Abstract

We have demonstrated a method for the generation of spiral vector beams using a few-mode optical fiber. The beams are generated due to the combination of orthogonal linearly polarized modes with a tilted polarization vector in the few-mode optical fiber. The excitation of these modes is controlled by the incident state of polarization and coupling conditions at the input end of the fiber. The beams with clockwise and counterclockwise nature of spiral polarization are generated, and switching between them is demonstrated. The obtained results emphasize the strong dependency of polarization of generated spiral vector beams and other orthogonal linearly polarized modes on the input state of polarization. The simulated results of mode mixing are verified experimentally with good agreement.

© 2018 Optical Society of America

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