Abstract

The quantum Fisher information (QFI) of a two-level atom in an anisotropic and isotropic photonic band-gap (PBG) crystal has been studied without Born or Markovian approximation. We show that the precision of the parameter estimation for the two-level atom in the photonic crystal is greatly different from that of a two-level atom in vacuum or that subjected to the usual non-Markovian reservoir. The phenomenon shows that the QFI, namely, the precision of estimation, changes dramatically with the environment structure. The results also show that, for PBG materials, environmentally high values of QFI trapping can be achieved and thus prevention of QFI sudden drop occurs, which greatly enhances the coherence and increases the precision of estimation. Moreover, the QFI in the isotropic PBG is more easily preserved than that of the anisotropic PBG under the same condition. These features make the atom system in PBG materials a good candidate for implementation of different schemes of quantum optics and information with high precision.

© 2015 Optical Society of America

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