Abstract

An enhanced or improved far-field-diffracted optical dipole trap with a red or blue detuning for cold atoms or molecules on an optical chip is proposed, and our trap scheme is formed by an optical system composed of a binary phase plate and a circular aperture illuminated by a plane light wave. The relative radial and axial intensity distributions of the far-field optical trap and its optical potentials for R87b atoms are calculated, and the dependences of the relative intensity of the far-field optical trap and its well depth on the modulated phase φ of the phase plate are studied. Also, the feasibility of our enhanced far-field optical trap is analyzed, and some potential applications of our optical trap are briefly discussed. Our research shows that some geometric and optical parameters of the far-field optical trap can be greatly improved, and the evolution of the far-field optical trap from a red-detuned optical trap to a blue-detuned one can be realized by using our proposed binary phase plate. Particularly, with the change of the modulated phase φ from 0 to π, the maximum intensity (i.e., the well depth) of the far-field optical trap and its trapping volume will be increased by about four and eight times, respectively. While the modulated phase φ of the phase plate is changed from 0 to π, a red-detuned optical trap will be evolved as a blue-detuned one, and the corresponding trapping intensity and volume will be enhanced by about 4 times. So such an enhanced far-field optical trap scheme has some important applications in the fields of laser cooling and trapping; atomic, molecular, and optical physics; integrated atom or molecule optics; quantum information science; and so on.

© 2010 Optical Society of America

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