Abstract

Counterfactual quantum communication allows distant users to share a message without any physical particles traveling through the quantum channel. Here, we present a counterfactual scheme to realize multiparty entanglement distribution. We first realize bipartite counterfactual entanglement distribution to create photon–electron entanglement by using interaction-free measurements and quantum dots. Then the atom–cavity systems are used to create many photon–photon entanglement pairs, which can connect photon–electron pairs with the help of an entanglement beam splitter. Consequently, the electron spins in distant optical microcavities are entangled by the coherent exchange of single flying photons. We also discuss the implementation issues to show that the presented scheme can be realized successfully in experiment. The numerical analysis about the efficiency of multiparty entanglement distribution indicates that there is a trade-off between the entanglement fidelity and the number of users.

© 2016 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article
OSA Recommended Articles
Tripartite counterfactual entanglement distribution

Yuanyuan Chen, Xuemei Gu, Dong Jiang, Ling Xie, and Lijun Chen
Opt. Express 23(16) 21193-21203 (2015)

Counterfactual entanglement distribution without transmitting any particles

Qi Guo, Liu-Yong Cheng, Li Chen, Hong-Fu Wang, and Shou Zhang
Opt. Express 22(8) 8970-8984 (2014)

Counterfactual entanglement swapping enables high-efficiency entanglement distribution

Qi Guo, Liu-Yong Cheng, Hong-Fu Wang, and Shou Zhang
Opt. Express 26(21) 27314-27325 (2018)

References

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Citation lists with outbound citation links are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access OSA Member Subscription

Cited By

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Cited by links are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access OSA Member Subscription

Figures (7)

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Figure files are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access OSA Member Subscription

Equations (11)

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Equations are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access OSA Member Subscription

Metrics

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Article level metrics are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access OSA Member Subscription