Abstract

This paper presents a novel method for accurately encoding 3D range geometry within only two channels of a 2D RGB image using a two-frequency phase-shifting approach. Once encoded within a 2D image, 3D geometry can be further compressed with conventional lossless or lossy image compression methods. The nature of the proposed two-channel encoding is relatively smooth; thus, large compression ratios with high reconstruction accuracies can be achieved and are experimentally demonstrated. For example, a compression ratio of 2883:1 was achieved, compared with the STL format, with a reconstruction RMS error of 0.45 mm (99.8% accuracy) when JPEG 85 was used with the proposed method. This paper also demonstrates how a 24-bit color texture map can be encoded alongside 3D geometry within a single 2D image.

© 2019 Optical Society of America

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