Abstract

The Clauser–Horne–Shimony–Holt (CHSH) inequality and its permutations are necessary and sufficient criteria for Bell nonlocality in the simplest Bell-nonlocality scenario: two parties, two measurements per party and two outcomes per measurement. Here we derive an inequality for Einstein–Podolsky–Rosen (EPR)-steering that is an analog of the CHSH, in that it is necessary and sufficient in this same scenario. However, since in the case of steering the device at Bob’s site must be specified (as opposed to the Bell case, in which it is a black box), the scenario we consider is that where Alice performs two (black-box) dichotomic measurements, and Bob performs two mutually unbiased qubit measurements. We show that this inequality is strictly weaker than the CHSH, as expected, and use it to decide whether a recent experiment [Phys. Rev. Lett. 110, 130401 (2013) [CrossRef]  ] involving a single-photon split between two parties has demonstrated EPR-steering.

© 2015 Optical Society of America

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