Abstract

A simple design procedure is used to generate photonic crystal fibers (PCFs) with ultra-flattened chromatic dispersion. Only four parameters are required, which not only considerably saves the computing time, but also distinctly reduces the air-hole quantity. The influence of the air-hole diameters of each ring of hexagonal PCFs (H-PCF, including 1-hole-missing and 7-hole-missing H-PCFs), circular PCFs (C-PCF), square PCFs (S-PCF), and octagonal PCFs (O-PCF) is investigated through simulations. Results show that regardless of the cross section structures of the PCFs, the 1st ring air-hole diameter has the greatest influence on the dispersion curve followed by that of the 2nd ring. The 3rd ring diameter only affects the dispersion curve within longer wavelengths, whereas the 4th and 5th rings have almost no influence on the dispersion curve. The hole-to-hole pitch between rings changes the dispersion curve as a whole. Based on the simulation results, a procedure is proposed to design PCFs with ultra-flattened dispersion. Through the adjustment of air-hole diameters of the inner three rings and hole-to-hole pitch, a flattened dispersion of 0+-0.5 ps/(nm.km) within a wavelength range of 1.239-2.083 \mum for 5-ring 1-hole-missing H-PCF, 1.248-1.992 \mum for 5-ring C-PCF, 1.237-2.21 \mum for 5-ring S-PCF, 1.149-1.926 \mum for 5-ring O-PCF, and 1.294-1.663 \mum for 7-hole-missing H-PCF is achieved.

© 2011 Chinese Optics Letters

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