Abstract

We demonstrate a novel method for target depth determination in a turbid medium with experiments and Monte Carlo simulations. This method relies on the strong dependence of transmitted co-polarized intensity on target depth. Such a dependence originates from the inclusion of certain diffuse photons in the co-polarized intensity. A target of stronger scattering located closer to the transmitter results in stronger photon divergence and hence weaker co-polarized intensity at the receiver of a finite aperture. On the other hand, the degree of polarization (DOP) carries only information about ballistic and snake photons. It is weakly dependent on the target depth. The DOP data can be used as a reference of absolute scattering strength in the turbid system. Our experimental and Monte Carlo simulation results show the feasibility of the proposed target depth determination method. Meanwhile, it is shown that an appropriate time-gating process could help in improving the accuracy of target depth. In addition, the results show that the proposed method has quite large applicable ranges of scattering coefficient and absorption coefficient.

© 2003 Optical Society of America

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