Abstract

The performance of optically coherent imaging systems can be limited by measurement and speckle noise. In this paper, we develop an image formation framework for computing the maximum a posteriori estimate of an object’s reflectivity when imaged using coherent illumination and detection. The proposed approach allows for the use of Gaussian denoising algorithms (GDAs), without modification, to mitigate the exponentially distributed and signal-dependent noise that occurs in coherent imaging. Several GDAs are compared using both simulated and experimental data. The proposed framework is shown to be robust to noise and significantly reduce reconstruction error compared to the standard inversion technique.

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