Abstract

A compensation method for phase mismatch caused by temperature variation during the frequency conversion process is proposed and the theoretical model is established. The method is based on the principle that phase mismatch can be compensated via the electro-optic effect based on a compensation scheme consisting of two nonlinear crystals and an electro-optic crystal; further, a new dimension adjustment can be achieved by changing the voltage. In a proof-of-principle study, frequency conversion from 1053 nm to 526.5 nm and 351 nm by cascade KH2PO4 (KDP) and KD2PO4 (DKDP) crystals, respectively, is presented as an example. Three-dimensional numerical simulations are conducted to show that the conversion efficiency of frequency doubling and tripling varies with temperature. The results show that the temperature acceptance bandwidth of doubling and tripling can be 2.4 and 3.4 times larger, respectively, than that of the traditional method using a single crystal. We also analyze the stability of the conversion efficiency for 192 beams by our proposed method when the temperature is randomly varied within the range of 24°C–26°C. The standard deviation of the conversion efficiency of frequency doubling and tripling decreases from 1.25% and 6.61% to 0.18% and 0.56%, respectively. In addition, the influence of the reflection loss on the output efficiencies is also analyzed and the results show that it is very small. This indicates that this method may be effective in reducing the temperature sensitivity of conversion efficiency.

© 2016 Optical Society of America

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