Abstract

It is now well established that extreme ultraviolet (EUV) mask multilayer roughness leads to wafer-plane line-width roughness (LWR) in the lithography process. Analysis and modeling done to date has assumed, however, that the roughness leading to scatter is primarily a phase effect and that the amplitude can be ignored. Under this assumption, simple scattering measurements can be used to characterize the statistical properties of the mask roughness. Here, we explore the implications of this simplifying assumption by modeling the imaging impacts of the roughness amplitude component as a function of the balance between amplitude and phase induced scatter. In addition to model-based analysis, we also use an EUV microscope to compare experimental through focus data to modeling in order to assess the actual amount of amplitude roughness on a typical EUV multilayer mask. The results indicate that amplitude roughness accounts for less than 1% of the total scatter for typical EUV masks.

© 2017 Optical Society of America

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