Abstract

We propose a modified method of constant modulus algorithm (CMA) based on polarization demultiplexing in Stokes space for polarization demultiplexing (SS-PDM) in optical coherent receivers. SS-PDM can tolerate chromatic dispersion (CD) and polarization-dependent loss (PDL), but is sensitive to PMD. On the other hand, the CMA with high-order FIR filters could compensate for polarization-mode-dispersion (PMD) effectively, but suffers from the singularity problem which results from PDL. Therefore, we use the polarization rotation matrix estimated by SS-PDM to set the initial center taps of the CMA. The singularity problem of the CMA is avoided effectively in a much wider range of PDL and its convergence speed is also improved. We demonstrate this modified CMA in a simulation of 100-Gbit/s PDM-QPSK with PDL of 1, 3, and 5 dB, respectively. PDL is emulated by attenuating one polarization tributary before polarization multiplexing and the interaction between PDL and PMD is ignored. The singularity problem disappears as expected. Because the tolerance of PDL is affected by DGD, we further investigate the PDL tolerance under different DGD. Finally, we conduct the simulation of 100-Gbit/s PDM-QPSK with PDL of 3 dB over 3000 km SSMF and 4000 km SSMF separately. The convergence speed accelerates indeed compared with that of the conventional CMA.

© 2013 IEEE

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