Abstract

Results from detailed numerical analyses of the modal characteristics of large-cross-section silicon-on-insulator-based rib waveguides are presented. They highlight for the first time that satisfying widely used design criteria is not sufficient to ensure single-mode behavior. In particular, the geometries that the design formulas predict should be single-mode are shown to support higher order vertical modes that do not couple (leak) into the outer slab region and are thus low loss in nature. Fortunately, a wide range of practical rib geometries still remains for which the leakage loss of modes other than those of EH_00 and HE_00 is sufficiently high to make the waveguides effectively single mode for each polarization.

© 2004 IEEE

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