The thermal load accumulated in the gain medium induces thermal lensing which results in thermal aberration to the laser cavity, which would degrade the performance of solid state lasers. When the gain medium is rotated, the heat accumulation can be shifted laterally such that the disturbance to the laser performance is minimized.
Currently, a majority of the rotary disk lasers require the intervention of an electric motor to drive the gain medium disk, as well as a servo system to correct the wiggle of gain medium. As a result, the structure of lasers increased in complexity
The group led by Prof. Jianlang Li, from Shanghai Institute of Optics and Fine Mechanics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, proposed a maglev and rotary disk laser by combining the rotary disk laser technology with an optically driven maglev motion. The details of the study are reported in Chinese Optics Letters, Vol. 13, No. 12, 2015 (H. X. Han, J. L. Li, A Maglev and Rotating Disk Laser)
Diamagnetic materials such as pyrolytic graphite (PG) have negative magnetic susceptibility. When exposed to an external magnetic field, the diamagnetic material generates an internal magnetic field in the opposite direction, implying that it can be levitated above the external magnetic field at room temperature. Under the illumination of a laser beam, the magnetic susceptibility of the diamagnetic material changes and subsequently the local temperature variation enables the rotation of the levitated diamagnetic material with high stability and precision.
In their proof-of-concept investigation, a thin-disk Nd:YAG laser crystal was attached to a PG plate, and was levitated above a stack of permanent magnets. The pump irradiation from a fiber-coupled laser diode was absorbed by the laser crystal and its residual power was utilized to activate the rotation of PG plate. The levitated compound comprising the laser crystal and the PG disk was heavy, therefore the compressed gas was used to assist the rotation. In the experiment, a single-mode output of 17.7 mW was obtained from this compound, and the initial results verified the validity of the proposed laser scheme.
According to the authors, this study proposed a new rotary laser scheme for power scaling and generation of a high brightness beam. "In the future, with further optimization to laser gain media and diamagnetic materials, maglev and optically-driven rotating disk laser will be more realizable, and it may bring in breakthroughs in high-power solid-state laser and planar waveguide laser," said Prof. Jianlang Li.
The following work will be focused on reducing the weight of the maglev compound by the planar waveguide structure deposited on thin diamagnetic materials, and building maglev and rotary disk laser which is driven only by unabsorbed pump light.
中国科学院上海光学精密机械研究所李建郎研究员课题组将转盘激光器技术和磁悬浮光驱动旋转技术结合起来，提出了全新的磁悬浮光驱动转盘激光器方案。相关研究成果发表在Chinese Optics Letters 2015 年第12 期上（H. X. Han, J. L. Li, A Maglev and Rotating Disk Laser）。