Abstract

Optical phase-locked loops are an effective detection method in high-speed and long-distance laser communication. Although this method can detect weak signal light and maintain a small bit error rate, it is difficult to perform because identifying the phase difference between the signal light and the local oscillator accurately has always been a technical challenge. Thus, a series of studies is conducted to address this issue. First, a delayed exclusive or gate (XOR) phase detector with multi-level loop compound control is proposed. Then, a 50 ps delay line and relative signal-to-noise ratio control at 15 dB are produced through theoretical derivation and simulation. Thereafter, a phase discrimination module is designed on a 15  cm×5  cm printed circuit board board. Finally, the experiment platform is built for verification. Experimental results show that the phase discrimination range is 1.1 to 1.1 GHz, and the gain is 0.82 mV/MHz. Three times the standard deviation, that is, 0.064 V, is observed between the test and theoretical values. The accuracy of phase detection is better than 0.07 V, which meets the design standards. A coherent carrier recovery test system is established. The delayed XOR gate has good performance in this system. When the communication rate is 5 Gbps, the system realizes a bit error rate of 1.55×108 when the optical power of the signal is 40.4  dBm. When the communication rate is increased to 10 Gbps, the detection sensitivity drops to 39.5  dBm and still shows good performance in high-speed communications. This work provides a reference for future high-speed coherent homodyne detection in space. Ideas for the next phase of this study are presented at the end of this paper.

© 2018 Optical Society of America

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