Abstract

A polarization-insensitive quantum dot semiconductor optical amplifiers (QD-SOAs) have been studied for use in future optical communication systems. A part of our work shows that the optical polarization property in QDs depends on both their aspect ratio and strain. To control these two parameters, we propose the use of strain-controlled columnar QDs (SC-CQDs), which exhibit a high aspect ratio and have strain-controlled side barriers for polarization-insensitive operation in the 1.5-μm wavelength band. QD-SOAs with these optimized SC-CQDs demonstrated polarization-insensitive characteristics. They showed a gain of 8.0 dB with polarization dependence of the gain as low as 0.4 dB, -3-dB saturation output power of 18.5 dBm at a wavelength of 1550 nm, and error-free amplification at a bit rate of 40 Gbit/s.

© 2011 IEEE

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