Abstract

We introduce a new kind of partially coherent source whose cross-spectral density (CSD) function is described as the incoherent superposition of elliptical twisted Gaussian Schell-model sources with different beam widths and transverse coherence widths, named twisted elliptical multi-Gaussian Schell-model (TEMGSM) beams. Analytical expression for the CSD function propagating through a paraxial ABCD optical system is derived with the help of the generalized Collins formula. Our results show that the TEMGSM beam is capable of generating a flat-topped elliptical beam profile in the far field, and the beam spot during propagation exhibits clockwise/anti-clockwise rotation with respect to its propagation axis. In addition, the analytical expressions for the orbital angular momentum (OAM) and the propagation factor are also derived by means of the Wigner distribution function. The influences of the twisted factor and the beam index on the OAM and the propagation factor are studied and discussed in detail.

© 2019 Optical Society of America

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