Abstract

By using the nondominated sorting-based genetic algorithm II, we study the topology optimization of 2D phoxonic crystals (PxC) with simultaneously maximal and complete photonic and phononic bandgaps. Our results show that the optimized structures are composed of solid lumps with narrow connections, and their Pareto-optimal solution set can keep a balance between photonic and phononic bandgap widths. Moreover, we investigate the localized states of PxC based on the optimized structure and obtain structures with more effectively multimodal photon and phonon localization. The presented structures with highly focused energy are good choices for PxC sensors. For practical application, we design a simple structure with smooth edges based on the optimized structure. It is shown that the designed simple structure has similar properties to the optimized structure, i.e., simultaneous wide phononic and photonic bandgaps and a highly effective phononic/photonic cavity.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

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