Abstract

We study the use of three effective medium theory models, namely Maxwell–Garnett, Bruggeman, and Landau–Lifshitz–Looyenga, for the dielectric response of biological tissue in the terahertz band of the electromagnetic spectrum. In order to accomplish our objectives, we performed measurements on water-dehydrated basil binary mixtures encompassing the entire concentration range, and we further analyze the dielectric function with the models. Our results indicate that the Landau–Lifshitz–Looyenga and Bruggeman models provide marginally better fit to the experimentally measured dielectric function in the terahertz band. We further discuss the biological relevance of the models in the context of our experimental data based on their fundamental assumptions.

© 2020 Optical Society of America

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