Abstract

Anastomotic leakage is a worldwide problem in gastrointestinal surgery which seems to be related to the state of microcirculation. Laser speckle contrast imaging (LSCI) could give surgeons insight in the state of microcirculation to attune the site of anastomosis. This work studies the feasibility of LSCI as a tool for this purpose. An experimental setup was developed using a commercially available laparoscopic video system. Laser speckle contrast imaging is capable of detecting ischemic areas on the large intestine. Further research and development are required before adaptation of this technique in the operating room.

© 2019 Optical Society of America under the terms of the OSA Open Access Publishing Agreement

Full Article  |  PDF Article
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References

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  1. E. F. Midura, D. Hanseman, B. R. Davis, S. J. Atkinson, D. E. Abbott, S. A. Shah, and I. M. Paquette, “Risk factors and consequences of anastomotic leak after colectomy: a national analysis,” Dis. Colon Rectum 58(3), 333–338 (2015).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  2. P. Ambrosetti, J. Robert, P. Mathey, and A. Rohner, “Left-sided colon and colorectal anastomoses: Doppler ultrasound as an aid to assess bowel vascularization,” Int. J. Colorectal Dis. 9(4), 211–214 (1994).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  3. A. Karliczek, D. A. Benaron, P. C. Baas, C. J. Zeebregts, A. van der Stoel, T. Wiggers, J. T. M. Plukker, and G. M. van Dam, “Intraoperative assessment of microperfusion with visible light spectroscopy in esophageal and colorectal anastomoses,” Eur. Surg. Res. 41(3), 303–311 (2008).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  4. J. Bruce, Z. H. Krukowski, G. Al-Khairy, E. M. Russell, and K. G. Park, “Systematic review of the definition and measurement of anastomotic leak after gastrointestinal surgery,” Br. J. Surg. 88(9), 1157–1168 (2001).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  5. A. Karliczek, D. A. Benaron, C. J. Zeebregts, T. Wiggers, and G. M. van Dam, “Intraoperative ischemia of the distal end of colon anastomoses as detected with visible light spectroscopy causes reduction of anastomotic strength,” J. Surg. Res. 152(2), 288–295 (2009).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  6. J. van den Bos, M. Al-Taher, R. M. Schols, S. van Kuijk, N. D. Bouvy, and L. P. S. Stassen, “Near-Infrared Fluorescence Imaging for Real-Time Intraoperative Guidance in Anastomotic Colorectal Surgery: A Systematic Review of Literature,” J. Laparoendosc. Adv. Surg. Tech. A 28(2), 157–167 (2018).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  7. H. C. Pommergaard, M. P. Achiam, J. Burcharth, and J. Rosenberg, “Impaired blood supply in the colonic anastomosis in mice compromises healing,” Int. Surg. 100(1), 70–76 (2015).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  8. N. C. Buchs, P. Gervaz, M. Secic, P. Bucher, B. Mugnier-Konrad, and P. Morel, “Incidence, consequences, and risk factors for anastomotic dehiscence after colorectal surgery: a prospective monocentric study,” Int. J. Colorectal Dis. 23(3), 265–270 (2008).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  9. S. Nachiappan, A. Askari, A. Currie, R. H. Kennedy, and O. Faiz, “Intraoperative assessment of colorectal anastomotic integrity: a systematic review,” Surg. Endosc. 28(9), 2513–2530 (2014).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  10. M. Kologlu, K. Yorganci, N. Renda, and I. Sayek, “Effect of local and remote ischemia-reperfusion injury on healing of colonic anastomoses,” Surgery 128(1), 99–104 (2000).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  11. L. A. E. Posma, R. P. Bleichrodt, H. van Goor, and T. Hendriks, “Transient profound mesenteric ischemia strongly affects the strength of intestinal anastomoses in the rat,” Dis. Colon Rectum 50(7), 1070–1079 (2007).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  12. J. G. Garcia, F. J. Criado, M. A. Persona, and A. G. Alonso, “Healing of colonic ischemic anastomoses in the rat,” Dis. Colon Rectum 41(7), 892–895 (1998).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  13. A. C. van der Ham, W. J. Kort, I. M. Weijma, H. F. van den Ingh, and H. Jeekel, “Healing of ischemic colonic anastomosis,” Dis. Colon Rectum 35(9), 884–891 (1992).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  14. A. Karliczek, N. J. Harlaar, C. J. Zeebregts, T. Wiggers, P. C. Baas, and G. M. van Dam, “Surgeons lack predictive accuracy for anastomotic leakage in gastrointestinal surgery,” Int. J. Colorectal Dis. 24(5), 569–576 (2009).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  15. N. H. Boyle, D. Manifold, M. H. Jordan, and R. C. Mason, “Intraoperative assessment of colonic perfusion using scanning laser Doppler flowmetry during colonic resection,” J. Am. Coll. Surg. 191(5), 504–510 (2000).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  16. M. K. Schilling, C. Redaelli, C. Maurer, H. Friess, and M. W. Büchler, “Gastric microcirculatory changes during gastric tube formation: assessment with laser Doppler flowmetry,” J. Surg. Res. 62(1), 125–129 (1996).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  17. S. Kudszus, C. Roesel, A. Schachtrupp, and J. J. Höer, “Intraoperative laser fluorescence angiography in colorectal surgery: a noninvasive analysis to reduce the rate of anastomotic leakage,” Langenbecks Arch. Surg. 395(8), 1025–1030 (2010).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  18. M. D. Jafari, K. H. Lee, W. J. Halabi, S. D. Mills, J. C. Carmichael, M. J. Stamos, and A. Pigazzi, “The use of indocyanine green fluorescence to assess anastomotic perfusion during robotic assisted laparoscopic rectal surgery,” Surg. Endosc. 27(8), 3003–3008 (2013).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  19. E. Klijn, S. Niehof, J. de Jonge, D. Gommers, C. Ince, and J. van Bommel, “The effect of perfusion pressure on gastric tissue blood flow in an experimental gastric tube model,” Anesth. Analg. 110(2), 541–546 (2010).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  20. D. M. J. Milstein, C. Ince, S. S. Gisbertz, K. B. Boateng, B. F. Geerts, M. W. Hollmann, M. I. van Berge Henegouwen, and D. P. Veelo, “Laser speckle contrast imaging identifies ischemic areas on gastric tube reconstructions following esophagectomy,” Medicine (Baltimore) 95(25), e3875 (2016).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  21. R. Ambrus, M. P. Achiam, N. H. Secher, M. B. S. Svendsen, K. Rünitz, M. Siemsen, and L. B. Svendsen, “Evaluation of Gastric Microcirculation by Laser Speckle Contrast Imaging During Esophagectomy,” J. Am. Coll. Surg. 225(3), 395–402 (2017).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  22. C. Zheng, L. Wai Lau, and J. Cha, “Dual-display laparoscopic laser speckle contrast imaging for real-time surgical assistance,” Biomed. Opt. Express 9(12), 5962–5981 (2018).
    [Crossref]
  23. E. L. Towle, L. M. Richards, S. M. S. Kazmi, D. J. Fox, and A. K. Dunn, “Comparison of indocyanine green angiography and laser speckle contrast imaging for the assessment of vasculature perfusion,” Neurosurgery 71(5), 1023–1031 (2012).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  24. J. D. Briers, “Laser Doppler, speckle and related techniques for blood perfusion mapping and imaging,” Physiol. Meas. 22(4), R35–R66 (2001).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  25. D. A. Boas and A. K. Dunn, “Laser speckle contrast imaging in biomedical optics,” J. Biomed. Opt. 15(1), 011109 (2010).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  26. C. Sturesson, D. M. J. Milstein, I. C. J. H. Post, A. M. Maas, and T. M. van Gulik, “Laser speckle contrast imaging for assessment of liver microcirculation,” Microvasc. Res. 87, 34–40 (2013).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  27. R. Ambrus, R. B. Strandby, L. B. Svendsen, M. P. Achiam, J. F. Steffensen, and M. B. Søndergaard Svendsen, “Laser Speckle Contrast Imaging for Monitoring Changes in Microvascular Blood Flow,” Eur. Surg. Res. 56(3-4), 87–96 (2016).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  28. A. K. Dunn, H. Bolay, M. A. Moskowitz, and D. A. Boas, “Dynamic imaging of cerebral blood flow using laser speckle,” J. Cereb. Blood Flow Metab. 21(3), 195–201 (2001).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  29. J. O’Doherty, P. McNamara, N. T. Clancy, J. G. Enfield, and M. J. Leahy, “Comparison of instruments for investigation of microcirculatory blood flow and red blood cell concentration,” J. Biomed. Opt. 14(3), 034025 (2009).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  30. L. M. Richards, S. M. S. Kazmi, J. L. Davis, K. E. Olin, and A. K. Dunn, “Low-cost laser speckle contrast imaging of blood flow using a webcam,” Biomed. Opt. Express 4(10), 2269–2283 (2013).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  31. J. David Briers, “Laser speckle contrast imaging for measuring blood flow,” Opt. Appl. 37(1–2), 139–152 (2007).
  32. R. Bezemer, E. Klijn, M. Khalilzada, A. Lima, M. Heger, J. van Bommel, and C. Ince, “Validation of near-infrared laser speckle imaging for assessing microvascular (re)perfusion,” Microvasc. Res. 79(2), 139–143 (2010).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  33. P. Avci, A. Gupta, M. Sadasivam, D. Vecchio, Z. Pam, N. Pam, and M. R. Hamblin, “Low-level laser (light) therapy (LLLT) in skin: stimulating, healing, restoring,” Semin. Cutan. Med. Surg. 32(1), 41–52 (2013).
    [PubMed]
  34. D. Briers, D. D. Duncan, E. Hirst, S. J. Kirkpatrick, M. Larsson, W. Steenbergen, T. Stromberg, and O. B. Thompson, “Laser speckle contrast imaging: theoretical and practical limitations,” J. Biomed. Opt. 18(6), 066018 (2013).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  35. A. Nadort, K. Kalkman, T. G. van Leeuwen, and D. J. Faber, “Quantitative blood flow velocity imaging using laser speckle flowmetry,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 25258 (2016).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  36. C. H. Li, H. D. Wang, J. J. Hu, X. L. Ge, K. Pan, A. Q. Zhang, and J. H. Dong, “The monitoring of microvascular liver blood flow changes during ischemia and reperfusion using laser speckle contrast imaging,” Microvasc. Res. 94, 28–35 (2014).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  37. P. Bagher and S. S. Segal, “Regulation of blood flow in the microcirculation: role of conducted vasodilation,” Acta Physiol. (Oxf.) 202(3), 271–284 (2011).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  38. A. N. Obeid, D. M. Boggett, N. J. Barnett, G. Dougherty, and P. Rolfe, “Depth discrimination in laser Doppler skin blood flow measurement using different lasers,” Med. Biol. Eng. Comput. 26(4), 415–424 (1988).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  39. R. Bezemer, A. Lima, D. Myers, E. Klijn, M. Heger, P. T. Goedhart, J. Bakker, and C. Ince, “Assessment of tissue oxygen saturation during a vascular occlusion test using near-infrared spectroscopy: the role of probe spacing and measurement site studied in healthy volunteers,” Crit. Care 13(Suppl 5), S4 (2009).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  40. M. Hassan and T. Togawa, “Observation of skin thermal inertia distribution during reactive hyperaemia using a single-hood measurement system,” Physiol. Meas. 22(1), 187–200 (2001).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  41. D. E. Skarda, K. E. Mulier, D. E. Myers, J. H. Taylor, and G. J. Beilman, “Dynamic near-infrared spectroscopy measurements in patients with severe sepsis,” Shock 27(4), 348–353 (2007).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  42. K. C. Doerschug, A. S. Delsing, G. A. Schmidt, and W. G. Haynes, “Impairments in microvascular reactivity are related to organ failure in human sepsis,” Am. J. Physiol. Heart Circ. Physiol. 293(2), H1065–H1071 (2007).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]

2018 (2)

J. van den Bos, M. Al-Taher, R. M. Schols, S. van Kuijk, N. D. Bouvy, and L. P. S. Stassen, “Near-Infrared Fluorescence Imaging for Real-Time Intraoperative Guidance in Anastomotic Colorectal Surgery: A Systematic Review of Literature,” J. Laparoendosc. Adv. Surg. Tech. A 28(2), 157–167 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Zheng, L. Wai Lau, and J. Cha, “Dual-display laparoscopic laser speckle contrast imaging for real-time surgical assistance,” Biomed. Opt. Express 9(12), 5962–5981 (2018).
[Crossref]

2017 (1)

R. Ambrus, M. P. Achiam, N. H. Secher, M. B. S. Svendsen, K. Rünitz, M. Siemsen, and L. B. Svendsen, “Evaluation of Gastric Microcirculation by Laser Speckle Contrast Imaging During Esophagectomy,” J. Am. Coll. Surg. 225(3), 395–402 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2016 (3)

D. M. J. Milstein, C. Ince, S. S. Gisbertz, K. B. Boateng, B. F. Geerts, M. W. Hollmann, M. I. van Berge Henegouwen, and D. P. Veelo, “Laser speckle contrast imaging identifies ischemic areas on gastric tube reconstructions following esophagectomy,” Medicine (Baltimore) 95(25), e3875 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. Ambrus, R. B. Strandby, L. B. Svendsen, M. P. Achiam, J. F. Steffensen, and M. B. Søndergaard Svendsen, “Laser Speckle Contrast Imaging for Monitoring Changes in Microvascular Blood Flow,” Eur. Surg. Res. 56(3-4), 87–96 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Nadort, K. Kalkman, T. G. van Leeuwen, and D. J. Faber, “Quantitative blood flow velocity imaging using laser speckle flowmetry,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 25258 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2015 (2)

H. C. Pommergaard, M. P. Achiam, J. Burcharth, and J. Rosenberg, “Impaired blood supply in the colonic anastomosis in mice compromises healing,” Int. Surg. 100(1), 70–76 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

E. F. Midura, D. Hanseman, B. R. Davis, S. J. Atkinson, D. E. Abbott, S. A. Shah, and I. M. Paquette, “Risk factors and consequences of anastomotic leak after colectomy: a national analysis,” Dis. Colon Rectum 58(3), 333–338 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2014 (2)

S. Nachiappan, A. Askari, A. Currie, R. H. Kennedy, and O. Faiz, “Intraoperative assessment of colorectal anastomotic integrity: a systematic review,” Surg. Endosc. 28(9), 2513–2530 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. H. Li, H. D. Wang, J. J. Hu, X. L. Ge, K. Pan, A. Q. Zhang, and J. H. Dong, “The monitoring of microvascular liver blood flow changes during ischemia and reperfusion using laser speckle contrast imaging,” Microvasc. Res. 94, 28–35 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2013 (5)

C. Sturesson, D. M. J. Milstein, I. C. J. H. Post, A. M. Maas, and T. M. van Gulik, “Laser speckle contrast imaging for assessment of liver microcirculation,” Microvasc. Res. 87, 34–40 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. Avci, A. Gupta, M. Sadasivam, D. Vecchio, Z. Pam, N. Pam, and M. R. Hamblin, “Low-level laser (light) therapy (LLLT) in skin: stimulating, healing, restoring,” Semin. Cutan. Med. Surg. 32(1), 41–52 (2013).
[PubMed]

D. Briers, D. D. Duncan, E. Hirst, S. J. Kirkpatrick, M. Larsson, W. Steenbergen, T. Stromberg, and O. B. Thompson, “Laser speckle contrast imaging: theoretical and practical limitations,” J. Biomed. Opt. 18(6), 066018 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. D. Jafari, K. H. Lee, W. J. Halabi, S. D. Mills, J. C. Carmichael, M. J. Stamos, and A. Pigazzi, “The use of indocyanine green fluorescence to assess anastomotic perfusion during robotic assisted laparoscopic rectal surgery,” Surg. Endosc. 27(8), 3003–3008 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. M. Richards, S. M. S. Kazmi, J. L. Davis, K. E. Olin, and A. K. Dunn, “Low-cost laser speckle contrast imaging of blood flow using a webcam,” Biomed. Opt. Express 4(10), 2269–2283 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2012 (1)

E. L. Towle, L. M. Richards, S. M. S. Kazmi, D. J. Fox, and A. K. Dunn, “Comparison of indocyanine green angiography and laser speckle contrast imaging for the assessment of vasculature perfusion,” Neurosurgery 71(5), 1023–1031 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2011 (1)

P. Bagher and S. S. Segal, “Regulation of blood flow in the microcirculation: role of conducted vasodilation,” Acta Physiol. (Oxf.) 202(3), 271–284 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2010 (4)

R. Bezemer, E. Klijn, M. Khalilzada, A. Lima, M. Heger, J. van Bommel, and C. Ince, “Validation of near-infrared laser speckle imaging for assessing microvascular (re)perfusion,” Microvasc. Res. 79(2), 139–143 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. A. Boas and A. K. Dunn, “Laser speckle contrast imaging in biomedical optics,” J. Biomed. Opt. 15(1), 011109 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

E. Klijn, S. Niehof, J. de Jonge, D. Gommers, C. Ince, and J. van Bommel, “The effect of perfusion pressure on gastric tissue blood flow in an experimental gastric tube model,” Anesth. Analg. 110(2), 541–546 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Kudszus, C. Roesel, A. Schachtrupp, and J. J. Höer, “Intraoperative laser fluorescence angiography in colorectal surgery: a noninvasive analysis to reduce the rate of anastomotic leakage,” Langenbecks Arch. Surg. 395(8), 1025–1030 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2009 (4)

A. Karliczek, D. A. Benaron, C. J. Zeebregts, T. Wiggers, and G. M. van Dam, “Intraoperative ischemia of the distal end of colon anastomoses as detected with visible light spectroscopy causes reduction of anastomotic strength,” J. Surg. Res. 152(2), 288–295 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Karliczek, N. J. Harlaar, C. J. Zeebregts, T. Wiggers, P. C. Baas, and G. M. van Dam, “Surgeons lack predictive accuracy for anastomotic leakage in gastrointestinal surgery,” Int. J. Colorectal Dis. 24(5), 569–576 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. O’Doherty, P. McNamara, N. T. Clancy, J. G. Enfield, and M. J. Leahy, “Comparison of instruments for investigation of microcirculatory blood flow and red blood cell concentration,” J. Biomed. Opt. 14(3), 034025 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. Bezemer, A. Lima, D. Myers, E. Klijn, M. Heger, P. T. Goedhart, J. Bakker, and C. Ince, “Assessment of tissue oxygen saturation during a vascular occlusion test using near-infrared spectroscopy: the role of probe spacing and measurement site studied in healthy volunteers,” Crit. Care 13(Suppl 5), S4 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2008 (2)

N. C. Buchs, P. Gervaz, M. Secic, P. Bucher, B. Mugnier-Konrad, and P. Morel, “Incidence, consequences, and risk factors for anastomotic dehiscence after colorectal surgery: a prospective monocentric study,” Int. J. Colorectal Dis. 23(3), 265–270 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Karliczek, D. A. Benaron, P. C. Baas, C. J. Zeebregts, A. van der Stoel, T. Wiggers, J. T. M. Plukker, and G. M. van Dam, “Intraoperative assessment of microperfusion with visible light spectroscopy in esophageal and colorectal anastomoses,” Eur. Surg. Res. 41(3), 303–311 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2007 (4)

L. A. E. Posma, R. P. Bleichrodt, H. van Goor, and T. Hendriks, “Transient profound mesenteric ischemia strongly affects the strength of intestinal anastomoses in the rat,” Dis. Colon Rectum 50(7), 1070–1079 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. David Briers, “Laser speckle contrast imaging for measuring blood flow,” Opt. Appl. 37(1–2), 139–152 (2007).

D. E. Skarda, K. E. Mulier, D. E. Myers, J. H. Taylor, and G. J. Beilman, “Dynamic near-infrared spectroscopy measurements in patients with severe sepsis,” Shock 27(4), 348–353 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. C. Doerschug, A. S. Delsing, G. A. Schmidt, and W. G. Haynes, “Impairments in microvascular reactivity are related to organ failure in human sepsis,” Am. J. Physiol. Heart Circ. Physiol. 293(2), H1065–H1071 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2001 (4)

M. Hassan and T. Togawa, “Observation of skin thermal inertia distribution during reactive hyperaemia using a single-hood measurement system,” Physiol. Meas. 22(1), 187–200 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. K. Dunn, H. Bolay, M. A. Moskowitz, and D. A. Boas, “Dynamic imaging of cerebral blood flow using laser speckle,” J. Cereb. Blood Flow Metab. 21(3), 195–201 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. D. Briers, “Laser Doppler, speckle and related techniques for blood perfusion mapping and imaging,” Physiol. Meas. 22(4), R35–R66 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Bruce, Z. H. Krukowski, G. Al-Khairy, E. M. Russell, and K. G. Park, “Systematic review of the definition and measurement of anastomotic leak after gastrointestinal surgery,” Br. J. Surg. 88(9), 1157–1168 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2000 (2)

M. Kologlu, K. Yorganci, N. Renda, and I. Sayek, “Effect of local and remote ischemia-reperfusion injury on healing of colonic anastomoses,” Surgery 128(1), 99–104 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. H. Boyle, D. Manifold, M. H. Jordan, and R. C. Mason, “Intraoperative assessment of colonic perfusion using scanning laser Doppler flowmetry during colonic resection,” J. Am. Coll. Surg. 191(5), 504–510 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1998 (1)

J. G. Garcia, F. J. Criado, M. A. Persona, and A. G. Alonso, “Healing of colonic ischemic anastomoses in the rat,” Dis. Colon Rectum 41(7), 892–895 (1998).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1996 (1)

M. K. Schilling, C. Redaelli, C. Maurer, H. Friess, and M. W. Büchler, “Gastric microcirculatory changes during gastric tube formation: assessment with laser Doppler flowmetry,” J. Surg. Res. 62(1), 125–129 (1996).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1994 (1)

P. Ambrosetti, J. Robert, P. Mathey, and A. Rohner, “Left-sided colon and colorectal anastomoses: Doppler ultrasound as an aid to assess bowel vascularization,” Int. J. Colorectal Dis. 9(4), 211–214 (1994).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1992 (1)

A. C. van der Ham, W. J. Kort, I. M. Weijma, H. F. van den Ingh, and H. Jeekel, “Healing of ischemic colonic anastomosis,” Dis. Colon Rectum 35(9), 884–891 (1992).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1988 (1)

A. N. Obeid, D. M. Boggett, N. J. Barnett, G. Dougherty, and P. Rolfe, “Depth discrimination in laser Doppler skin blood flow measurement using different lasers,” Med. Biol. Eng. Comput. 26(4), 415–424 (1988).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Abbott, D. E.

E. F. Midura, D. Hanseman, B. R. Davis, S. J. Atkinson, D. E. Abbott, S. A. Shah, and I. M. Paquette, “Risk factors and consequences of anastomotic leak after colectomy: a national analysis,” Dis. Colon Rectum 58(3), 333–338 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Achiam, M. P.

R. Ambrus, M. P. Achiam, N. H. Secher, M. B. S. Svendsen, K. Rünitz, M. Siemsen, and L. B. Svendsen, “Evaluation of Gastric Microcirculation by Laser Speckle Contrast Imaging During Esophagectomy,” J. Am. Coll. Surg. 225(3), 395–402 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. Ambrus, R. B. Strandby, L. B. Svendsen, M. P. Achiam, J. F. Steffensen, and M. B. Søndergaard Svendsen, “Laser Speckle Contrast Imaging for Monitoring Changes in Microvascular Blood Flow,” Eur. Surg. Res. 56(3-4), 87–96 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. C. Pommergaard, M. P. Achiam, J. Burcharth, and J. Rosenberg, “Impaired blood supply in the colonic anastomosis in mice compromises healing,” Int. Surg. 100(1), 70–76 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Al-Khairy, G.

J. Bruce, Z. H. Krukowski, G. Al-Khairy, E. M. Russell, and K. G. Park, “Systematic review of the definition and measurement of anastomotic leak after gastrointestinal surgery,” Br. J. Surg. 88(9), 1157–1168 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Alonso, A. G.

J. G. Garcia, F. J. Criado, M. A. Persona, and A. G. Alonso, “Healing of colonic ischemic anastomoses in the rat,” Dis. Colon Rectum 41(7), 892–895 (1998).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Al-Taher, M.

J. van den Bos, M. Al-Taher, R. M. Schols, S. van Kuijk, N. D. Bouvy, and L. P. S. Stassen, “Near-Infrared Fluorescence Imaging for Real-Time Intraoperative Guidance in Anastomotic Colorectal Surgery: A Systematic Review of Literature,” J. Laparoendosc. Adv. Surg. Tech. A 28(2), 157–167 (2018).
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Ambrosetti, P.

P. Ambrosetti, J. Robert, P. Mathey, and A. Rohner, “Left-sided colon and colorectal anastomoses: Doppler ultrasound as an aid to assess bowel vascularization,” Int. J. Colorectal Dis. 9(4), 211–214 (1994).
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R. Ambrus, M. P. Achiam, N. H. Secher, M. B. S. Svendsen, K. Rünitz, M. Siemsen, and L. B. Svendsen, “Evaluation of Gastric Microcirculation by Laser Speckle Contrast Imaging During Esophagectomy,” J. Am. Coll. Surg. 225(3), 395–402 (2017).
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R. Ambrus, R. B. Strandby, L. B. Svendsen, M. P. Achiam, J. F. Steffensen, and M. B. Søndergaard Svendsen, “Laser Speckle Contrast Imaging for Monitoring Changes in Microvascular Blood Flow,” Eur. Surg. Res. 56(3-4), 87–96 (2016).
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Askari, A.

S. Nachiappan, A. Askari, A. Currie, R. H. Kennedy, and O. Faiz, “Intraoperative assessment of colorectal anastomotic integrity: a systematic review,” Surg. Endosc. 28(9), 2513–2530 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Atkinson, S. J.

E. F. Midura, D. Hanseman, B. R. Davis, S. J. Atkinson, D. E. Abbott, S. A. Shah, and I. M. Paquette, “Risk factors and consequences of anastomotic leak after colectomy: a national analysis,” Dis. Colon Rectum 58(3), 333–338 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Avci, P.

P. Avci, A. Gupta, M. Sadasivam, D. Vecchio, Z. Pam, N. Pam, and M. R. Hamblin, “Low-level laser (light) therapy (LLLT) in skin: stimulating, healing, restoring,” Semin. Cutan. Med. Surg. 32(1), 41–52 (2013).
[PubMed]

Baas, P. C.

A. Karliczek, N. J. Harlaar, C. J. Zeebregts, T. Wiggers, P. C. Baas, and G. M. van Dam, “Surgeons lack predictive accuracy for anastomotic leakage in gastrointestinal surgery,” Int. J. Colorectal Dis. 24(5), 569–576 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Karliczek, D. A. Benaron, P. C. Baas, C. J. Zeebregts, A. van der Stoel, T. Wiggers, J. T. M. Plukker, and G. M. van Dam, “Intraoperative assessment of microperfusion with visible light spectroscopy in esophageal and colorectal anastomoses,” Eur. Surg. Res. 41(3), 303–311 (2008).
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P. Bagher and S. S. Segal, “Regulation of blood flow in the microcirculation: role of conducted vasodilation,” Acta Physiol. (Oxf.) 202(3), 271–284 (2011).
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Bakker, J.

R. Bezemer, A. Lima, D. Myers, E. Klijn, M. Heger, P. T. Goedhart, J. Bakker, and C. Ince, “Assessment of tissue oxygen saturation during a vascular occlusion test using near-infrared spectroscopy: the role of probe spacing and measurement site studied in healthy volunteers,” Crit. Care 13(Suppl 5), S4 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Barnett, N. J.

A. N. Obeid, D. M. Boggett, N. J. Barnett, G. Dougherty, and P. Rolfe, “Depth discrimination in laser Doppler skin blood flow measurement using different lasers,” Med. Biol. Eng. Comput. 26(4), 415–424 (1988).
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Beilman, G. J.

D. E. Skarda, K. E. Mulier, D. E. Myers, J. H. Taylor, and G. J. Beilman, “Dynamic near-infrared spectroscopy measurements in patients with severe sepsis,” Shock 27(4), 348–353 (2007).
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Benaron, D. A.

A. Karliczek, D. A. Benaron, C. J. Zeebregts, T. Wiggers, and G. M. van Dam, “Intraoperative ischemia of the distal end of colon anastomoses as detected with visible light spectroscopy causes reduction of anastomotic strength,” J. Surg. Res. 152(2), 288–295 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Karliczek, D. A. Benaron, P. C. Baas, C. J. Zeebregts, A. van der Stoel, T. Wiggers, J. T. M. Plukker, and G. M. van Dam, “Intraoperative assessment of microperfusion with visible light spectroscopy in esophageal and colorectal anastomoses,” Eur. Surg. Res. 41(3), 303–311 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bezemer, R.

R. Bezemer, E. Klijn, M. Khalilzada, A. Lima, M. Heger, J. van Bommel, and C. Ince, “Validation of near-infrared laser speckle imaging for assessing microvascular (re)perfusion,” Microvasc. Res. 79(2), 139–143 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. Bezemer, A. Lima, D. Myers, E. Klijn, M. Heger, P. T. Goedhart, J. Bakker, and C. Ince, “Assessment of tissue oxygen saturation during a vascular occlusion test using near-infrared spectroscopy: the role of probe spacing and measurement site studied in healthy volunteers,” Crit. Care 13(Suppl 5), S4 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bleichrodt, R. P.

L. A. E. Posma, R. P. Bleichrodt, H. van Goor, and T. Hendriks, “Transient profound mesenteric ischemia strongly affects the strength of intestinal anastomoses in the rat,” Dis. Colon Rectum 50(7), 1070–1079 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Boas, D. A.

D. A. Boas and A. K. Dunn, “Laser speckle contrast imaging in biomedical optics,” J. Biomed. Opt. 15(1), 011109 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. K. Dunn, H. Bolay, M. A. Moskowitz, and D. A. Boas, “Dynamic imaging of cerebral blood flow using laser speckle,” J. Cereb. Blood Flow Metab. 21(3), 195–201 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Boateng, K. B.

D. M. J. Milstein, C. Ince, S. S. Gisbertz, K. B. Boateng, B. F. Geerts, M. W. Hollmann, M. I. van Berge Henegouwen, and D. P. Veelo, “Laser speckle contrast imaging identifies ischemic areas on gastric tube reconstructions following esophagectomy,” Medicine (Baltimore) 95(25), e3875 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Boggett, D. M.

A. N. Obeid, D. M. Boggett, N. J. Barnett, G. Dougherty, and P. Rolfe, “Depth discrimination in laser Doppler skin blood flow measurement using different lasers,” Med. Biol. Eng. Comput. 26(4), 415–424 (1988).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bolay, H.

A. K. Dunn, H. Bolay, M. A. Moskowitz, and D. A. Boas, “Dynamic imaging of cerebral blood flow using laser speckle,” J. Cereb. Blood Flow Metab. 21(3), 195–201 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bouvy, N. D.

J. van den Bos, M. Al-Taher, R. M. Schols, S. van Kuijk, N. D. Bouvy, and L. P. S. Stassen, “Near-Infrared Fluorescence Imaging for Real-Time Intraoperative Guidance in Anastomotic Colorectal Surgery: A Systematic Review of Literature,” J. Laparoendosc. Adv. Surg. Tech. A 28(2), 157–167 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Boyle, N. H.

N. H. Boyle, D. Manifold, M. H. Jordan, and R. C. Mason, “Intraoperative assessment of colonic perfusion using scanning laser Doppler flowmetry during colonic resection,” J. Am. Coll. Surg. 191(5), 504–510 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Briers, D.

D. Briers, D. D. Duncan, E. Hirst, S. J. Kirkpatrick, M. Larsson, W. Steenbergen, T. Stromberg, and O. B. Thompson, “Laser speckle contrast imaging: theoretical and practical limitations,” J. Biomed. Opt. 18(6), 066018 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Briers, J. D.

J. D. Briers, “Laser Doppler, speckle and related techniques for blood perfusion mapping and imaging,” Physiol. Meas. 22(4), R35–R66 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bruce, J.

J. Bruce, Z. H. Krukowski, G. Al-Khairy, E. M. Russell, and K. G. Park, “Systematic review of the definition and measurement of anastomotic leak after gastrointestinal surgery,” Br. J. Surg. 88(9), 1157–1168 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bucher, P.

N. C. Buchs, P. Gervaz, M. Secic, P. Bucher, B. Mugnier-Konrad, and P. Morel, “Incidence, consequences, and risk factors for anastomotic dehiscence after colorectal surgery: a prospective monocentric study,” Int. J. Colorectal Dis. 23(3), 265–270 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Büchler, M. W.

M. K. Schilling, C. Redaelli, C. Maurer, H. Friess, and M. W. Büchler, “Gastric microcirculatory changes during gastric tube formation: assessment with laser Doppler flowmetry,” J. Surg. Res. 62(1), 125–129 (1996).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Buchs, N. C.

N. C. Buchs, P. Gervaz, M. Secic, P. Bucher, B. Mugnier-Konrad, and P. Morel, “Incidence, consequences, and risk factors for anastomotic dehiscence after colorectal surgery: a prospective monocentric study,” Int. J. Colorectal Dis. 23(3), 265–270 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Burcharth, J.

H. C. Pommergaard, M. P. Achiam, J. Burcharth, and J. Rosenberg, “Impaired blood supply in the colonic anastomosis in mice compromises healing,” Int. Surg. 100(1), 70–76 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Carmichael, J. C.

M. D. Jafari, K. H. Lee, W. J. Halabi, S. D. Mills, J. C. Carmichael, M. J. Stamos, and A. Pigazzi, “The use of indocyanine green fluorescence to assess anastomotic perfusion during robotic assisted laparoscopic rectal surgery,” Surg. Endosc. 27(8), 3003–3008 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Cha, J.

Clancy, N. T.

J. O’Doherty, P. McNamara, N. T. Clancy, J. G. Enfield, and M. J. Leahy, “Comparison of instruments for investigation of microcirculatory blood flow and red blood cell concentration,” J. Biomed. Opt. 14(3), 034025 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Criado, F. J.

J. G. Garcia, F. J. Criado, M. A. Persona, and A. G. Alonso, “Healing of colonic ischemic anastomoses in the rat,” Dis. Colon Rectum 41(7), 892–895 (1998).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Currie, A.

S. Nachiappan, A. Askari, A. Currie, R. H. Kennedy, and O. Faiz, “Intraoperative assessment of colorectal anastomotic integrity: a systematic review,” Surg. Endosc. 28(9), 2513–2530 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

David Briers, J.

J. David Briers, “Laser speckle contrast imaging for measuring blood flow,” Opt. Appl. 37(1–2), 139–152 (2007).

Davis, B. R.

E. F. Midura, D. Hanseman, B. R. Davis, S. J. Atkinson, D. E. Abbott, S. A. Shah, and I. M. Paquette, “Risk factors and consequences of anastomotic leak after colectomy: a national analysis,” Dis. Colon Rectum 58(3), 333–338 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Davis, J. L.

de Jonge, J.

E. Klijn, S. Niehof, J. de Jonge, D. Gommers, C. Ince, and J. van Bommel, “The effect of perfusion pressure on gastric tissue blood flow in an experimental gastric tube model,” Anesth. Analg. 110(2), 541–546 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Delsing, A. S.

K. C. Doerschug, A. S. Delsing, G. A. Schmidt, and W. G. Haynes, “Impairments in microvascular reactivity are related to organ failure in human sepsis,” Am. J. Physiol. Heart Circ. Physiol. 293(2), H1065–H1071 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Doerschug, K. C.

K. C. Doerschug, A. S. Delsing, G. A. Schmidt, and W. G. Haynes, “Impairments in microvascular reactivity are related to organ failure in human sepsis,” Am. J. Physiol. Heart Circ. Physiol. 293(2), H1065–H1071 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Dong, J. H.

C. H. Li, H. D. Wang, J. J. Hu, X. L. Ge, K. Pan, A. Q. Zhang, and J. H. Dong, “The monitoring of microvascular liver blood flow changes during ischemia and reperfusion using laser speckle contrast imaging,” Microvasc. Res. 94, 28–35 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Dougherty, G.

A. N. Obeid, D. M. Boggett, N. J. Barnett, G. Dougherty, and P. Rolfe, “Depth discrimination in laser Doppler skin blood flow measurement using different lasers,” Med. Biol. Eng. Comput. 26(4), 415–424 (1988).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Duncan, D. D.

D. Briers, D. D. Duncan, E. Hirst, S. J. Kirkpatrick, M. Larsson, W. Steenbergen, T. Stromberg, and O. B. Thompson, “Laser speckle contrast imaging: theoretical and practical limitations,” J. Biomed. Opt. 18(6), 066018 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Dunn, A. K.

L. M. Richards, S. M. S. Kazmi, J. L. Davis, K. E. Olin, and A. K. Dunn, “Low-cost laser speckle contrast imaging of blood flow using a webcam,” Biomed. Opt. Express 4(10), 2269–2283 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

E. L. Towle, L. M. Richards, S. M. S. Kazmi, D. J. Fox, and A. K. Dunn, “Comparison of indocyanine green angiography and laser speckle contrast imaging for the assessment of vasculature perfusion,” Neurosurgery 71(5), 1023–1031 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. A. Boas and A. K. Dunn, “Laser speckle contrast imaging in biomedical optics,” J. Biomed. Opt. 15(1), 011109 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. K. Dunn, H. Bolay, M. A. Moskowitz, and D. A. Boas, “Dynamic imaging of cerebral blood flow using laser speckle,” J. Cereb. Blood Flow Metab. 21(3), 195–201 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Enfield, J. G.

J. O’Doherty, P. McNamara, N. T. Clancy, J. G. Enfield, and M. J. Leahy, “Comparison of instruments for investigation of microcirculatory blood flow and red blood cell concentration,” J. Biomed. Opt. 14(3), 034025 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Faber, D. J.

A. Nadort, K. Kalkman, T. G. van Leeuwen, and D. J. Faber, “Quantitative blood flow velocity imaging using laser speckle flowmetry,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 25258 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Faiz, O.

S. Nachiappan, A. Askari, A. Currie, R. H. Kennedy, and O. Faiz, “Intraoperative assessment of colorectal anastomotic integrity: a systematic review,” Surg. Endosc. 28(9), 2513–2530 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Fox, D. J.

E. L. Towle, L. M. Richards, S. M. S. Kazmi, D. J. Fox, and A. K. Dunn, “Comparison of indocyanine green angiography and laser speckle contrast imaging for the assessment of vasculature perfusion,” Neurosurgery 71(5), 1023–1031 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Friess, H.

M. K. Schilling, C. Redaelli, C. Maurer, H. Friess, and M. W. Büchler, “Gastric microcirculatory changes during gastric tube formation: assessment with laser Doppler flowmetry,” J. Surg. Res. 62(1), 125–129 (1996).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Garcia, J. G.

J. G. Garcia, F. J. Criado, M. A. Persona, and A. G. Alonso, “Healing of colonic ischemic anastomoses in the rat,” Dis. Colon Rectum 41(7), 892–895 (1998).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ge, X. L.

C. H. Li, H. D. Wang, J. J. Hu, X. L. Ge, K. Pan, A. Q. Zhang, and J. H. Dong, “The monitoring of microvascular liver blood flow changes during ischemia and reperfusion using laser speckle contrast imaging,” Microvasc. Res. 94, 28–35 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Geerts, B. F.

D. M. J. Milstein, C. Ince, S. S. Gisbertz, K. B. Boateng, B. F. Geerts, M. W. Hollmann, M. I. van Berge Henegouwen, and D. P. Veelo, “Laser speckle contrast imaging identifies ischemic areas on gastric tube reconstructions following esophagectomy,” Medicine (Baltimore) 95(25), e3875 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gervaz, P.

N. C. Buchs, P. Gervaz, M. Secic, P. Bucher, B. Mugnier-Konrad, and P. Morel, “Incidence, consequences, and risk factors for anastomotic dehiscence after colorectal surgery: a prospective monocentric study,” Int. J. Colorectal Dis. 23(3), 265–270 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gisbertz, S. S.

D. M. J. Milstein, C. Ince, S. S. Gisbertz, K. B. Boateng, B. F. Geerts, M. W. Hollmann, M. I. van Berge Henegouwen, and D. P. Veelo, “Laser speckle contrast imaging identifies ischemic areas on gastric tube reconstructions following esophagectomy,” Medicine (Baltimore) 95(25), e3875 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Goedhart, P. T.

R. Bezemer, A. Lima, D. Myers, E. Klijn, M. Heger, P. T. Goedhart, J. Bakker, and C. Ince, “Assessment of tissue oxygen saturation during a vascular occlusion test using near-infrared spectroscopy: the role of probe spacing and measurement site studied in healthy volunteers,” Crit. Care 13(Suppl 5), S4 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gommers, D.

E. Klijn, S. Niehof, J. de Jonge, D. Gommers, C. Ince, and J. van Bommel, “The effect of perfusion pressure on gastric tissue blood flow in an experimental gastric tube model,” Anesth. Analg. 110(2), 541–546 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gupta, A.

P. Avci, A. Gupta, M. Sadasivam, D. Vecchio, Z. Pam, N. Pam, and M. R. Hamblin, “Low-level laser (light) therapy (LLLT) in skin: stimulating, healing, restoring,” Semin. Cutan. Med. Surg. 32(1), 41–52 (2013).
[PubMed]

Halabi, W. J.

M. D. Jafari, K. H. Lee, W. J. Halabi, S. D. Mills, J. C. Carmichael, M. J. Stamos, and A. Pigazzi, “The use of indocyanine green fluorescence to assess anastomotic perfusion during robotic assisted laparoscopic rectal surgery,” Surg. Endosc. 27(8), 3003–3008 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hamblin, M. R.

P. Avci, A. Gupta, M. Sadasivam, D. Vecchio, Z. Pam, N. Pam, and M. R. Hamblin, “Low-level laser (light) therapy (LLLT) in skin: stimulating, healing, restoring,” Semin. Cutan. Med. Surg. 32(1), 41–52 (2013).
[PubMed]

Hanseman, D.

E. F. Midura, D. Hanseman, B. R. Davis, S. J. Atkinson, D. E. Abbott, S. A. Shah, and I. M. Paquette, “Risk factors and consequences of anastomotic leak after colectomy: a national analysis,” Dis. Colon Rectum 58(3), 333–338 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Harlaar, N. J.

A. Karliczek, N. J. Harlaar, C. J. Zeebregts, T. Wiggers, P. C. Baas, and G. M. van Dam, “Surgeons lack predictive accuracy for anastomotic leakage in gastrointestinal surgery,” Int. J. Colorectal Dis. 24(5), 569–576 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hassan, M.

M. Hassan and T. Togawa, “Observation of skin thermal inertia distribution during reactive hyperaemia using a single-hood measurement system,” Physiol. Meas. 22(1), 187–200 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Haynes, W. G.

K. C. Doerschug, A. S. Delsing, G. A. Schmidt, and W. G. Haynes, “Impairments in microvascular reactivity are related to organ failure in human sepsis,” Am. J. Physiol. Heart Circ. Physiol. 293(2), H1065–H1071 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Heger, M.

R. Bezemer, E. Klijn, M. Khalilzada, A. Lima, M. Heger, J. van Bommel, and C. Ince, “Validation of near-infrared laser speckle imaging for assessing microvascular (re)perfusion,” Microvasc. Res. 79(2), 139–143 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. Bezemer, A. Lima, D. Myers, E. Klijn, M. Heger, P. T. Goedhart, J. Bakker, and C. Ince, “Assessment of tissue oxygen saturation during a vascular occlusion test using near-infrared spectroscopy: the role of probe spacing and measurement site studied in healthy volunteers,” Crit. Care 13(Suppl 5), S4 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hendriks, T.

L. A. E. Posma, R. P. Bleichrodt, H. van Goor, and T. Hendriks, “Transient profound mesenteric ischemia strongly affects the strength of intestinal anastomoses in the rat,” Dis. Colon Rectum 50(7), 1070–1079 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hirst, E.

D. Briers, D. D. Duncan, E. Hirst, S. J. Kirkpatrick, M. Larsson, W. Steenbergen, T. Stromberg, and O. B. Thompson, “Laser speckle contrast imaging: theoretical and practical limitations,” J. Biomed. Opt. 18(6), 066018 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Höer, J. J.

S. Kudszus, C. Roesel, A. Schachtrupp, and J. J. Höer, “Intraoperative laser fluorescence angiography in colorectal surgery: a noninvasive analysis to reduce the rate of anastomotic leakage,” Langenbecks Arch. Surg. 395(8), 1025–1030 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hollmann, M. W.

D. M. J. Milstein, C. Ince, S. S. Gisbertz, K. B. Boateng, B. F. Geerts, M. W. Hollmann, M. I. van Berge Henegouwen, and D. P. Veelo, “Laser speckle contrast imaging identifies ischemic areas on gastric tube reconstructions following esophagectomy,” Medicine (Baltimore) 95(25), e3875 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hu, J. J.

C. H. Li, H. D. Wang, J. J. Hu, X. L. Ge, K. Pan, A. Q. Zhang, and J. H. Dong, “The monitoring of microvascular liver blood flow changes during ischemia and reperfusion using laser speckle contrast imaging,” Microvasc. Res. 94, 28–35 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ince, C.

D. M. J. Milstein, C. Ince, S. S. Gisbertz, K. B. Boateng, B. F. Geerts, M. W. Hollmann, M. I. van Berge Henegouwen, and D. P. Veelo, “Laser speckle contrast imaging identifies ischemic areas on gastric tube reconstructions following esophagectomy,” Medicine (Baltimore) 95(25), e3875 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

E. Klijn, S. Niehof, J. de Jonge, D. Gommers, C. Ince, and J. van Bommel, “The effect of perfusion pressure on gastric tissue blood flow in an experimental gastric tube model,” Anesth. Analg. 110(2), 541–546 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. Bezemer, E. Klijn, M. Khalilzada, A. Lima, M. Heger, J. van Bommel, and C. Ince, “Validation of near-infrared laser speckle imaging for assessing microvascular (re)perfusion,” Microvasc. Res. 79(2), 139–143 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. Bezemer, A. Lima, D. Myers, E. Klijn, M. Heger, P. T. Goedhart, J. Bakker, and C. Ince, “Assessment of tissue oxygen saturation during a vascular occlusion test using near-infrared spectroscopy: the role of probe spacing and measurement site studied in healthy volunteers,” Crit. Care 13(Suppl 5), S4 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Jafari, M. D.

M. D. Jafari, K. H. Lee, W. J. Halabi, S. D. Mills, J. C. Carmichael, M. J. Stamos, and A. Pigazzi, “The use of indocyanine green fluorescence to assess anastomotic perfusion during robotic assisted laparoscopic rectal surgery,” Surg. Endosc. 27(8), 3003–3008 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Jeekel, H.

A. C. van der Ham, W. J. Kort, I. M. Weijma, H. F. van den Ingh, and H. Jeekel, “Healing of ischemic colonic anastomosis,” Dis. Colon Rectum 35(9), 884–891 (1992).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Jordan, M. H.

N. H. Boyle, D. Manifold, M. H. Jordan, and R. C. Mason, “Intraoperative assessment of colonic perfusion using scanning laser Doppler flowmetry during colonic resection,” J. Am. Coll. Surg. 191(5), 504–510 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kalkman, K.

A. Nadort, K. Kalkman, T. G. van Leeuwen, and D. J. Faber, “Quantitative blood flow velocity imaging using laser speckle flowmetry,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 25258 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Karliczek, A.

A. Karliczek, N. J. Harlaar, C. J. Zeebregts, T. Wiggers, P. C. Baas, and G. M. van Dam, “Surgeons lack predictive accuracy for anastomotic leakage in gastrointestinal surgery,” Int. J. Colorectal Dis. 24(5), 569–576 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Karliczek, D. A. Benaron, C. J. Zeebregts, T. Wiggers, and G. M. van Dam, “Intraoperative ischemia of the distal end of colon anastomoses as detected with visible light spectroscopy causes reduction of anastomotic strength,” J. Surg. Res. 152(2), 288–295 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Karliczek, D. A. Benaron, P. C. Baas, C. J. Zeebregts, A. van der Stoel, T. Wiggers, J. T. M. Plukker, and G. M. van Dam, “Intraoperative assessment of microperfusion with visible light spectroscopy in esophageal and colorectal anastomoses,” Eur. Surg. Res. 41(3), 303–311 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kazmi, S. M. S.

L. M. Richards, S. M. S. Kazmi, J. L. Davis, K. E. Olin, and A. K. Dunn, “Low-cost laser speckle contrast imaging of blood flow using a webcam,” Biomed. Opt. Express 4(10), 2269–2283 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

E. L. Towle, L. M. Richards, S. M. S. Kazmi, D. J. Fox, and A. K. Dunn, “Comparison of indocyanine green angiography and laser speckle contrast imaging for the assessment of vasculature perfusion,” Neurosurgery 71(5), 1023–1031 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kennedy, R. H.

S. Nachiappan, A. Askari, A. Currie, R. H. Kennedy, and O. Faiz, “Intraoperative assessment of colorectal anastomotic integrity: a systematic review,” Surg. Endosc. 28(9), 2513–2530 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Khalilzada, M.

R. Bezemer, E. Klijn, M. Khalilzada, A. Lima, M. Heger, J. van Bommel, and C. Ince, “Validation of near-infrared laser speckle imaging for assessing microvascular (re)perfusion,” Microvasc. Res. 79(2), 139–143 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kirkpatrick, S. J.

D. Briers, D. D. Duncan, E. Hirst, S. J. Kirkpatrick, M. Larsson, W. Steenbergen, T. Stromberg, and O. B. Thompson, “Laser speckle contrast imaging: theoretical and practical limitations,” J. Biomed. Opt. 18(6), 066018 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Klijn, E.

R. Bezemer, E. Klijn, M. Khalilzada, A. Lima, M. Heger, J. van Bommel, and C. Ince, “Validation of near-infrared laser speckle imaging for assessing microvascular (re)perfusion,” Microvasc. Res. 79(2), 139–143 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

E. Klijn, S. Niehof, J. de Jonge, D. Gommers, C. Ince, and J. van Bommel, “The effect of perfusion pressure on gastric tissue blood flow in an experimental gastric tube model,” Anesth. Analg. 110(2), 541–546 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. Bezemer, A. Lima, D. Myers, E. Klijn, M. Heger, P. T. Goedhart, J. Bakker, and C. Ince, “Assessment of tissue oxygen saturation during a vascular occlusion test using near-infrared spectroscopy: the role of probe spacing and measurement site studied in healthy volunteers,” Crit. Care 13(Suppl 5), S4 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kologlu, M.

M. Kologlu, K. Yorganci, N. Renda, and I. Sayek, “Effect of local and remote ischemia-reperfusion injury on healing of colonic anastomoses,” Surgery 128(1), 99–104 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kort, W. J.

A. C. van der Ham, W. J. Kort, I. M. Weijma, H. F. van den Ingh, and H. Jeekel, “Healing of ischemic colonic anastomosis,” Dis. Colon Rectum 35(9), 884–891 (1992).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Krukowski, Z. H.

J. Bruce, Z. H. Krukowski, G. Al-Khairy, E. M. Russell, and K. G. Park, “Systematic review of the definition and measurement of anastomotic leak after gastrointestinal surgery,” Br. J. Surg. 88(9), 1157–1168 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kudszus, S.

S. Kudszus, C. Roesel, A. Schachtrupp, and J. J. Höer, “Intraoperative laser fluorescence angiography in colorectal surgery: a noninvasive analysis to reduce the rate of anastomotic leakage,” Langenbecks Arch. Surg. 395(8), 1025–1030 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Larsson, M.

D. Briers, D. D. Duncan, E. Hirst, S. J. Kirkpatrick, M. Larsson, W. Steenbergen, T. Stromberg, and O. B. Thompson, “Laser speckle contrast imaging: theoretical and practical limitations,” J. Biomed. Opt. 18(6), 066018 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Leahy, M. J.

J. O’Doherty, P. McNamara, N. T. Clancy, J. G. Enfield, and M. J. Leahy, “Comparison of instruments for investigation of microcirculatory blood flow and red blood cell concentration,” J. Biomed. Opt. 14(3), 034025 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lee, K. H.

M. D. Jafari, K. H. Lee, W. J. Halabi, S. D. Mills, J. C. Carmichael, M. J. Stamos, and A. Pigazzi, “The use of indocyanine green fluorescence to assess anastomotic perfusion during robotic assisted laparoscopic rectal surgery,” Surg. Endosc. 27(8), 3003–3008 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Li, C. H.

C. H. Li, H. D. Wang, J. J. Hu, X. L. Ge, K. Pan, A. Q. Zhang, and J. H. Dong, “The monitoring of microvascular liver blood flow changes during ischemia and reperfusion using laser speckle contrast imaging,” Microvasc. Res. 94, 28–35 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lima, A.

R. Bezemer, E. Klijn, M. Khalilzada, A. Lima, M. Heger, J. van Bommel, and C. Ince, “Validation of near-infrared laser speckle imaging for assessing microvascular (re)perfusion,” Microvasc. Res. 79(2), 139–143 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. Bezemer, A. Lima, D. Myers, E. Klijn, M. Heger, P. T. Goedhart, J. Bakker, and C. Ince, “Assessment of tissue oxygen saturation during a vascular occlusion test using near-infrared spectroscopy: the role of probe spacing and measurement site studied in healthy volunteers,” Crit. Care 13(Suppl 5), S4 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Maas, A. M.

C. Sturesson, D. M. J. Milstein, I. C. J. H. Post, A. M. Maas, and T. M. van Gulik, “Laser speckle contrast imaging for assessment of liver microcirculation,” Microvasc. Res. 87, 34–40 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Manifold, D.

N. H. Boyle, D. Manifold, M. H. Jordan, and R. C. Mason, “Intraoperative assessment of colonic perfusion using scanning laser Doppler flowmetry during colonic resection,” J. Am. Coll. Surg. 191(5), 504–510 (2000).
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Mason, R. C.

N. H. Boyle, D. Manifold, M. H. Jordan, and R. C. Mason, “Intraoperative assessment of colonic perfusion using scanning laser Doppler flowmetry during colonic resection,” J. Am. Coll. Surg. 191(5), 504–510 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Mathey, P.

P. Ambrosetti, J. Robert, P. Mathey, and A. Rohner, “Left-sided colon and colorectal anastomoses: Doppler ultrasound as an aid to assess bowel vascularization,” Int. J. Colorectal Dis. 9(4), 211–214 (1994).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Maurer, C.

M. K. Schilling, C. Redaelli, C. Maurer, H. Friess, and M. W. Büchler, “Gastric microcirculatory changes during gastric tube formation: assessment with laser Doppler flowmetry,” J. Surg. Res. 62(1), 125–129 (1996).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

McNamara, P.

J. O’Doherty, P. McNamara, N. T. Clancy, J. G. Enfield, and M. J. Leahy, “Comparison of instruments for investigation of microcirculatory blood flow and red blood cell concentration,” J. Biomed. Opt. 14(3), 034025 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Midura, E. F.

E. F. Midura, D. Hanseman, B. R. Davis, S. J. Atkinson, D. E. Abbott, S. A. Shah, and I. M. Paquette, “Risk factors and consequences of anastomotic leak after colectomy: a national analysis,” Dis. Colon Rectum 58(3), 333–338 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Mills, S. D.

M. D. Jafari, K. H. Lee, W. J. Halabi, S. D. Mills, J. C. Carmichael, M. J. Stamos, and A. Pigazzi, “The use of indocyanine green fluorescence to assess anastomotic perfusion during robotic assisted laparoscopic rectal surgery,” Surg. Endosc. 27(8), 3003–3008 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Milstein, D. M. J.

D. M. J. Milstein, C. Ince, S. S. Gisbertz, K. B. Boateng, B. F. Geerts, M. W. Hollmann, M. I. van Berge Henegouwen, and D. P. Veelo, “Laser speckle contrast imaging identifies ischemic areas on gastric tube reconstructions following esophagectomy,” Medicine (Baltimore) 95(25), e3875 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Sturesson, D. M. J. Milstein, I. C. J. H. Post, A. M. Maas, and T. M. van Gulik, “Laser speckle contrast imaging for assessment of liver microcirculation,” Microvasc. Res. 87, 34–40 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Morel, P.

N. C. Buchs, P. Gervaz, M. Secic, P. Bucher, B. Mugnier-Konrad, and P. Morel, “Incidence, consequences, and risk factors for anastomotic dehiscence after colorectal surgery: a prospective monocentric study,” Int. J. Colorectal Dis. 23(3), 265–270 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Moskowitz, M. A.

A. K. Dunn, H. Bolay, M. A. Moskowitz, and D. A. Boas, “Dynamic imaging of cerebral blood flow using laser speckle,” J. Cereb. Blood Flow Metab. 21(3), 195–201 (2001).
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Mugnier-Konrad, B.

N. C. Buchs, P. Gervaz, M. Secic, P. Bucher, B. Mugnier-Konrad, and P. Morel, “Incidence, consequences, and risk factors for anastomotic dehiscence after colorectal surgery: a prospective monocentric study,” Int. J. Colorectal Dis. 23(3), 265–270 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Mulier, K. E.

D. E. Skarda, K. E. Mulier, D. E. Myers, J. H. Taylor, and G. J. Beilman, “Dynamic near-infrared spectroscopy measurements in patients with severe sepsis,” Shock 27(4), 348–353 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Myers, D.

R. Bezemer, A. Lima, D. Myers, E. Klijn, M. Heger, P. T. Goedhart, J. Bakker, and C. Ince, “Assessment of tissue oxygen saturation during a vascular occlusion test using near-infrared spectroscopy: the role of probe spacing and measurement site studied in healthy volunteers,” Crit. Care 13(Suppl 5), S4 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Myers, D. E.

D. E. Skarda, K. E. Mulier, D. E. Myers, J. H. Taylor, and G. J. Beilman, “Dynamic near-infrared spectroscopy measurements in patients with severe sepsis,” Shock 27(4), 348–353 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nachiappan, S.

S. Nachiappan, A. Askari, A. Currie, R. H. Kennedy, and O. Faiz, “Intraoperative assessment of colorectal anastomotic integrity: a systematic review,” Surg. Endosc. 28(9), 2513–2530 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nadort, A.

A. Nadort, K. Kalkman, T. G. van Leeuwen, and D. J. Faber, “Quantitative blood flow velocity imaging using laser speckle flowmetry,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 25258 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Niehof, S.

E. Klijn, S. Niehof, J. de Jonge, D. Gommers, C. Ince, and J. van Bommel, “The effect of perfusion pressure on gastric tissue blood flow in an experimental gastric tube model,” Anesth. Analg. 110(2), 541–546 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

O’Doherty, J.

J. O’Doherty, P. McNamara, N. T. Clancy, J. G. Enfield, and M. J. Leahy, “Comparison of instruments for investigation of microcirculatory blood flow and red blood cell concentration,” J. Biomed. Opt. 14(3), 034025 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Obeid, A. N.

A. N. Obeid, D. M. Boggett, N. J. Barnett, G. Dougherty, and P. Rolfe, “Depth discrimination in laser Doppler skin blood flow measurement using different lasers,” Med. Biol. Eng. Comput. 26(4), 415–424 (1988).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Olin, K. E.

Pam, N.

P. Avci, A. Gupta, M. Sadasivam, D. Vecchio, Z. Pam, N. Pam, and M. R. Hamblin, “Low-level laser (light) therapy (LLLT) in skin: stimulating, healing, restoring,” Semin. Cutan. Med. Surg. 32(1), 41–52 (2013).
[PubMed]

Pam, Z.

P. Avci, A. Gupta, M. Sadasivam, D. Vecchio, Z. Pam, N. Pam, and M. R. Hamblin, “Low-level laser (light) therapy (LLLT) in skin: stimulating, healing, restoring,” Semin. Cutan. Med. Surg. 32(1), 41–52 (2013).
[PubMed]

Pan, K.

C. H. Li, H. D. Wang, J. J. Hu, X. L. Ge, K. Pan, A. Q. Zhang, and J. H. Dong, “The monitoring of microvascular liver blood flow changes during ischemia and reperfusion using laser speckle contrast imaging,” Microvasc. Res. 94, 28–35 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Paquette, I. M.

E. F. Midura, D. Hanseman, B. R. Davis, S. J. Atkinson, D. E. Abbott, S. A. Shah, and I. M. Paquette, “Risk factors and consequences of anastomotic leak after colectomy: a national analysis,” Dis. Colon Rectum 58(3), 333–338 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Park, K. G.

J. Bruce, Z. H. Krukowski, G. Al-Khairy, E. M. Russell, and K. G. Park, “Systematic review of the definition and measurement of anastomotic leak after gastrointestinal surgery,” Br. J. Surg. 88(9), 1157–1168 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

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J. G. Garcia, F. J. Criado, M. A. Persona, and A. G. Alonso, “Healing of colonic ischemic anastomoses in the rat,” Dis. Colon Rectum 41(7), 892–895 (1998).
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Pigazzi, A.

M. D. Jafari, K. H. Lee, W. J. Halabi, S. D. Mills, J. C. Carmichael, M. J. Stamos, and A. Pigazzi, “The use of indocyanine green fluorescence to assess anastomotic perfusion during robotic assisted laparoscopic rectal surgery,” Surg. Endosc. 27(8), 3003–3008 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Plukker, J. T. M.

A. Karliczek, D. A. Benaron, P. C. Baas, C. J. Zeebregts, A. van der Stoel, T. Wiggers, J. T. M. Plukker, and G. M. van Dam, “Intraoperative assessment of microperfusion with visible light spectroscopy in esophageal and colorectal anastomoses,” Eur. Surg. Res. 41(3), 303–311 (2008).
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Pommergaard, H. C.

H. C. Pommergaard, M. P. Achiam, J. Burcharth, and J. Rosenberg, “Impaired blood supply in the colonic anastomosis in mice compromises healing,” Int. Surg. 100(1), 70–76 (2015).
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Posma, L. A. E.

L. A. E. Posma, R. P. Bleichrodt, H. van Goor, and T. Hendriks, “Transient profound mesenteric ischemia strongly affects the strength of intestinal anastomoses in the rat,” Dis. Colon Rectum 50(7), 1070–1079 (2007).
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Post, I. C. J. H.

C. Sturesson, D. M. J. Milstein, I. C. J. H. Post, A. M. Maas, and T. M. van Gulik, “Laser speckle contrast imaging for assessment of liver microcirculation,” Microvasc. Res. 87, 34–40 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Redaelli, C.

M. K. Schilling, C. Redaelli, C. Maurer, H. Friess, and M. W. Büchler, “Gastric microcirculatory changes during gastric tube formation: assessment with laser Doppler flowmetry,” J. Surg. Res. 62(1), 125–129 (1996).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Renda, N.

M. Kologlu, K. Yorganci, N. Renda, and I. Sayek, “Effect of local and remote ischemia-reperfusion injury on healing of colonic anastomoses,” Surgery 128(1), 99–104 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Richards, L. M.

L. M. Richards, S. M. S. Kazmi, J. L. Davis, K. E. Olin, and A. K. Dunn, “Low-cost laser speckle contrast imaging of blood flow using a webcam,” Biomed. Opt. Express 4(10), 2269–2283 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

E. L. Towle, L. M. Richards, S. M. S. Kazmi, D. J. Fox, and A. K. Dunn, “Comparison of indocyanine green angiography and laser speckle contrast imaging for the assessment of vasculature perfusion,” Neurosurgery 71(5), 1023–1031 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Robert, J.

P. Ambrosetti, J. Robert, P. Mathey, and A. Rohner, “Left-sided colon and colorectal anastomoses: Doppler ultrasound as an aid to assess bowel vascularization,” Int. J. Colorectal Dis. 9(4), 211–214 (1994).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Roesel, C.

S. Kudszus, C. Roesel, A. Schachtrupp, and J. J. Höer, “Intraoperative laser fluorescence angiography in colorectal surgery: a noninvasive analysis to reduce the rate of anastomotic leakage,” Langenbecks Arch. Surg. 395(8), 1025–1030 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Rohner, A.

P. Ambrosetti, J. Robert, P. Mathey, and A. Rohner, “Left-sided colon and colorectal anastomoses: Doppler ultrasound as an aid to assess bowel vascularization,” Int. J. Colorectal Dis. 9(4), 211–214 (1994).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Rolfe, P.

A. N. Obeid, D. M. Boggett, N. J. Barnett, G. Dougherty, and P. Rolfe, “Depth discrimination in laser Doppler skin blood flow measurement using different lasers,” Med. Biol. Eng. Comput. 26(4), 415–424 (1988).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Rosenberg, J.

H. C. Pommergaard, M. P. Achiam, J. Burcharth, and J. Rosenberg, “Impaired blood supply in the colonic anastomosis in mice compromises healing,” Int. Surg. 100(1), 70–76 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Rünitz, K.

R. Ambrus, M. P. Achiam, N. H. Secher, M. B. S. Svendsen, K. Rünitz, M. Siemsen, and L. B. Svendsen, “Evaluation of Gastric Microcirculation by Laser Speckle Contrast Imaging During Esophagectomy,” J. Am. Coll. Surg. 225(3), 395–402 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Russell, E. M.

J. Bruce, Z. H. Krukowski, G. Al-Khairy, E. M. Russell, and K. G. Park, “Systematic review of the definition and measurement of anastomotic leak after gastrointestinal surgery,” Br. J. Surg. 88(9), 1157–1168 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sadasivam, M.

P. Avci, A. Gupta, M. Sadasivam, D. Vecchio, Z. Pam, N. Pam, and M. R. Hamblin, “Low-level laser (light) therapy (LLLT) in skin: stimulating, healing, restoring,” Semin. Cutan. Med. Surg. 32(1), 41–52 (2013).
[PubMed]

Sayek, I.

M. Kologlu, K. Yorganci, N. Renda, and I. Sayek, “Effect of local and remote ischemia-reperfusion injury on healing of colonic anastomoses,” Surgery 128(1), 99–104 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Schachtrupp, A.

S. Kudszus, C. Roesel, A. Schachtrupp, and J. J. Höer, “Intraoperative laser fluorescence angiography in colorectal surgery: a noninvasive analysis to reduce the rate of anastomotic leakage,” Langenbecks Arch. Surg. 395(8), 1025–1030 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Schilling, M. K.

M. K. Schilling, C. Redaelli, C. Maurer, H. Friess, and M. W. Büchler, “Gastric microcirculatory changes during gastric tube formation: assessment with laser Doppler flowmetry,” J. Surg. Res. 62(1), 125–129 (1996).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Schmidt, G. A.

K. C. Doerschug, A. S. Delsing, G. A. Schmidt, and W. G. Haynes, “Impairments in microvascular reactivity are related to organ failure in human sepsis,” Am. J. Physiol. Heart Circ. Physiol. 293(2), H1065–H1071 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Schols, R. M.

J. van den Bos, M. Al-Taher, R. M. Schols, S. van Kuijk, N. D. Bouvy, and L. P. S. Stassen, “Near-Infrared Fluorescence Imaging for Real-Time Intraoperative Guidance in Anastomotic Colorectal Surgery: A Systematic Review of Literature,” J. Laparoendosc. Adv. Surg. Tech. A 28(2), 157–167 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Secher, N. H.

R. Ambrus, M. P. Achiam, N. H. Secher, M. B. S. Svendsen, K. Rünitz, M. Siemsen, and L. B. Svendsen, “Evaluation of Gastric Microcirculation by Laser Speckle Contrast Imaging During Esophagectomy,” J. Am. Coll. Surg. 225(3), 395–402 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Secic, M.

N. C. Buchs, P. Gervaz, M. Secic, P. Bucher, B. Mugnier-Konrad, and P. Morel, “Incidence, consequences, and risk factors for anastomotic dehiscence after colorectal surgery: a prospective monocentric study,” Int. J. Colorectal Dis. 23(3), 265–270 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Segal, S. S.

P. Bagher and S. S. Segal, “Regulation of blood flow in the microcirculation: role of conducted vasodilation,” Acta Physiol. (Oxf.) 202(3), 271–284 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Shah, S. A.

E. F. Midura, D. Hanseman, B. R. Davis, S. J. Atkinson, D. E. Abbott, S. A. Shah, and I. M. Paquette, “Risk factors and consequences of anastomotic leak after colectomy: a national analysis,” Dis. Colon Rectum 58(3), 333–338 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Siemsen, M.

R. Ambrus, M. P. Achiam, N. H. Secher, M. B. S. Svendsen, K. Rünitz, M. Siemsen, and L. B. Svendsen, “Evaluation of Gastric Microcirculation by Laser Speckle Contrast Imaging During Esophagectomy,” J. Am. Coll. Surg. 225(3), 395–402 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Skarda, D. E.

D. E. Skarda, K. E. Mulier, D. E. Myers, J. H. Taylor, and G. J. Beilman, “Dynamic near-infrared spectroscopy measurements in patients with severe sepsis,” Shock 27(4), 348–353 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Søndergaard Svendsen, M. B.

R. Ambrus, R. B. Strandby, L. B. Svendsen, M. P. Achiam, J. F. Steffensen, and M. B. Søndergaard Svendsen, “Laser Speckle Contrast Imaging for Monitoring Changes in Microvascular Blood Flow,” Eur. Surg. Res. 56(3-4), 87–96 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Stamos, M. J.

M. D. Jafari, K. H. Lee, W. J. Halabi, S. D. Mills, J. C. Carmichael, M. J. Stamos, and A. Pigazzi, “The use of indocyanine green fluorescence to assess anastomotic perfusion during robotic assisted laparoscopic rectal surgery,” Surg. Endosc. 27(8), 3003–3008 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Stassen, L. P. S.

J. van den Bos, M. Al-Taher, R. M. Schols, S. van Kuijk, N. D. Bouvy, and L. P. S. Stassen, “Near-Infrared Fluorescence Imaging for Real-Time Intraoperative Guidance in Anastomotic Colorectal Surgery: A Systematic Review of Literature,” J. Laparoendosc. Adv. Surg. Tech. A 28(2), 157–167 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Steenbergen, W.

D. Briers, D. D. Duncan, E. Hirst, S. J. Kirkpatrick, M. Larsson, W. Steenbergen, T. Stromberg, and O. B. Thompson, “Laser speckle contrast imaging: theoretical and practical limitations,” J. Biomed. Opt. 18(6), 066018 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Steffensen, J. F.

R. Ambrus, R. B. Strandby, L. B. Svendsen, M. P. Achiam, J. F. Steffensen, and M. B. Søndergaard Svendsen, “Laser Speckle Contrast Imaging for Monitoring Changes in Microvascular Blood Flow,” Eur. Surg. Res. 56(3-4), 87–96 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Strandby, R. B.

R. Ambrus, R. B. Strandby, L. B. Svendsen, M. P. Achiam, J. F. Steffensen, and M. B. Søndergaard Svendsen, “Laser Speckle Contrast Imaging for Monitoring Changes in Microvascular Blood Flow,” Eur. Surg. Res. 56(3-4), 87–96 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Stromberg, T.

D. Briers, D. D. Duncan, E. Hirst, S. J. Kirkpatrick, M. Larsson, W. Steenbergen, T. Stromberg, and O. B. Thompson, “Laser speckle contrast imaging: theoretical and practical limitations,” J. Biomed. Opt. 18(6), 066018 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sturesson, C.

C. Sturesson, D. M. J. Milstein, I. C. J. H. Post, A. M. Maas, and T. M. van Gulik, “Laser speckle contrast imaging for assessment of liver microcirculation,” Microvasc. Res. 87, 34–40 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Svendsen, L. B.

R. Ambrus, M. P. Achiam, N. H. Secher, M. B. S. Svendsen, K. Rünitz, M. Siemsen, and L. B. Svendsen, “Evaluation of Gastric Microcirculation by Laser Speckle Contrast Imaging During Esophagectomy,” J. Am. Coll. Surg. 225(3), 395–402 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. Ambrus, R. B. Strandby, L. B. Svendsen, M. P. Achiam, J. F. Steffensen, and M. B. Søndergaard Svendsen, “Laser Speckle Contrast Imaging for Monitoring Changes in Microvascular Blood Flow,” Eur. Surg. Res. 56(3-4), 87–96 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Svendsen, M. B. S.

R. Ambrus, M. P. Achiam, N. H. Secher, M. B. S. Svendsen, K. Rünitz, M. Siemsen, and L. B. Svendsen, “Evaluation of Gastric Microcirculation by Laser Speckle Contrast Imaging During Esophagectomy,” J. Am. Coll. Surg. 225(3), 395–402 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Taylor, J. H.

D. E. Skarda, K. E. Mulier, D. E. Myers, J. H. Taylor, and G. J. Beilman, “Dynamic near-infrared spectroscopy measurements in patients with severe sepsis,” Shock 27(4), 348–353 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Thompson, O. B.

D. Briers, D. D. Duncan, E. Hirst, S. J. Kirkpatrick, M. Larsson, W. Steenbergen, T. Stromberg, and O. B. Thompson, “Laser speckle contrast imaging: theoretical and practical limitations,” J. Biomed. Opt. 18(6), 066018 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Togawa, T.

M. Hassan and T. Togawa, “Observation of skin thermal inertia distribution during reactive hyperaemia using a single-hood measurement system,” Physiol. Meas. 22(1), 187–200 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Towle, E. L.

E. L. Towle, L. M. Richards, S. M. S. Kazmi, D. J. Fox, and A. K. Dunn, “Comparison of indocyanine green angiography and laser speckle contrast imaging for the assessment of vasculature perfusion,” Neurosurgery 71(5), 1023–1031 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

van Berge Henegouwen, M. I.

D. M. J. Milstein, C. Ince, S. S. Gisbertz, K. B. Boateng, B. F. Geerts, M. W. Hollmann, M. I. van Berge Henegouwen, and D. P. Veelo, “Laser speckle contrast imaging identifies ischemic areas on gastric tube reconstructions following esophagectomy,” Medicine (Baltimore) 95(25), e3875 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

van Bommel, J.

E. Klijn, S. Niehof, J. de Jonge, D. Gommers, C. Ince, and J. van Bommel, “The effect of perfusion pressure on gastric tissue blood flow in an experimental gastric tube model,” Anesth. Analg. 110(2), 541–546 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. Bezemer, E. Klijn, M. Khalilzada, A. Lima, M. Heger, J. van Bommel, and C. Ince, “Validation of near-infrared laser speckle imaging for assessing microvascular (re)perfusion,” Microvasc. Res. 79(2), 139–143 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

van Dam, G. M.

A. Karliczek, N. J. Harlaar, C. J. Zeebregts, T. Wiggers, P. C. Baas, and G. M. van Dam, “Surgeons lack predictive accuracy for anastomotic leakage in gastrointestinal surgery,” Int. J. Colorectal Dis. 24(5), 569–576 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Karliczek, D. A. Benaron, C. J. Zeebregts, T. Wiggers, and G. M. van Dam, “Intraoperative ischemia of the distal end of colon anastomoses as detected with visible light spectroscopy causes reduction of anastomotic strength,” J. Surg. Res. 152(2), 288–295 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Karliczek, D. A. Benaron, P. C. Baas, C. J. Zeebregts, A. van der Stoel, T. Wiggers, J. T. M. Plukker, and G. M. van Dam, “Intraoperative assessment of microperfusion with visible light spectroscopy in esophageal and colorectal anastomoses,” Eur. Surg. Res. 41(3), 303–311 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

van den Bos, J.

J. van den Bos, M. Al-Taher, R. M. Schols, S. van Kuijk, N. D. Bouvy, and L. P. S. Stassen, “Near-Infrared Fluorescence Imaging for Real-Time Intraoperative Guidance in Anastomotic Colorectal Surgery: A Systematic Review of Literature,” J. Laparoendosc. Adv. Surg. Tech. A 28(2), 157–167 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

van den Ingh, H. F.

A. C. van der Ham, W. J. Kort, I. M. Weijma, H. F. van den Ingh, and H. Jeekel, “Healing of ischemic colonic anastomosis,” Dis. Colon Rectum 35(9), 884–891 (1992).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

van der Ham, A. C.

A. C. van der Ham, W. J. Kort, I. M. Weijma, H. F. van den Ingh, and H. Jeekel, “Healing of ischemic colonic anastomosis,” Dis. Colon Rectum 35(9), 884–891 (1992).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

van der Stoel, A.

A. Karliczek, D. A. Benaron, P. C. Baas, C. J. Zeebregts, A. van der Stoel, T. Wiggers, J. T. M. Plukker, and G. M. van Dam, “Intraoperative assessment of microperfusion with visible light spectroscopy in esophageal and colorectal anastomoses,” Eur. Surg. Res. 41(3), 303–311 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

van Goor, H.

L. A. E. Posma, R. P. Bleichrodt, H. van Goor, and T. Hendriks, “Transient profound mesenteric ischemia strongly affects the strength of intestinal anastomoses in the rat,” Dis. Colon Rectum 50(7), 1070–1079 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

van Gulik, T. M.

C. Sturesson, D. M. J. Milstein, I. C. J. H. Post, A. M. Maas, and T. M. van Gulik, “Laser speckle contrast imaging for assessment of liver microcirculation,” Microvasc. Res. 87, 34–40 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

van Kuijk, S.

J. van den Bos, M. Al-Taher, R. M. Schols, S. van Kuijk, N. D. Bouvy, and L. P. S. Stassen, “Near-Infrared Fluorescence Imaging for Real-Time Intraoperative Guidance in Anastomotic Colorectal Surgery: A Systematic Review of Literature,” J. Laparoendosc. Adv. Surg. Tech. A 28(2), 157–167 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

van Leeuwen, T. G.

A. Nadort, K. Kalkman, T. G. van Leeuwen, and D. J. Faber, “Quantitative blood flow velocity imaging using laser speckle flowmetry,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 25258 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Vecchio, D.

P. Avci, A. Gupta, M. Sadasivam, D. Vecchio, Z. Pam, N. Pam, and M. R. Hamblin, “Low-level laser (light) therapy (LLLT) in skin: stimulating, healing, restoring,” Semin. Cutan. Med. Surg. 32(1), 41–52 (2013).
[PubMed]

Veelo, D. P.

D. M. J. Milstein, C. Ince, S. S. Gisbertz, K. B. Boateng, B. F. Geerts, M. W. Hollmann, M. I. van Berge Henegouwen, and D. P. Veelo, “Laser speckle contrast imaging identifies ischemic areas on gastric tube reconstructions following esophagectomy,” Medicine (Baltimore) 95(25), e3875 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wai Lau, L.

Wang, H. D.

C. H. Li, H. D. Wang, J. J. Hu, X. L. Ge, K. Pan, A. Q. Zhang, and J. H. Dong, “The monitoring of microvascular liver blood flow changes during ischemia and reperfusion using laser speckle contrast imaging,” Microvasc. Res. 94, 28–35 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Weijma, I. M.

A. C. van der Ham, W. J. Kort, I. M. Weijma, H. F. van den Ingh, and H. Jeekel, “Healing of ischemic colonic anastomosis,” Dis. Colon Rectum 35(9), 884–891 (1992).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wiggers, T.

A. Karliczek, D. A. Benaron, C. J. Zeebregts, T. Wiggers, and G. M. van Dam, “Intraoperative ischemia of the distal end of colon anastomoses as detected with visible light spectroscopy causes reduction of anastomotic strength,” J. Surg. Res. 152(2), 288–295 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Karliczek, N. J. Harlaar, C. J. Zeebregts, T. Wiggers, P. C. Baas, and G. M. van Dam, “Surgeons lack predictive accuracy for anastomotic leakage in gastrointestinal surgery,” Int. J. Colorectal Dis. 24(5), 569–576 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Karliczek, D. A. Benaron, P. C. Baas, C. J. Zeebregts, A. van der Stoel, T. Wiggers, J. T. M. Plukker, and G. M. van Dam, “Intraoperative assessment of microperfusion with visible light spectroscopy in esophageal and colorectal anastomoses,” Eur. Surg. Res. 41(3), 303–311 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yorganci, K.

M. Kologlu, K. Yorganci, N. Renda, and I. Sayek, “Effect of local and remote ischemia-reperfusion injury on healing of colonic anastomoses,” Surgery 128(1), 99–104 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zeebregts, C. J.

A. Karliczek, N. J. Harlaar, C. J. Zeebregts, T. Wiggers, P. C. Baas, and G. M. van Dam, “Surgeons lack predictive accuracy for anastomotic leakage in gastrointestinal surgery,” Int. J. Colorectal Dis. 24(5), 569–576 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Karliczek, D. A. Benaron, C. J. Zeebregts, T. Wiggers, and G. M. van Dam, “Intraoperative ischemia of the distal end of colon anastomoses as detected with visible light spectroscopy causes reduction of anastomotic strength,” J. Surg. Res. 152(2), 288–295 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Karliczek, D. A. Benaron, P. C. Baas, C. J. Zeebregts, A. van der Stoel, T. Wiggers, J. T. M. Plukker, and G. M. van Dam, “Intraoperative assessment of microperfusion with visible light spectroscopy in esophageal and colorectal anastomoses,” Eur. Surg. Res. 41(3), 303–311 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhang, A. Q.

C. H. Li, H. D. Wang, J. J. Hu, X. L. Ge, K. Pan, A. Q. Zhang, and J. H. Dong, “The monitoring of microvascular liver blood flow changes during ischemia and reperfusion using laser speckle contrast imaging,” Microvasc. Res. 94, 28–35 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zheng, C.

Acta Physiol. (Oxf.) (1)

P. Bagher and S. S. Segal, “Regulation of blood flow in the microcirculation: role of conducted vasodilation,” Acta Physiol. (Oxf.) 202(3), 271–284 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Am. J. Physiol. Heart Circ. Physiol. (1)

K. C. Doerschug, A. S. Delsing, G. A. Schmidt, and W. G. Haynes, “Impairments in microvascular reactivity are related to organ failure in human sepsis,” Am. J. Physiol. Heart Circ. Physiol. 293(2), H1065–H1071 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Anesth. Analg. (1)

E. Klijn, S. Niehof, J. de Jonge, D. Gommers, C. Ince, and J. van Bommel, “The effect of perfusion pressure on gastric tissue blood flow in an experimental gastric tube model,” Anesth. Analg. 110(2), 541–546 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Biomed. Opt. Express (2)

Br. J. Surg. (1)

J. Bruce, Z. H. Krukowski, G. Al-Khairy, E. M. Russell, and K. G. Park, “Systematic review of the definition and measurement of anastomotic leak after gastrointestinal surgery,” Br. J. Surg. 88(9), 1157–1168 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Crit. Care (1)

R. Bezemer, A. Lima, D. Myers, E. Klijn, M. Heger, P. T. Goedhart, J. Bakker, and C. Ince, “Assessment of tissue oxygen saturation during a vascular occlusion test using near-infrared spectroscopy: the role of probe spacing and measurement site studied in healthy volunteers,” Crit. Care 13(Suppl 5), S4 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Dis. Colon Rectum (4)

E. F. Midura, D. Hanseman, B. R. Davis, S. J. Atkinson, D. E. Abbott, S. A. Shah, and I. M. Paquette, “Risk factors and consequences of anastomotic leak after colectomy: a national analysis,” Dis. Colon Rectum 58(3), 333–338 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. A. E. Posma, R. P. Bleichrodt, H. van Goor, and T. Hendriks, “Transient profound mesenteric ischemia strongly affects the strength of intestinal anastomoses in the rat,” Dis. Colon Rectum 50(7), 1070–1079 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. G. Garcia, F. J. Criado, M. A. Persona, and A. G. Alonso, “Healing of colonic ischemic anastomoses in the rat,” Dis. Colon Rectum 41(7), 892–895 (1998).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. C. van der Ham, W. J. Kort, I. M. Weijma, H. F. van den Ingh, and H. Jeekel, “Healing of ischemic colonic anastomosis,” Dis. Colon Rectum 35(9), 884–891 (1992).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Eur. Surg. Res. (2)

A. Karliczek, D. A. Benaron, P. C. Baas, C. J. Zeebregts, A. van der Stoel, T. Wiggers, J. T. M. Plukker, and G. M. van Dam, “Intraoperative assessment of microperfusion with visible light spectroscopy in esophageal and colorectal anastomoses,” Eur. Surg. Res. 41(3), 303–311 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. Ambrus, R. B. Strandby, L. B. Svendsen, M. P. Achiam, J. F. Steffensen, and M. B. Søndergaard Svendsen, “Laser Speckle Contrast Imaging for Monitoring Changes in Microvascular Blood Flow,” Eur. Surg. Res. 56(3-4), 87–96 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Int. J. Colorectal Dis. (3)

N. C. Buchs, P. Gervaz, M. Secic, P. Bucher, B. Mugnier-Konrad, and P. Morel, “Incidence, consequences, and risk factors for anastomotic dehiscence after colorectal surgery: a prospective monocentric study,” Int. J. Colorectal Dis. 23(3), 265–270 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. Ambrosetti, J. Robert, P. Mathey, and A. Rohner, “Left-sided colon and colorectal anastomoses: Doppler ultrasound as an aid to assess bowel vascularization,” Int. J. Colorectal Dis. 9(4), 211–214 (1994).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Karliczek, N. J. Harlaar, C. J. Zeebregts, T. Wiggers, P. C. Baas, and G. M. van Dam, “Surgeons lack predictive accuracy for anastomotic leakage in gastrointestinal surgery,” Int. J. Colorectal Dis. 24(5), 569–576 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Int. Surg. (1)

H. C. Pommergaard, M. P. Achiam, J. Burcharth, and J. Rosenberg, “Impaired blood supply in the colonic anastomosis in mice compromises healing,” Int. Surg. 100(1), 70–76 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Am. Coll. Surg. (2)

R. Ambrus, M. P. Achiam, N. H. Secher, M. B. S. Svendsen, K. Rünitz, M. Siemsen, and L. B. Svendsen, “Evaluation of Gastric Microcirculation by Laser Speckle Contrast Imaging During Esophagectomy,” J. Am. Coll. Surg. 225(3), 395–402 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. H. Boyle, D. Manifold, M. H. Jordan, and R. C. Mason, “Intraoperative assessment of colonic perfusion using scanning laser Doppler flowmetry during colonic resection,” J. Am. Coll. Surg. 191(5), 504–510 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Biomed. Opt. (3)

D. A. Boas and A. K. Dunn, “Laser speckle contrast imaging in biomedical optics,” J. Biomed. Opt. 15(1), 011109 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Briers, D. D. Duncan, E. Hirst, S. J. Kirkpatrick, M. Larsson, W. Steenbergen, T. Stromberg, and O. B. Thompson, “Laser speckle contrast imaging: theoretical and practical limitations,” J. Biomed. Opt. 18(6), 066018 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. O’Doherty, P. McNamara, N. T. Clancy, J. G. Enfield, and M. J. Leahy, “Comparison of instruments for investigation of microcirculatory blood flow and red blood cell concentration,” J. Biomed. Opt. 14(3), 034025 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Cereb. Blood Flow Metab. (1)

A. K. Dunn, H. Bolay, M. A. Moskowitz, and D. A. Boas, “Dynamic imaging of cerebral blood flow using laser speckle,” J. Cereb. Blood Flow Metab. 21(3), 195–201 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Laparoendosc. Adv. Surg. Tech. A (1)

J. van den Bos, M. Al-Taher, R. M. Schols, S. van Kuijk, N. D. Bouvy, and L. P. S. Stassen, “Near-Infrared Fluorescence Imaging for Real-Time Intraoperative Guidance in Anastomotic Colorectal Surgery: A Systematic Review of Literature,” J. Laparoendosc. Adv. Surg. Tech. A 28(2), 157–167 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Surg. Res. (2)

A. Karliczek, D. A. Benaron, C. J. Zeebregts, T. Wiggers, and G. M. van Dam, “Intraoperative ischemia of the distal end of colon anastomoses as detected with visible light spectroscopy causes reduction of anastomotic strength,” J. Surg. Res. 152(2), 288–295 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. K. Schilling, C. Redaelli, C. Maurer, H. Friess, and M. W. Büchler, “Gastric microcirculatory changes during gastric tube formation: assessment with laser Doppler flowmetry,” J. Surg. Res. 62(1), 125–129 (1996).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Langenbecks Arch. Surg. (1)

S. Kudszus, C. Roesel, A. Schachtrupp, and J. J. Höer, “Intraoperative laser fluorescence angiography in colorectal surgery: a noninvasive analysis to reduce the rate of anastomotic leakage,” Langenbecks Arch. Surg. 395(8), 1025–1030 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Med. Biol. Eng. Comput. (1)

A. N. Obeid, D. M. Boggett, N. J. Barnett, G. Dougherty, and P. Rolfe, “Depth discrimination in laser Doppler skin blood flow measurement using different lasers,” Med. Biol. Eng. Comput. 26(4), 415–424 (1988).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Medicine (Baltimore) (1)

D. M. J. Milstein, C. Ince, S. S. Gisbertz, K. B. Boateng, B. F. Geerts, M. W. Hollmann, M. I. van Berge Henegouwen, and D. P. Veelo, “Laser speckle contrast imaging identifies ischemic areas on gastric tube reconstructions following esophagectomy,” Medicine (Baltimore) 95(25), e3875 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Microvasc. Res. (3)

C. Sturesson, D. M. J. Milstein, I. C. J. H. Post, A. M. Maas, and T. M. van Gulik, “Laser speckle contrast imaging for assessment of liver microcirculation,” Microvasc. Res. 87, 34–40 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. Bezemer, E. Klijn, M. Khalilzada, A. Lima, M. Heger, J. van Bommel, and C. Ince, “Validation of near-infrared laser speckle imaging for assessing microvascular (re)perfusion,” Microvasc. Res. 79(2), 139–143 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. H. Li, H. D. Wang, J. J. Hu, X. L. Ge, K. Pan, A. Q. Zhang, and J. H. Dong, “The monitoring of microvascular liver blood flow changes during ischemia and reperfusion using laser speckle contrast imaging,” Microvasc. Res. 94, 28–35 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Neurosurgery (1)

E. L. Towle, L. M. Richards, S. M. S. Kazmi, D. J. Fox, and A. K. Dunn, “Comparison of indocyanine green angiography and laser speckle contrast imaging for the assessment of vasculature perfusion,” Neurosurgery 71(5), 1023–1031 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Opt. Appl. (1)

J. David Briers, “Laser speckle contrast imaging for measuring blood flow,” Opt. Appl. 37(1–2), 139–152 (2007).

Physiol. Meas. (2)

J. D. Briers, “Laser Doppler, speckle and related techniques for blood perfusion mapping and imaging,” Physiol. Meas. 22(4), R35–R66 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Hassan and T. Togawa, “Observation of skin thermal inertia distribution during reactive hyperaemia using a single-hood measurement system,” Physiol. Meas. 22(1), 187–200 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sci. Rep. (1)

A. Nadort, K. Kalkman, T. G. van Leeuwen, and D. J. Faber, “Quantitative blood flow velocity imaging using laser speckle flowmetry,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 25258 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Semin. Cutan. Med. Surg. (1)

P. Avci, A. Gupta, M. Sadasivam, D. Vecchio, Z. Pam, N. Pam, and M. R. Hamblin, “Low-level laser (light) therapy (LLLT) in skin: stimulating, healing, restoring,” Semin. Cutan. Med. Surg. 32(1), 41–52 (2013).
[PubMed]

Shock (1)

D. E. Skarda, K. E. Mulier, D. E. Myers, J. H. Taylor, and G. J. Beilman, “Dynamic near-infrared spectroscopy measurements in patients with severe sepsis,” Shock 27(4), 348–353 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Surg. Endosc. (2)

M. D. Jafari, K. H. Lee, W. J. Halabi, S. D. Mills, J. C. Carmichael, M. J. Stamos, and A. Pigazzi, “The use of indocyanine green fluorescence to assess anastomotic perfusion during robotic assisted laparoscopic rectal surgery,” Surg. Endosc. 27(8), 3003–3008 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Nachiappan, A. Askari, A. Currie, R. H. Kennedy, and O. Faiz, “Intraoperative assessment of colorectal anastomotic integrity: a systematic review,” Surg. Endosc. 28(9), 2513–2530 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Surgery (1)

M. Kologlu, K. Yorganci, N. Renda, and I. Sayek, “Effect of local and remote ischemia-reperfusion injury on healing of colonic anastomoses,” Surgery 128(1), 99–104 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Endoscopic laser speckle contrast imaging (LSCI) system setup. a. As used during colon resections and b. as used for the nail fold experiment.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 a. The pseudo-color images of the vascular occlusion test on the colon. a1 and b1 show a color image of the large intestine with green and red laser light respectively. a2/b2-a6/b6 are perfusion maps of the region of interest found in a1 and b1. a2/b2 is during baseline, a3/b3 and a4/b4 are during occlusion, a5/b5 is during reperfusion and a6/b6 is during post occlusion. Red indicates high flow, blue indicates low flow. Black means over/under exposure. The brightness of b1 was increased for illustrative purposes. Also, the laser speckle contrast imaging values normalized on baseline as measured in the 150x150 pixel region of interest using c. a green laser (532nm, n = 9) and d. a red laser (680nm, n = 5) during the vascular occlusion test in the large intestines. Results are normalized using their own baseline level. *p<0.05 compared to baseline †p<0.05 compared to previous timepoint.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 An ischemia-reperfusion trace found with laser speckle contrast imaging analysis after a short occlusion of ± 7 seconds on the large intestine.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 The pseudo-color images of the vascular occlusion test on the nail fold. a1 and b1 show a color image of the finger with green and red laser light respectively. a2/b2-a6/b6 are perfusion maps of the region of interest found in a1 and b1 for the green and red laser respectively. a2b/2 is during baseline, a3/b3 and a4/b4 are during occlusion, a5/b5 is during reperfusion and a6/b6 is during post occlusion. Red indicates high flow, blue indicates low flow. Black means over/under exposure. The brightness of b1 was increased for illustrative purposes. Also, the laser speckle contrast imaging values normalized on baseline as measured in the 150x150 pixel region of interest using c. a green laser (532nm, n = 10) and d. a red laser (680nm, n = 10) during the vascular occlusion test in the large intestines. Results are normalized using their own baseline level. *p<0.05 compared to baseline †p<0.05 compared to previous timepoint.

Equations (1)

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L S C I = K = σ I .

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