Abstract

Statistical distributing and magnitude of the first and second-order polarization mode dispersion (PMD) vectors are evaluated and the timing displacements of its effects on dispersion-managed soliton (DMS) are also given with help of coarse-step approach, such as Jones matrix (JME) and coupled nonlinear Schrodinger equations (CNLSE). The results showed that the coarse-step approach can not only simulate the statistical characteristics of PMD, but also compute the nonlinear pulse characteristic of timing and energy jitters evolution affected by PMD. The presented results are very useful to simplify the measurement of second-order PMD and instructively reveal the degree of PMD effects in DMS systems.

© 2005 Chinese Optics Letters

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