Abstract

Measurement techniques based on optics, with the characteristics of noninvasive or non-destructive detection and high accuracy, offer excellent properties for application in various scenarios. Skin-like optical devices capable of deforming with human skin play major roles in future biomedical applications such as clinical diagnostics or biological healthcare. Unlike traditional rigid devices, the skin-like optical device is conformal to the skin because of the flexibility and stretchability. However, the detected signals based on light intensity are very sensitive to the light path. As a result, the accuracy and efficiency of the skin-like device will be influenced owing to deformation. In this work, for optimizing the design of the skin-like optical device, we use the Monte Carlo method to investigate the light distribution after scattered and absorbed by a human tissue. Different parameters of light source and blood vessels are used to simulate the device and human tissue deformation respectively. The characteristics of the exited light are then summarized and analyzed to study the influence of the deformation. The simulation shows that the deformation of the device and human tissue will produce non-linear effects on the characteristics of the exited lights. Finally, we design and fabricate a skin-like device using the simulation results and use it to monitor photoplethysmogram signals. This work will aid in the design of skin-like optical devices in the future.

© 2019 Optical Society of America under the terms of the OSA Open Access Publishing Agreement

Full Article  |  PDF Article
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2018 (1)

2017 (7)

S. Y. Hong, J. H. Oh, H. Park, J. Y. Yun, S. W. Jin, L. Sun, G. Zi, and J. S. Ha, “Polyurethane foam coated with a multi-walled carbon nanotube/polyaniline nanocomposite for a skin-like stretchable array of multi-functional sensors,” NPG Asia Mater. 9, e448 (2017).

J. A. Rogers, “Wearable electronics: Nanomesh on-skin electronics,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 12(9), 839–840 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. Shin, A. M. Gomez, R. Al-Hasani, Y. R. Jeong, J. Kim, Z. Xie, A. Banks, S. M. Lee, S. Y. Han, C. J. Yoo, J. L. Lee, S. H. Lee, J. Kurniawan, J. Tureb, Z. Guo, J. Yoon, S. I. Park, S. Y. Bang, Y. Nam, M. C. Walicki, V. K. Samineni, A. D. Mickle, K. Lee, S. Y. Heo, J. G. McCall, T. Pan, L. Wang, X. Feng, T. I. Kim, J. K. Kim, Y. Li, Y. Huang, R. W. Gereau, J. S. Ha, M. R. Bruchas, and J. A. Rogers, “Flexible Near-Field Wireless Optoelectronics as Subdermal Implants for Broad Applications in Optogenetics,” Neuron 93(3), 509–521 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Chen, S. Lu, S. Zhang, Y. Li, Z. Qu, Y. Chen, B. Lu, X. Wang, and X. Feng, “Skin-like biosensor system via electrochemical channels for noninvasive blood glucose monitoring,” Sci. Adv. 3(12), e1701629 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Chen, J. Yuan, Y. Zhang, Y. Huang, and X. Feng, “Experimental and theoretical analysis of integrated circuit (IC) chips on flexible substrates subjected to bending,” J. Appl. Phys. 122(13), 135310 (2017).
[Crossref]

J. Kim, P. Gutruf, A. M. Chiarelli, S. Y. Heo, K. Cho, Z. Xie, A. Banks, S. Han, K.-I. Jang, J. W. Lee, K.-T. Lee, X. Feng, Y. Huang, M. Fabiani, G. Gratton, U. Paik, and J. A. Rogers, “Miniaturized battery-free wireless systems for wearable pulse oximetry,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 27(1), 1604373 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Li, Y. Xu, X. Li, Y. Chen, Y. Jiang, C. Zhang, B. Lu, J. Wang, Y. Ma, Y. Chen, Y. Huang, M. Ding, H. Su, G. Song, Y. Luo, and X. Feng, “Epidermal Inorganic Optoelectronics for Blood Oxygen Measurement,” Adv. Healthc. Mater. 6(9), 1601013 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2016 (5)

Y. Huang, H. Li, Y. Chen, S. Cai, Y. Zhang, B. Lu, and X. Feng, “Stretchable and flexible photonics/electronics devices and transfer printing,” Scientia Sinica Physica, Mechanica & Astronomica 46(4), 044607 (2016).
[Crossref]

V. Perekatova, P. Subochev, M. Kleshnin, and I. Turchin, “Optimal wavelengths for optoacoustic measurements of blood oxygen saturation in biological tissues,” Biomed. Opt. Express 7(10), 3979–3995 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Khan, A. E. Ostfeld, C. M. Lochner, A. Pierre, and A. C. Arias, “Monitoring of Vital Signs with Flexible and Wearable Medical Devices,” Adv. Mater. 28(22), 4373–4395 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Chen, B. Lu, Y. Chen, and X. Feng, “Biocompatible and Ultra-Flexible Inorganic Strain Sensors Attached to Skin for Long-Term Vital Signs Monitoring,” IEEE Electron Device Lett. 37(4), 496–499 (2016).
[Crossref]

H. Song, Y. Liu, B. Zhang, K. Tian, P. Zhu, H. Lu, and Q. Tang, “Study of in vitro RBCs membrane elasticity with AOD scanning optical tweezers,” Biomed. Opt. Express 8(1), 384–394 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2015 (5)

M. Kumar, A. Veeraraghavan, and A. Sabharwal, “DistancePPG: Robust non-contact vital signs monitoring using a camera,” Biomed. Opt. Express 6(5), 1565–1588 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. C. Webb, Y. Ma, S. Krishnan, Y. Li, S. Yoon, X. Guo, X. Feng, Y. Shi, M. Seidel, N. H. Cho, J. Kurniawan, J. Ahad, N. Sheth, J. Kim, J. G. Taylor, T. Darlington, K. Chang, W. Huang, J. Ayers, A. Gruebele, R. M. Pielak, M. J. Slepian, Y. Huang, A. M. Gorbach, and J. A. Rogers, “Epidermal devices for noninvasive, precise, and continuous mapping of macrovascular and microvascular blood flow,” Sci. Adv. 1(9), e1500701 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. Litong, P. Lai-Man, X. Xuyuan, L. Yuming, and M. Ruiyi, “Motion-resistant remote imaging photoplethysmography based on the optical properties of skin,” IEEE Trans. Circ. Syst. Video Tech. 25(5), 879–891 (2015).
[Crossref]

Y. Jia, S. T. Bailey, T. S. Hwang, S. M. McClintic, S. S. Gao, M. E. Pennesi, C. J. Flaxel, A. K. Lauer, D. J. Wilson, J. Hornegger, J. G. Fujimoto, and D. Huang, “Quantitative optical coherence tomography angiography of vascular abnormalities in the living human eye,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 112(18), E2395–E2402 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Duadi and D. Fixler, “Influence of multiple scattering and absorption on the full scattering profile and the isobaric point in tissue,” J. Biomed. Opt. 20(5), 56010 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2014 (6)

G. Hong, S. Diao, J. Chang, A. L. Antaris, C. Chen, B. Zhang, S. Zhao, D. N. Atochin, P. L. Huang, K. I. Andreasson, C. J. Kuo, and H. Dai, “Through-skull fluorescence imaging of the brain in a new near-infrared window,” Nat. Photonics 8(9), 723–730 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. J. Steffen, S. Sale, B. Anandamurthy, V. B. Cruz, P. M. Grady, E. G. Soltesz, and N. Moazami, “Using near-infrared spectroscopy to monitor lower extremities in patients on venoarterial extracorporeal membrane oxygenation,” Ann. Thorac. Surg. 98(5), 1853–1854 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. Scholkmann, S. Kleiser, A. J. Metz, R. Zimmermann, J. Mata Pavia, U. Wolf, and M. Wolf, “A review on continuous wave functional near-infrared spectroscopy and imaging instrumentation and methodology,” Neuroimage 85(Pt 1), 6–27 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Cao, X. Chen, F. Kang, Y. Lin, M. Liu, H. Hu, Y. Nie, K. Wu, J. Wang, J. Liang, and J. Tian, “Performance evaluation of endoscopic Cerenkov luminescence imaging system: in vitro and pseudotumor studies,” Biomed. Opt. Express 5(10), 3660–3670 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. Feng, J. Wang, Y. Zhi, Y. Tang, Q. Wang, H. Li, and W. Wang, “Transmissive resonator optic gyro based on silica waveguide ring resonator,” Opt. Express 22(22), 27565–27575 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Akamatsu, M. Yasuda, H. Inaba, K. Hosaka, T. Tanabe, A. Onae, and F. L. Hong, “Frequency ratio measurement of 171Yb and 87Sr optical lattice clocks,” Opt. Express 22(7), 7898–7905 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2013 (1)

H. Duadi, D. Fixler, and R. Popovtzer, “Dependence of light scattering profile in tissue on blood vessel diameter and distribution: a computer simulation study,” J. Biomed. Opt. 18(11), 111408 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2012 (1)

2010 (2)

2009 (1)

2006 (1)

2004 (1)

D. J. Faber, M. C. Aalders, E. G. Mik, B. A. Hooper, M. J. van Gemert, and T. G. van Leeuwen, “Oxygen saturation-dependent absorption and scattering of blood,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 93(2), 028102 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Aalders, M. C.

D. J. Faber, M. C. Aalders, E. G. Mik, B. A. Hooper, M. J. van Gemert, and T. G. van Leeuwen, “Oxygen saturation-dependent absorption and scattering of blood,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 93(2), 028102 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ahad, J.

R. C. Webb, Y. Ma, S. Krishnan, Y. Li, S. Yoon, X. Guo, X. Feng, Y. Shi, M. Seidel, N. H. Cho, J. Kurniawan, J. Ahad, N. Sheth, J. Kim, J. G. Taylor, T. Darlington, K. Chang, W. Huang, J. Ayers, A. Gruebele, R. M. Pielak, M. J. Slepian, Y. Huang, A. M. Gorbach, and J. A. Rogers, “Epidermal devices for noninvasive, precise, and continuous mapping of macrovascular and microvascular blood flow,” Sci. Adv. 1(9), e1500701 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Akamatsu, D.

Aldrich, M. B.

Al-Hasani, R.

G. Shin, A. M. Gomez, R. Al-Hasani, Y. R. Jeong, J. Kim, Z. Xie, A. Banks, S. M. Lee, S. Y. Han, C. J. Yoo, J. L. Lee, S. H. Lee, J. Kurniawan, J. Tureb, Z. Guo, J. Yoon, S. I. Park, S. Y. Bang, Y. Nam, M. C. Walicki, V. K. Samineni, A. D. Mickle, K. Lee, S. Y. Heo, J. G. McCall, T. Pan, L. Wang, X. Feng, T. I. Kim, J. K. Kim, Y. Li, Y. Huang, R. W. Gereau, J. S. Ha, M. R. Bruchas, and J. A. Rogers, “Flexible Near-Field Wireless Optoelectronics as Subdermal Implants for Broad Applications in Optogenetics,” Neuron 93(3), 509–521 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Anandamurthy, B.

R. J. Steffen, S. Sale, B. Anandamurthy, V. B. Cruz, P. M. Grady, E. G. Soltesz, and N. Moazami, “Using near-infrared spectroscopy to monitor lower extremities in patients on venoarterial extracorporeal membrane oxygenation,” Ann. Thorac. Surg. 98(5), 1853–1854 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Andreasson, K. I.

G. Hong, S. Diao, J. Chang, A. L. Antaris, C. Chen, B. Zhang, S. Zhao, D. N. Atochin, P. L. Huang, K. I. Andreasson, C. J. Kuo, and H. Dai, “Through-skull fluorescence imaging of the brain in a new near-infrared window,” Nat. Photonics 8(9), 723–730 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Antaris, A. L.

G. Hong, S. Diao, J. Chang, A. L. Antaris, C. Chen, B. Zhang, S. Zhao, D. N. Atochin, P. L. Huang, K. I. Andreasson, C. J. Kuo, and H. Dai, “Through-skull fluorescence imaging of the brain in a new near-infrared window,” Nat. Photonics 8(9), 723–730 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Appelman, H.

Arias, A. C.

Y. Khan, A. E. Ostfeld, C. M. Lochner, A. Pierre, and A. C. Arias, “Monitoring of Vital Signs with Flexible and Wearable Medical Devices,” Adv. Mater. 28(22), 4373–4395 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Atochin, D. N.

G. Hong, S. Diao, J. Chang, A. L. Antaris, C. Chen, B. Zhang, S. Zhao, D. N. Atochin, P. L. Huang, K. I. Andreasson, C. J. Kuo, and H. Dai, “Through-skull fluorescence imaging of the brain in a new near-infrared window,” Nat. Photonics 8(9), 723–730 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ayers, J.

R. C. Webb, Y. Ma, S. Krishnan, Y. Li, S. Yoon, X. Guo, X. Feng, Y. Shi, M. Seidel, N. H. Cho, J. Kurniawan, J. Ahad, N. Sheth, J. Kim, J. G. Taylor, T. Darlington, K. Chang, W. Huang, J. Ayers, A. Gruebele, R. M. Pielak, M. J. Slepian, Y. Huang, A. M. Gorbach, and J. A. Rogers, “Epidermal devices for noninvasive, precise, and continuous mapping of macrovascular and microvascular blood flow,” Sci. Adv. 1(9), e1500701 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bailey, S. T.

Y. Jia, S. T. Bailey, T. S. Hwang, S. M. McClintic, S. S. Gao, M. E. Pennesi, C. J. Flaxel, A. K. Lauer, D. J. Wilson, J. Hornegger, J. G. Fujimoto, and D. Huang, “Quantitative optical coherence tomography angiography of vascular abnormalities in the living human eye,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 112(18), E2395–E2402 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bang, S. Y.

G. Shin, A. M. Gomez, R. Al-Hasani, Y. R. Jeong, J. Kim, Z. Xie, A. Banks, S. M. Lee, S. Y. Han, C. J. Yoo, J. L. Lee, S. H. Lee, J. Kurniawan, J. Tureb, Z. Guo, J. Yoon, S. I. Park, S. Y. Bang, Y. Nam, M. C. Walicki, V. K. Samineni, A. D. Mickle, K. Lee, S. Y. Heo, J. G. McCall, T. Pan, L. Wang, X. Feng, T. I. Kim, J. K. Kim, Y. Li, Y. Huang, R. W. Gereau, J. S. Ha, M. R. Bruchas, and J. A. Rogers, “Flexible Near-Field Wireless Optoelectronics as Subdermal Implants for Broad Applications in Optogenetics,” Neuron 93(3), 509–521 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Banks, A.

G. Shin, A. M. Gomez, R. Al-Hasani, Y. R. Jeong, J. Kim, Z. Xie, A. Banks, S. M. Lee, S. Y. Han, C. J. Yoo, J. L. Lee, S. H. Lee, J. Kurniawan, J. Tureb, Z. Guo, J. Yoon, S. I. Park, S. Y. Bang, Y. Nam, M. C. Walicki, V. K. Samineni, A. D. Mickle, K. Lee, S. Y. Heo, J. G. McCall, T. Pan, L. Wang, X. Feng, T. I. Kim, J. K. Kim, Y. Li, Y. Huang, R. W. Gereau, J. S. Ha, M. R. Bruchas, and J. A. Rogers, “Flexible Near-Field Wireless Optoelectronics as Subdermal Implants for Broad Applications in Optogenetics,” Neuron 93(3), 509–521 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Kim, P. Gutruf, A. M. Chiarelli, S. Y. Heo, K. Cho, Z. Xie, A. Banks, S. Han, K.-I. Jang, J. W. Lee, K.-T. Lee, X. Feng, Y. Huang, M. Fabiani, G. Gratton, U. Paik, and J. A. Rogers, “Miniaturized battery-free wireless systems for wearable pulse oximetry,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 27(1), 1604373 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Boppart, S. A.

Bruchas, M. R.

G. Shin, A. M. Gomez, R. Al-Hasani, Y. R. Jeong, J. Kim, Z. Xie, A. Banks, S. M. Lee, S. Y. Han, C. J. Yoo, J. L. Lee, S. H. Lee, J. Kurniawan, J. Tureb, Z. Guo, J. Yoon, S. I. Park, S. Y. Bang, Y. Nam, M. C. Walicki, V. K. Samineni, A. D. Mickle, K. Lee, S. Y. Heo, J. G. McCall, T. Pan, L. Wang, X. Feng, T. I. Kim, J. K. Kim, Y. Li, Y. Huang, R. W. Gereau, J. S. Ha, M. R. Bruchas, and J. A. Rogers, “Flexible Near-Field Wireless Optoelectronics as Subdermal Implants for Broad Applications in Optogenetics,” Neuron 93(3), 509–521 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Cai, S.

Y. Huang, H. Li, Y. Chen, S. Cai, Y. Zhang, B. Lu, and X. Feng, “Stretchable and flexible photonics/electronics devices and transfer printing,” Scientia Sinica Physica, Mechanica & Astronomica 46(4), 044607 (2016).
[Crossref]

Cao, X.

Chang, J.

G. Hong, S. Diao, J. Chang, A. L. Antaris, C. Chen, B. Zhang, S. Zhao, D. N. Atochin, P. L. Huang, K. I. Andreasson, C. J. Kuo, and H. Dai, “Through-skull fluorescence imaging of the brain in a new near-infrared window,” Nat. Photonics 8(9), 723–730 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chang, K.

R. C. Webb, Y. Ma, S. Krishnan, Y. Li, S. Yoon, X. Guo, X. Feng, Y. Shi, M. Seidel, N. H. Cho, J. Kurniawan, J. Ahad, N. Sheth, J. Kim, J. G. Taylor, T. Darlington, K. Chang, W. Huang, J. Ayers, A. Gruebele, R. M. Pielak, M. J. Slepian, Y. Huang, A. M. Gorbach, and J. A. Rogers, “Epidermal devices for noninvasive, precise, and continuous mapping of macrovascular and microvascular blood flow,” Sci. Adv. 1(9), e1500701 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chen, C.

G. Hong, S. Diao, J. Chang, A. L. Antaris, C. Chen, B. Zhang, S. Zhao, D. N. Atochin, P. L. Huang, K. I. Andreasson, C. J. Kuo, and H. Dai, “Through-skull fluorescence imaging of the brain in a new near-infrared window,” Nat. Photonics 8(9), 723–730 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chen, X.

Chen, Y.

H. Li, Y. Xu, X. Li, Y. Chen, Y. Jiang, C. Zhang, B. Lu, J. Wang, Y. Ma, Y. Chen, Y. Huang, M. Ding, H. Su, G. Song, Y. Luo, and X. Feng, “Epidermal Inorganic Optoelectronics for Blood Oxygen Measurement,” Adv. Healthc. Mater. 6(9), 1601013 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Li, Y. Xu, X. Li, Y. Chen, Y. Jiang, C. Zhang, B. Lu, J. Wang, Y. Ma, Y. Chen, Y. Huang, M. Ding, H. Su, G. Song, Y. Luo, and X. Feng, “Epidermal Inorganic Optoelectronics for Blood Oxygen Measurement,” Adv. Healthc. Mater. 6(9), 1601013 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Chen, J. Yuan, Y. Zhang, Y. Huang, and X. Feng, “Experimental and theoretical analysis of integrated circuit (IC) chips on flexible substrates subjected to bending,” J. Appl. Phys. 122(13), 135310 (2017).
[Crossref]

Y. Chen, S. Lu, S. Zhang, Y. Li, Z. Qu, Y. Chen, B. Lu, X. Wang, and X. Feng, “Skin-like biosensor system via electrochemical channels for noninvasive blood glucose monitoring,” Sci. Adv. 3(12), e1701629 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Chen, S. Lu, S. Zhang, Y. Li, Z. Qu, Y. Chen, B. Lu, X. Wang, and X. Feng, “Skin-like biosensor system via electrochemical channels for noninvasive blood glucose monitoring,” Sci. Adv. 3(12), e1701629 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Huang, H. Li, Y. Chen, S. Cai, Y. Zhang, B. Lu, and X. Feng, “Stretchable and flexible photonics/electronics devices and transfer printing,” Scientia Sinica Physica, Mechanica & Astronomica 46(4), 044607 (2016).
[Crossref]

Y. Chen, B. Lu, Y. Chen, and X. Feng, “Biocompatible and Ultra-Flexible Inorganic Strain Sensors Attached to Skin for Long-Term Vital Signs Monitoring,” IEEE Electron Device Lett. 37(4), 496–499 (2016).
[Crossref]

Y. Chen, B. Lu, Y. Chen, and X. Feng, “Biocompatible and Ultra-Flexible Inorganic Strain Sensors Attached to Skin for Long-Term Vital Signs Monitoring,” IEEE Electron Device Lett. 37(4), 496–499 (2016).
[Crossref]

Chiarelli, A. M.

J. Kim, P. Gutruf, A. M. Chiarelli, S. Y. Heo, K. Cho, Z. Xie, A. Banks, S. Han, K.-I. Jang, J. W. Lee, K.-T. Lee, X. Feng, Y. Huang, M. Fabiani, G. Gratton, U. Paik, and J. A. Rogers, “Miniaturized battery-free wireless systems for wearable pulse oximetry,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 27(1), 1604373 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Cho, K.

J. Kim, P. Gutruf, A. M. Chiarelli, S. Y. Heo, K. Cho, Z. Xie, A. Banks, S. Han, K.-I. Jang, J. W. Lee, K.-T. Lee, X. Feng, Y. Huang, M. Fabiani, G. Gratton, U. Paik, and J. A. Rogers, “Miniaturized battery-free wireless systems for wearable pulse oximetry,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 27(1), 1604373 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Cho, N. H.

R. C. Webb, Y. Ma, S. Krishnan, Y. Li, S. Yoon, X. Guo, X. Feng, Y. Shi, M. Seidel, N. H. Cho, J. Kurniawan, J. Ahad, N. Sheth, J. Kim, J. G. Taylor, T. Darlington, K. Chang, W. Huang, J. Ayers, A. Gruebele, R. M. Pielak, M. J. Slepian, Y. Huang, A. M. Gorbach, and J. A. Rogers, “Epidermal devices for noninvasive, precise, and continuous mapping of macrovascular and microvascular blood flow,” Sci. Adv. 1(9), e1500701 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Contag, C.

Crawford, J. M.

Crews, B. C.

Cruz, V. B.

R. J. Steffen, S. Sale, B. Anandamurthy, V. B. Cruz, P. M. Grady, E. G. Soltesz, and N. Moazami, “Using near-infrared spectroscopy to monitor lower extremities in patients on venoarterial extracorporeal membrane oxygenation,” Ann. Thorac. Surg. 98(5), 1853–1854 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Culver, J.

Dai, H.

G. Hong, S. Diao, J. Chang, A. L. Antaris, C. Chen, B. Zhang, S. Zhao, D. N. Atochin, P. L. Huang, K. I. Andreasson, C. J. Kuo, and H. Dai, “Through-skull fluorescence imaging of the brain in a new near-infrared window,” Nat. Photonics 8(9), 723–730 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Darlington, T.

R. C. Webb, Y. Ma, S. Krishnan, Y. Li, S. Yoon, X. Guo, X. Feng, Y. Shi, M. Seidel, N. H. Cho, J. Kurniawan, J. Ahad, N. Sheth, J. Kim, J. G. Taylor, T. Darlington, K. Chang, W. Huang, J. Ayers, A. Gruebele, R. M. Pielak, M. J. Slepian, Y. Huang, A. M. Gorbach, and J. A. Rogers, “Epidermal devices for noninvasive, precise, and continuous mapping of macrovascular and microvascular blood flow,” Sci. Adv. 1(9), e1500701 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Diao, S.

G. Hong, S. Diao, J. Chang, A. L. Antaris, C. Chen, B. Zhang, S. Zhao, D. N. Atochin, P. L. Huang, K. I. Andreasson, C. J. Kuo, and H. Dai, “Through-skull fluorescence imaging of the brain in a new near-infrared window,” Nat. Photonics 8(9), 723–730 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ding, M.

H. Li, Y. Xu, X. Li, Y. Chen, Y. Jiang, C. Zhang, B. Lu, J. Wang, Y. Ma, Y. Chen, Y. Huang, M. Ding, H. Su, G. Song, Y. Luo, and X. Feng, “Epidermal Inorganic Optoelectronics for Blood Oxygen Measurement,” Adv. Healthc. Mater. 6(9), 1601013 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Duadi, H.

H. Duadi and D. Fixler, “Influence of multiple scattering and absorption on the full scattering profile and the isobaric point in tissue,” J. Biomed. Opt. 20(5), 56010 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Duadi, D. Fixler, and R. Popovtzer, “Dependence of light scattering profile in tissue on blood vessel diameter and distribution: a computer simulation study,” J. Biomed. Opt. 18(11), 111408 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Faber, D. J.

D. J. Faber, M. C. Aalders, E. G. Mik, B. A. Hooper, M. J. van Gemert, and T. G. van Leeuwen, “Oxygen saturation-dependent absorption and scattering of blood,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 93(2), 028102 (2004).
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Fabiani, M.

J. Kim, P. Gutruf, A. M. Chiarelli, S. Y. Heo, K. Cho, Z. Xie, A. Banks, S. Han, K.-I. Jang, J. W. Lee, K.-T. Lee, X. Feng, Y. Huang, M. Fabiani, G. Gratton, U. Paik, and J. A. Rogers, “Miniaturized battery-free wireless systems for wearable pulse oximetry,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 27(1), 1604373 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Feng, L.

Feng, X.

J. Kim, P. Gutruf, A. M. Chiarelli, S. Y. Heo, K. Cho, Z. Xie, A. Banks, S. Han, K.-I. Jang, J. W. Lee, K.-T. Lee, X. Feng, Y. Huang, M. Fabiani, G. Gratton, U. Paik, and J. A. Rogers, “Miniaturized battery-free wireless systems for wearable pulse oximetry,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 27(1), 1604373 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Li, Y. Xu, X. Li, Y. Chen, Y. Jiang, C. Zhang, B. Lu, J. Wang, Y. Ma, Y. Chen, Y. Huang, M. Ding, H. Su, G. Song, Y. Luo, and X. Feng, “Epidermal Inorganic Optoelectronics for Blood Oxygen Measurement,” Adv. Healthc. Mater. 6(9), 1601013 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Chen, J. Yuan, Y. Zhang, Y. Huang, and X. Feng, “Experimental and theoretical analysis of integrated circuit (IC) chips on flexible substrates subjected to bending,” J. Appl. Phys. 122(13), 135310 (2017).
[Crossref]

Y. Chen, S. Lu, S. Zhang, Y. Li, Z. Qu, Y. Chen, B. Lu, X. Wang, and X. Feng, “Skin-like biosensor system via electrochemical channels for noninvasive blood glucose monitoring,” Sci. Adv. 3(12), e1701629 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. Shin, A. M. Gomez, R. Al-Hasani, Y. R. Jeong, J. Kim, Z. Xie, A. Banks, S. M. Lee, S. Y. Han, C. J. Yoo, J. L. Lee, S. H. Lee, J. Kurniawan, J. Tureb, Z. Guo, J. Yoon, S. I. Park, S. Y. Bang, Y. Nam, M. C. Walicki, V. K. Samineni, A. D. Mickle, K. Lee, S. Y. Heo, J. G. McCall, T. Pan, L. Wang, X. Feng, T. I. Kim, J. K. Kim, Y. Li, Y. Huang, R. W. Gereau, J. S. Ha, M. R. Bruchas, and J. A. Rogers, “Flexible Near-Field Wireless Optoelectronics as Subdermal Implants for Broad Applications in Optogenetics,” Neuron 93(3), 509–521 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Chen, B. Lu, Y. Chen, and X. Feng, “Biocompatible and Ultra-Flexible Inorganic Strain Sensors Attached to Skin for Long-Term Vital Signs Monitoring,” IEEE Electron Device Lett. 37(4), 496–499 (2016).
[Crossref]

Y. Huang, H. Li, Y. Chen, S. Cai, Y. Zhang, B. Lu, and X. Feng, “Stretchable and flexible photonics/electronics devices and transfer printing,” Scientia Sinica Physica, Mechanica & Astronomica 46(4), 044607 (2016).
[Crossref]

R. C. Webb, Y. Ma, S. Krishnan, Y. Li, S. Yoon, X. Guo, X. Feng, Y. Shi, M. Seidel, N. H. Cho, J. Kurniawan, J. Ahad, N. Sheth, J. Kim, J. G. Taylor, T. Darlington, K. Chang, W. Huang, J. Ayers, A. Gruebele, R. M. Pielak, M. J. Slepian, Y. Huang, A. M. Gorbach, and J. A. Rogers, “Epidermal devices for noninvasive, precise, and continuous mapping of macrovascular and microvascular blood flow,” Sci. Adv. 1(9), e1500701 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Fixler, D.

H. Duadi and D. Fixler, “Influence of multiple scattering and absorption on the full scattering profile and the isobaric point in tissue,” J. Biomed. Opt. 20(5), 56010 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Duadi, D. Fixler, and R. Popovtzer, “Dependence of light scattering profile in tissue on blood vessel diameter and distribution: a computer simulation study,” J. Biomed. Opt. 18(11), 111408 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Flaxel, C. J.

Y. Jia, S. T. Bailey, T. S. Hwang, S. M. McClintic, S. S. Gao, M. E. Pennesi, C. J. Flaxel, A. K. Lauer, D. J. Wilson, J. Hornegger, J. G. Fujimoto, and D. Huang, “Quantitative optical coherence tomography angiography of vascular abnormalities in the living human eye,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 112(18), E2395–E2402 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Foster, R.

T. Yilmaz, R. Foster, and Y. Hao, “Detecting vital signs with wearable wireless sensors,” Sensors (Basel) 10(12), 10837–10862 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Fujimoto, J. G.

Y. Jia, S. T. Bailey, T. S. Hwang, S. M. McClintic, S. S. Gao, M. E. Pennesi, C. J. Flaxel, A. K. Lauer, D. J. Wilson, J. Hornegger, J. G. Fujimoto, and D. Huang, “Quantitative optical coherence tomography angiography of vascular abnormalities in the living human eye,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 112(18), E2395–E2402 (2015).
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Gao, S. S.

Y. Jia, S. T. Bailey, T. S. Hwang, S. M. McClintic, S. S. Gao, M. E. Pennesi, C. J. Flaxel, A. K. Lauer, D. J. Wilson, J. Hornegger, J. G. Fujimoto, and D. Huang, “Quantitative optical coherence tomography angiography of vascular abnormalities in the living human eye,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 112(18), E2395–E2402 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gereau, R. W.

G. Shin, A. M. Gomez, R. Al-Hasani, Y. R. Jeong, J. Kim, Z. Xie, A. Banks, S. M. Lee, S. Y. Han, C. J. Yoo, J. L. Lee, S. H. Lee, J. Kurniawan, J. Tureb, Z. Guo, J. Yoon, S. I. Park, S. Y. Bang, Y. Nam, M. C. Walicki, V. K. Samineni, A. D. Mickle, K. Lee, S. Y. Heo, J. G. McCall, T. Pan, L. Wang, X. Feng, T. I. Kim, J. K. Kim, Y. Li, Y. Huang, R. W. Gereau, J. S. Ha, M. R. Bruchas, and J. A. Rogers, “Flexible Near-Field Wireless Optoelectronics as Subdermal Implants for Broad Applications in Optogenetics,” Neuron 93(3), 509–521 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gomez, A. M.

G. Shin, A. M. Gomez, R. Al-Hasani, Y. R. Jeong, J. Kim, Z. Xie, A. Banks, S. M. Lee, S. Y. Han, C. J. Yoo, J. L. Lee, S. H. Lee, J. Kurniawan, J. Tureb, Z. Guo, J. Yoon, S. I. Park, S. Y. Bang, Y. Nam, M. C. Walicki, V. K. Samineni, A. D. Mickle, K. Lee, S. Y. Heo, J. G. McCall, T. Pan, L. Wang, X. Feng, T. I. Kim, J. K. Kim, Y. Li, Y. Huang, R. W. Gereau, J. S. Ha, M. R. Bruchas, and J. A. Rogers, “Flexible Near-Field Wireless Optoelectronics as Subdermal Implants for Broad Applications in Optogenetics,” Neuron 93(3), 509–521 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gorbach, A. M.

R. C. Webb, Y. Ma, S. Krishnan, Y. Li, S. Yoon, X. Guo, X. Feng, Y. Shi, M. Seidel, N. H. Cho, J. Kurniawan, J. Ahad, N. Sheth, J. Kim, J. G. Taylor, T. Darlington, K. Chang, W. Huang, J. Ayers, A. Gruebele, R. M. Pielak, M. J. Slepian, Y. Huang, A. M. Gorbach, and J. A. Rogers, “Epidermal devices for noninvasive, precise, and continuous mapping of macrovascular and microvascular blood flow,” Sci. Adv. 1(9), e1500701 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Grady, P. M.

R. J. Steffen, S. Sale, B. Anandamurthy, V. B. Cruz, P. M. Grady, E. G. Soltesz, and N. Moazami, “Using near-infrared spectroscopy to monitor lower extremities in patients on venoarterial extracorporeal membrane oxygenation,” Ann. Thorac. Surg. 98(5), 1853–1854 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gratton, G.

J. Kim, P. Gutruf, A. M. Chiarelli, S. Y. Heo, K. Cho, Z. Xie, A. Banks, S. Han, K.-I. Jang, J. W. Lee, K.-T. Lee, X. Feng, Y. Huang, M. Fabiani, G. Gratton, U. Paik, and J. A. Rogers, “Miniaturized battery-free wireless systems for wearable pulse oximetry,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 27(1), 1604373 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gruebele, A.

R. C. Webb, Y. Ma, S. Krishnan, Y. Li, S. Yoon, X. Guo, X. Feng, Y. Shi, M. Seidel, N. H. Cho, J. Kurniawan, J. Ahad, N. Sheth, J. Kim, J. G. Taylor, T. Darlington, K. Chang, W. Huang, J. Ayers, A. Gruebele, R. M. Pielak, M. J. Slepian, Y. Huang, A. M. Gorbach, and J. A. Rogers, “Epidermal devices for noninvasive, precise, and continuous mapping of macrovascular and microvascular blood flow,” Sci. Adv. 1(9), e1500701 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Guo, X.

R. C. Webb, Y. Ma, S. Krishnan, Y. Li, S. Yoon, X. Guo, X. Feng, Y. Shi, M. Seidel, N. H. Cho, J. Kurniawan, J. Ahad, N. Sheth, J. Kim, J. G. Taylor, T. Darlington, K. Chang, W. Huang, J. Ayers, A. Gruebele, R. M. Pielak, M. J. Slepian, Y. Huang, A. M. Gorbach, and J. A. Rogers, “Epidermal devices for noninvasive, precise, and continuous mapping of macrovascular and microvascular blood flow,” Sci. Adv. 1(9), e1500701 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Guo, Z.

G. Shin, A. M. Gomez, R. Al-Hasani, Y. R. Jeong, J. Kim, Z. Xie, A. Banks, S. M. Lee, S. Y. Han, C. J. Yoo, J. L. Lee, S. H. Lee, J. Kurniawan, J. Tureb, Z. Guo, J. Yoon, S. I. Park, S. Y. Bang, Y. Nam, M. C. Walicki, V. K. Samineni, A. D. Mickle, K. Lee, S. Y. Heo, J. G. McCall, T. Pan, L. Wang, X. Feng, T. I. Kim, J. K. Kim, Y. Li, Y. Huang, R. W. Gereau, J. S. Ha, M. R. Bruchas, and J. A. Rogers, “Flexible Near-Field Wireless Optoelectronics as Subdermal Implants for Broad Applications in Optogenetics,” Neuron 93(3), 509–521 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gutruf, P.

J. Kim, P. Gutruf, A. M. Chiarelli, S. Y. Heo, K. Cho, Z. Xie, A. Banks, S. Han, K.-I. Jang, J. W. Lee, K.-T. Lee, X. Feng, Y. Huang, M. Fabiani, G. Gratton, U. Paik, and J. A. Rogers, “Miniaturized battery-free wireless systems for wearable pulse oximetry,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 27(1), 1604373 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ha, J. S.

S. Y. Hong, J. H. Oh, H. Park, J. Y. Yun, S. W. Jin, L. Sun, G. Zi, and J. S. Ha, “Polyurethane foam coated with a multi-walled carbon nanotube/polyaniline nanocomposite for a skin-like stretchable array of multi-functional sensors,” NPG Asia Mater. 9, e448 (2017).

G. Shin, A. M. Gomez, R. Al-Hasani, Y. R. Jeong, J. Kim, Z. Xie, A. Banks, S. M. Lee, S. Y. Han, C. J. Yoo, J. L. Lee, S. H. Lee, J. Kurniawan, J. Tureb, Z. Guo, J. Yoon, S. I. Park, S. Y. Bang, Y. Nam, M. C. Walicki, V. K. Samineni, A. D. Mickle, K. Lee, S. Y. Heo, J. G. McCall, T. Pan, L. Wang, X. Feng, T. I. Kim, J. K. Kim, Y. Li, Y. Huang, R. W. Gereau, J. S. Ha, M. R. Bruchas, and J. A. Rogers, “Flexible Near-Field Wireless Optoelectronics as Subdermal Implants for Broad Applications in Optogenetics,” Neuron 93(3), 509–521 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Han, S.

J. Kim, P. Gutruf, A. M. Chiarelli, S. Y. Heo, K. Cho, Z. Xie, A. Banks, S. Han, K.-I. Jang, J. W. Lee, K.-T. Lee, X. Feng, Y. Huang, M. Fabiani, G. Gratton, U. Paik, and J. A. Rogers, “Miniaturized battery-free wireless systems for wearable pulse oximetry,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 27(1), 1604373 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Han, S. Y.

G. Shin, A. M. Gomez, R. Al-Hasani, Y. R. Jeong, J. Kim, Z. Xie, A. Banks, S. M. Lee, S. Y. Han, C. J. Yoo, J. L. Lee, S. H. Lee, J. Kurniawan, J. Tureb, Z. Guo, J. Yoon, S. I. Park, S. Y. Bang, Y. Nam, M. C. Walicki, V. K. Samineni, A. D. Mickle, K. Lee, S. Y. Heo, J. G. McCall, T. Pan, L. Wang, X. Feng, T. I. Kim, J. K. Kim, Y. Li, Y. Huang, R. W. Gereau, J. S. Ha, M. R. Bruchas, and J. A. Rogers, “Flexible Near-Field Wireless Optoelectronics as Subdermal Implants for Broad Applications in Optogenetics,” Neuron 93(3), 509–521 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hao, Y.

T. Yilmaz, R. Foster, and Y. Hao, “Detecting vital signs with wearable wireless sensors,” Sensors (Basel) 10(12), 10837–10862 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Heo, S. Y.

G. Shin, A. M. Gomez, R. Al-Hasani, Y. R. Jeong, J. Kim, Z. Xie, A. Banks, S. M. Lee, S. Y. Han, C. J. Yoo, J. L. Lee, S. H. Lee, J. Kurniawan, J. Tureb, Z. Guo, J. Yoon, S. I. Park, S. Y. Bang, Y. Nam, M. C. Walicki, V. K. Samineni, A. D. Mickle, K. Lee, S. Y. Heo, J. G. McCall, T. Pan, L. Wang, X. Feng, T. I. Kim, J. K. Kim, Y. Li, Y. Huang, R. W. Gereau, J. S. Ha, M. R. Bruchas, and J. A. Rogers, “Flexible Near-Field Wireless Optoelectronics as Subdermal Implants for Broad Applications in Optogenetics,” Neuron 93(3), 509–521 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Kim, P. Gutruf, A. M. Chiarelli, S. Y. Heo, K. Cho, Z. Xie, A. Banks, S. Han, K.-I. Jang, J. W. Lee, K.-T. Lee, X. Feng, Y. Huang, M. Fabiani, G. Gratton, U. Paik, and J. A. Rogers, “Miniaturized battery-free wireless systems for wearable pulse oximetry,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 27(1), 1604373 (2017).
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Khan, Y.

Y. Khan, A. E. Ostfeld, C. M. Lochner, A. Pierre, and A. C. Arias, “Monitoring of Vital Signs with Flexible and Wearable Medical Devices,” Adv. Mater. 28(22), 4373–4395 (2016).
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G. Shin, A. M. Gomez, R. Al-Hasani, Y. R. Jeong, J. Kim, Z. Xie, A. Banks, S. M. Lee, S. Y. Han, C. J. Yoo, J. L. Lee, S. H. Lee, J. Kurniawan, J. Tureb, Z. Guo, J. Yoon, S. I. Park, S. Y. Bang, Y. Nam, M. C. Walicki, V. K. Samineni, A. D. Mickle, K. Lee, S. Y. Heo, J. G. McCall, T. Pan, L. Wang, X. Feng, T. I. Kim, J. K. Kim, Y. Li, Y. Huang, R. W. Gereau, J. S. Ha, M. R. Bruchas, and J. A. Rogers, “Flexible Near-Field Wireless Optoelectronics as Subdermal Implants for Broad Applications in Optogenetics,” Neuron 93(3), 509–521 (2017).
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Y. Huang, H. Li, Y. Chen, S. Cai, Y. Zhang, B. Lu, and X. Feng, “Stretchable and flexible photonics/electronics devices and transfer printing,” Scientia Sinica Physica, Mechanica & Astronomica 46(4), 044607 (2016).
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G. Shin, A. M. Gomez, R. Al-Hasani, Y. R. Jeong, J. Kim, Z. Xie, A. Banks, S. M. Lee, S. Y. Han, C. J. Yoo, J. L. Lee, S. H. Lee, J. Kurniawan, J. Tureb, Z. Guo, J. Yoon, S. I. Park, S. Y. Bang, Y. Nam, M. C. Walicki, V. K. Samineni, A. D. Mickle, K. Lee, S. Y. Heo, J. G. McCall, T. Pan, L. Wang, X. Feng, T. I. Kim, J. K. Kim, Y. Li, Y. Huang, R. W. Gereau, J. S. Ha, M. R. Bruchas, and J. A. Rogers, “Flexible Near-Field Wireless Optoelectronics as Subdermal Implants for Broad Applications in Optogenetics,” Neuron 93(3), 509–521 (2017).
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Liang, X.

Liao, J. C.

Lin, Y.

Litong, F.

F. Litong, P. Lai-Man, X. Xuyuan, L. Yuming, and M. Ruiyi, “Motion-resistant remote imaging photoplethysmography based on the optical properties of skin,” IEEE Trans. Circ. Syst. Video Tech. 25(5), 879–891 (2015).
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Y. Khan, A. E. Ostfeld, C. M. Lochner, A. Pierre, and A. C. Arias, “Monitoring of Vital Signs with Flexible and Wearable Medical Devices,” Adv. Mater. 28(22), 4373–4395 (2016).
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Marshall, M. V.

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F. Scholkmann, S. Kleiser, A. J. Metz, R. Zimmermann, J. Mata Pavia, U. Wolf, and M. Wolf, “A review on continuous wave functional near-infrared spectroscopy and imaging instrumentation and methodology,” Neuroimage 85(Pt 1), 6–27 (2014).
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G. Shin, A. M. Gomez, R. Al-Hasani, Y. R. Jeong, J. Kim, Z. Xie, A. Banks, S. M. Lee, S. Y. Han, C. J. Yoo, J. L. Lee, S. H. Lee, J. Kurniawan, J. Tureb, Z. Guo, J. Yoon, S. I. Park, S. Y. Bang, Y. Nam, M. C. Walicki, V. K. Samineni, A. D. Mickle, K. Lee, S. Y. Heo, J. G. McCall, T. Pan, L. Wang, X. Feng, T. I. Kim, J. K. Kim, Y. Li, Y. Huang, R. W. Gereau, J. S. Ha, M. R. Bruchas, and J. A. Rogers, “Flexible Near-Field Wireless Optoelectronics as Subdermal Implants for Broad Applications in Optogenetics,” Neuron 93(3), 509–521 (2017).
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Y. Jia, S. T. Bailey, T. S. Hwang, S. M. McClintic, S. S. Gao, M. E. Pennesi, C. J. Flaxel, A. K. Lauer, D. J. Wilson, J. Hornegger, J. G. Fujimoto, and D. Huang, “Quantitative optical coherence tomography angiography of vascular abnormalities in the living human eye,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 112(18), E2395–E2402 (2015).
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Metz, A. J.

F. Scholkmann, S. Kleiser, A. J. Metz, R. Zimmermann, J. Mata Pavia, U. Wolf, and M. Wolf, “A review on continuous wave functional near-infrared spectroscopy and imaging instrumentation and methodology,” Neuroimage 85(Pt 1), 6–27 (2014).
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Mickle, A. D.

G. Shin, A. M. Gomez, R. Al-Hasani, Y. R. Jeong, J. Kim, Z. Xie, A. Banks, S. M. Lee, S. Y. Han, C. J. Yoo, J. L. Lee, S. H. Lee, J. Kurniawan, J. Tureb, Z. Guo, J. Yoon, S. I. Park, S. Y. Bang, Y. Nam, M. C. Walicki, V. K. Samineni, A. D. Mickle, K. Lee, S. Y. Heo, J. G. McCall, T. Pan, L. Wang, X. Feng, T. I. Kim, J. K. Kim, Y. Li, Y. Huang, R. W. Gereau, J. S. Ha, M. R. Bruchas, and J. A. Rogers, “Flexible Near-Field Wireless Optoelectronics as Subdermal Implants for Broad Applications in Optogenetics,” Neuron 93(3), 509–521 (2017).
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D. J. Faber, M. C. Aalders, E. G. Mik, B. A. Hooper, M. J. van Gemert, and T. G. van Leeuwen, “Oxygen saturation-dependent absorption and scattering of blood,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 93(2), 028102 (2004).
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R. J. Steffen, S. Sale, B. Anandamurthy, V. B. Cruz, P. M. Grady, E. G. Soltesz, and N. Moazami, “Using near-infrared spectroscopy to monitor lower extremities in patients on venoarterial extracorporeal membrane oxygenation,” Ann. Thorac. Surg. 98(5), 1853–1854 (2014).
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Nam, Y.

G. Shin, A. M. Gomez, R. Al-Hasani, Y. R. Jeong, J. Kim, Z. Xie, A. Banks, S. M. Lee, S. Y. Han, C. J. Yoo, J. L. Lee, S. H. Lee, J. Kurniawan, J. Tureb, Z. Guo, J. Yoon, S. I. Park, S. Y. Bang, Y. Nam, M. C. Walicki, V. K. Samineni, A. D. Mickle, K. Lee, S. Y. Heo, J. G. McCall, T. Pan, L. Wang, X. Feng, T. I. Kim, J. K. Kim, Y. Li, Y. Huang, R. W. Gereau, J. S. Ha, M. R. Bruchas, and J. A. Rogers, “Flexible Near-Field Wireless Optoelectronics as Subdermal Implants for Broad Applications in Optogenetics,” Neuron 93(3), 509–521 (2017).
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Orescanin, M.

Ostfeld, A. E.

Y. Khan, A. E. Ostfeld, C. M. Lochner, A. Pierre, and A. C. Arias, “Monitoring of Vital Signs with Flexible and Wearable Medical Devices,” Adv. Mater. 28(22), 4373–4395 (2016).
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Park, S. I.

G. Shin, A. M. Gomez, R. Al-Hasani, Y. R. Jeong, J. Kim, Z. Xie, A. Banks, S. M. Lee, S. Y. Han, C. J. Yoo, J. L. Lee, S. H. Lee, J. Kurniawan, J. Tureb, Z. Guo, J. Yoon, S. I. Park, S. Y. Bang, Y. Nam, M. C. Walicki, V. K. Samineni, A. D. Mickle, K. Lee, S. Y. Heo, J. G. McCall, T. Pan, L. Wang, X. Feng, T. I. Kim, J. K. Kim, Y. Li, Y. Huang, R. W. Gereau, J. S. Ha, M. R. Bruchas, and J. A. Rogers, “Flexible Near-Field Wireless Optoelectronics as Subdermal Implants for Broad Applications in Optogenetics,” Neuron 93(3), 509–521 (2017).
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Pielak, R. M.

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Rogers, J. A.

J. Kim, P. Gutruf, A. M. Chiarelli, S. Y. Heo, K. Cho, Z. Xie, A. Banks, S. Han, K.-I. Jang, J. W. Lee, K.-T. Lee, X. Feng, Y. Huang, M. Fabiani, G. Gratton, U. Paik, and J. A. Rogers, “Miniaturized battery-free wireless systems for wearable pulse oximetry,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 27(1), 1604373 (2017).
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G. Shin, A. M. Gomez, R. Al-Hasani, Y. R. Jeong, J. Kim, Z. Xie, A. Banks, S. M. Lee, S. Y. Han, C. J. Yoo, J. L. Lee, S. H. Lee, J. Kurniawan, J. Tureb, Z. Guo, J. Yoon, S. I. Park, S. Y. Bang, Y. Nam, M. C. Walicki, V. K. Samineni, A. D. Mickle, K. Lee, S. Y. Heo, J. G. McCall, T. Pan, L. Wang, X. Feng, T. I. Kim, J. K. Kim, Y. Li, Y. Huang, R. W. Gereau, J. S. Ha, M. R. Bruchas, and J. A. Rogers, “Flexible Near-Field Wireless Optoelectronics as Subdermal Implants for Broad Applications in Optogenetics,” Neuron 93(3), 509–521 (2017).
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F. Scholkmann, S. Kleiser, A. J. Metz, R. Zimmermann, J. Mata Pavia, U. Wolf, and M. Wolf, “A review on continuous wave functional near-infrared spectroscopy and imaging instrumentation and methodology,” Neuroimage 85(Pt 1), 6–27 (2014).
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R. C. Webb, Y. Ma, S. Krishnan, Y. Li, S. Yoon, X. Guo, X. Feng, Y. Shi, M. Seidel, N. H. Cho, J. Kurniawan, J. Ahad, N. Sheth, J. Kim, J. G. Taylor, T. Darlington, K. Chang, W. Huang, J. Ayers, A. Gruebele, R. M. Pielak, M. J. Slepian, Y. Huang, A. M. Gorbach, and J. A. Rogers, “Epidermal devices for noninvasive, precise, and continuous mapping of macrovascular and microvascular blood flow,” Sci. Adv. 1(9), e1500701 (2015).
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Sevick-Muraca, E. M.

Sheth, N.

R. C. Webb, Y. Ma, S. Krishnan, Y. Li, S. Yoon, X. Guo, X. Feng, Y. Shi, M. Seidel, N. H. Cho, J. Kurniawan, J. Ahad, N. Sheth, J. Kim, J. G. Taylor, T. Darlington, K. Chang, W. Huang, J. Ayers, A. Gruebele, R. M. Pielak, M. J. Slepian, Y. Huang, A. M. Gorbach, and J. A. Rogers, “Epidermal devices for noninvasive, precise, and continuous mapping of macrovascular and microvascular blood flow,” Sci. Adv. 1(9), e1500701 (2015).
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R. C. Webb, Y. Ma, S. Krishnan, Y. Li, S. Yoon, X. Guo, X. Feng, Y. Shi, M. Seidel, N. H. Cho, J. Kurniawan, J. Ahad, N. Sheth, J. Kim, J. G. Taylor, T. Darlington, K. Chang, W. Huang, J. Ayers, A. Gruebele, R. M. Pielak, M. J. Slepian, Y. Huang, A. M. Gorbach, and J. A. Rogers, “Epidermal devices for noninvasive, precise, and continuous mapping of macrovascular and microvascular blood flow,” Sci. Adv. 1(9), e1500701 (2015).
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G. Shin, A. M. Gomez, R. Al-Hasani, Y. R. Jeong, J. Kim, Z. Xie, A. Banks, S. M. Lee, S. Y. Han, C. J. Yoo, J. L. Lee, S. H. Lee, J. Kurniawan, J. Tureb, Z. Guo, J. Yoon, S. I. Park, S. Y. Bang, Y. Nam, M. C. Walicki, V. K. Samineni, A. D. Mickle, K. Lee, S. Y. Heo, J. G. McCall, T. Pan, L. Wang, X. Feng, T. I. Kim, J. K. Kim, Y. Li, Y. Huang, R. W. Gereau, J. S. Ha, M. R. Bruchas, and J. A. Rogers, “Flexible Near-Field Wireless Optoelectronics as Subdermal Implants for Broad Applications in Optogenetics,” Neuron 93(3), 509–521 (2017).
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R. C. Webb, Y. Ma, S. Krishnan, Y. Li, S. Yoon, X. Guo, X. Feng, Y. Shi, M. Seidel, N. H. Cho, J. Kurniawan, J. Ahad, N. Sheth, J. Kim, J. G. Taylor, T. Darlington, K. Chang, W. Huang, J. Ayers, A. Gruebele, R. M. Pielak, M. J. Slepian, Y. Huang, A. M. Gorbach, and J. A. Rogers, “Epidermal devices for noninvasive, precise, and continuous mapping of macrovascular and microvascular blood flow,” Sci. Adv. 1(9), e1500701 (2015).
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R. J. Steffen, S. Sale, B. Anandamurthy, V. B. Cruz, P. M. Grady, E. G. Soltesz, and N. Moazami, “Using near-infrared spectroscopy to monitor lower extremities in patients on venoarterial extracorporeal membrane oxygenation,” Ann. Thorac. Surg. 98(5), 1853–1854 (2014).
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Steffen, R. J.

R. J. Steffen, S. Sale, B. Anandamurthy, V. B. Cruz, P. M. Grady, E. G. Soltesz, and N. Moazami, “Using near-infrared spectroscopy to monitor lower extremities in patients on venoarterial extracorporeal membrane oxygenation,” Ann. Thorac. Surg. 98(5), 1853–1854 (2014).
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Sun, L.

S. Y. Hong, J. H. Oh, H. Park, J. Y. Yun, S. W. Jin, L. Sun, G. Zi, and J. S. Ha, “Polyurethane foam coated with a multi-walled carbon nanotube/polyaniline nanocomposite for a skin-like stretchable array of multi-functional sensors,” NPG Asia Mater. 9, e448 (2017).

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Tang, Q.

Tang, Y.

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R. C. Webb, Y. Ma, S. Krishnan, Y. Li, S. Yoon, X. Guo, X. Feng, Y. Shi, M. Seidel, N. H. Cho, J. Kurniawan, J. Ahad, N. Sheth, J. Kim, J. G. Taylor, T. Darlington, K. Chang, W. Huang, J. Ayers, A. Gruebele, R. M. Pielak, M. J. Slepian, Y. Huang, A. M. Gorbach, and J. A. Rogers, “Epidermal devices for noninvasive, precise, and continuous mapping of macrovascular and microvascular blood flow,” Sci. Adv. 1(9), e1500701 (2015).
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G. Shin, A. M. Gomez, R. Al-Hasani, Y. R. Jeong, J. Kim, Z. Xie, A. Banks, S. M. Lee, S. Y. Han, C. J. Yoo, J. L. Lee, S. H. Lee, J. Kurniawan, J. Tureb, Z. Guo, J. Yoon, S. I. Park, S. Y. Bang, Y. Nam, M. C. Walicki, V. K. Samineni, A. D. Mickle, K. Lee, S. Y. Heo, J. G. McCall, T. Pan, L. Wang, X. Feng, T. I. Kim, J. K. Kim, Y. Li, Y. Huang, R. W. Gereau, J. S. Ha, M. R. Bruchas, and J. A. Rogers, “Flexible Near-Field Wireless Optoelectronics as Subdermal Implants for Broad Applications in Optogenetics,” Neuron 93(3), 509–521 (2017).
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D. J. Faber, M. C. Aalders, E. G. Mik, B. A. Hooper, M. J. van Gemert, and T. G. van Leeuwen, “Oxygen saturation-dependent absorption and scattering of blood,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 93(2), 028102 (2004).
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Wang, K.

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[Crossref] [PubMed]

Webb, R. C.

R. C. Webb, Y. Ma, S. Krishnan, Y. Li, S. Yoon, X. Guo, X. Feng, Y. Shi, M. Seidel, N. H. Cho, J. Kurniawan, J. Ahad, N. Sheth, J. Kim, J. G. Taylor, T. Darlington, K. Chang, W. Huang, J. Ayers, A. Gruebele, R. M. Pielak, M. J. Slepian, Y. Huang, A. M. Gorbach, and J. A. Rogers, “Epidermal devices for noninvasive, precise, and continuous mapping of macrovascular and microvascular blood flow,” Sci. Adv. 1(9), e1500701 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wilson, D. J.

Y. Jia, S. T. Bailey, T. S. Hwang, S. M. McClintic, S. S. Gao, M. E. Pennesi, C. J. Flaxel, A. K. Lauer, D. J. Wilson, J. Hornegger, J. G. Fujimoto, and D. Huang, “Quantitative optical coherence tomography angiography of vascular abnormalities in the living human eye,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 112(18), E2395–E2402 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wolf, M.

F. Scholkmann, S. Kleiser, A. J. Metz, R. Zimmermann, J. Mata Pavia, U. Wolf, and M. Wolf, “A review on continuous wave functional near-infrared spectroscopy and imaging instrumentation and methodology,” Neuroimage 85(Pt 1), 6–27 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wolf, U.

F. Scholkmann, S. Kleiser, A. J. Metz, R. Zimmermann, J. Mata Pavia, U. Wolf, and M. Wolf, “A review on continuous wave functional near-infrared spectroscopy and imaging instrumentation and methodology,” Neuroimage 85(Pt 1), 6–27 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wu, K.

Xie, Z.

J. Kim, P. Gutruf, A. M. Chiarelli, S. Y. Heo, K. Cho, Z. Xie, A. Banks, S. Han, K.-I. Jang, J. W. Lee, K.-T. Lee, X. Feng, Y. Huang, M. Fabiani, G. Gratton, U. Paik, and J. A. Rogers, “Miniaturized battery-free wireless systems for wearable pulse oximetry,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 27(1), 1604373 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. Shin, A. M. Gomez, R. Al-Hasani, Y. R. Jeong, J. Kim, Z. Xie, A. Banks, S. M. Lee, S. Y. Han, C. J. Yoo, J. L. Lee, S. H. Lee, J. Kurniawan, J. Tureb, Z. Guo, J. Yoon, S. I. Park, S. Y. Bang, Y. Nam, M. C. Walicki, V. K. Samineni, A. D. Mickle, K. Lee, S. Y. Heo, J. G. McCall, T. Pan, L. Wang, X. Feng, T. I. Kim, J. K. Kim, Y. Li, Y. Huang, R. W. Gereau, J. S. Ha, M. R. Bruchas, and J. A. Rogers, “Flexible Near-Field Wireless Optoelectronics as Subdermal Implants for Broad Applications in Optogenetics,” Neuron 93(3), 509–521 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Xu, Y.

H. Li, Y. Xu, X. Li, Y. Chen, Y. Jiang, C. Zhang, B. Lu, J. Wang, Y. Ma, Y. Chen, Y. Huang, M. Ding, H. Su, G. Song, Y. Luo, and X. Feng, “Epidermal Inorganic Optoelectronics for Blood Oxygen Measurement,” Adv. Healthc. Mater. 6(9), 1601013 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Xuyuan, X.

F. Litong, P. Lai-Man, X. Xuyuan, L. Yuming, and M. Ruiyi, “Motion-resistant remote imaging photoplethysmography based on the optical properties of skin,” IEEE Trans. Circ. Syst. Video Tech. 25(5), 879–891 (2015).
[Crossref]

Yasuda, M.

Yilmaz, T.

T. Yilmaz, R. Foster, and Y. Hao, “Detecting vital signs with wearable wireless sensors,” Sensors (Basel) 10(12), 10837–10862 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yoo, C. J.

G. Shin, A. M. Gomez, R. Al-Hasani, Y. R. Jeong, J. Kim, Z. Xie, A. Banks, S. M. Lee, S. Y. Han, C. J. Yoo, J. L. Lee, S. H. Lee, J. Kurniawan, J. Tureb, Z. Guo, J. Yoon, S. I. Park, S. Y. Bang, Y. Nam, M. C. Walicki, V. K. Samineni, A. D. Mickle, K. Lee, S. Y. Heo, J. G. McCall, T. Pan, L. Wang, X. Feng, T. I. Kim, J. K. Kim, Y. Li, Y. Huang, R. W. Gereau, J. S. Ha, M. R. Bruchas, and J. A. Rogers, “Flexible Near-Field Wireless Optoelectronics as Subdermal Implants for Broad Applications in Optogenetics,” Neuron 93(3), 509–521 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yoon, J.

G. Shin, A. M. Gomez, R. Al-Hasani, Y. R. Jeong, J. Kim, Z. Xie, A. Banks, S. M. Lee, S. Y. Han, C. J. Yoo, J. L. Lee, S. H. Lee, J. Kurniawan, J. Tureb, Z. Guo, J. Yoon, S. I. Park, S. Y. Bang, Y. Nam, M. C. Walicki, V. K. Samineni, A. D. Mickle, K. Lee, S. Y. Heo, J. G. McCall, T. Pan, L. Wang, X. Feng, T. I. Kim, J. K. Kim, Y. Li, Y. Huang, R. W. Gereau, J. S. Ha, M. R. Bruchas, and J. A. Rogers, “Flexible Near-Field Wireless Optoelectronics as Subdermal Implants for Broad Applications in Optogenetics,” Neuron 93(3), 509–521 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yoon, S.

R. C. Webb, Y. Ma, S. Krishnan, Y. Li, S. Yoon, X. Guo, X. Feng, Y. Shi, M. Seidel, N. H. Cho, J. Kurniawan, J. Ahad, N. Sheth, J. Kim, J. G. Taylor, T. Darlington, K. Chang, W. Huang, J. Ayers, A. Gruebele, R. M. Pielak, M. J. Slepian, Y. Huang, A. M. Gorbach, and J. A. Rogers, “Epidermal devices for noninvasive, precise, and continuous mapping of macrovascular and microvascular blood flow,” Sci. Adv. 1(9), e1500701 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yuan, J.

Y. Chen, J. Yuan, Y. Zhang, Y. Huang, and X. Feng, “Experimental and theoretical analysis of integrated circuit (IC) chips on flexible substrates subjected to bending,” J. Appl. Phys. 122(13), 135310 (2017).
[Crossref]

Yuming, L.

F. Litong, P. Lai-Man, X. Xuyuan, L. Yuming, and M. Ruiyi, “Motion-resistant remote imaging photoplethysmography based on the optical properties of skin,” IEEE Trans. Circ. Syst. Video Tech. 25(5), 879–891 (2015).
[Crossref]

Yun, J. Y.

S. Y. Hong, J. H. Oh, H. Park, J. Y. Yun, S. W. Jin, L. Sun, G. Zi, and J. S. Ha, “Polyurethane foam coated with a multi-walled carbon nanotube/polyaniline nanocomposite for a skin-like stretchable array of multi-functional sensors,” NPG Asia Mater. 9, e448 (2017).

Zhang, B.

H. Song, Y. Liu, B. Zhang, K. Tian, P. Zhu, H. Lu, and Q. Tang, “Study of in vitro RBCs membrane elasticity with AOD scanning optical tweezers,” Biomed. Opt. Express 8(1), 384–394 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. Hong, S. Diao, J. Chang, A. L. Antaris, C. Chen, B. Zhang, S. Zhao, D. N. Atochin, P. L. Huang, K. I. Andreasson, C. J. Kuo, and H. Dai, “Through-skull fluorescence imaging of the brain in a new near-infrared window,” Nat. Photonics 8(9), 723–730 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhang, C.

H. Li, Y. Xu, X. Li, Y. Chen, Y. Jiang, C. Zhang, B. Lu, J. Wang, Y. Ma, Y. Chen, Y. Huang, M. Ding, H. Su, G. Song, Y. Luo, and X. Feng, “Epidermal Inorganic Optoelectronics for Blood Oxygen Measurement,” Adv. Healthc. Mater. 6(9), 1601013 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhang, S.

Y. Chen, S. Lu, S. Zhang, Y. Li, Z. Qu, Y. Chen, B. Lu, X. Wang, and X. Feng, “Skin-like biosensor system via electrochemical channels for noninvasive blood glucose monitoring,” Sci. Adv. 3(12), e1701629 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhang, Y.

Y. Chen, J. Yuan, Y. Zhang, Y. Huang, and X. Feng, “Experimental and theoretical analysis of integrated circuit (IC) chips on flexible substrates subjected to bending,” J. Appl. Phys. 122(13), 135310 (2017).
[Crossref]

Y. Huang, H. Li, Y. Chen, S. Cai, Y. Zhang, B. Lu, and X. Feng, “Stretchable and flexible photonics/electronics devices and transfer printing,” Scientia Sinica Physica, Mechanica & Astronomica 46(4), 044607 (2016).
[Crossref]

Zhao, S.

G. Hong, S. Diao, J. Chang, A. L. Antaris, C. Chen, B. Zhang, S. Zhao, D. N. Atochin, P. L. Huang, K. I. Andreasson, C. J. Kuo, and H. Dai, “Through-skull fluorescence imaging of the brain in a new near-infrared window,” Nat. Photonics 8(9), 723–730 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhi, Y.

Zhou, Z.

Zhu, P.

Zi, G.

S. Y. Hong, J. H. Oh, H. Park, J. Y. Yun, S. W. Jin, L. Sun, G. Zi, and J. S. Ha, “Polyurethane foam coated with a multi-walled carbon nanotube/polyaniline nanocomposite for a skin-like stretchable array of multi-functional sensors,” NPG Asia Mater. 9, e448 (2017).

Zimmermann, R.

F. Scholkmann, S. Kleiser, A. J. Metz, R. Zimmermann, J. Mata Pavia, U. Wolf, and M. Wolf, “A review on continuous wave functional near-infrared spectroscopy and imaging instrumentation and methodology,” Neuroimage 85(Pt 1), 6–27 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Adv. Funct. Mater. (1)

J. Kim, P. Gutruf, A. M. Chiarelli, S. Y. Heo, K. Cho, Z. Xie, A. Banks, S. Han, K.-I. Jang, J. W. Lee, K.-T. Lee, X. Feng, Y. Huang, M. Fabiani, G. Gratton, U. Paik, and J. A. Rogers, “Miniaturized battery-free wireless systems for wearable pulse oximetry,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 27(1), 1604373 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Adv. Healthc. Mater. (1)

H. Li, Y. Xu, X. Li, Y. Chen, Y. Jiang, C. Zhang, B. Lu, J. Wang, Y. Ma, Y. Chen, Y. Huang, M. Ding, H. Su, G. Song, Y. Luo, and X. Feng, “Epidermal Inorganic Optoelectronics for Blood Oxygen Measurement,” Adv. Healthc. Mater. 6(9), 1601013 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Adv. Mater. (1)

Y. Khan, A. E. Ostfeld, C. M. Lochner, A. Pierre, and A. C. Arias, “Monitoring of Vital Signs with Flexible and Wearable Medical Devices,” Adv. Mater. 28(22), 4373–4395 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ann. Thorac. Surg. (1)

R. J. Steffen, S. Sale, B. Anandamurthy, V. B. Cruz, P. M. Grady, E. G. Soltesz, and N. Moazami, “Using near-infrared spectroscopy to monitor lower extremities in patients on venoarterial extracorporeal membrane oxygenation,” Ann. Thorac. Surg. 98(5), 1853–1854 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Biomed. Opt. Express (5)

IEEE Electron Device Lett. (1)

Y. Chen, B. Lu, Y. Chen, and X. Feng, “Biocompatible and Ultra-Flexible Inorganic Strain Sensors Attached to Skin for Long-Term Vital Signs Monitoring,” IEEE Electron Device Lett. 37(4), 496–499 (2016).
[Crossref]

IEEE Trans. Circ. Syst. Video Tech. (1)

F. Litong, P. Lai-Man, X. Xuyuan, L. Yuming, and M. Ruiyi, “Motion-resistant remote imaging photoplethysmography based on the optical properties of skin,” IEEE Trans. Circ. Syst. Video Tech. 25(5), 879–891 (2015).
[Crossref]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

Y. Chen, J. Yuan, Y. Zhang, Y. Huang, and X. Feng, “Experimental and theoretical analysis of integrated circuit (IC) chips on flexible substrates subjected to bending,” J. Appl. Phys. 122(13), 135310 (2017).
[Crossref]

J. Biomed. Opt. (2)

H. Duadi, D. Fixler, and R. Popovtzer, “Dependence of light scattering profile in tissue on blood vessel diameter and distribution: a computer simulation study,” J. Biomed. Opt. 18(11), 111408 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Duadi and D. Fixler, “Influence of multiple scattering and absorption on the full scattering profile and the isobaric point in tissue,” J. Biomed. Opt. 20(5), 56010 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nat. Nanotechnol. (1)

J. A. Rogers, “Wearable electronics: Nanomesh on-skin electronics,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 12(9), 839–840 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nat. Photonics (1)

G. Hong, S. Diao, J. Chang, A. L. Antaris, C. Chen, B. Zhang, S. Zhao, D. N. Atochin, P. L. Huang, K. I. Andreasson, C. J. Kuo, and H. Dai, “Through-skull fluorescence imaging of the brain in a new near-infrared window,” Nat. Photonics 8(9), 723–730 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Neuroimage (1)

F. Scholkmann, S. Kleiser, A. J. Metz, R. Zimmermann, J. Mata Pavia, U. Wolf, and M. Wolf, “A review on continuous wave functional near-infrared spectroscopy and imaging instrumentation and methodology,” Neuroimage 85(Pt 1), 6–27 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Neuron (1)

G. Shin, A. M. Gomez, R. Al-Hasani, Y. R. Jeong, J. Kim, Z. Xie, A. Banks, S. M. Lee, S. Y. Han, C. J. Yoo, J. L. Lee, S. H. Lee, J. Kurniawan, J. Tureb, Z. Guo, J. Yoon, S. I. Park, S. Y. Bang, Y. Nam, M. C. Walicki, V. K. Samineni, A. D. Mickle, K. Lee, S. Y. Heo, J. G. McCall, T. Pan, L. Wang, X. Feng, T. I. Kim, J. K. Kim, Y. Li, Y. Huang, R. W. Gereau, J. S. Ha, M. R. Bruchas, and J. A. Rogers, “Flexible Near-Field Wireless Optoelectronics as Subdermal Implants for Broad Applications in Optogenetics,” Neuron 93(3), 509–521 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

NPG Asia Mater. (1)

S. Y. Hong, J. H. Oh, H. Park, J. Y. Yun, S. W. Jin, L. Sun, G. Zi, and J. S. Ha, “Polyurethane foam coated with a multi-walled carbon nanotube/polyaniline nanocomposite for a skin-like stretchable array of multi-functional sensors,” NPG Asia Mater. 9, e448 (2017).

Opt. Express (4)

Opt. Lett. (2)

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

D. J. Faber, M. C. Aalders, E. G. Mik, B. A. Hooper, M. J. van Gemert, and T. G. van Leeuwen, “Oxygen saturation-dependent absorption and scattering of blood,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 93(2), 028102 (2004).
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Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. (1)

Y. Jia, S. T. Bailey, T. S. Hwang, S. M. McClintic, S. S. Gao, M. E. Pennesi, C. J. Flaxel, A. K. Lauer, D. J. Wilson, J. Hornegger, J. G. Fujimoto, and D. Huang, “Quantitative optical coherence tomography angiography of vascular abnormalities in the living human eye,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 112(18), E2395–E2402 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sci. Adv. (2)

R. C. Webb, Y. Ma, S. Krishnan, Y. Li, S. Yoon, X. Guo, X. Feng, Y. Shi, M. Seidel, N. H. Cho, J. Kurniawan, J. Ahad, N. Sheth, J. Kim, J. G. Taylor, T. Darlington, K. Chang, W. Huang, J. Ayers, A. Gruebele, R. M. Pielak, M. J. Slepian, Y. Huang, A. M. Gorbach, and J. A. Rogers, “Epidermal devices for noninvasive, precise, and continuous mapping of macrovascular and microvascular blood flow,” Sci. Adv. 1(9), e1500701 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Chen, S. Lu, S. Zhang, Y. Li, Z. Qu, Y. Chen, B. Lu, X. Wang, and X. Feng, “Skin-like biosensor system via electrochemical channels for noninvasive blood glucose monitoring,” Sci. Adv. 3(12), e1701629 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Scientia Sinica Physica, Mechanica & Astronomica (1)

Y. Huang, H. Li, Y. Chen, S. Cai, Y. Zhang, B. Lu, and X. Feng, “Stretchable and flexible photonics/electronics devices and transfer printing,” Scientia Sinica Physica, Mechanica & Astronomica 46(4), 044607 (2016).
[Crossref]

Sensors (Basel) (1)

T. Yilmaz, R. Foster, and Y. Hao, “Detecting vital signs with wearable wireless sensors,” Sensors (Basel) 10(12), 10837–10862 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Other (4)

Y. Jiang, V. Reimer, T. Schossig, M. Angelmahr, and W. Schade, “Fiber optical multifunctional human-machine interface for motion capture and contact pressure monitoring,” in Advanced Photonics 2018 (BGPP, IPR, NP, NOMA, Sensors, Networks, SPPCom, SOF), OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2018), paper SeW3E.5.
[Crossref]

D. Chanda, and D. Franklin, “Imprinted Skin-Like Flexible Reflective Color Displays,” in Advanced Photonics 2016 (IPR, NOMA, Sensors, Networks, SPPCom, SOF), OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2016), paper NoM4C.4.
[Crossref]

Y. Chen, S. Lu, and X. Feng, “Skin-like nanostrucutred biosensor system for noninvasive blood glucose monitoring,” 2017 IEEE International Electron Devices Meeting (IEDM), San Francisco, CA, (2017).
[Crossref]

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Figures (7)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Schematic diagram of the simulated two-dimensional (2D) model and the light path in the model. (a) Left: The vascular casting of human wrist. Right: the simulated 2D model of the cross-sectional view of wrist [30]. Blood vessels (red circles) with different sizes are randomly placed in a rectangular tissue (black area), while the light source is placed at the middle position of bottom. (b) One simulated light path in the model. (c) Zoom-in image of the rectangle area in the blood vessels, where red circles represent blood vessels.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 (a) Cloud maps of the light intensity in human tissue. In red rectangle: the zoom-in map in the range of x(−25,25) with normalized intensity. The distribution of (b) Transmitted and (c) reflected light along the horizontal x axis.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 3D color maps to show the relationship between maximum exited light and blood vessel parameters. The maximum (a) position and (b) intensity at the reflected side, and the maximum (c) position and (d) intensity at the transmitted side.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 The characteristics of maximum reflected and transmitted light at different diameter range. (a) Illustration of vessel distribution with different range of diameter. (b) The intensity and (c) x-position of the maximum exited light at different diameter range.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 The characters of transmitted (a, b) and reflected (c, d) lights as a function of incident angle.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 Three-dimensional color map of the characteristics of maximum intensity as a function of incident light intensity and size. (a) Position and (b) intensity of the maximum transmitted light, (c) position and (d) intensity of the maximum reflection light.
Fig. 7
Fig. 7 (a) Skin-like optical device designed via the simulation results. Inset: zoom-in pictures of the skin-like device. (b) PPG signals of red light and infrared light detected by the skin-like optical device. (c) PPG signals detected during skin deformation.

Tables (1)

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Table 1 Parameters used in the MC simulation

Equations (2)

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P s = 1 e μ d
I n e w = I o l d · e μ a

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