Abstract

We built an optical parametric oscillator (OPO) generating orthogonally polarized signals at different wavelengths simultaneously, based on a periodically poled lithium niobate (PPLN) crystal. The OPO was pumped by ns-pulses at 1.064 μm from a diode-pumped solid-state laser, where we found the type-0 and the type-1 quasi-phase matching conditions were satisfied simultaneously in the PPLN crystal. This enabled us to create a coherent light source which can emit dual signals which could be accessed easily by rotating a polarizer.

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  1. J. A. Giordmaine and R. C. MillerTunable coherent parametric oscillation in LiNbO3 at optical frequenciesPhys. Rev. Lett.196514973976
  2. R. G. Smith, J. E. Geusic, H. J. Levinstein, J. J. Rubin, S. Singh, and L. G. V. UitertContinuous optical parametric oscillation in Ba2NaNb5O15Appl. Phys. Lett.196812308310
  3. L. E. Myers, R. C. Eckardt, M. M. Fejer, R. L. Byer, W. R. Bosenberg, and J. W. PierceQuasi-phase-matched optical parametric oscillators in bulk periodically poled LiNbO3J. Opt. Soc. Am. B19951221022116
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  5. G. Bellisola and C. SorioInfrared spectroscopy and microscopy in cancer research and diagnosisAm. J. Cancer Res.20122121
  6. R. Amor, G. Norris, J. Dempster, W. B. Amos, and G. McConnellA compact instrument for adjusting laser beams to be accurately coincident and coaxial and its use in biomedical imaging using wave-mixed laser sourcesRev. Sci. Instrum.201283083705
  7. T. A. Johnson and S. A. DiddamsMid-infrared upconversion spectroscopy based on a Yb:fiber femtosecond laserAppl. Phys. B20121073139
  8. J. Liu, Q. Liu, X. Yan, H. Chen, and M. GongHigh repetition frequency PPMgOLN mid-infrared optical parametric oscillatorLaser. Phys. Lett.20107630633
  9. I. D. Lindsay, C. Petridis, M. H. Dunn, and M. EbrahimzadehContinuous-wave pump-enhanced singly resonant optical parametric oscillator pumped by an extended-cavity diode laserAppl. Phys. Lett.200178871873
  10. H. Ishizuki and T. TairaHigh-energy quasi-phase-matched optical parametric oscillation in a periodically poled MgO: LiNbO3 device with a 5 mm × 5 mm apertureOpt. Lett.20053029182920
  11. H. Hatano, M. Watanabe, K. Kitamura, M. Naito, H. Yamawaki, and R. SlaterMid IR pulsed light source for laser ultrasonic testing of carbon-fiber-reinforced plasticJ. Opt.201517094011
  12. H. Hatano, R. Slater, S. Takekawa, M. Kusano, and M. WatanabeOptimization of mid-IR generation from a periodically poled MgO doped stoichiometric lithium tantalate optical parametric oscillator with intracavity difference frequency mixingJ. Appl. Phys.201756072701
  13. A. Henderson and R. StaffordLow threshold, singly-resonant CW OPO pumped by an all-fiber pump sourceOpt. Express200614767772
  14. B. Wu, J. Kong, and Y. ShenHigh-efficiency semi-external-cavity-structured periodically poled MgLN-based optical parametric oscillator with output power exceeding 9.2 W at 3.82 μmOpt. Lett.20103511181120
  15. O. Kokabee, A. Esteban-Martin, and M. Ebrahim-ZadehEfficient, high-power, ytterbium-fiber-laser-pumped picosecond optical parametric oscillatorOpt. Lett.20103532103212
  16. M. V. O’Connor, M. A. Watson, D. P. Shepherd, D. C. Hanna, J. H. V. Price, A. Malinowski, J. Nilsson, N. G. R. Broderick, D. J. Richardson, and L. LefortSynchronously pumped optical parametric oscillator driven by a femtosecond mode-locked fiber laserOpt. Lett.20022710521054
  17. D. Georgiev, V. P. Gapontsev, A. G. Dronov, M. Y. Vyatkin, A. B. Rulkov, S. V. Popov, and J. R. TaylorWatts-level frequency doubling of a narrow line linearly polarized Raman fiber laser to 589 nmOpt. Express20051367726776
  18. R. K. Choubey, P. Sen, P. K. Sen, R. Bhatt, S. Kar, V. Shukla, and K. S. BartwalOptical properties of MgO doped LiNbO3 single crystalsOpt. Mater.200628467472
  19. N. Umemura and D. MatsudaThermo-optic dispersion formula for the ordinary wave in 5 mol% MgO doped LiNbO3 and its application to temperature insensitive second-harmonic generationOpt. Commun.2016367167173
  20. C. S. Werner, B. Sturman, E. Podivilov, S. K. Manjeshwar, K. Buse, and I. BreunigControl of mode anticrossings in whispering gallery microresonatorsOpt. Express201826762771
  21. H. Zhong, L. Zhang, Y. Li, and D. FanGroup velocity mismatch-absent nonlinear frequency conversions for mid-infrared femtosecond pulses generationSci. Rep.2015510887
  22. H. J. Lee, H. Kim, M. Cha, and H. S. MoonSimultaneous type-0 and type-II spontaneous parametric down-conversions in a single periodically poled KTiOPO4 crystalAppl. Phys. B2012108585589
  23. O. Gayer, Z. Sacks, E. Galun, and A. ArieTemperature and wavelength dependent refractive index equations for MgO-doped congruent and stoichiometric LiNbO3Appl. Phys. B200891343348
  24. CH. S. S. Pavan Kumar, J. Kim, B. J. Kim, and M. ChaEstimation of the ratio of nonlinear optical tensor components by measuring second harmonic generation and parametric down conversion outputs in a single periodically poled LiNbO3 crystalCurr. Opt. Photon.20182606611
  25. I.-H. Bae, H. S. Moon, S. Zaske, C. Becher, S. K. Kim, S.-N. Park, and D.-H. LeeLow-threshold singly resonant continuous-wave optical parametric oscillator based on MgO-doped PPLNAppl. Phys. B2011103311319
  26. A. V. SmithBandwidth and group-velocity effects in nanosecond optical parametric amplifiers and oscillatorsJ. Opt. Soc. Am. B20052219531965
  27. R. W. BoydNonlinear Optics3rd ed.Academic PressUSA2008Chapter 2
  28. I. Shoji, T. Kondo, A. Kitamoto, M. Shirane, and R. ItoAbsolute scale of second-order nonlinear-optical coefficientsJ. Opt. Soc. Am. B19971422682294

Other (28)

J. A. Giordmaine and R. C. MillerTunable coherent parametric oscillation in LiNbO3 at optical frequenciesPhys. Rev. Lett.196514973976

R. G. Smith, J. E. Geusic, H. J. Levinstein, J. J. Rubin, S. Singh, and L. G. V. UitertContinuous optical parametric oscillation in Ba2NaNb5O15Appl. Phys. Lett.196812308310

L. E. Myers, R. C. Eckardt, M. M. Fejer, R. L. Byer, W. R. Bosenberg, and J. W. PierceQuasi-phase-matched optical parametric oscillators in bulk periodically poled LiNbO3J. Opt. Soc. Am. B19951221022116

B. M. Walsh, H. R. Lee, and N. P. BarnesMid infrared lasers for remote sensing applicationsJ. Lumin.2016169400405

G. Bellisola and C. SorioInfrared spectroscopy and microscopy in cancer research and diagnosisAm. J. Cancer Res.20122121

R. Amor, G. Norris, J. Dempster, W. B. Amos, and G. McConnellA compact instrument for adjusting laser beams to be accurately coincident and coaxial and its use in biomedical imaging using wave-mixed laser sourcesRev. Sci. Instrum.201283083705

T. A. Johnson and S. A. DiddamsMid-infrared upconversion spectroscopy based on a Yb:fiber femtosecond laserAppl. Phys. B20121073139

J. Liu, Q. Liu, X. Yan, H. Chen, and M. GongHigh repetition frequency PPMgOLN mid-infrared optical parametric oscillatorLaser. Phys. Lett.20107630633

I. D. Lindsay, C. Petridis, M. H. Dunn, and M. EbrahimzadehContinuous-wave pump-enhanced singly resonant optical parametric oscillator pumped by an extended-cavity diode laserAppl. Phys. Lett.200178871873

H. Ishizuki and T. TairaHigh-energy quasi-phase-matched optical parametric oscillation in a periodically poled MgO: LiNbO3 device with a 5 mm × 5 mm apertureOpt. Lett.20053029182920

H. Hatano, M. Watanabe, K. Kitamura, M. Naito, H. Yamawaki, and R. SlaterMid IR pulsed light source for laser ultrasonic testing of carbon-fiber-reinforced plasticJ. Opt.201517094011

H. Hatano, R. Slater, S. Takekawa, M. Kusano, and M. WatanabeOptimization of mid-IR generation from a periodically poled MgO doped stoichiometric lithium tantalate optical parametric oscillator with intracavity difference frequency mixingJ. Appl. Phys.201756072701

A. Henderson and R. StaffordLow threshold, singly-resonant CW OPO pumped by an all-fiber pump sourceOpt. Express200614767772

B. Wu, J. Kong, and Y. ShenHigh-efficiency semi-external-cavity-structured periodically poled MgLN-based optical parametric oscillator with output power exceeding 9.2 W at 3.82 μmOpt. Lett.20103511181120

O. Kokabee, A. Esteban-Martin, and M. Ebrahim-ZadehEfficient, high-power, ytterbium-fiber-laser-pumped picosecond optical parametric oscillatorOpt. Lett.20103532103212

M. V. O’Connor, M. A. Watson, D. P. Shepherd, D. C. Hanna, J. H. V. Price, A. Malinowski, J. Nilsson, N. G. R. Broderick, D. J. Richardson, and L. LefortSynchronously pumped optical parametric oscillator driven by a femtosecond mode-locked fiber laserOpt. Lett.20022710521054

D. Georgiev, V. P. Gapontsev, A. G. Dronov, M. Y. Vyatkin, A. B. Rulkov, S. V. Popov, and J. R. TaylorWatts-level frequency doubling of a narrow line linearly polarized Raman fiber laser to 589 nmOpt. Express20051367726776

R. K. Choubey, P. Sen, P. K. Sen, R. Bhatt, S. Kar, V. Shukla, and K. S. BartwalOptical properties of MgO doped LiNbO3 single crystalsOpt. Mater.200628467472

N. Umemura and D. MatsudaThermo-optic dispersion formula for the ordinary wave in 5 mol% MgO doped LiNbO3 and its application to temperature insensitive second-harmonic generationOpt. Commun.2016367167173

C. S. Werner, B. Sturman, E. Podivilov, S. K. Manjeshwar, K. Buse, and I. BreunigControl of mode anticrossings in whispering gallery microresonatorsOpt. Express201826762771

H. Zhong, L. Zhang, Y. Li, and D. FanGroup velocity mismatch-absent nonlinear frequency conversions for mid-infrared femtosecond pulses generationSci. Rep.2015510887

H. J. Lee, H. Kim, M. Cha, and H. S. MoonSimultaneous type-0 and type-II spontaneous parametric down-conversions in a single periodically poled KTiOPO4 crystalAppl. Phys. B2012108585589

O. Gayer, Z. Sacks, E. Galun, and A. ArieTemperature and wavelength dependent refractive index equations for MgO-doped congruent and stoichiometric LiNbO3Appl. Phys. B200891343348

CH. S. S. Pavan Kumar, J. Kim, B. J. Kim, and M. ChaEstimation of the ratio of nonlinear optical tensor components by measuring second harmonic generation and parametric down conversion outputs in a single periodically poled LiNbO3 crystalCurr. Opt. Photon.20182606611

I.-H. Bae, H. S. Moon, S. Zaske, C. Becher, S. K. Kim, S.-N. Park, and D.-H. LeeLow-threshold singly resonant continuous-wave optical parametric oscillator based on MgO-doped PPLNAppl. Phys. B2011103311319

A. V. SmithBandwidth and group-velocity effects in nanosecond optical parametric amplifiers and oscillatorsJ. Opt. Soc. Am. B20052219531965

R. W. BoydNonlinear Optics3rd ed.Academic PressUSA2008Chapter 2

I. Shoji, T. Kondo, A. Kitamoto, M. Shirane, and R. ItoAbsolute scale of second-order nonlinear-optical coefficientsJ. Opt. Soc. Am. B19971422682294

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