Abstract

In evaluating the usefulness of luminescent materials it is necessary to take into account the behavior of the human eye at low values of luminance. A photometer that provides for the determination of low luminances, with due regard for the characteristic behavior of the eye at such values, is described. It is interesting to note that both the luminescent materials and some of the phenomena of vision for the nearly dark-adapted eye have been known for many years, although the use of modern lamps to produce higher and higher illuminations has made it generally unnecessary to consider these phenomena. However, the use of the airplane for bombing with the counter measure of blacking out as a means of passive defense and the need for markers in the interiors of blacked-out ships have shown many of the luminescent materials to be practical instead of merely novel, and has led to development of methods for measuring the luminances which they yield.

© 1945 Optical Society of America

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