Abstract

Several types of measurement were made of the negative afterimages formed by viewing chromatic and achromatic sine-wave conditioning gratings that were stabilized on the retina. We varied the spatial frequency, contrast, and duration of the conditioning stimulus and the interval between its offset and the after-image measurement. Different methods of measuring afterimage contrast were also compared. We conclude that (1) an isoluminant chromatic stimulus creates an isoluminant chromatic afterimage; (2) afterimage contrast is linearly related to conditioning contrast; (3) chromatic and achromatic afterimages have similar low-pass spatial-frequency characteristics; (4) both types of afterimage build up and decay exponentially, with a (1/e) time constant of 4–8 s; (5) most important, both chromatic and achromatic afterimages raise the threshold for a chromatic flashed grating, but neither affects the threshold for an achromatic flashed grating; (6) we can explain these results by postulating that negative afterimages are subserved only by the sustained, or parvocellular, pathways.

© 1993 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article
OSA Recommended Articles
Spatiotemporal variation of chromatic and achromatic contrast thresholds

D. H. Kelly
J. Opt. Soc. Am. 73(6) 742-750 (1983)

Temporal responses to chromatic and achromatic change inferred from temporal double-pulse integration

Keiji Uchikawa and Tatsuya Yoshizawa
J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 10(8) 1697-1705 (1993)

Psychophysical and physiological responses to gratings with luminance and chromatic components of different spatial frequencies

Bonnie Cooper, Hao Sun, and Barry B. Lee
J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 29(2) A314-A323 (2012)

References

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Citation lists with outbound citation links are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access OSA Member Subscription

Cited By

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Cited by links are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access OSA Member Subscription

Figures (10)

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Figure files are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access OSA Member Subscription

Metrics

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Article level metrics are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access OSA Member Subscription