Abstract

The introduction of high-resolution phase-shifting interferometry methods such as annihilation filter, state space, multiple-signal classification, minimum norm, estimation of signal parameter via rotational invariance, and maximum-likelihood estimator have enabled the estimation of phase in an interferogram in the presence of harmonics and noise. These methods are also effective in holographic moiré where incorporating two piezoelectric transducers (PZTs) yields two orthogonal displacement components simultaneously. Typically, when these methods are used, the first step involves estimating the phase steps pixelwise; then the interference phase distribution is computed by designing a Vandermonde system of equations. In this context, we present a statistical study of these methods for the case of single and dual PZTs. The performance of these methods is also compared with other conventional benchmarking algorithms involving the single PZT. The paper also discusses the significant issue of an allowable pair of phase steps in the presence of noise using a robust statistical tool such as the Cramér–Rao bound. Furthermore, experimental validations of these high-resolution methods are presented for the estimation of single phase in holographic interferometry and for the estimation of multiple phases in holographic moiré.

© 2007 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article
OSA Recommended Articles
Statistical study of generalized nonlinear phase step estimation methods in phase-shifting interferometry

Rajesh Langoju, Abhijit Patil, and Pramod Rastogi
Appl. Opt. 46(33) 8007-8014 (2007)

Constraints in dual phase shifting interferometry

Abhijit Patil, Rajesh Langoju, and Pramod Rastogi
Opt. Express 14(1) 88-102 (2006)

References

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Citation lists with outbound citation links are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access OSA Member Subscription

Cited By

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Cited by links are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access OSA Member Subscription

Figures (17)

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Figure files are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access OSA Member Subscription

Tables (1)

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Article tables are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access OSA Member Subscription

Equations (24)

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Equations are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access OSA Member Subscription

Metrics

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Article level metrics are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access OSA Member Subscription