Abstract

The guided modes are investigated in a symmetric five-layer slab waveguide with a core of negative refractive index material surrounded by four normal dielectrics. The graphical method is applied to determine the guided optical modes. The left-handed material waveguide supports both oscillating and surface guided modes. For oscillating guided modes the fundamental mode can be supported. Mode double-degeneracy appears and some modes are absent in the five-layer waveguide. High-order surface guided modes exist due to the oscillating electric field in the inner claddings. Energy flux for the oscillating and surface guided modes is also discussed in detail.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

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