Abstract

We propose a structure of a cascaded chirped narrow bandpass filter with a flat-top based on two-dimensional (2D) photonic crystals (PhCs). The filter discussed here consists of three filter units, each with a resonator and two reflectors. Coupled mode theory and transfer matrix method are methodologies applied in the analysis of the features. The calculations show that the bandwidth of the filter can be adjusted by changing the distances between resonators and reflectors, and based on this, a flat-top response can be achieved by chirped-cascading the filter units. According to the theoretical model, we design a narrow bandpass filter based on 2D PhCs with a triangular lattice of air holes, the parameters of which are calculated using the finite element method. The simulation results show that the filter has a center frequency of 193.40 THz, an insertion loss of 0.18 dB, a flat bandwidth of 40 GHz, and ripples of about 0.2 dB in the passband. The filter is suitable for dense-wavelength-division-multiplexed optical communication systems with 100 GHz channel spacing.

© 2017 Optical Society of America

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