Abstract

We present a new scheme for high-efficiency three-dimensional (3D) atom localization in a three-level atomic system via measuring the absorption of a weak probe field. Owing to the space-dependent atom–field interaction, the position probability distribution of the atom can be directly determined by measuring the probe absorption. It is found that, by properly varying the parameters of the system, the probability of finding the atom at a particular position can be almost 100%. Our scheme opens a promising way to achieve high-precision and high-efficiency 3D atom localization, which provides the possibility to realize laser cooling or atom nanolithography via 3D atom localization.

© 2015 Optical Society of America

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