Abstract

The two-dimensional (2D) nonseparable linear canonical transform (NS-LCT) is a unitary, linear integral transform that relates the input and output monochromatic, paraxial scalar wave fields of optical systems characterized by a 4×4 ray tracing matrix. In addition to the obvious generalizations of the 1D LCT (which are referred to as separable), the 2D-NS-LCT can represent a variety of nonaxially symmetric optical systems including the gyrator transform and image rotation. Unlike the 1D LCT, the numerical approximation of the 2D-NS-LCT has not yet received extensive attention in the literature. In this paper, (1) we develop a sampling theorem for the general 2D-NS-LCT which generalizes previously published sampling theorems for the 1D case and (2) we determine which sampling rates may be chosen to ensure that the obvious discrete transform is unitary.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

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