Abstract

New diode-pumped solid state (DPSS) Er:YAG lasers have become available operating at high pulse repetition rates. These lasers are ideally suited for integration with laser scanning systems for the selective removal of dental decay and composite restorative materials from tooth surfaces. The purpose of this study was to determine if a DPSS Er:YAG laser system is suitable for the selective removal of composite from tooth surfaces. Relative ablation rates of composite and enamel were determined and composite was removed from tooth surfaces using a DPSS Er:YAG laser. Composite was removed very rapidly with ablation rates approaching 50-µm per pulse. A fluence of ~50 J/cm2 appeared optimal for the removal of composite and damage to the enamel was limited to less than 100-µm after the removal of composite as thick as 700-800-µm; however, dentin is removed at similar rates to composite. The DPSS Er:YAG laser appears to be better suited for the removal of composite than conventional flash-lamp pumped Er:YAG lasers since composite is ablated at higher rates than dental enamel and the high pulse repetition rates enable greater selectivity while maintaining high removal rates.

© 2018 Optical Society of America under the terms of the OSA Open Access Publishing Agreement

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  2. M. Bernardo, H. Luis, M. D. Martin, B. G. Leroux, T. Rue, J. Leitão, and T. A. DeRouen, “Survival and reasons for failure of amalgam versus composite posterior restorations placed in a randomized clinical trial,” J. Am. Dent. Assoc. 138(6), 775–783 (2007).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  3. R. G. Oliver, “The effect of different methods of bracket removal on the amount of residual adhesive,” Am. J. Orthod. Dentofacial Orthop. 93(3), 196–200 (1988).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  4. Y. H. Hong and K. K. Lew, “Quantitative and qualitative assessment of enamel surface following five composite removal methods after bracket debonding,” Eur. J. Orthod. 17(2), 121–128 (1995).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  5. R. F. Lizarelli, L. T. Moriyama, and V. S. Bagnato, “Ablation of composite resins using Er:YAG laser--comparison with enamel and dentin,” Lasers Surg. Med. 33(2), 132–139 (2003).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  6. H. Mimura, T. Deguchi, A. Obata, T. Yamagishi, and M. Ito, “Comparison of different bonding materials for laser debonding,” Am. J. Orthod. Dentofacial Orthop. 108(3), 267–273 (1995).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  7. K. Strobl, T. L. Bahns, L. Willham, S. E. Bishara, and W. C. Stwalley, “Laser-aided debonding of orthodontic ceramic brackets,” Am. J. Orthod. Dentofacial Orthop. 101(2), 152–158 (1992).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  8. T. Dostálová, H. Jelinkova, J. Sulc, P. Koranda, M. Nemec, J. Racek, and M. Miyagi, “Laser radiation debonding,” Proc. SPIE 6843, 684304 (2008).
    [Crossref]
  9. M. O. Oztoprak, D. Nalbantgil, A. S. Erdem, M. Tozlu, and T. Arun, “Debonding of ceramic brackets by a new scanning laser method,” Am. J. Orthod. Dentofacial Orthop. 138(2), 195–200 (2010).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  10. C. K. Morford, N. C. Buu, B. M. Rechmann, F. C. Finzen, A. B. Sharma, and P. Rechmann, “Er:YAG laser debonding of porcelain veneers,” Lasers Surg. Med. 43(10), 965–974 (2011).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  11. M. O. Oztoprak, M. Tozlu, U. Iseri, F. Ulkur, and T. Arun, “Effects of different application durations of scanning laser method on debonding strength of laminate veneers,” Lasers Med. Sci. 27(4), 713–716 (2012).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  12. P. Rechmann, N. C. Buu, B. M. Rechmann, C. Q. Le, F. C. Finzen, and J. D. Featherstone, “Laser all-ceramic crown removal-a laboratory proof-of-principle study-phase 1 material characteristics,” Lasers Surg. Med. 46(8), 628–635 (2014).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  13. T. Dumore and D. Fried, “Selective ablation of orthodontic composite by using sub-microsecond IR laser pulses with optical feedback,” Lasers Surg. Med. 27(2), 103–110 (2000).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  14. K. H. Chan, K. Hirasuna, and D. Fried, “Rapid and selective removal of composite from tooth surfaces with a 9.3 µm CO2 laser using spectral feedback,” Lasers Surg. Med. 43(8), 824–832 (2011).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  15. R. Alexander, J. Xie, and D. Fried, “Selective removal of residual composite from dental enamel surfaces using the third harmonic of a Q-switched Nd:YAG laser,” Lasers Surg. Med. 30(3), 240–245 (2002).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  18. J. S. Nelson, L. Yow, L. H. Liaw, L. Macleay, R. B. Zavar, A. Orenstein, W. H. Wright, J. J. Andrews, and M. W. Berns, “Ablation of bone and methacrylate by a prototype mid-infrared erbium:YAG laser,” Lasers Surg. Med. 8(5), 494–500 (1988).
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    [PubMed]
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    [PubMed]
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  23. K. Stock, R. Diebolder, F. Hausladen, H. Wurm, S. Lorenz, and R. Hibst, “Primary investigations on the potential of a novel diode pumped Er:YAG laser system for bone surgery,” Proc. SPIE 8565, 1–8 (2013).
  24. K. Stock, F. Hausladen, and R. Hibst, ““Investigations on the potential of a novel diode pumped Er:YAG laser system for dental applications,” Proc. SPIE 8208, 82080D (2012).
    [Crossref]
  25. W. A. Fried, K. H. Chan, C. L. Darling, and D. Fried, “Selective removal of dental composite with a diode-pumped Er:YAG laser,” Proc. SPIE 9692, 1–7 (2016)
  26. J. Jew, K. H. Chan, C. L. Darling, and D. Fried, “Selective removal of natural caries lesions from dentin and tooth occlusal surfaces using a diode-pumped Er:YAG laser,” Proc SPIE 10044, 1–5 (2017).
    [PubMed]
  27. R. Yan, K. H. Chan, H. Tom, J. C. Simon, C. L. Darling, and D. Fried, “Selective removal of dental caries with a diode-pumped Er:YAG laser,” Proc SPIE 9306, O1–O8 (2015).
    [PubMed]
  28. A. Dela Rosa, A. V. Sarma, C. Q. Le, R. S. Jones, and D. Fried, “Peripheral thermal and mechanical damage to dentin with microsecond and sub-microsecond 9.6 microm, 2.79 microm, and 0.355 microm laser pulses,” Lasers Surg. Med. 35(3), 214–228 (2004).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  29. H. Jelínková, T. Dostalova, M. Nemec, P. Koranda, M. Miyagi, K. Iwai, Y. Shi, and Y. Matsuura, “Free-running and Q-switched Er: YAG laser dental cavity and composite resin restoration,” Laser Phys. Lett. 4(11), 835–839 (2007).
    [Crossref]
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  31. D. Fried, R. Shori, and C. Duhn, “Backspallation due to ablative recoil generated during Q-switched Er:YAG abaltion of dental enamel,” Proc. SPIE 3248, 78–85 (1998).
    [Crossref]
  32. N. R. Lamantia, H. Tom, K. H. Chan, J. C. Simon, C. L. Darling, and D. Fried, “High contrast optical imaging methods for image guided laser ablation of dental caries lesions,” Proc SPIE Int Soc Opt Eng 8929, 1–7 (2014).
    [PubMed]
  33. G. B. Altshuler, A. V. Belikov, and Y. A. Sinelnik, “A laser-abrasive method for the cutting of enamel and dentin,” Lasers Surg. Med. 28(5), 435–444 (2001).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]

2017 (1)

J. Jew, K. H. Chan, C. L. Darling, and D. Fried, “Selective removal of natural caries lesions from dentin and tooth occlusal surfaces using a diode-pumped Er:YAG laser,” Proc SPIE 10044, 1–5 (2017).
[PubMed]

2016 (1)

W. A. Fried, K. H. Chan, C. L. Darling, and D. Fried, “Selective removal of dental composite with a diode-pumped Er:YAG laser,” Proc. SPIE 9692, 1–7 (2016)

2015 (2)

R. Yan, K. H. Chan, H. Tom, J. C. Simon, C. L. Darling, and D. Fried, “Selective removal of dental caries with a diode-pumped Er:YAG laser,” Proc SPIE 9306, O1–O8 (2015).
[PubMed]

S. Yassaei, H. Aghili, and N. Joshan, “Effects of removing adhesive from tooth surfaces by Er:YAG laser and a composite bur on enamel surface roughnessand pulp chamber temperature,” Dent Res J.  12(3), 254–259 (2015).
[PubMed]

2014 (3)

P. Rechmann, N. C. Buu, B. M. Rechmann, C. Q. Le, F. C. Finzen, and J. D. Featherstone, “Laser all-ceramic crown removal-a laboratory proof-of-principle study-phase 1 material characteristics,” Lasers Surg. Med. 46(8), 628–635 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. Stock, R. Diebolder, F. Hausladen, and R. Hibst, “Efficient bone cutting with the novel diode pumped Er:YAG laser system: in vitro investigation and optimization of the treatment parameters,” Proc. SPIE 8926, 1–6 (2014).

N. R. Lamantia, H. Tom, K. H. Chan, J. C. Simon, C. L. Darling, and D. Fried, “High contrast optical imaging methods for image guided laser ablation of dental caries lesions,” Proc SPIE Int Soc Opt Eng 8929, 1–7 (2014).
[PubMed]

2013 (1)

K. Stock, R. Diebolder, F. Hausladen, H. Wurm, S. Lorenz, and R. Hibst, “Primary investigations on the potential of a novel diode pumped Er:YAG laser system for bone surgery,” Proc. SPIE 8565, 1–8 (2013).

2012 (2)

K. Stock, F. Hausladen, and R. Hibst, ““Investigations on the potential of a novel diode pumped Er:YAG laser system for dental applications,” Proc. SPIE 8208, 82080D (2012).
[Crossref]

M. O. Oztoprak, M. Tozlu, U. Iseri, F. Ulkur, and T. Arun, “Effects of different application durations of scanning laser method on debonding strength of laminate veneers,” Lasers Med. Sci. 27(4), 713–716 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2011 (2)

K. H. Chan, K. Hirasuna, and D. Fried, “Rapid and selective removal of composite from tooth surfaces with a 9.3 µm CO2 laser using spectral feedback,” Lasers Surg. Med. 43(8), 824–832 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. K. Morford, N. C. Buu, B. M. Rechmann, F. C. Finzen, A. B. Sharma, and P. Rechmann, “Er:YAG laser debonding of porcelain veneers,” Lasers Surg. Med. 43(10), 965–974 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2010 (1)

M. O. Oztoprak, D. Nalbantgil, A. S. Erdem, M. Tozlu, and T. Arun, “Debonding of ceramic brackets by a new scanning laser method,” Am. J. Orthod. Dentofacial Orthop. 138(2), 195–200 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2009 (2)

V. V. Gordan, C. W. Garvan, J. S. Richman, J. L. Fellows, D. B. Rindal, V. Qvist, M. W. Heft, O. D. Williams, G. H. Gilbert, and DPBRN Collaborative Group, “How dentists diagnose and treat defective restorations: evidence from the dental practice-based research network,” Oper. Dent. 34(6), 664–673 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. C. Almeida, M. Vedovello Filho, S. A. S. Vedovello, A. A. A. Young, and G. O. Ramirez-Yañez, “ER: YAG laser for composite removal after bracket debonding: a qualitative SEM analysis,” Int. J. Orthod. Milwaukee 20(1), 9–13 (2009).
[PubMed]

2008 (1)

T. Dostálová, H. Jelinkova, J. Sulc, P. Koranda, M. Nemec, J. Racek, and M. Miyagi, “Laser radiation debonding,” Proc. SPIE 6843, 684304 (2008).
[Crossref]

2007 (2)

M. Bernardo, H. Luis, M. D. Martin, B. G. Leroux, T. Rue, J. Leitão, and T. A. DeRouen, “Survival and reasons for failure of amalgam versus composite posterior restorations placed in a randomized clinical trial,” J. Am. Dent. Assoc. 138(6), 775–783 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Jelínková, T. Dostalova, M. Nemec, P. Koranda, M. Miyagi, K. Iwai, Y. Shi, and Y. Matsuura, “Free-running and Q-switched Er: YAG laser dental cavity and composite resin restoration,” Laser Phys. Lett. 4(11), 835–839 (2007).
[Crossref]

2005 (1)

T. M. Louie, R. S. Jones, A. V. Sarma, and D. Fried, “Selective removal of composite sealants with near-ultraviolet laser pulses of nanosecond duration,” J. Biomed. Opt. 10(1), 014001 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2004 (1)

A. Dela Rosa, A. V. Sarma, C. Q. Le, R. S. Jones, and D. Fried, “Peripheral thermal and mechanical damage to dentin with microsecond and sub-microsecond 9.6 microm, 2.79 microm, and 0.355 microm laser pulses,” Lasers Surg. Med. 35(3), 214–228 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2003 (2)

C. R. Wheeler, D. Fried, J. D. Featherstone, L. G. Watanabe, and C. Q. Le, “Irradiation of dental enamel with Q-switched λ = 355-nm laser pulses: surface morphology, fluoride adsorption, and adhesion to composite resin,” Lasers Surg. Med. 32(4), 310–317 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. F. Lizarelli, L. T. Moriyama, and V. S. Bagnato, “Ablation of composite resins using Er:YAG laser--comparison with enamel and dentin,” Lasers Surg. Med. 33(2), 132–139 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2002 (1)

R. Alexander, J. Xie, and D. Fried, “Selective removal of residual composite from dental enamel surfaces using the third harmonic of a Q-switched Nd:YAG laser,” Lasers Surg. Med. 30(3), 240–245 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2001 (1)

G. B. Altshuler, A. V. Belikov, and Y. A. Sinelnik, “A laser-abrasive method for the cutting of enamel and dentin,” Lasers Surg. Med. 28(5), 435–444 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2000 (1)

T. Dumore and D. Fried, “Selective ablation of orthodontic composite by using sub-microsecond IR laser pulses with optical feedback,” Lasers Surg. Med. 27(2), 103–110 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1998 (1)

D. Fried, R. Shori, and C. Duhn, “Backspallation due to ablative recoil generated during Q-switched Er:YAG abaltion of dental enamel,” Proc. SPIE 3248, 78–85 (1998).
[Crossref]

1995 (2)

H. Mimura, T. Deguchi, A. Obata, T. Yamagishi, and M. Ito, “Comparison of different bonding materials for laser debonding,” Am. J. Orthod. Dentofacial Orthop. 108(3), 267–273 (1995).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. H. Hong and K. K. Lew, “Quantitative and qualitative assessment of enamel surface following five composite removal methods after bracket debonding,” Eur. J. Orthod. 17(2), 121–128 (1995).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1992 (1)

K. Strobl, T. L. Bahns, L. Willham, S. E. Bishara, and W. C. Stwalley, “Laser-aided debonding of orthodontic ceramic brackets,” Am. J. Orthod. Dentofacial Orthop. 101(2), 152–158 (1992).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1988 (2)

R. G. Oliver, “The effect of different methods of bracket removal on the amount of residual adhesive,” Am. J. Orthod. Dentofacial Orthop. 93(3), 196–200 (1988).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. S. Nelson, L. Yow, L. H. Liaw, L. Macleay, R. B. Zavar, A. Orenstein, W. H. Wright, J. J. Andrews, and M. W. Berns, “Ablation of bone and methacrylate by a prototype mid-infrared erbium:YAG laser,” Lasers Surg. Med. 8(5), 494–500 (1988).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Aghili, H.

S. Yassaei, H. Aghili, and N. Joshan, “Effects of removing adhesive from tooth surfaces by Er:YAG laser and a composite bur on enamel surface roughnessand pulp chamber temperature,” Dent Res J.  12(3), 254–259 (2015).
[PubMed]

Alexander, R.

R. Alexander, J. Xie, and D. Fried, “Selective removal of residual composite from dental enamel surfaces using the third harmonic of a Q-switched Nd:YAG laser,” Lasers Surg. Med. 30(3), 240–245 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Almeida, H. C.

H. C. Almeida, M. Vedovello Filho, S. A. S. Vedovello, A. A. A. Young, and G. O. Ramirez-Yañez, “ER: YAG laser for composite removal after bracket debonding: a qualitative SEM analysis,” Int. J. Orthod. Milwaukee 20(1), 9–13 (2009).
[PubMed]

Altshuler, G. B.

G. B. Altshuler, A. V. Belikov, and Y. A. Sinelnik, “A laser-abrasive method for the cutting of enamel and dentin,” Lasers Surg. Med. 28(5), 435–444 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Andrews, J. J.

J. S. Nelson, L. Yow, L. H. Liaw, L. Macleay, R. B. Zavar, A. Orenstein, W. H. Wright, J. J. Andrews, and M. W. Berns, “Ablation of bone and methacrylate by a prototype mid-infrared erbium:YAG laser,” Lasers Surg. Med. 8(5), 494–500 (1988).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Arun, T.

M. O. Oztoprak, M. Tozlu, U. Iseri, F. Ulkur, and T. Arun, “Effects of different application durations of scanning laser method on debonding strength of laminate veneers,” Lasers Med. Sci. 27(4), 713–716 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. O. Oztoprak, D. Nalbantgil, A. S. Erdem, M. Tozlu, and T. Arun, “Debonding of ceramic brackets by a new scanning laser method,” Am. J. Orthod. Dentofacial Orthop. 138(2), 195–200 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bagnato, V. S.

R. F. Lizarelli, L. T. Moriyama, and V. S. Bagnato, “Ablation of composite resins using Er:YAG laser--comparison with enamel and dentin,” Lasers Surg. Med. 33(2), 132–139 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bahns, T. L.

K. Strobl, T. L. Bahns, L. Willham, S. E. Bishara, and W. C. Stwalley, “Laser-aided debonding of orthodontic ceramic brackets,” Am. J. Orthod. Dentofacial Orthop. 101(2), 152–158 (1992).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Belikov, A. V.

G. B. Altshuler, A. V. Belikov, and Y. A. Sinelnik, “A laser-abrasive method for the cutting of enamel and dentin,” Lasers Surg. Med. 28(5), 435–444 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bernardo, M.

M. Bernardo, H. Luis, M. D. Martin, B. G. Leroux, T. Rue, J. Leitão, and T. A. DeRouen, “Survival and reasons for failure of amalgam versus composite posterior restorations placed in a randomized clinical trial,” J. Am. Dent. Assoc. 138(6), 775–783 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Berns, M. W.

J. S. Nelson, L. Yow, L. H. Liaw, L. Macleay, R. B. Zavar, A. Orenstein, W. H. Wright, J. J. Andrews, and M. W. Berns, “Ablation of bone and methacrylate by a prototype mid-infrared erbium:YAG laser,” Lasers Surg. Med. 8(5), 494–500 (1988).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bishara, S. E.

K. Strobl, T. L. Bahns, L. Willham, S. E. Bishara, and W. C. Stwalley, “Laser-aided debonding of orthodontic ceramic brackets,” Am. J. Orthod. Dentofacial Orthop. 101(2), 152–158 (1992).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Buu, N. C.

P. Rechmann, N. C. Buu, B. M. Rechmann, C. Q. Le, F. C. Finzen, and J. D. Featherstone, “Laser all-ceramic crown removal-a laboratory proof-of-principle study-phase 1 material characteristics,” Lasers Surg. Med. 46(8), 628–635 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. K. Morford, N. C. Buu, B. M. Rechmann, F. C. Finzen, A. B. Sharma, and P. Rechmann, “Er:YAG laser debonding of porcelain veneers,” Lasers Surg. Med. 43(10), 965–974 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chan, K. H.

J. Jew, K. H. Chan, C. L. Darling, and D. Fried, “Selective removal of natural caries lesions from dentin and tooth occlusal surfaces using a diode-pumped Er:YAG laser,” Proc SPIE 10044, 1–5 (2017).
[PubMed]

W. A. Fried, K. H. Chan, C. L. Darling, and D. Fried, “Selective removal of dental composite with a diode-pumped Er:YAG laser,” Proc. SPIE 9692, 1–7 (2016)

R. Yan, K. H. Chan, H. Tom, J. C. Simon, C. L. Darling, and D. Fried, “Selective removal of dental caries with a diode-pumped Er:YAG laser,” Proc SPIE 9306, O1–O8 (2015).
[PubMed]

N. R. Lamantia, H. Tom, K. H. Chan, J. C. Simon, C. L. Darling, and D. Fried, “High contrast optical imaging methods for image guided laser ablation of dental caries lesions,” Proc SPIE Int Soc Opt Eng 8929, 1–7 (2014).
[PubMed]

K. H. Chan, K. Hirasuna, and D. Fried, “Rapid and selective removal of composite from tooth surfaces with a 9.3 µm CO2 laser using spectral feedback,” Lasers Surg. Med. 43(8), 824–832 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Darling, C. L.

J. Jew, K. H. Chan, C. L. Darling, and D. Fried, “Selective removal of natural caries lesions from dentin and tooth occlusal surfaces using a diode-pumped Er:YAG laser,” Proc SPIE 10044, 1–5 (2017).
[PubMed]

W. A. Fried, K. H. Chan, C. L. Darling, and D. Fried, “Selective removal of dental composite with a diode-pumped Er:YAG laser,” Proc. SPIE 9692, 1–7 (2016)

R. Yan, K. H. Chan, H. Tom, J. C. Simon, C. L. Darling, and D. Fried, “Selective removal of dental caries with a diode-pumped Er:YAG laser,” Proc SPIE 9306, O1–O8 (2015).
[PubMed]

N. R. Lamantia, H. Tom, K. H. Chan, J. C. Simon, C. L. Darling, and D. Fried, “High contrast optical imaging methods for image guided laser ablation of dental caries lesions,” Proc SPIE Int Soc Opt Eng 8929, 1–7 (2014).
[PubMed]

Deguchi, T.

H. Mimura, T. Deguchi, A. Obata, T. Yamagishi, and M. Ito, “Comparison of different bonding materials for laser debonding,” Am. J. Orthod. Dentofacial Orthop. 108(3), 267–273 (1995).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Dela Rosa, A.

A. Dela Rosa, A. V. Sarma, C. Q. Le, R. S. Jones, and D. Fried, “Peripheral thermal and mechanical damage to dentin with microsecond and sub-microsecond 9.6 microm, 2.79 microm, and 0.355 microm laser pulses,” Lasers Surg. Med. 35(3), 214–228 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

DeRouen, T. A.

M. Bernardo, H. Luis, M. D. Martin, B. G. Leroux, T. Rue, J. Leitão, and T. A. DeRouen, “Survival and reasons for failure of amalgam versus composite posterior restorations placed in a randomized clinical trial,” J. Am. Dent. Assoc. 138(6), 775–783 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Diebolder, R.

K. Stock, R. Diebolder, F. Hausladen, and R. Hibst, “Efficient bone cutting with the novel diode pumped Er:YAG laser system: in vitro investigation and optimization of the treatment parameters,” Proc. SPIE 8926, 1–6 (2014).

K. Stock, R. Diebolder, F. Hausladen, H. Wurm, S. Lorenz, and R. Hibst, “Primary investigations on the potential of a novel diode pumped Er:YAG laser system for bone surgery,” Proc. SPIE 8565, 1–8 (2013).

Dostalova, T.

H. Jelínková, T. Dostalova, M. Nemec, P. Koranda, M. Miyagi, K. Iwai, Y. Shi, and Y. Matsuura, “Free-running and Q-switched Er: YAG laser dental cavity and composite resin restoration,” Laser Phys. Lett. 4(11), 835–839 (2007).
[Crossref]

Dostálová, T.

T. Dostálová, H. Jelinkova, J. Sulc, P. Koranda, M. Nemec, J. Racek, and M. Miyagi, “Laser radiation debonding,” Proc. SPIE 6843, 684304 (2008).
[Crossref]

Duhn, C.

D. Fried, R. Shori, and C. Duhn, “Backspallation due to ablative recoil generated during Q-switched Er:YAG abaltion of dental enamel,” Proc. SPIE 3248, 78–85 (1998).
[Crossref]

Dumore, T.

T. Dumore and D. Fried, “Selective ablation of orthodontic composite by using sub-microsecond IR laser pulses with optical feedback,” Lasers Surg. Med. 27(2), 103–110 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Erdem, A. S.

M. O. Oztoprak, D. Nalbantgil, A. S. Erdem, M. Tozlu, and T. Arun, “Debonding of ceramic brackets by a new scanning laser method,” Am. J. Orthod. Dentofacial Orthop. 138(2), 195–200 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Featherstone, J. D.

P. Rechmann, N. C. Buu, B. M. Rechmann, C. Q. Le, F. C. Finzen, and J. D. Featherstone, “Laser all-ceramic crown removal-a laboratory proof-of-principle study-phase 1 material characteristics,” Lasers Surg. Med. 46(8), 628–635 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. R. Wheeler, D. Fried, J. D. Featherstone, L. G. Watanabe, and C. Q. Le, “Irradiation of dental enamel with Q-switched λ = 355-nm laser pulses: surface morphology, fluoride adsorption, and adhesion to composite resin,” Lasers Surg. Med. 32(4), 310–317 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Fellows, J. L.

V. V. Gordan, C. W. Garvan, J. S. Richman, J. L. Fellows, D. B. Rindal, V. Qvist, M. W. Heft, O. D. Williams, G. H. Gilbert, and DPBRN Collaborative Group, “How dentists diagnose and treat defective restorations: evidence from the dental practice-based research network,” Oper. Dent. 34(6), 664–673 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Finzen, F. C.

P. Rechmann, N. C. Buu, B. M. Rechmann, C. Q. Le, F. C. Finzen, and J. D. Featherstone, “Laser all-ceramic crown removal-a laboratory proof-of-principle study-phase 1 material characteristics,” Lasers Surg. Med. 46(8), 628–635 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. K. Morford, N. C. Buu, B. M. Rechmann, F. C. Finzen, A. B. Sharma, and P. Rechmann, “Er:YAG laser debonding of porcelain veneers,” Lasers Surg. Med. 43(10), 965–974 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Fried, D.

J. Jew, K. H. Chan, C. L. Darling, and D. Fried, “Selective removal of natural caries lesions from dentin and tooth occlusal surfaces using a diode-pumped Er:YAG laser,” Proc SPIE 10044, 1–5 (2017).
[PubMed]

W. A. Fried, K. H. Chan, C. L. Darling, and D. Fried, “Selective removal of dental composite with a diode-pumped Er:YAG laser,” Proc. SPIE 9692, 1–7 (2016)

R. Yan, K. H. Chan, H. Tom, J. C. Simon, C. L. Darling, and D. Fried, “Selective removal of dental caries with a diode-pumped Er:YAG laser,” Proc SPIE 9306, O1–O8 (2015).
[PubMed]

N. R. Lamantia, H. Tom, K. H. Chan, J. C. Simon, C. L. Darling, and D. Fried, “High contrast optical imaging methods for image guided laser ablation of dental caries lesions,” Proc SPIE Int Soc Opt Eng 8929, 1–7 (2014).
[PubMed]

K. H. Chan, K. Hirasuna, and D. Fried, “Rapid and selective removal of composite from tooth surfaces with a 9.3 µm CO2 laser using spectral feedback,” Lasers Surg. Med. 43(8), 824–832 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. M. Louie, R. S. Jones, A. V. Sarma, and D. Fried, “Selective removal of composite sealants with near-ultraviolet laser pulses of nanosecond duration,” J. Biomed. Opt. 10(1), 014001 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Dela Rosa, A. V. Sarma, C. Q. Le, R. S. Jones, and D. Fried, “Peripheral thermal and mechanical damage to dentin with microsecond and sub-microsecond 9.6 microm, 2.79 microm, and 0.355 microm laser pulses,” Lasers Surg. Med. 35(3), 214–228 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. R. Wheeler, D. Fried, J. D. Featherstone, L. G. Watanabe, and C. Q. Le, “Irradiation of dental enamel with Q-switched λ = 355-nm laser pulses: surface morphology, fluoride adsorption, and adhesion to composite resin,” Lasers Surg. Med. 32(4), 310–317 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. Alexander, J. Xie, and D. Fried, “Selective removal of residual composite from dental enamel surfaces using the third harmonic of a Q-switched Nd:YAG laser,” Lasers Surg. Med. 30(3), 240–245 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Dumore and D. Fried, “Selective ablation of orthodontic composite by using sub-microsecond IR laser pulses with optical feedback,” Lasers Surg. Med. 27(2), 103–110 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Fried, R. Shori, and C. Duhn, “Backspallation due to ablative recoil generated during Q-switched Er:YAG abaltion of dental enamel,” Proc. SPIE 3248, 78–85 (1998).
[Crossref]

Fried, W. A.

W. A. Fried, K. H. Chan, C. L. Darling, and D. Fried, “Selective removal of dental composite with a diode-pumped Er:YAG laser,” Proc. SPIE 9692, 1–7 (2016)

Garvan, C. W.

V. V. Gordan, C. W. Garvan, J. S. Richman, J. L. Fellows, D. B. Rindal, V. Qvist, M. W. Heft, O. D. Williams, G. H. Gilbert, and DPBRN Collaborative Group, “How dentists diagnose and treat defective restorations: evidence from the dental practice-based research network,” Oper. Dent. 34(6), 664–673 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gilbert, G. H.

V. V. Gordan, C. W. Garvan, J. S. Richman, J. L. Fellows, D. B. Rindal, V. Qvist, M. W. Heft, O. D. Williams, G. H. Gilbert, and DPBRN Collaborative Group, “How dentists diagnose and treat defective restorations: evidence from the dental practice-based research network,” Oper. Dent. 34(6), 664–673 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gordan, V. V.

V. V. Gordan, C. W. Garvan, J. S. Richman, J. L. Fellows, D. B. Rindal, V. Qvist, M. W. Heft, O. D. Williams, G. H. Gilbert, and DPBRN Collaborative Group, “How dentists diagnose and treat defective restorations: evidence from the dental practice-based research network,” Oper. Dent. 34(6), 664–673 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hausladen, F.

K. Stock, R. Diebolder, F. Hausladen, and R. Hibst, “Efficient bone cutting with the novel diode pumped Er:YAG laser system: in vitro investigation and optimization of the treatment parameters,” Proc. SPIE 8926, 1–6 (2014).

K. Stock, R. Diebolder, F. Hausladen, H. Wurm, S. Lorenz, and R. Hibst, “Primary investigations on the potential of a novel diode pumped Er:YAG laser system for bone surgery,” Proc. SPIE 8565, 1–8 (2013).

K. Stock, F. Hausladen, and R. Hibst, ““Investigations on the potential of a novel diode pumped Er:YAG laser system for dental applications,” Proc. SPIE 8208, 82080D (2012).
[Crossref]

Heft, M. W.

V. V. Gordan, C. W. Garvan, J. S. Richman, J. L. Fellows, D. B. Rindal, V. Qvist, M. W. Heft, O. D. Williams, G. H. Gilbert, and DPBRN Collaborative Group, “How dentists diagnose and treat defective restorations: evidence from the dental practice-based research network,” Oper. Dent. 34(6), 664–673 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hibst, R.

K. Stock, R. Diebolder, F. Hausladen, and R. Hibst, “Efficient bone cutting with the novel diode pumped Er:YAG laser system: in vitro investigation and optimization of the treatment parameters,” Proc. SPIE 8926, 1–6 (2014).

K. Stock, R. Diebolder, F. Hausladen, H. Wurm, S. Lorenz, and R. Hibst, “Primary investigations on the potential of a novel diode pumped Er:YAG laser system for bone surgery,” Proc. SPIE 8565, 1–8 (2013).

K. Stock, F. Hausladen, and R. Hibst, ““Investigations on the potential of a novel diode pumped Er:YAG laser system for dental applications,” Proc. SPIE 8208, 82080D (2012).
[Crossref]

U. Keller and R. Hibst, “Effects of Er:YAG laser on enamel bonding of composite materials,” Proc SPIE1880, 163–165 (1993).

Hirasuna, K.

K. H. Chan, K. Hirasuna, and D. Fried, “Rapid and selective removal of composite from tooth surfaces with a 9.3 µm CO2 laser using spectral feedback,” Lasers Surg. Med. 43(8), 824–832 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hong, Y. H.

Y. H. Hong and K. K. Lew, “Quantitative and qualitative assessment of enamel surface following five composite removal methods after bracket debonding,” Eur. J. Orthod. 17(2), 121–128 (1995).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Iseri, U.

M. O. Oztoprak, M. Tozlu, U. Iseri, F. Ulkur, and T. Arun, “Effects of different application durations of scanning laser method on debonding strength of laminate veneers,” Lasers Med. Sci. 27(4), 713–716 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ito, M.

H. Mimura, T. Deguchi, A. Obata, T. Yamagishi, and M. Ito, “Comparison of different bonding materials for laser debonding,” Am. J. Orthod. Dentofacial Orthop. 108(3), 267–273 (1995).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Iwai, K.

H. Jelínková, T. Dostalova, M. Nemec, P. Koranda, M. Miyagi, K. Iwai, Y. Shi, and Y. Matsuura, “Free-running and Q-switched Er: YAG laser dental cavity and composite resin restoration,” Laser Phys. Lett. 4(11), 835–839 (2007).
[Crossref]

Jelinkova, H.

T. Dostálová, H. Jelinkova, J. Sulc, P. Koranda, M. Nemec, J. Racek, and M. Miyagi, “Laser radiation debonding,” Proc. SPIE 6843, 684304 (2008).
[Crossref]

Jelínková, H.

H. Jelínková, T. Dostalova, M. Nemec, P. Koranda, M. Miyagi, K. Iwai, Y. Shi, and Y. Matsuura, “Free-running and Q-switched Er: YAG laser dental cavity and composite resin restoration,” Laser Phys. Lett. 4(11), 835–839 (2007).
[Crossref]

Jew, J.

J. Jew, K. H. Chan, C. L. Darling, and D. Fried, “Selective removal of natural caries lesions from dentin and tooth occlusal surfaces using a diode-pumped Er:YAG laser,” Proc SPIE 10044, 1–5 (2017).
[PubMed]

Jones, R. S.

T. M. Louie, R. S. Jones, A. V. Sarma, and D. Fried, “Selective removal of composite sealants with near-ultraviolet laser pulses of nanosecond duration,” J. Biomed. Opt. 10(1), 014001 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Dela Rosa, A. V. Sarma, C. Q. Le, R. S. Jones, and D. Fried, “Peripheral thermal and mechanical damage to dentin with microsecond and sub-microsecond 9.6 microm, 2.79 microm, and 0.355 microm laser pulses,” Lasers Surg. Med. 35(3), 214–228 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Joshan, N.

S. Yassaei, H. Aghili, and N. Joshan, “Effects of removing adhesive from tooth surfaces by Er:YAG laser and a composite bur on enamel surface roughnessand pulp chamber temperature,” Dent Res J.  12(3), 254–259 (2015).
[PubMed]

Keller, U.

U. Keller and R. Hibst, “Effects of Er:YAG laser on enamel bonding of composite materials,” Proc SPIE1880, 163–165 (1993).

Koranda, P.

T. Dostálová, H. Jelinkova, J. Sulc, P. Koranda, M. Nemec, J. Racek, and M. Miyagi, “Laser radiation debonding,” Proc. SPIE 6843, 684304 (2008).
[Crossref]

H. Jelínková, T. Dostalova, M. Nemec, P. Koranda, M. Miyagi, K. Iwai, Y. Shi, and Y. Matsuura, “Free-running and Q-switched Er: YAG laser dental cavity and composite resin restoration,” Laser Phys. Lett. 4(11), 835–839 (2007).
[Crossref]

Lamantia, N. R.

N. R. Lamantia, H. Tom, K. H. Chan, J. C. Simon, C. L. Darling, and D. Fried, “High contrast optical imaging methods for image guided laser ablation of dental caries lesions,” Proc SPIE Int Soc Opt Eng 8929, 1–7 (2014).
[PubMed]

Le, C. Q.

P. Rechmann, N. C. Buu, B. M. Rechmann, C. Q. Le, F. C. Finzen, and J. D. Featherstone, “Laser all-ceramic crown removal-a laboratory proof-of-principle study-phase 1 material characteristics,” Lasers Surg. Med. 46(8), 628–635 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Dela Rosa, A. V. Sarma, C. Q. Le, R. S. Jones, and D. Fried, “Peripheral thermal and mechanical damage to dentin with microsecond and sub-microsecond 9.6 microm, 2.79 microm, and 0.355 microm laser pulses,” Lasers Surg. Med. 35(3), 214–228 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. R. Wheeler, D. Fried, J. D. Featherstone, L. G. Watanabe, and C. Q. Le, “Irradiation of dental enamel with Q-switched λ = 355-nm laser pulses: surface morphology, fluoride adsorption, and adhesion to composite resin,” Lasers Surg. Med. 32(4), 310–317 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Leitão, J.

M. Bernardo, H. Luis, M. D. Martin, B. G. Leroux, T. Rue, J. Leitão, and T. A. DeRouen, “Survival and reasons for failure of amalgam versus composite posterior restorations placed in a randomized clinical trial,” J. Am. Dent. Assoc. 138(6), 775–783 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Leroux, B. G.

M. Bernardo, H. Luis, M. D. Martin, B. G. Leroux, T. Rue, J. Leitão, and T. A. DeRouen, “Survival and reasons for failure of amalgam versus composite posterior restorations placed in a randomized clinical trial,” J. Am. Dent. Assoc. 138(6), 775–783 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lew, K. K.

Y. H. Hong and K. K. Lew, “Quantitative and qualitative assessment of enamel surface following five composite removal methods after bracket debonding,” Eur. J. Orthod. 17(2), 121–128 (1995).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Liaw, L. H.

J. S. Nelson, L. Yow, L. H. Liaw, L. Macleay, R. B. Zavar, A. Orenstein, W. H. Wright, J. J. Andrews, and M. W. Berns, “Ablation of bone and methacrylate by a prototype mid-infrared erbium:YAG laser,” Lasers Surg. Med. 8(5), 494–500 (1988).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lizarelli, R. F.

R. F. Lizarelli, L. T. Moriyama, and V. S. Bagnato, “Ablation of composite resins using Er:YAG laser--comparison with enamel and dentin,” Lasers Surg. Med. 33(2), 132–139 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lorenz, S.

K. Stock, R. Diebolder, F. Hausladen, H. Wurm, S. Lorenz, and R. Hibst, “Primary investigations on the potential of a novel diode pumped Er:YAG laser system for bone surgery,” Proc. SPIE 8565, 1–8 (2013).

Louie, T. M.

T. M. Louie, R. S. Jones, A. V. Sarma, and D. Fried, “Selective removal of composite sealants with near-ultraviolet laser pulses of nanosecond duration,” J. Biomed. Opt. 10(1), 014001 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Luis, H.

M. Bernardo, H. Luis, M. D. Martin, B. G. Leroux, T. Rue, J. Leitão, and T. A. DeRouen, “Survival and reasons for failure of amalgam versus composite posterior restorations placed in a randomized clinical trial,” J. Am. Dent. Assoc. 138(6), 775–783 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Macleay, L.

J. S. Nelson, L. Yow, L. H. Liaw, L. Macleay, R. B. Zavar, A. Orenstein, W. H. Wright, J. J. Andrews, and M. W. Berns, “Ablation of bone and methacrylate by a prototype mid-infrared erbium:YAG laser,” Lasers Surg. Med. 8(5), 494–500 (1988).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Martin, M. D.

M. Bernardo, H. Luis, M. D. Martin, B. G. Leroux, T. Rue, J. Leitão, and T. A. DeRouen, “Survival and reasons for failure of amalgam versus composite posterior restorations placed in a randomized clinical trial,” J. Am. Dent. Assoc. 138(6), 775–783 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Matsuura, Y.

H. Jelínková, T. Dostalova, M. Nemec, P. Koranda, M. Miyagi, K. Iwai, Y. Shi, and Y. Matsuura, “Free-running and Q-switched Er: YAG laser dental cavity and composite resin restoration,” Laser Phys. Lett. 4(11), 835–839 (2007).
[Crossref]

Mimura, H.

H. Mimura, T. Deguchi, A. Obata, T. Yamagishi, and M. Ito, “Comparison of different bonding materials for laser debonding,” Am. J. Orthod. Dentofacial Orthop. 108(3), 267–273 (1995).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Miyagi, M.

T. Dostálová, H. Jelinkova, J. Sulc, P. Koranda, M. Nemec, J. Racek, and M. Miyagi, “Laser radiation debonding,” Proc. SPIE 6843, 684304 (2008).
[Crossref]

H. Jelínková, T. Dostalova, M. Nemec, P. Koranda, M. Miyagi, K. Iwai, Y. Shi, and Y. Matsuura, “Free-running and Q-switched Er: YAG laser dental cavity and composite resin restoration,” Laser Phys. Lett. 4(11), 835–839 (2007).
[Crossref]

Morford, C. K.

C. K. Morford, N. C. Buu, B. M. Rechmann, F. C. Finzen, A. B. Sharma, and P. Rechmann, “Er:YAG laser debonding of porcelain veneers,” Lasers Surg. Med. 43(10), 965–974 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Moriyama, L. T.

R. F. Lizarelli, L. T. Moriyama, and V. S. Bagnato, “Ablation of composite resins using Er:YAG laser--comparison with enamel and dentin,” Lasers Surg. Med. 33(2), 132–139 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nalbantgil, D.

M. O. Oztoprak, D. Nalbantgil, A. S. Erdem, M. Tozlu, and T. Arun, “Debonding of ceramic brackets by a new scanning laser method,” Am. J. Orthod. Dentofacial Orthop. 138(2), 195–200 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nelson, J. S.

J. S. Nelson, L. Yow, L. H. Liaw, L. Macleay, R. B. Zavar, A. Orenstein, W. H. Wright, J. J. Andrews, and M. W. Berns, “Ablation of bone and methacrylate by a prototype mid-infrared erbium:YAG laser,” Lasers Surg. Med. 8(5), 494–500 (1988).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nemec, M.

T. Dostálová, H. Jelinkova, J. Sulc, P. Koranda, M. Nemec, J. Racek, and M. Miyagi, “Laser radiation debonding,” Proc. SPIE 6843, 684304 (2008).
[Crossref]

H. Jelínková, T. Dostalova, M. Nemec, P. Koranda, M. Miyagi, K. Iwai, Y. Shi, and Y. Matsuura, “Free-running and Q-switched Er: YAG laser dental cavity and composite resin restoration,” Laser Phys. Lett. 4(11), 835–839 (2007).
[Crossref]

Obata, A.

H. Mimura, T. Deguchi, A. Obata, T. Yamagishi, and M. Ito, “Comparison of different bonding materials for laser debonding,” Am. J. Orthod. Dentofacial Orthop. 108(3), 267–273 (1995).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Oliver, R. G.

R. G. Oliver, “The effect of different methods of bracket removal on the amount of residual adhesive,” Am. J. Orthod. Dentofacial Orthop. 93(3), 196–200 (1988).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Orenstein, A.

J. S. Nelson, L. Yow, L. H. Liaw, L. Macleay, R. B. Zavar, A. Orenstein, W. H. Wright, J. J. Andrews, and M. W. Berns, “Ablation of bone and methacrylate by a prototype mid-infrared erbium:YAG laser,” Lasers Surg. Med. 8(5), 494–500 (1988).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Oztoprak, M. O.

M. O. Oztoprak, M. Tozlu, U. Iseri, F. Ulkur, and T. Arun, “Effects of different application durations of scanning laser method on debonding strength of laminate veneers,” Lasers Med. Sci. 27(4), 713–716 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. O. Oztoprak, D. Nalbantgil, A. S. Erdem, M. Tozlu, and T. Arun, “Debonding of ceramic brackets by a new scanning laser method,” Am. J. Orthod. Dentofacial Orthop. 138(2), 195–200 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Qvist, V.

V. V. Gordan, C. W. Garvan, J. S. Richman, J. L. Fellows, D. B. Rindal, V. Qvist, M. W. Heft, O. D. Williams, G. H. Gilbert, and DPBRN Collaborative Group, “How dentists diagnose and treat defective restorations: evidence from the dental practice-based research network,” Oper. Dent. 34(6), 664–673 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Racek, J.

T. Dostálová, H. Jelinkova, J. Sulc, P. Koranda, M. Nemec, J. Racek, and M. Miyagi, “Laser radiation debonding,” Proc. SPIE 6843, 684304 (2008).
[Crossref]

Ramirez-Yañez, G. O.

H. C. Almeida, M. Vedovello Filho, S. A. S. Vedovello, A. A. A. Young, and G. O. Ramirez-Yañez, “ER: YAG laser for composite removal after bracket debonding: a qualitative SEM analysis,” Int. J. Orthod. Milwaukee 20(1), 9–13 (2009).
[PubMed]

Rechmann, B. M.

P. Rechmann, N. C. Buu, B. M. Rechmann, C. Q. Le, F. C. Finzen, and J. D. Featherstone, “Laser all-ceramic crown removal-a laboratory proof-of-principle study-phase 1 material characteristics,” Lasers Surg. Med. 46(8), 628–635 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. K. Morford, N. C. Buu, B. M. Rechmann, F. C. Finzen, A. B. Sharma, and P. Rechmann, “Er:YAG laser debonding of porcelain veneers,” Lasers Surg. Med. 43(10), 965–974 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Rechmann, P.

P. Rechmann, N. C. Buu, B. M. Rechmann, C. Q. Le, F. C. Finzen, and J. D. Featherstone, “Laser all-ceramic crown removal-a laboratory proof-of-principle study-phase 1 material characteristics,” Lasers Surg. Med. 46(8), 628–635 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. K. Morford, N. C. Buu, B. M. Rechmann, F. C. Finzen, A. B. Sharma, and P. Rechmann, “Er:YAG laser debonding of porcelain veneers,” Lasers Surg. Med. 43(10), 965–974 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Richman, J. S.

V. V. Gordan, C. W. Garvan, J. S. Richman, J. L. Fellows, D. B. Rindal, V. Qvist, M. W. Heft, O. D. Williams, G. H. Gilbert, and DPBRN Collaborative Group, “How dentists diagnose and treat defective restorations: evidence from the dental practice-based research network,” Oper. Dent. 34(6), 664–673 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Rindal, D. B.

V. V. Gordan, C. W. Garvan, J. S. Richman, J. L. Fellows, D. B. Rindal, V. Qvist, M. W. Heft, O. D. Williams, G. H. Gilbert, and DPBRN Collaborative Group, “How dentists diagnose and treat defective restorations: evidence from the dental practice-based research network,” Oper. Dent. 34(6), 664–673 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Rue, T.

M. Bernardo, H. Luis, M. D. Martin, B. G. Leroux, T. Rue, J. Leitão, and T. A. DeRouen, “Survival and reasons for failure of amalgam versus composite posterior restorations placed in a randomized clinical trial,” J. Am. Dent. Assoc. 138(6), 775–783 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sarma, A. V.

T. M. Louie, R. S. Jones, A. V. Sarma, and D. Fried, “Selective removal of composite sealants with near-ultraviolet laser pulses of nanosecond duration,” J. Biomed. Opt. 10(1), 014001 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Dela Rosa, A. V. Sarma, C. Q. Le, R. S. Jones, and D. Fried, “Peripheral thermal and mechanical damage to dentin with microsecond and sub-microsecond 9.6 microm, 2.79 microm, and 0.355 microm laser pulses,” Lasers Surg. Med. 35(3), 214–228 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sharma, A. B.

C. K. Morford, N. C. Buu, B. M. Rechmann, F. C. Finzen, A. B. Sharma, and P. Rechmann, “Er:YAG laser debonding of porcelain veneers,” Lasers Surg. Med. 43(10), 965–974 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Shi, Y.

H. Jelínková, T. Dostalova, M. Nemec, P. Koranda, M. Miyagi, K. Iwai, Y. Shi, and Y. Matsuura, “Free-running and Q-switched Er: YAG laser dental cavity and composite resin restoration,” Laser Phys. Lett. 4(11), 835–839 (2007).
[Crossref]

Shori, R.

D. Fried, R. Shori, and C. Duhn, “Backspallation due to ablative recoil generated during Q-switched Er:YAG abaltion of dental enamel,” Proc. SPIE 3248, 78–85 (1998).
[Crossref]

Simon, J. C.

R. Yan, K. H. Chan, H. Tom, J. C. Simon, C. L. Darling, and D. Fried, “Selective removal of dental caries with a diode-pumped Er:YAG laser,” Proc SPIE 9306, O1–O8 (2015).
[PubMed]

N. R. Lamantia, H. Tom, K. H. Chan, J. C. Simon, C. L. Darling, and D. Fried, “High contrast optical imaging methods for image guided laser ablation of dental caries lesions,” Proc SPIE Int Soc Opt Eng 8929, 1–7 (2014).
[PubMed]

Sinelnik, Y. A.

G. B. Altshuler, A. V. Belikov, and Y. A. Sinelnik, “A laser-abrasive method for the cutting of enamel and dentin,” Lasers Surg. Med. 28(5), 435–444 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Stock, K.

K. Stock, R. Diebolder, F. Hausladen, and R. Hibst, “Efficient bone cutting with the novel diode pumped Er:YAG laser system: in vitro investigation and optimization of the treatment parameters,” Proc. SPIE 8926, 1–6 (2014).

K. Stock, R. Diebolder, F. Hausladen, H. Wurm, S. Lorenz, and R. Hibst, “Primary investigations on the potential of a novel diode pumped Er:YAG laser system for bone surgery,” Proc. SPIE 8565, 1–8 (2013).

K. Stock, F. Hausladen, and R. Hibst, ““Investigations on the potential of a novel diode pumped Er:YAG laser system for dental applications,” Proc. SPIE 8208, 82080D (2012).
[Crossref]

Strobl, K.

K. Strobl, T. L. Bahns, L. Willham, S. E. Bishara, and W. C. Stwalley, “Laser-aided debonding of orthodontic ceramic brackets,” Am. J. Orthod. Dentofacial Orthop. 101(2), 152–158 (1992).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Stwalley, W. C.

K. Strobl, T. L. Bahns, L. Willham, S. E. Bishara, and W. C. Stwalley, “Laser-aided debonding of orthodontic ceramic brackets,” Am. J. Orthod. Dentofacial Orthop. 101(2), 152–158 (1992).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sulc, J.

T. Dostálová, H. Jelinkova, J. Sulc, P. Koranda, M. Nemec, J. Racek, and M. Miyagi, “Laser radiation debonding,” Proc. SPIE 6843, 684304 (2008).
[Crossref]

Tom, H.

R. Yan, K. H. Chan, H. Tom, J. C. Simon, C. L. Darling, and D. Fried, “Selective removal of dental caries with a diode-pumped Er:YAG laser,” Proc SPIE 9306, O1–O8 (2015).
[PubMed]

N. R. Lamantia, H. Tom, K. H. Chan, J. C. Simon, C. L. Darling, and D. Fried, “High contrast optical imaging methods for image guided laser ablation of dental caries lesions,” Proc SPIE Int Soc Opt Eng 8929, 1–7 (2014).
[PubMed]

Tozlu, M.

M. O. Oztoprak, M. Tozlu, U. Iseri, F. Ulkur, and T. Arun, “Effects of different application durations of scanning laser method on debonding strength of laminate veneers,” Lasers Med. Sci. 27(4), 713–716 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. O. Oztoprak, D. Nalbantgil, A. S. Erdem, M. Tozlu, and T. Arun, “Debonding of ceramic brackets by a new scanning laser method,” Am. J. Orthod. Dentofacial Orthop. 138(2), 195–200 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ulkur, F.

M. O. Oztoprak, M. Tozlu, U. Iseri, F. Ulkur, and T. Arun, “Effects of different application durations of scanning laser method on debonding strength of laminate veneers,” Lasers Med. Sci. 27(4), 713–716 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Vedovello, S. A. S.

H. C. Almeida, M. Vedovello Filho, S. A. S. Vedovello, A. A. A. Young, and G. O. Ramirez-Yañez, “ER: YAG laser for composite removal after bracket debonding: a qualitative SEM analysis,” Int. J. Orthod. Milwaukee 20(1), 9–13 (2009).
[PubMed]

Vedovello Filho, M.

H. C. Almeida, M. Vedovello Filho, S. A. S. Vedovello, A. A. A. Young, and G. O. Ramirez-Yañez, “ER: YAG laser for composite removal after bracket debonding: a qualitative SEM analysis,” Int. J. Orthod. Milwaukee 20(1), 9–13 (2009).
[PubMed]

Watanabe, L. G.

C. R. Wheeler, D. Fried, J. D. Featherstone, L. G. Watanabe, and C. Q. Le, “Irradiation of dental enamel with Q-switched λ = 355-nm laser pulses: surface morphology, fluoride adsorption, and adhesion to composite resin,” Lasers Surg. Med. 32(4), 310–317 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wheeler, C. R.

C. R. Wheeler, D. Fried, J. D. Featherstone, L. G. Watanabe, and C. Q. Le, “Irradiation of dental enamel with Q-switched λ = 355-nm laser pulses: surface morphology, fluoride adsorption, and adhesion to composite resin,” Lasers Surg. Med. 32(4), 310–317 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Willham, L.

K. Strobl, T. L. Bahns, L. Willham, S. E. Bishara, and W. C. Stwalley, “Laser-aided debonding of orthodontic ceramic brackets,” Am. J. Orthod. Dentofacial Orthop. 101(2), 152–158 (1992).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Williams, O. D.

V. V. Gordan, C. W. Garvan, J. S. Richman, J. L. Fellows, D. B. Rindal, V. Qvist, M. W. Heft, O. D. Williams, G. H. Gilbert, and DPBRN Collaborative Group, “How dentists diagnose and treat defective restorations: evidence from the dental practice-based research network,” Oper. Dent. 34(6), 664–673 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wright, W. H.

J. S. Nelson, L. Yow, L. H. Liaw, L. Macleay, R. B. Zavar, A. Orenstein, W. H. Wright, J. J. Andrews, and M. W. Berns, “Ablation of bone and methacrylate by a prototype mid-infrared erbium:YAG laser,” Lasers Surg. Med. 8(5), 494–500 (1988).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wurm, H.

K. Stock, R. Diebolder, F. Hausladen, H. Wurm, S. Lorenz, and R. Hibst, “Primary investigations on the potential of a novel diode pumped Er:YAG laser system for bone surgery,” Proc. SPIE 8565, 1–8 (2013).

Xie, J.

R. Alexander, J. Xie, and D. Fried, “Selective removal of residual composite from dental enamel surfaces using the third harmonic of a Q-switched Nd:YAG laser,” Lasers Surg. Med. 30(3), 240–245 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yamagishi, T.

H. Mimura, T. Deguchi, A. Obata, T. Yamagishi, and M. Ito, “Comparison of different bonding materials for laser debonding,” Am. J. Orthod. Dentofacial Orthop. 108(3), 267–273 (1995).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yan, R.

R. Yan, K. H. Chan, H. Tom, J. C. Simon, C. L. Darling, and D. Fried, “Selective removal of dental caries with a diode-pumped Er:YAG laser,” Proc SPIE 9306, O1–O8 (2015).
[PubMed]

Yassaei, S.

S. Yassaei, H. Aghili, and N. Joshan, “Effects of removing adhesive from tooth surfaces by Er:YAG laser and a composite bur on enamel surface roughnessand pulp chamber temperature,” Dent Res J.  12(3), 254–259 (2015).
[PubMed]

Young, A. A. A.

H. C. Almeida, M. Vedovello Filho, S. A. S. Vedovello, A. A. A. Young, and G. O. Ramirez-Yañez, “ER: YAG laser for composite removal after bracket debonding: a qualitative SEM analysis,” Int. J. Orthod. Milwaukee 20(1), 9–13 (2009).
[PubMed]

Yow, L.

J. S. Nelson, L. Yow, L. H. Liaw, L. Macleay, R. B. Zavar, A. Orenstein, W. H. Wright, J. J. Andrews, and M. W. Berns, “Ablation of bone and methacrylate by a prototype mid-infrared erbium:YAG laser,” Lasers Surg. Med. 8(5), 494–500 (1988).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zavar, R. B.

J. S. Nelson, L. Yow, L. H. Liaw, L. Macleay, R. B. Zavar, A. Orenstein, W. H. Wright, J. J. Andrews, and M. W. Berns, “Ablation of bone and methacrylate by a prototype mid-infrared erbium:YAG laser,” Lasers Surg. Med. 8(5), 494–500 (1988).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Am. J. Orthod. Dentofacial Orthop. (4)

R. G. Oliver, “The effect of different methods of bracket removal on the amount of residual adhesive,” Am. J. Orthod. Dentofacial Orthop. 93(3), 196–200 (1988).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Mimura, T. Deguchi, A. Obata, T. Yamagishi, and M. Ito, “Comparison of different bonding materials for laser debonding,” Am. J. Orthod. Dentofacial Orthop. 108(3), 267–273 (1995).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. Strobl, T. L. Bahns, L. Willham, S. E. Bishara, and W. C. Stwalley, “Laser-aided debonding of orthodontic ceramic brackets,” Am. J. Orthod. Dentofacial Orthop. 101(2), 152–158 (1992).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. O. Oztoprak, D. Nalbantgil, A. S. Erdem, M. Tozlu, and T. Arun, “Debonding of ceramic brackets by a new scanning laser method,” Am. J. Orthod. Dentofacial Orthop. 138(2), 195–200 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Dent Res J (1)

S. Yassaei, H. Aghili, and N. Joshan, “Effects of removing adhesive from tooth surfaces by Er:YAG laser and a composite bur on enamel surface roughnessand pulp chamber temperature,” Dent Res J.  12(3), 254–259 (2015).
[PubMed]

Eur. J. Orthod. (1)

Y. H. Hong and K. K. Lew, “Quantitative and qualitative assessment of enamel surface following five composite removal methods after bracket debonding,” Eur. J. Orthod. 17(2), 121–128 (1995).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Int. J. Orthod. Milwaukee (1)

H. C. Almeida, M. Vedovello Filho, S. A. S. Vedovello, A. A. A. Young, and G. O. Ramirez-Yañez, “ER: YAG laser for composite removal after bracket debonding: a qualitative SEM analysis,” Int. J. Orthod. Milwaukee 20(1), 9–13 (2009).
[PubMed]

J. Am. Dent. Assoc. (1)

M. Bernardo, H. Luis, M. D. Martin, B. G. Leroux, T. Rue, J. Leitão, and T. A. DeRouen, “Survival and reasons for failure of amalgam versus composite posterior restorations placed in a randomized clinical trial,” J. Am. Dent. Assoc. 138(6), 775–783 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Biomed. Opt. (1)

T. M. Louie, R. S. Jones, A. V. Sarma, and D. Fried, “Selective removal of composite sealants with near-ultraviolet laser pulses of nanosecond duration,” J. Biomed. Opt. 10(1), 014001 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Laser Phys. Lett. (1)

H. Jelínková, T. Dostalova, M. Nemec, P. Koranda, M. Miyagi, K. Iwai, Y. Shi, and Y. Matsuura, “Free-running and Q-switched Er: YAG laser dental cavity and composite resin restoration,” Laser Phys. Lett. 4(11), 835–839 (2007).
[Crossref]

Lasers Med. Sci. (1)

M. O. Oztoprak, M. Tozlu, U. Iseri, F. Ulkur, and T. Arun, “Effects of different application durations of scanning laser method on debonding strength of laminate veneers,” Lasers Med. Sci. 27(4), 713–716 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lasers Surg. Med. (10)

P. Rechmann, N. C. Buu, B. M. Rechmann, C. Q. Le, F. C. Finzen, and J. D. Featherstone, “Laser all-ceramic crown removal-a laboratory proof-of-principle study-phase 1 material characteristics,” Lasers Surg. Med. 46(8), 628–635 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Dumore and D. Fried, “Selective ablation of orthodontic composite by using sub-microsecond IR laser pulses with optical feedback,” Lasers Surg. Med. 27(2), 103–110 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. H. Chan, K. Hirasuna, and D. Fried, “Rapid and selective removal of composite from tooth surfaces with a 9.3 µm CO2 laser using spectral feedback,” Lasers Surg. Med. 43(8), 824–832 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. Alexander, J. Xie, and D. Fried, “Selective removal of residual composite from dental enamel surfaces using the third harmonic of a Q-switched Nd:YAG laser,” Lasers Surg. Med. 30(3), 240–245 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. R. Wheeler, D. Fried, J. D. Featherstone, L. G. Watanabe, and C. Q. Le, “Irradiation of dental enamel with Q-switched λ = 355-nm laser pulses: surface morphology, fluoride adsorption, and adhesion to composite resin,” Lasers Surg. Med. 32(4), 310–317 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. S. Nelson, L. Yow, L. H. Liaw, L. Macleay, R. B. Zavar, A. Orenstein, W. H. Wright, J. J. Andrews, and M. W. Berns, “Ablation of bone and methacrylate by a prototype mid-infrared erbium:YAG laser,” Lasers Surg. Med. 8(5), 494–500 (1988).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. F. Lizarelli, L. T. Moriyama, and V. S. Bagnato, “Ablation of composite resins using Er:YAG laser--comparison with enamel and dentin,” Lasers Surg. Med. 33(2), 132–139 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. K. Morford, N. C. Buu, B. M. Rechmann, F. C. Finzen, A. B. Sharma, and P. Rechmann, “Er:YAG laser debonding of porcelain veneers,” Lasers Surg. Med. 43(10), 965–974 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Dela Rosa, A. V. Sarma, C. Q. Le, R. S. Jones, and D. Fried, “Peripheral thermal and mechanical damage to dentin with microsecond and sub-microsecond 9.6 microm, 2.79 microm, and 0.355 microm laser pulses,” Lasers Surg. Med. 35(3), 214–228 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. B. Altshuler, A. V. Belikov, and Y. A. Sinelnik, “A laser-abrasive method for the cutting of enamel and dentin,” Lasers Surg. Med. 28(5), 435–444 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Oper. Dent. (1)

V. V. Gordan, C. W. Garvan, J. S. Richman, J. L. Fellows, D. B. Rindal, V. Qvist, M. W. Heft, O. D. Williams, G. H. Gilbert, and DPBRN Collaborative Group, “How dentists diagnose and treat defective restorations: evidence from the dental practice-based research network,” Oper. Dent. 34(6), 664–673 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Proc SPIE (2)

J. Jew, K. H. Chan, C. L. Darling, and D. Fried, “Selective removal of natural caries lesions from dentin and tooth occlusal surfaces using a diode-pumped Er:YAG laser,” Proc SPIE 10044, 1–5 (2017).
[PubMed]

R. Yan, K. H. Chan, H. Tom, J. C. Simon, C. L. Darling, and D. Fried, “Selective removal of dental caries with a diode-pumped Er:YAG laser,” Proc SPIE 9306, O1–O8 (2015).
[PubMed]

Proc SPIE Int Soc Opt Eng (1)

N. R. Lamantia, H. Tom, K. H. Chan, J. C. Simon, C. L. Darling, and D. Fried, “High contrast optical imaging methods for image guided laser ablation of dental caries lesions,” Proc SPIE Int Soc Opt Eng 8929, 1–7 (2014).
[PubMed]

Proc. SPIE (6)

D. Fried, R. Shori, and C. Duhn, “Backspallation due to ablative recoil generated during Q-switched Er:YAG abaltion of dental enamel,” Proc. SPIE 3248, 78–85 (1998).
[Crossref]

K. Stock, R. Diebolder, F. Hausladen, and R. Hibst, “Efficient bone cutting with the novel diode pumped Er:YAG laser system: in vitro investigation and optimization of the treatment parameters,” Proc. SPIE 8926, 1–6 (2014).

K. Stock, R. Diebolder, F. Hausladen, H. Wurm, S. Lorenz, and R. Hibst, “Primary investigations on the potential of a novel diode pumped Er:YAG laser system for bone surgery,” Proc. SPIE 8565, 1–8 (2013).

K. Stock, F. Hausladen, and R. Hibst, ““Investigations on the potential of a novel diode pumped Er:YAG laser system for dental applications,” Proc. SPIE 8208, 82080D (2012).
[Crossref]

W. A. Fried, K. H. Chan, C. L. Darling, and D. Fried, “Selective removal of dental composite with a diode-pumped Er:YAG laser,” Proc. SPIE 9692, 1–7 (2016)

T. Dostálová, H. Jelinkova, J. Sulc, P. Koranda, M. Nemec, J. Racek, and M. Miyagi, “Laser radiation debonding,” Proc. SPIE 6843, 684304 (2008).
[Crossref]

Other (2)

U. Keller and R. Hibst, “Effects of Er:YAG laser on enamel bonding of composite materials,” Proc SPIE1880, 163–165 (1993).

D. Fried, “Dentistry: Diagnostics and Spectroscopy,” in Handbook of Biophotonics Vol 2: Photonics for Health Care (Wiley, 2012), Chap. 68.

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Laser setup with DPSS Er:YAG laser (EL), Green and Red targeting lasers (GL & RL), shutter (S), glass slide attenuators (ATT), lens (L), XY stage (XY), sample (SA), air nozzle (AN), camera (C), water spray (WS) and computer (CPU). An image of the DPSS Er:YAG laser is shown on lower right.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 3D digital images of incisions produced in enamel and composite at an incident fluence of 35 J/cm2 for the same number of laser pulses. (A) Enamel at 700x magnification. The depth at the marked area is 54-µm. (B) Composite at 700x magnification. The depth at the marked area is 152-µm. The color bars show the differential depth in microns.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 3D digital images of the surface changes produced in enamel for the same number of laser pulses. (A) At an incident fluence of 10 J/cm2 there was a rise in the irradiated enamel surface of ~10-µm. The magnification is 1000x. (B) At an incident fluence of 15 J/cm2, there was great variation in the depth of the cut, the depth at the marked area is 20-µm. The magnification is 700x. The color bars show the differential depth in microns.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 Relative single pulse ablation rates are shown for enamel (open circles) versus composite (solid circles). The mean ± s.d. are shown with 6 measurements per point.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 3D digital images of bovine enamel surfaces after removal of composite at an incident fluence of 10 J/cm2 (A) and 17 J/cm2 (B). Much of the enamel surface is intact that was under the composite and in the areas irradiated by the laser peripheral to the composite. The maximum depth of the damaged irradiated enamel at the indicated line profiles is 26-µm and 52-µm for (A) and (B) respectively. The magnification is 300x and the color bar shows the differential height in microns for both images.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 Images of a tooth hemisection after the laser was scanned in a square area encompassing half the composite and areas of both enamel and dentin at a fluence of 54 J/cm2 to completely remove the composite in that area. A visible reflectance image is shown of the tooth on the upper right and a rendered surface of the 3D OCT image is shown on the upper left. Composite removed is purple and lost enamel and dentin is shown in green. Extracted line profiles (b-scans) are shown at the indicated X and Y positions shown below.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Comparison of enamel and composite ablation rates from the literature.

Metrics