Abstract

Optical turbulence can have a severe effect on the propagation of laser beams through the atmosphere. In free space optics and directed energy applications, these laser beams quite often propagate along a slant or vertical path. In these cases, the refractive index structure function parameter cannot be assumed constant, since it varies with height. How it varies with height, especially in the first few meters above the ground, is not well behaved. Turbulence height profiles have been measured since the 1970s, mainly for astronomical observations. These profiles are usually measured for the atmospheric boundary layer (the layer of air from the ground up to approx. 1 km during day and 100 m during night) and some kilometers above it. We have measured the temperature fluctuations in the first few meters above ground level using a system containing eight resistance thermometer devices, mounted in a row at different spacings. Measurements were made flying this system under a tethered balloon or mounted on a telescoping mast. The temperature structure function parameter, CT2, can be estimated from the temperature fluctuations measured by the 28 different probe pairs and the unique distances between the two probes. Finally, Cn2 is estimated from this temperature structure function parameter and compared to values predicted by a turbulence profile model.

© 2019 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article
OSA Recommended Articles
Laser Remote Sensing of Atmospheric Refractive-Index-Fluctuation Profile*

M. Subramanian
J. Opt. Soc. Am. 62(5) 677-681 (1972)

Refractive turbulence profiling using stellar scintillation and radar wind profiles

James H. Churnside and Steven F. Clifford
Appl. Opt. 27(23) 4884-4890 (1988)

Measurements of Atmospheric Turbulence Relevant to Optical Propagation

R. S. Lawrence, G. R. Ochs, and S. F. Clifford
J. Opt. Soc. Am. 60(6) 826-830 (1970)

References

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Citation lists with outbound citation links are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access OSA Member Subscription

Cited By

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Cited by links are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access OSA Member Subscription

Figures (13)

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Figure files are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access OSA Member Subscription

Tables (2)

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Article tables are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access OSA Member Subscription

Equations (6)

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Equations are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access OSA Member Subscription

Metrics

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Article level metrics are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access OSA Member Subscription