. The effective thermal power budget of Peff,π500  µW (out of actually consumed power Pπ=1.1  mW) for a π phase shift and a switching time of τ9  µs, have been recorded for a typical Ti heater stripe of length LH=50  µm, width WH=2  µm, and thickness tH150  nm, integrated with a Fabry–Perot waveguide cavity of length 20  mm. It has been shown that the performance of a heater improves (in terms of power budget) as the length of a microheater decreases. However, smaller heater size requires higher joule heating to obtain a desired phase shift, which is again found to be dependent on polarization of the guided mode because of thermal stress.

© 2016 Optical Society of America

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