Abstract

We demonstrate broadband supercontinuum generation over two infrared octaves, spanning from 1.3 to 5.3 μm, with an output power of 150 mW in robust step-index tellurite fibers with core diameters between 3.5 and 4.3 μm. As a pump source, we use femtosecond mid-IR pulses from a home-built post-amplified optical parametric oscillator tunable between 1.5 and 4.0 μm at a 43 MHz repetition rate. We study the influence of core size, pump wavelength, and fiber length to optimize the spectral bandwidth. A key requirement for efficient spectral broadening is a low and rather flat average anomalous dispersion over a wide spectral range that can be tailored accordingly by changing the fiber core diameter. Numerical simulations based on the generalized nonlinear Schrödinger equation are in good agreement with experimental results.

© 2017 Optical Society of America

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References

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    [Crossref]
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2017 (1)

2016 (9)

B. Zhang, Y. Yu, C. Zhai, S. Qi, Y. Wang, A. Yang, X. Gai, R. Wang, Z. Yang, and B. Luther-Davies, “High brightness 2.2–12  μm mid-infrared supercontinuum generation in a nontoxic chalcogenide step-index fiber,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 99, 2565–2568 (2016).
[Crossref]

S. Kedenburg, T. Steinle, F. Mörz, A. Steinmann, D. Nguyen, D. Rhonehouse, J. Zong, A. Chavez-Pirson, and H. Giessen, “Solitonic supercontinuum of femtosecond mid-IR pulses in W-type index tellurite fibers with two zero dispersion wavelengths,” APL Photonics 1, 086101 (2016).
[Crossref]

C. Strutynski, J. Picot-Clemente, F. Désévédavy, J.-C. Jules, G. Gadret, B. Kibler, and F. Smektala, “Compact supercontinuum sources based on tellurite suspended core fibers for absorption spectroscopy beyond 2  μm,” Laser Phys. Lett. 13, 075402 (2016).
[Crossref]

M. Boivin, M. El-Amraoui, S. Poliquin, R. Vallée, and Y. Messaddeq, “Advances in methods of purification and dispersion measurement applicable to tellurite-based glasses,” Opt. Mater. Express 6, 1079–1086 (2016).
[Crossref]

J.-C. Gauthier, V. Fortin, J.-Y. Carrée, S. Poulain, R. Vallée, and M. Bernier, “Mid-IR supercontinuum from 2.4 to 5.4  μm in a low-loss fluoroindate fiber,” Opt. Lett. 41, 1756–1759 (2016).
[Crossref]

T. Cheng, K. Nagasaka, T. H. Tuan, X. Xue, M. Matsumoto, H. Tezuka, T. Suzuki, and Y. Ohishi, “Mid-infrared supercontinuum generation spanning 2.0 to 15.1  μm in a chalcogenide step-index fiber,” Opt. Lett. 41, 2117–2120 (2016).
[Crossref]

S. Xie, N. Tolstik, J. C. Travers, E. Sorokin, C. Caillaud, J. Troles, P. St.J. Russell, and I. T. Sorokina, “Coherent octave-spanning mid-infrared supercontinuum generated in As2S3-silica double-nanospike waveguide pumped by femtosecond Cr:ZnS laser,” Opt. Express 24, 12406–12413 (2016).
[Crossref]

C. Strutynski, J. Picot-Clémente, A. Lemière, P. Froidevaux, F. Désévédavy, G. Gadret, J.-C. Jules, B. Kibler, and F. Smektala, “Fabrication and characterization of step-index tellurite fibers with varying numerical aperture for near- and mid-infrared nonlinear optics,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 33, D12–D18 (2016).
[Crossref]

T. Steinle, F. Mörz, A. Steinmann, and H. Giessen, “Ultra-stable high average power femtosecond laser system tunable from 1.33 to 20  μm,” Opt. Lett. 41, 4863–4866 (2016).
[Crossref]

2015 (10)

U. Møller, Y. Yu, I. Kubat, C. R. Petersen, X. Gai, L. Brilland, D. Méchin, C. Caillaud, J. Troles, B. Luther-Davies, and O. Bang, “Multi-milliwatt mid-infrared supercontinuum generation in a suspended core chalcogenide fiber,” Opt. Express 23, 3282–3291 (2015).
[Crossref]

T. Cheng, L. Zhang, X. Xue, A. Wnag, D. Deng, T. Suzuki, and Y. Ohishi, “Broadband cascaded four-wave mixing and supercontinuum generation in a tellurite microstructured optical fiber pumped at 2  μm,” Opt. Express 23, 4125–4134 (2015).
[Crossref]

T. Steinle, F. Neubrech, A. Steinmann, X. Yin, and H. Giessen, “Mid-infrared Fourier-transform spectroscopy with a high-brilliance tunable laser source: investigating sample areas down to 5  μm diameter,” Opt. Express 23, 11105–11113 (2015).
[Crossref]

M. Belal, L. Xu, P. Horak, L. Shen, X. Feng, M. Ettabib, D. J. Richardson, P. Petropoulos, and J. H. V. Price, “Mid-infrared supercontinuum generation in suspended core tellurite microstructured optical fibers,” Opt. Lett. 40, 2237–2240 (2015).
[Crossref]

S. Kedenburg, T. Steinle, F. Mörz, A. Steinmann, and H. Giessen, “High-power mid-infrared high repetition-rate supercontinuum source based on a chalcogenide step-index fiber,” Opt. Lett. 40, 2668–2671 (2015).
[Crossref]

G. Tao, H. Ebendorff-Heidepriem, A. M. Stolyarov, S. Danto, J. V. Badding, Y. Fink, J. Ballato, and A. F. Abouraddy, “Infrared fibers,” Adv. Opt. Photon. 7, 379–458 (2015).
[Crossref]

F. Mörz, T. Steinle, A. Steinmann, and H. Giessen, “Multi-watt femtosecond optical parametric master oscillator power amplifier at 43  MHz,” Opt. Express 23, 23960–23967 (2015).
[Crossref]

R. Salem, Z. Jiang, D. Liu, R. Pafchek, D. Gardner, P. Foy, M. Saad, D. Jenkins, A. Cable, and P. Fendel, “Mid-infrared supercontinuum generation spanning 1.8 octaves using step-index indium fluoride fiber pumped by a femtosecond fiber laser near 2  μm,” Opt. Express 23, 30592–30602 (2015).
[Crossref]

J. Picot-Clemente, C. Strutynski, F. Amrani, F. Désévédavy, J.-C. Jules, G. Gadret, D. Deng, T. Cheng, K. Nagasaka, Y. Ohishi, B. Kibler, and F. Smektala, “Enhanced supercontinuum generation in tapered tellurite suspended core fiber,” Opt. Commun. 354, 374–379 (2015).
[Crossref]

X. Jiang, N. Y. Joly, M. A. Finger, F. Babic, G. K. L. Wong, J. C. Travers, and P. St.J. Russell, “Deep-ultraviolet to mid-infrared supercontinuum generated in solid-core ZBLAN photonic crystal fibre,” Nat. Photonics 9, 133–139 (2015).
[Crossref]

2014 (4)

J. Swiderski, “High-power mid-infrared supercontinuum sources: current status and future perspectives,” Prog. Quantum Electron. 38, 189–235 (2014).
[Crossref]

C. R. Petersen, U. Møller, I. Kubat, B. Zhou, S. Dupont, J. Ramsay, T. Benson, S. Sujecki, N. Abdel-Moneim, Z. Tang, D. Furniss, A. Seddon, and O. Bang, “Mid-infrared supercontinuum covering the 1.4–13.3  μm molecular fingerprint region using ultra-high NA chalcogenide step-index fibre,” Nat. Photonics 8, 830–834 (2014).
[Crossref]

W. Yang, B. Zhang, G. Xue, K. Yin, and J. Hou, “Thirteen watt all-fiber mid-infrared supercontinuum generation in a single mode ZBLAN fiber pumped by a 2  μm MOPA system,” Opt. Lett. 39, 1849–1852 (2014).
[Crossref]

O. Mouawad, J. Picot-Clémente, F. Amrani, C. Strutynski, J. Fatome, B. Kibler, F. Désévédavy, G. Gadret, J.-C. Jules, D. Deng, Y. Ohishi, and F. Smektala, “Multioctave midinfrared supercontinuum generation in suspended-core chalcogenide fibers,” Opt. Lett. 39, 2684–2687 (2014).
[Crossref]

2013 (4)

Y. Yu, X. Gai, T. Wang, P. Ma, R. Wang, Z. Yang, D.-Y. Choi, S. Madden, and B. Luther-Davies, “Mid-infrared supercontinuum generation in chalcogenides,” Opt. Mater. Express 3, 1075–1086 (2013).
[Crossref]

C. Wei, X. Zhu, R. A. Norwood, F. Song, and N. Peyghambarian, “Numerical investigation on high power mid-infrared supercontinuum fiber lasers pumped at 3  μm,” Opt. Express 21, 29488–29504 (2013).
[Crossref]

I. Savelii, F. Désévédavy, J.-C. Jules, G. Gadret, J. Fatome, B. Kibler, H. Kawashima, Y. Ohishi, and F. Smektala, “Management of OH absorption in tellurite optical fibers and related supercontinuum generation,” Opt. Mater. 35, 1595–1599 (2013).
[Crossref]

R. Thapa, D. Rhonehouse, D. Nguyen, K. Wiersma, C. Smith, J. Zong, and A. Chavez-Pirson, “Mid-IR supercontinuum generation in ultra-low loss, dispersion-zero shifted tellurite glass fiber with extended coverage beyond 4.5  μm,” Proc. SPIE 8898, 889808 (2013).
[Crossref]

2012 (2)

2008 (2)

P. Domachuk, N. A. Wolchover, M. Cronin-Golomb, A. Wang, A. K. George, C. M. B. Cordeiro, J. C. Knight, and F. G. Omenetto, “Over 4000  nm bandwidth of mid-IR supercontinuum generation in sub-centimeter segments of highly nonlinear tellurite PCFs,” Opt. Express 16, 7161–7168 (2008).
[Crossref]

M. D. O’Donnell, K. Richardson, R. Stolen, C. Rivero, T. Cardinal, M. Couzi, D. Furniss, and A. B. Seddon, “Raman gain of selected tellurite glasses for IR fibre lasers calculated from spontaneous scattering spectra,” Opt. Mater. 30, 946–951 (2008).
[Crossref]

2007 (2)

C. Xia, M. Kumar, M.-Y. Cheng, O. P. Kulkarni, M. N. Islam, A. Galvanauskas, F. L. Terry, M. J. Freeman, D. A. Nolan, and W. A. Wood, “Supercontinuum generation in silica fibers by amplified nanosecond laser diode pulses,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 789–797 (2007).
[Crossref]

M. O’Donnell, K. Richardson, R. Stolen, A. Seddon, D. Furniss, V. Tikhomirov, C. Rivero, M. Ramme, R. Stegeman, G. Stegeman, M. Couzi, and T. Cardinal, “Tellurite and fluorotellurite glasses for fiber optic Raman amplifiers: Glass characterization, optical properties, Raman gain, preliminary fiberization, and fiber characterization,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 90, 1448–1457 (2007).
[Crossref]

2006 (1)

J. M. Dudley, G. Genty, and S. Coen, “Supercontinuum generation in photonic crystal fiber,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 78, 1135–1184 (2006).
[Crossref]

Abdel-Moneim, N.

C. R. Petersen, U. Møller, I. Kubat, B. Zhou, S. Dupont, J. Ramsay, T. Benson, S. Sujecki, N. Abdel-Moneim, Z. Tang, D. Furniss, A. Seddon, and O. Bang, “Mid-infrared supercontinuum covering the 1.4–13.3  μm molecular fingerprint region using ultra-high NA chalcogenide step-index fibre,” Nat. Photonics 8, 830–834 (2014).
[Crossref]

Abouraddy, A. F.

Aggarwal, I. D.

R. R. Gattass, L. B. Shaw, V. Q. Nguyen, P. C. Pureza, I. D. Aggarwal, and J. S. Sanghera, “All-fiber chalcogenide-based mid-infrared supercontinuum source,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 18, 345–348 (2012).
[Crossref]

Amrani, F.

J. Picot-Clemente, C. Strutynski, F. Amrani, F. Désévédavy, J.-C. Jules, G. Gadret, D. Deng, T. Cheng, K. Nagasaka, Y. Ohishi, B. Kibler, and F. Smektala, “Enhanced supercontinuum generation in tapered tellurite suspended core fiber,” Opt. Commun. 354, 374–379 (2015).
[Crossref]

O. Mouawad, J. Picot-Clémente, F. Amrani, C. Strutynski, J. Fatome, B. Kibler, F. Désévédavy, G. Gadret, J.-C. Jules, D. Deng, Y. Ohishi, and F. Smektala, “Multioctave midinfrared supercontinuum generation in suspended-core chalcogenide fibers,” Opt. Lett. 39, 2684–2687 (2014).
[Crossref]

Babic, F.

X. Jiang, N. Y. Joly, M. A. Finger, F. Babic, G. K. L. Wong, J. C. Travers, and P. St.J. Russell, “Deep-ultraviolet to mid-infrared supercontinuum generated in solid-core ZBLAN photonic crystal fibre,” Nat. Photonics 9, 133–139 (2015).
[Crossref]

Badding, J. V.

Ballato, J.

Bang, O.

U. Møller, Y. Yu, I. Kubat, C. R. Petersen, X. Gai, L. Brilland, D. Méchin, C. Caillaud, J. Troles, B. Luther-Davies, and O. Bang, “Multi-milliwatt mid-infrared supercontinuum generation in a suspended core chalcogenide fiber,” Opt. Express 23, 3282–3291 (2015).
[Crossref]

C. R. Petersen, U. Møller, I. Kubat, B. Zhou, S. Dupont, J. Ramsay, T. Benson, S. Sujecki, N. Abdel-Moneim, Z. Tang, D. Furniss, A. Seddon, and O. Bang, “Mid-infrared supercontinuum covering the 1.4–13.3  μm molecular fingerprint region using ultra-high NA chalcogenide step-index fibre,” Nat. Photonics 8, 830–834 (2014).
[Crossref]

Belal, M.

Bendahmane, A.

Benson, T.

C. R. Petersen, U. Møller, I. Kubat, B. Zhou, S. Dupont, J. Ramsay, T. Benson, S. Sujecki, N. Abdel-Moneim, Z. Tang, D. Furniss, A. Seddon, and O. Bang, “Mid-infrared supercontinuum covering the 1.4–13.3  μm molecular fingerprint region using ultra-high NA chalcogenide step-index fibre,” Nat. Photonics 8, 830–834 (2014).
[Crossref]

Bernier, M.

Boivin, M.

Bony, P.-Y.

Brilland, L.

Cable, A.

Caillaud, C.

Cardinal, T.

M. D. O’Donnell, K. Richardson, R. Stolen, C. Rivero, T. Cardinal, M. Couzi, D. Furniss, and A. B. Seddon, “Raman gain of selected tellurite glasses for IR fibre lasers calculated from spontaneous scattering spectra,” Opt. Mater. 30, 946–951 (2008).
[Crossref]

M. O’Donnell, K. Richardson, R. Stolen, A. Seddon, D. Furniss, V. Tikhomirov, C. Rivero, M. Ramme, R. Stegeman, G. Stegeman, M. Couzi, and T. Cardinal, “Tellurite and fluorotellurite glasses for fiber optic Raman amplifiers: Glass characterization, optical properties, Raman gain, preliminary fiberization, and fiber characterization,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 90, 1448–1457 (2007).
[Crossref]

Carrée, J.-Y.

Chavez-Pirson, A.

S. Kedenburg, T. Steinle, F. Mörz, A. Steinmann, D. Nguyen, D. Rhonehouse, J. Zong, A. Chavez-Pirson, and H. Giessen, “Solitonic supercontinuum of femtosecond mid-IR pulses in W-type index tellurite fibers with two zero dispersion wavelengths,” APL Photonics 1, 086101 (2016).
[Crossref]

R. Thapa, D. Rhonehouse, D. Nguyen, K. Wiersma, C. Smith, J. Zong, and A. Chavez-Pirson, “Mid-IR supercontinuum generation in ultra-low loss, dispersion-zero shifted tellurite glass fiber with extended coverage beyond 4.5  μm,” Proc. SPIE 8898, 889808 (2013).
[Crossref]

Cheng, M.-Y.

C. Xia, M. Kumar, M.-Y. Cheng, O. P. Kulkarni, M. N. Islam, A. Galvanauskas, F. L. Terry, M. J. Freeman, D. A. Nolan, and W. A. Wood, “Supercontinuum generation in silica fibers by amplified nanosecond laser diode pulses,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 789–797 (2007).
[Crossref]

Cheng, T.

Choi, D.-Y.

Coen, S.

J. M. Dudley, G. Genty, and S. Coen, “Supercontinuum generation in photonic crystal fiber,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 78, 1135–1184 (2006).
[Crossref]

Cordeiro, C. M. B.

Couzi, M.

M. D. O’Donnell, K. Richardson, R. Stolen, C. Rivero, T. Cardinal, M. Couzi, D. Furniss, and A. B. Seddon, “Raman gain of selected tellurite glasses for IR fibre lasers calculated from spontaneous scattering spectra,” Opt. Mater. 30, 946–951 (2008).
[Crossref]

M. O’Donnell, K. Richardson, R. Stolen, A. Seddon, D. Furniss, V. Tikhomirov, C. Rivero, M. Ramme, R. Stegeman, G. Stegeman, M. Couzi, and T. Cardinal, “Tellurite and fluorotellurite glasses for fiber optic Raman amplifiers: Glass characterization, optical properties, Raman gain, preliminary fiberization, and fiber characterization,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 90, 1448–1457 (2007).
[Crossref]

Cronin-Golomb, M.

Danto, S.

Deng, D.

Désévédavy, F.

C. Strutynski, P. Froidevaux, F. Désévédavy, J.-C. Jules, G. Gadret, A. Bendahmane, K. Tarnowski, B. Kibler, and F. Smektala, “Tailoring supercontinuum generation and four-wave mixing beyond 2  μm in step-index tellurite fibers,” Opt. Lett. 42, 247–250 (2017).
[Crossref]

C. Strutynski, J. Picot-Clémente, A. Lemière, P. Froidevaux, F. Désévédavy, G. Gadret, J.-C. Jules, B. Kibler, and F. Smektala, “Fabrication and characterization of step-index tellurite fibers with varying numerical aperture for near- and mid-infrared nonlinear optics,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 33, D12–D18 (2016).
[Crossref]

C. Strutynski, J. Picot-Clemente, F. Désévédavy, J.-C. Jules, G. Gadret, B. Kibler, and F. Smektala, “Compact supercontinuum sources based on tellurite suspended core fibers for absorption spectroscopy beyond 2  μm,” Laser Phys. Lett. 13, 075402 (2016).
[Crossref]

J. Picot-Clemente, C. Strutynski, F. Amrani, F. Désévédavy, J.-C. Jules, G. Gadret, D. Deng, T. Cheng, K. Nagasaka, Y. Ohishi, B. Kibler, and F. Smektala, “Enhanced supercontinuum generation in tapered tellurite suspended core fiber,” Opt. Commun. 354, 374–379 (2015).
[Crossref]

O. Mouawad, J. Picot-Clémente, F. Amrani, C. Strutynski, J. Fatome, B. Kibler, F. Désévédavy, G. Gadret, J.-C. Jules, D. Deng, Y. Ohishi, and F. Smektala, “Multioctave midinfrared supercontinuum generation in suspended-core chalcogenide fibers,” Opt. Lett. 39, 2684–2687 (2014).
[Crossref]

I. Savelii, F. Désévédavy, J.-C. Jules, G. Gadret, J. Fatome, B. Kibler, H. Kawashima, Y. Ohishi, and F. Smektala, “Management of OH absorption in tellurite optical fibers and related supercontinuum generation,” Opt. Mater. 35, 1595–1599 (2013).
[Crossref]

I. Savelii, O. Mouawad, J. Fatome, B. Kibler, F. Désévédavy, G. Gadret, J.-C. Jules, P.-Y. Bony, H. Kawashima, W. Gao, T. Kohoutek, T. Suzuki, Y. Ohishi, and F. Smektala, “Mid-infrared 2000-nm bandwidth supercontinuum generation in suspended-core microstructured sulfide and tellurite optical fibers,” Opt. Express 20, 27083–27093 (2012).
[Crossref]

Domachuk, P.

Dudley, J. M.

J. M. Dudley, G. Genty, and S. Coen, “Supercontinuum generation in photonic crystal fiber,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 78, 1135–1184 (2006).
[Crossref]

Dupont, S.

C. R. Petersen, U. Møller, I. Kubat, B. Zhou, S. Dupont, J. Ramsay, T. Benson, S. Sujecki, N. Abdel-Moneim, Z. Tang, D. Furniss, A. Seddon, and O. Bang, “Mid-infrared supercontinuum covering the 1.4–13.3  μm molecular fingerprint region using ultra-high NA chalcogenide step-index fibre,” Nat. Photonics 8, 830–834 (2014).
[Crossref]

Ebendorff-Heidepriem, H.

El-Amraoui, M.

Ettabib, M.

Fatome, J.

Fendel, P.

Feng, X.

Finger, M. A.

X. Jiang, N. Y. Joly, M. A. Finger, F. Babic, G. K. L. Wong, J. C. Travers, and P. St.J. Russell, “Deep-ultraviolet to mid-infrared supercontinuum generated in solid-core ZBLAN photonic crystal fibre,” Nat. Photonics 9, 133–139 (2015).
[Crossref]

Fink, Y.

Fortin, V.

Foy, P.

Freeman, M. J.

C. Xia, M. Kumar, M.-Y. Cheng, O. P. Kulkarni, M. N. Islam, A. Galvanauskas, F. L. Terry, M. J. Freeman, D. A. Nolan, and W. A. Wood, “Supercontinuum generation in silica fibers by amplified nanosecond laser diode pulses,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 789–797 (2007).
[Crossref]

Froidevaux, P.

Furniss, D.

C. R. Petersen, U. Møller, I. Kubat, B. Zhou, S. Dupont, J. Ramsay, T. Benson, S. Sujecki, N. Abdel-Moneim, Z. Tang, D. Furniss, A. Seddon, and O. Bang, “Mid-infrared supercontinuum covering the 1.4–13.3  μm molecular fingerprint region using ultra-high NA chalcogenide step-index fibre,” Nat. Photonics 8, 830–834 (2014).
[Crossref]

M. D. O’Donnell, K. Richardson, R. Stolen, C. Rivero, T. Cardinal, M. Couzi, D. Furniss, and A. B. Seddon, “Raman gain of selected tellurite glasses for IR fibre lasers calculated from spontaneous scattering spectra,” Opt. Mater. 30, 946–951 (2008).
[Crossref]

M. O’Donnell, K. Richardson, R. Stolen, A. Seddon, D. Furniss, V. Tikhomirov, C. Rivero, M. Ramme, R. Stegeman, G. Stegeman, M. Couzi, and T. Cardinal, “Tellurite and fluorotellurite glasses for fiber optic Raman amplifiers: Glass characterization, optical properties, Raman gain, preliminary fiberization, and fiber characterization,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 90, 1448–1457 (2007).
[Crossref]

Gadret, G.

C. Strutynski, P. Froidevaux, F. Désévédavy, J.-C. Jules, G. Gadret, A. Bendahmane, K. Tarnowski, B. Kibler, and F. Smektala, “Tailoring supercontinuum generation and four-wave mixing beyond 2  μm in step-index tellurite fibers,” Opt. Lett. 42, 247–250 (2017).
[Crossref]

C. Strutynski, J. Picot-Clémente, A. Lemière, P. Froidevaux, F. Désévédavy, G. Gadret, J.-C. Jules, B. Kibler, and F. Smektala, “Fabrication and characterization of step-index tellurite fibers with varying numerical aperture for near- and mid-infrared nonlinear optics,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 33, D12–D18 (2016).
[Crossref]

C. Strutynski, J. Picot-Clemente, F. Désévédavy, J.-C. Jules, G. Gadret, B. Kibler, and F. Smektala, “Compact supercontinuum sources based on tellurite suspended core fibers for absorption spectroscopy beyond 2  μm,” Laser Phys. Lett. 13, 075402 (2016).
[Crossref]

J. Picot-Clemente, C. Strutynski, F. Amrani, F. Désévédavy, J.-C. Jules, G. Gadret, D. Deng, T. Cheng, K. Nagasaka, Y. Ohishi, B. Kibler, and F. Smektala, “Enhanced supercontinuum generation in tapered tellurite suspended core fiber,” Opt. Commun. 354, 374–379 (2015).
[Crossref]

O. Mouawad, J. Picot-Clémente, F. Amrani, C. Strutynski, J. Fatome, B. Kibler, F. Désévédavy, G. Gadret, J.-C. Jules, D. Deng, Y. Ohishi, and F. Smektala, “Multioctave midinfrared supercontinuum generation in suspended-core chalcogenide fibers,” Opt. Lett. 39, 2684–2687 (2014).
[Crossref]

I. Savelii, F. Désévédavy, J.-C. Jules, G. Gadret, J. Fatome, B. Kibler, H. Kawashima, Y. Ohishi, and F. Smektala, “Management of OH absorption in tellurite optical fibers and related supercontinuum generation,” Opt. Mater. 35, 1595–1599 (2013).
[Crossref]

I. Savelii, O. Mouawad, J. Fatome, B. Kibler, F. Désévédavy, G. Gadret, J.-C. Jules, P.-Y. Bony, H. Kawashima, W. Gao, T. Kohoutek, T. Suzuki, Y. Ohishi, and F. Smektala, “Mid-infrared 2000-nm bandwidth supercontinuum generation in suspended-core microstructured sulfide and tellurite optical fibers,” Opt. Express 20, 27083–27093 (2012).
[Crossref]

Gai, X.

Galvanauskas, A.

C. Xia, M. Kumar, M.-Y. Cheng, O. P. Kulkarni, M. N. Islam, A. Galvanauskas, F. L. Terry, M. J. Freeman, D. A. Nolan, and W. A. Wood, “Supercontinuum generation in silica fibers by amplified nanosecond laser diode pulses,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 789–797 (2007).
[Crossref]

Gao, W.

Gardner, D.

Gattass, R. R.

R. R. Gattass, L. B. Shaw, V. Q. Nguyen, P. C. Pureza, I. D. Aggarwal, and J. S. Sanghera, “All-fiber chalcogenide-based mid-infrared supercontinuum source,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 18, 345–348 (2012).
[Crossref]

Gauthier, J.-C.

Genty, G.

J. M. Dudley, G. Genty, and S. Coen, “Supercontinuum generation in photonic crystal fiber,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 78, 1135–1184 (2006).
[Crossref]

George, A. K.

Giessen, H.

Hegenbarth, R.

A. Steinmann, B. Metzger, R. Hegenbarth, and H. Giessen, “Compact 7.4  W femtosecond oscillator for white-light generation and nonlinear microscopy,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO), OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2011), paper CThAA5.

Horak, P.

Hou, J.

Islam, M. N.

C. Xia, M. Kumar, M.-Y. Cheng, O. P. Kulkarni, M. N. Islam, A. Galvanauskas, F. L. Terry, M. J. Freeman, D. A. Nolan, and W. A. Wood, “Supercontinuum generation in silica fibers by amplified nanosecond laser diode pulses,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 789–797 (2007).
[Crossref]

Jenkins, D.

Jiang, X.

X. Jiang, N. Y. Joly, M. A. Finger, F. Babic, G. K. L. Wong, J. C. Travers, and P. St.J. Russell, “Deep-ultraviolet to mid-infrared supercontinuum generated in solid-core ZBLAN photonic crystal fibre,” Nat. Photonics 9, 133–139 (2015).
[Crossref]

Jiang, Z.

Joly, N. Y.

X. Jiang, N. Y. Joly, M. A. Finger, F. Babic, G. K. L. Wong, J. C. Travers, and P. St.J. Russell, “Deep-ultraviolet to mid-infrared supercontinuum generated in solid-core ZBLAN photonic crystal fibre,” Nat. Photonics 9, 133–139 (2015).
[Crossref]

Jules, J.-C.

C. Strutynski, P. Froidevaux, F. Désévédavy, J.-C. Jules, G. Gadret, A. Bendahmane, K. Tarnowski, B. Kibler, and F. Smektala, “Tailoring supercontinuum generation and four-wave mixing beyond 2  μm in step-index tellurite fibers,” Opt. Lett. 42, 247–250 (2017).
[Crossref]

C. Strutynski, J. Picot-Clémente, A. Lemière, P. Froidevaux, F. Désévédavy, G. Gadret, J.-C. Jules, B. Kibler, and F. Smektala, “Fabrication and characterization of step-index tellurite fibers with varying numerical aperture for near- and mid-infrared nonlinear optics,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 33, D12–D18 (2016).
[Crossref]

C. Strutynski, J. Picot-Clemente, F. Désévédavy, J.-C. Jules, G. Gadret, B. Kibler, and F. Smektala, “Compact supercontinuum sources based on tellurite suspended core fibers for absorption spectroscopy beyond 2  μm,” Laser Phys. Lett. 13, 075402 (2016).
[Crossref]

J. Picot-Clemente, C. Strutynski, F. Amrani, F. Désévédavy, J.-C. Jules, G. Gadret, D. Deng, T. Cheng, K. Nagasaka, Y. Ohishi, B. Kibler, and F. Smektala, “Enhanced supercontinuum generation in tapered tellurite suspended core fiber,” Opt. Commun. 354, 374–379 (2015).
[Crossref]

O. Mouawad, J. Picot-Clémente, F. Amrani, C. Strutynski, J. Fatome, B. Kibler, F. Désévédavy, G. Gadret, J.-C. Jules, D. Deng, Y. Ohishi, and F. Smektala, “Multioctave midinfrared supercontinuum generation in suspended-core chalcogenide fibers,” Opt. Lett. 39, 2684–2687 (2014).
[Crossref]

I. Savelii, F. Désévédavy, J.-C. Jules, G. Gadret, J. Fatome, B. Kibler, H. Kawashima, Y. Ohishi, and F. Smektala, “Management of OH absorption in tellurite optical fibers and related supercontinuum generation,” Opt. Mater. 35, 1595–1599 (2013).
[Crossref]

I. Savelii, O. Mouawad, J. Fatome, B. Kibler, F. Désévédavy, G. Gadret, J.-C. Jules, P.-Y. Bony, H. Kawashima, W. Gao, T. Kohoutek, T. Suzuki, Y. Ohishi, and F. Smektala, “Mid-infrared 2000-nm bandwidth supercontinuum generation in suspended-core microstructured sulfide and tellurite optical fibers,” Opt. Express 20, 27083–27093 (2012).
[Crossref]

Kawashima, H.

I. Savelii, F. Désévédavy, J.-C. Jules, G. Gadret, J. Fatome, B. Kibler, H. Kawashima, Y. Ohishi, and F. Smektala, “Management of OH absorption in tellurite optical fibers and related supercontinuum generation,” Opt. Mater. 35, 1595–1599 (2013).
[Crossref]

I. Savelii, O. Mouawad, J. Fatome, B. Kibler, F. Désévédavy, G. Gadret, J.-C. Jules, P.-Y. Bony, H. Kawashima, W. Gao, T. Kohoutek, T. Suzuki, Y. Ohishi, and F. Smektala, “Mid-infrared 2000-nm bandwidth supercontinuum generation in suspended-core microstructured sulfide and tellurite optical fibers,” Opt. Express 20, 27083–27093 (2012).
[Crossref]

Kedenburg, S.

S. Kedenburg, T. Steinle, F. Mörz, A. Steinmann, D. Nguyen, D. Rhonehouse, J. Zong, A. Chavez-Pirson, and H. Giessen, “Solitonic supercontinuum of femtosecond mid-IR pulses in W-type index tellurite fibers with two zero dispersion wavelengths,” APL Photonics 1, 086101 (2016).
[Crossref]

S. Kedenburg, T. Steinle, F. Mörz, A. Steinmann, and H. Giessen, “High-power mid-infrared high repetition-rate supercontinuum source based on a chalcogenide step-index fiber,” Opt. Lett. 40, 2668–2671 (2015).
[Crossref]

Kibler, B.

C. Strutynski, P. Froidevaux, F. Désévédavy, J.-C. Jules, G. Gadret, A. Bendahmane, K. Tarnowski, B. Kibler, and F. Smektala, “Tailoring supercontinuum generation and four-wave mixing beyond 2  μm in step-index tellurite fibers,” Opt. Lett. 42, 247–250 (2017).
[Crossref]

C. Strutynski, J. Picot-Clémente, A. Lemière, P. Froidevaux, F. Désévédavy, G. Gadret, J.-C. Jules, B. Kibler, and F. Smektala, “Fabrication and characterization of step-index tellurite fibers with varying numerical aperture for near- and mid-infrared nonlinear optics,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 33, D12–D18 (2016).
[Crossref]

C. Strutynski, J. Picot-Clemente, F. Désévédavy, J.-C. Jules, G. Gadret, B. Kibler, and F. Smektala, “Compact supercontinuum sources based on tellurite suspended core fibers for absorption spectroscopy beyond 2  μm,” Laser Phys. Lett. 13, 075402 (2016).
[Crossref]

J. Picot-Clemente, C. Strutynski, F. Amrani, F. Désévédavy, J.-C. Jules, G. Gadret, D. Deng, T. Cheng, K. Nagasaka, Y. Ohishi, B. Kibler, and F. Smektala, “Enhanced supercontinuum generation in tapered tellurite suspended core fiber,” Opt. Commun. 354, 374–379 (2015).
[Crossref]

O. Mouawad, J. Picot-Clémente, F. Amrani, C. Strutynski, J. Fatome, B. Kibler, F. Désévédavy, G. Gadret, J.-C. Jules, D. Deng, Y. Ohishi, and F. Smektala, “Multioctave midinfrared supercontinuum generation in suspended-core chalcogenide fibers,” Opt. Lett. 39, 2684–2687 (2014).
[Crossref]

I. Savelii, F. Désévédavy, J.-C. Jules, G. Gadret, J. Fatome, B. Kibler, H. Kawashima, Y. Ohishi, and F. Smektala, “Management of OH absorption in tellurite optical fibers and related supercontinuum generation,” Opt. Mater. 35, 1595–1599 (2013).
[Crossref]

I. Savelii, O. Mouawad, J. Fatome, B. Kibler, F. Désévédavy, G. Gadret, J.-C. Jules, P.-Y. Bony, H. Kawashima, W. Gao, T. Kohoutek, T. Suzuki, Y. Ohishi, and F. Smektala, “Mid-infrared 2000-nm bandwidth supercontinuum generation in suspended-core microstructured sulfide and tellurite optical fibers,” Opt. Express 20, 27083–27093 (2012).
[Crossref]

Knight, J. C.

Kohoutek, T.

Kubat, I.

U. Møller, Y. Yu, I. Kubat, C. R. Petersen, X. Gai, L. Brilland, D. Méchin, C. Caillaud, J. Troles, B. Luther-Davies, and O. Bang, “Multi-milliwatt mid-infrared supercontinuum generation in a suspended core chalcogenide fiber,” Opt. Express 23, 3282–3291 (2015).
[Crossref]

C. R. Petersen, U. Møller, I. Kubat, B. Zhou, S. Dupont, J. Ramsay, T. Benson, S. Sujecki, N. Abdel-Moneim, Z. Tang, D. Furniss, A. Seddon, and O. Bang, “Mid-infrared supercontinuum covering the 1.4–13.3  μm molecular fingerprint region using ultra-high NA chalcogenide step-index fibre,” Nat. Photonics 8, 830–834 (2014).
[Crossref]

Kulkarni, O. P.

C. Xia, M. Kumar, M.-Y. Cheng, O. P. Kulkarni, M. N. Islam, A. Galvanauskas, F. L. Terry, M. J. Freeman, D. A. Nolan, and W. A. Wood, “Supercontinuum generation in silica fibers by amplified nanosecond laser diode pulses,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 789–797 (2007).
[Crossref]

Kumar, M.

C. Xia, M. Kumar, M.-Y. Cheng, O. P. Kulkarni, M. N. Islam, A. Galvanauskas, F. L. Terry, M. J. Freeman, D. A. Nolan, and W. A. Wood, “Supercontinuum generation in silica fibers by amplified nanosecond laser diode pulses,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 789–797 (2007).
[Crossref]

Lemière, A.

Liu, D.

Luther-Davies, B.

Ma, P.

Madden, S.

Matsumoto, M.

Méchin, D.

Messaddeq, Y.

Metzger, B.

A. Steinmann, B. Metzger, R. Hegenbarth, and H. Giessen, “Compact 7.4  W femtosecond oscillator for white-light generation and nonlinear microscopy,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO), OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2011), paper CThAA5.

Møller, U.

U. Møller, Y. Yu, I. Kubat, C. R. Petersen, X. Gai, L. Brilland, D. Méchin, C. Caillaud, J. Troles, B. Luther-Davies, and O. Bang, “Multi-milliwatt mid-infrared supercontinuum generation in a suspended core chalcogenide fiber,” Opt. Express 23, 3282–3291 (2015).
[Crossref]

C. R. Petersen, U. Møller, I. Kubat, B. Zhou, S. Dupont, J. Ramsay, T. Benson, S. Sujecki, N. Abdel-Moneim, Z. Tang, D. Furniss, A. Seddon, and O. Bang, “Mid-infrared supercontinuum covering the 1.4–13.3  μm molecular fingerprint region using ultra-high NA chalcogenide step-index fibre,” Nat. Photonics 8, 830–834 (2014).
[Crossref]

Mörz, F.

Mouawad, O.

Nagasaka, K.

T. Cheng, K. Nagasaka, T. H. Tuan, X. Xue, M. Matsumoto, H. Tezuka, T. Suzuki, and Y. Ohishi, “Mid-infrared supercontinuum generation spanning 2.0 to 15.1  μm in a chalcogenide step-index fiber,” Opt. Lett. 41, 2117–2120 (2016).
[Crossref]

J. Picot-Clemente, C. Strutynski, F. Amrani, F. Désévédavy, J.-C. Jules, G. Gadret, D. Deng, T. Cheng, K. Nagasaka, Y. Ohishi, B. Kibler, and F. Smektala, “Enhanced supercontinuum generation in tapered tellurite suspended core fiber,” Opt. Commun. 354, 374–379 (2015).
[Crossref]

Neubrech, F.

Nguyen, D.

S. Kedenburg, T. Steinle, F. Mörz, A. Steinmann, D. Nguyen, D. Rhonehouse, J. Zong, A. Chavez-Pirson, and H. Giessen, “Solitonic supercontinuum of femtosecond mid-IR pulses in W-type index tellurite fibers with two zero dispersion wavelengths,” APL Photonics 1, 086101 (2016).
[Crossref]

R. Thapa, D. Rhonehouse, D. Nguyen, K. Wiersma, C. Smith, J. Zong, and A. Chavez-Pirson, “Mid-IR supercontinuum generation in ultra-low loss, dispersion-zero shifted tellurite glass fiber with extended coverage beyond 4.5  μm,” Proc. SPIE 8898, 889808 (2013).
[Crossref]

Nguyen, V. Q.

R. R. Gattass, L. B. Shaw, V. Q. Nguyen, P. C. Pureza, I. D. Aggarwal, and J. S. Sanghera, “All-fiber chalcogenide-based mid-infrared supercontinuum source,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 18, 345–348 (2012).
[Crossref]

Nolan, D. A.

C. Xia, M. Kumar, M.-Y. Cheng, O. P. Kulkarni, M. N. Islam, A. Galvanauskas, F. L. Terry, M. J. Freeman, D. A. Nolan, and W. A. Wood, “Supercontinuum generation in silica fibers by amplified nanosecond laser diode pulses,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 789–797 (2007).
[Crossref]

Norwood, R. A.

O’Donnell, M.

M. O’Donnell, K. Richardson, R. Stolen, A. Seddon, D. Furniss, V. Tikhomirov, C. Rivero, M. Ramme, R. Stegeman, G. Stegeman, M. Couzi, and T. Cardinal, “Tellurite and fluorotellurite glasses for fiber optic Raman amplifiers: Glass characterization, optical properties, Raman gain, preliminary fiberization, and fiber characterization,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 90, 1448–1457 (2007).
[Crossref]

O’Donnell, M. D.

M. D. O’Donnell, K. Richardson, R. Stolen, C. Rivero, T. Cardinal, M. Couzi, D. Furniss, and A. B. Seddon, “Raman gain of selected tellurite glasses for IR fibre lasers calculated from spontaneous scattering spectra,” Opt. Mater. 30, 946–951 (2008).
[Crossref]

Ohishi, Y.

T. Cheng, K. Nagasaka, T. H. Tuan, X. Xue, M. Matsumoto, H. Tezuka, T. Suzuki, and Y. Ohishi, “Mid-infrared supercontinuum generation spanning 2.0 to 15.1  μm in a chalcogenide step-index fiber,” Opt. Lett. 41, 2117–2120 (2016).
[Crossref]

T. Cheng, L. Zhang, X. Xue, A. Wnag, D. Deng, T. Suzuki, and Y. Ohishi, “Broadband cascaded four-wave mixing and supercontinuum generation in a tellurite microstructured optical fiber pumped at 2  μm,” Opt. Express 23, 4125–4134 (2015).
[Crossref]

J. Picot-Clemente, C. Strutynski, F. Amrani, F. Désévédavy, J.-C. Jules, G. Gadret, D. Deng, T. Cheng, K. Nagasaka, Y. Ohishi, B. Kibler, and F. Smektala, “Enhanced supercontinuum generation in tapered tellurite suspended core fiber,” Opt. Commun. 354, 374–379 (2015).
[Crossref]

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I. Savelii, F. Désévédavy, J.-C. Jules, G. Gadret, J. Fatome, B. Kibler, H. Kawashima, Y. Ohishi, and F. Smektala, “Management of OH absorption in tellurite optical fibers and related supercontinuum generation,” Opt. Mater. 35, 1595–1599 (2013).
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I. Savelii, O. Mouawad, J. Fatome, B. Kibler, F. Désévédavy, G. Gadret, J.-C. Jules, P.-Y. Bony, H. Kawashima, W. Gao, T. Kohoutek, T. Suzuki, Y. Ohishi, and F. Smektala, “Mid-infrared 2000-nm bandwidth supercontinuum generation in suspended-core microstructured sulfide and tellurite optical fibers,” Opt. Express 20, 27083–27093 (2012).
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J. Picot-Clemente, C. Strutynski, F. Amrani, F. Désévédavy, J.-C. Jules, G. Gadret, D. Deng, T. Cheng, K. Nagasaka, Y. Ohishi, B. Kibler, and F. Smektala, “Enhanced supercontinuum generation in tapered tellurite suspended core fiber,” Opt. Commun. 354, 374–379 (2015).
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B. Zhang, Y. Yu, C. Zhai, S. Qi, Y. Wang, A. Yang, X. Gai, R. Wang, Z. Yang, and B. Luther-Davies, “High brightness 2.2–12  μm mid-infrared supercontinuum generation in a nontoxic chalcogenide step-index fiber,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 99, 2565–2568 (2016).
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M. O’Donnell, K. Richardson, R. Stolen, A. Seddon, D. Furniss, V. Tikhomirov, C. Rivero, M. Ramme, R. Stegeman, G. Stegeman, M. Couzi, and T. Cardinal, “Tellurite and fluorotellurite glasses for fiber optic Raman amplifiers: Glass characterization, optical properties, Raman gain, preliminary fiberization, and fiber characterization,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 90, 1448–1457 (2007).
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C. R. Petersen, U. Møller, I. Kubat, B. Zhou, S. Dupont, J. Ramsay, T. Benson, S. Sujecki, N. Abdel-Moneim, Z. Tang, D. Furniss, A. Seddon, and O. Bang, “Mid-infrared supercontinuum covering the 1.4–13.3  μm molecular fingerprint region using ultra-high NA chalcogenide step-index fibre,” Nat. Photonics 8, 830–834 (2014).
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S. Kedenburg, T. Steinle, F. Mörz, A. Steinmann, D. Nguyen, D. Rhonehouse, J. Zong, A. Chavez-Pirson, and H. Giessen, “Solitonic supercontinuum of femtosecond mid-IR pulses in W-type index tellurite fibers with two zero dispersion wavelengths,” APL Photonics 1, 086101 (2016).
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R. Thapa, D. Rhonehouse, D. Nguyen, K. Wiersma, C. Smith, J. Zong, and A. Chavez-Pirson, “Mid-IR supercontinuum generation in ultra-low loss, dispersion-zero shifted tellurite glass fiber with extended coverage beyond 4.5  μm,” Proc. SPIE 8898, 889808 (2013).
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Richardson, K.

M. D. O’Donnell, K. Richardson, R. Stolen, C. Rivero, T. Cardinal, M. Couzi, D. Furniss, and A. B. Seddon, “Raman gain of selected tellurite glasses for IR fibre lasers calculated from spontaneous scattering spectra,” Opt. Mater. 30, 946–951 (2008).
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M. D. O’Donnell, K. Richardson, R. Stolen, C. Rivero, T. Cardinal, M. Couzi, D. Furniss, and A. B. Seddon, “Raman gain of selected tellurite glasses for IR fibre lasers calculated from spontaneous scattering spectra,” Opt. Mater. 30, 946–951 (2008).
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Salem, R.

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I. Savelii, F. Désévédavy, J.-C. Jules, G. Gadret, J. Fatome, B. Kibler, H. Kawashima, Y. Ohishi, and F. Smektala, “Management of OH absorption in tellurite optical fibers and related supercontinuum generation,” Opt. Mater. 35, 1595–1599 (2013).
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C. R. Petersen, U. Møller, I. Kubat, B. Zhou, S. Dupont, J. Ramsay, T. Benson, S. Sujecki, N. Abdel-Moneim, Z. Tang, D. Furniss, A. Seddon, and O. Bang, “Mid-infrared supercontinuum covering the 1.4–13.3  μm molecular fingerprint region using ultra-high NA chalcogenide step-index fibre,” Nat. Photonics 8, 830–834 (2014).
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M. D. O’Donnell, K. Richardson, R. Stolen, C. Rivero, T. Cardinal, M. Couzi, D. Furniss, and A. B. Seddon, “Raman gain of selected tellurite glasses for IR fibre lasers calculated from spontaneous scattering spectra,” Opt. Mater. 30, 946–951 (2008).
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J. Picot-Clemente, C. Strutynski, F. Amrani, F. Désévédavy, J.-C. Jules, G. Gadret, D. Deng, T. Cheng, K. Nagasaka, Y. Ohishi, B. Kibler, and F. Smektala, “Enhanced supercontinuum generation in tapered tellurite suspended core fiber,” Opt. Commun. 354, 374–379 (2015).
[Crossref]

O. Mouawad, J. Picot-Clémente, F. Amrani, C. Strutynski, J. Fatome, B. Kibler, F. Désévédavy, G. Gadret, J.-C. Jules, D. Deng, Y. Ohishi, and F. Smektala, “Multioctave midinfrared supercontinuum generation in suspended-core chalcogenide fibers,” Opt. Lett. 39, 2684–2687 (2014).
[Crossref]

I. Savelii, F. Désévédavy, J.-C. Jules, G. Gadret, J. Fatome, B. Kibler, H. Kawashima, Y. Ohishi, and F. Smektala, “Management of OH absorption in tellurite optical fibers and related supercontinuum generation,” Opt. Mater. 35, 1595–1599 (2013).
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I. Savelii, O. Mouawad, J. Fatome, B. Kibler, F. Désévédavy, G. Gadret, J.-C. Jules, P.-Y. Bony, H. Kawashima, W. Gao, T. Kohoutek, T. Suzuki, Y. Ohishi, and F. Smektala, “Mid-infrared 2000-nm bandwidth supercontinuum generation in suspended-core microstructured sulfide and tellurite optical fibers,” Opt. Express 20, 27083–27093 (2012).
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R. Thapa, D. Rhonehouse, D. Nguyen, K. Wiersma, C. Smith, J. Zong, and A. Chavez-Pirson, “Mid-IR supercontinuum generation in ultra-low loss, dispersion-zero shifted tellurite glass fiber with extended coverage beyond 4.5  μm,” Proc. SPIE 8898, 889808 (2013).
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X. Jiang, N. Y. Joly, M. A. Finger, F. Babic, G. K. L. Wong, J. C. Travers, and P. St.J. Russell, “Deep-ultraviolet to mid-infrared supercontinuum generated in solid-core ZBLAN photonic crystal fibre,” Nat. Photonics 9, 133–139 (2015).
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M. O’Donnell, K. Richardson, R. Stolen, A. Seddon, D. Furniss, V. Tikhomirov, C. Rivero, M. Ramme, R. Stegeman, G. Stegeman, M. Couzi, and T. Cardinal, “Tellurite and fluorotellurite glasses for fiber optic Raman amplifiers: Glass characterization, optical properties, Raman gain, preliminary fiberization, and fiber characterization,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 90, 1448–1457 (2007).
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M. D. O’Donnell, K. Richardson, R. Stolen, C. Rivero, T. Cardinal, M. Couzi, D. Furniss, and A. B. Seddon, “Raman gain of selected tellurite glasses for IR fibre lasers calculated from spontaneous scattering spectra,” Opt. Mater. 30, 946–951 (2008).
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M. O’Donnell, K. Richardson, R. Stolen, A. Seddon, D. Furniss, V. Tikhomirov, C. Rivero, M. Ramme, R. Stegeman, G. Stegeman, M. Couzi, and T. Cardinal, “Tellurite and fluorotellurite glasses for fiber optic Raman amplifiers: Glass characterization, optical properties, Raman gain, preliminary fiberization, and fiber characterization,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 90, 1448–1457 (2007).
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R. Thapa, D. Rhonehouse, D. Nguyen, K. Wiersma, C. Smith, J. Zong, and A. Chavez-Pirson, “Mid-IR supercontinuum generation in ultra-low loss, dispersion-zero shifted tellurite glass fiber with extended coverage beyond 4.5  μm,” Proc. SPIE 8898, 889808 (2013).
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M. O’Donnell, K. Richardson, R. Stolen, A. Seddon, D. Furniss, V. Tikhomirov, C. Rivero, M. Ramme, R. Stegeman, G. Stegeman, M. Couzi, and T. Cardinal, “Tellurite and fluorotellurite glasses for fiber optic Raman amplifiers: Glass characterization, optical properties, Raman gain, preliminary fiberization, and fiber characterization,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 90, 1448–1457 (2007).
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Travers, J. C.

S. Xie, N. Tolstik, J. C. Travers, E. Sorokin, C. Caillaud, J. Troles, P. St.J. Russell, and I. T. Sorokina, “Coherent octave-spanning mid-infrared supercontinuum generated in As2S3-silica double-nanospike waveguide pumped by femtosecond Cr:ZnS laser,” Opt. Express 24, 12406–12413 (2016).
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X. Jiang, N. Y. Joly, M. A. Finger, F. Babic, G. K. L. Wong, J. C. Travers, and P. St.J. Russell, “Deep-ultraviolet to mid-infrared supercontinuum generated in solid-core ZBLAN photonic crystal fibre,” Nat. Photonics 9, 133–139 (2015).
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B. Zhang, Y. Yu, C. Zhai, S. Qi, Y. Wang, A. Yang, X. Gai, R. Wang, Z. Yang, and B. Luther-Davies, “High brightness 2.2–12  μm mid-infrared supercontinuum generation in a nontoxic chalcogenide step-index fiber,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 99, 2565–2568 (2016).
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B. Zhang, Y. Yu, C. Zhai, S. Qi, Y. Wang, A. Yang, X. Gai, R. Wang, Z. Yang, and B. Luther-Davies, “High brightness 2.2–12  μm mid-infrared supercontinuum generation in a nontoxic chalcogenide step-index fiber,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 99, 2565–2568 (2016).
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S. Kedenburg, T. Steinle, F. Mörz, A. Steinmann, D. Nguyen, D. Rhonehouse, J. Zong, A. Chavez-Pirson, and H. Giessen, “Solitonic supercontinuum of femtosecond mid-IR pulses in W-type index tellurite fibers with two zero dispersion wavelengths,” APL Photonics 1, 086101 (2016).
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R. Thapa, D. Rhonehouse, D. Nguyen, K. Wiersma, C. Smith, J. Zong, and A. Chavez-Pirson, “Mid-IR supercontinuum generation in ultra-low loss, dispersion-zero shifted tellurite glass fiber with extended coverage beyond 4.5  μm,” Proc. SPIE 8898, 889808 (2013).
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Adv. Opt. Photon. (1)

APL Photonics (1)

S. Kedenburg, T. Steinle, F. Mörz, A. Steinmann, D. Nguyen, D. Rhonehouse, J. Zong, A. Chavez-Pirson, and H. Giessen, “Solitonic supercontinuum of femtosecond mid-IR pulses in W-type index tellurite fibers with two zero dispersion wavelengths,” APL Photonics 1, 086101 (2016).
[Crossref]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

C. Xia, M. Kumar, M.-Y. Cheng, O. P. Kulkarni, M. N. Islam, A. Galvanauskas, F. L. Terry, M. J. Freeman, D. A. Nolan, and W. A. Wood, “Supercontinuum generation in silica fibers by amplified nanosecond laser diode pulses,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 789–797 (2007).
[Crossref]

J. Am. Ceram. Soc. (2)

M. O’Donnell, K. Richardson, R. Stolen, A. Seddon, D. Furniss, V. Tikhomirov, C. Rivero, M. Ramme, R. Stegeman, G. Stegeman, M. Couzi, and T. Cardinal, “Tellurite and fluorotellurite glasses for fiber optic Raman amplifiers: Glass characterization, optical properties, Raman gain, preliminary fiberization, and fiber characterization,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 90, 1448–1457 (2007).
[Crossref]

B. Zhang, Y. Yu, C. Zhai, S. Qi, Y. Wang, A. Yang, X. Gai, R. Wang, Z. Yang, and B. Luther-Davies, “High brightness 2.2–12  μm mid-infrared supercontinuum generation in a nontoxic chalcogenide step-index fiber,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 99, 2565–2568 (2016).
[Crossref]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Laser Phys. Lett. (1)

C. Strutynski, J. Picot-Clemente, F. Désévédavy, J.-C. Jules, G. Gadret, B. Kibler, and F. Smektala, “Compact supercontinuum sources based on tellurite suspended core fibers for absorption spectroscopy beyond 2  μm,” Laser Phys. Lett. 13, 075402 (2016).
[Crossref]

Nat. Photonics (2)

X. Jiang, N. Y. Joly, M. A. Finger, F. Babic, G. K. L. Wong, J. C. Travers, and P. St.J. Russell, “Deep-ultraviolet to mid-infrared supercontinuum generated in solid-core ZBLAN photonic crystal fibre,” Nat. Photonics 9, 133–139 (2015).
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C. R. Petersen, U. Møller, I. Kubat, B. Zhou, S. Dupont, J. Ramsay, T. Benson, S. Sujecki, N. Abdel-Moneim, Z. Tang, D. Furniss, A. Seddon, and O. Bang, “Mid-infrared supercontinuum covering the 1.4–13.3  μm molecular fingerprint region using ultra-high NA chalcogenide step-index fibre,” Nat. Photonics 8, 830–834 (2014).
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P. Domachuk, N. A. Wolchover, M. Cronin-Golomb, A. Wang, A. K. George, C. M. B. Cordeiro, J. C. Knight, and F. G. Omenetto, “Over 4000  nm bandwidth of mid-IR supercontinuum generation in sub-centimeter segments of highly nonlinear tellurite PCFs,” Opt. Express 16, 7161–7168 (2008).
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C. Wei, X. Zhu, R. A. Norwood, F. Song, and N. Peyghambarian, “Numerical investigation on high power mid-infrared supercontinuum fiber lasers pumped at 3  μm,” Opt. Express 21, 29488–29504 (2013).
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S. Xie, N. Tolstik, J. C. Travers, E. Sorokin, C. Caillaud, J. Troles, P. St.J. Russell, and I. T. Sorokina, “Coherent octave-spanning mid-infrared supercontinuum generated in As2S3-silica double-nanospike waveguide pumped by femtosecond Cr:ZnS laser,” Opt. Express 24, 12406–12413 (2016).
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F. Mörz, T. Steinle, A. Steinmann, and H. Giessen, “Multi-watt femtosecond optical parametric master oscillator power amplifier at 43  MHz,” Opt. Express 23, 23960–23967 (2015).
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R. Salem, Z. Jiang, D. Liu, R. Pafchek, D. Gardner, P. Foy, M. Saad, D. Jenkins, A. Cable, and P. Fendel, “Mid-infrared supercontinuum generation spanning 1.8 octaves using step-index indium fluoride fiber pumped by a femtosecond fiber laser near 2  μm,” Opt. Express 23, 30592–30602 (2015).
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A. Steinmann, B. Metzger, R. Hegenbarth, and H. Giessen, “Compact 7.4  W femtosecond oscillator for white-light generation and nonlinear microscopy,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO), OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2011), paper CThAA5.

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Figures (7)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1. (a) Measured fiber losses of a large-core step-index TZNF/TNaGZ fiber determined by the cutback technique (inset: image of a small-core fiber cross section). A 10-m-long fiber was cut every 30–40 cm. (b),(c) Wavelength-dependent dispersion D and effective mode area Aeff, respectively, of the fundamental guided mode in our step-index tellurite fiber with varying core diameters: φ=3, 3.5, 4, or 4.5 μm. Solid and dashed lines indicate the resulting uncertainty due to the fitting procedure of refractive index difference for our glass pair.
Fig. 2.
Fig. 2. Numerical investigation of the impact of both the fiber core diameter φ and the pump wavelength λp on (a) the expected output SC bandwidth at 20  dB expressed in THz, (b) the expected SC flatness (for definition see text), and (c) the expected SC mid-IR wavelength edge.
Fig. 3.
Fig. 3. Experimental setup. A home-built Yb:KGW oscillator was used to pump a fiber-feedback OPO whose signal pulses were applied to seed an OPA. Both signal (1.5–2.0 μm) and idler (2.2–4.0 μm) of the post amplifier were used to couple into the step-index tellurite fibers via an aspherical lens. Coupling into the 3.5–4.3 μm large cores was ensured by imaging the fiber end faces onto a pyro-camera with an aspherical lens. The spectra were recorded with an FTIR spectrometer.
Fig. 4.
Fig. 4. Experimental SC spectra for distinct fibers with core diameters equal to (a) 3.5, (b) 3.8, and (c) 4.3 μm, and pumped at 2.4 μm with a constant coupled peak power of 6  kW. The fiber lengths remained fixed at around 9 cm. The average output power is given for each SC spectrum.
Fig. 5.
Fig. 5. Experimental SC spectra for various signal pump wavelengths between 1.5 and 2.0 μm (see colored arrows) generated in the tellurite fiber with a core diameter of 3.5 μm at a constant incoming power of 200 mW. The fiber length remained fixed at 9 cm. For better visibility, the spectra were shifted apart by 25 dB. The average output power is given for each SC spectrum.
Fig. 6.
Fig. 6. Experimental SC spectra for various idler pump wavelengths between 2.2 and 3.2 μm (see colored arrows) generated in the tellurite fiber with a core diameter of 3.5 μm at constant incoming power of 200 mW. The fiber length remained fixed at 9 cm. The spectral dips observed around 4.2 μm came from CO2 absorptions during the free space coupling of the SC output into the FTIR. For better visibility, the spectra were shifted apart by 30 dB. The average output power is given for each SC spectrum.
Fig. 7.
Fig. 7. Experimental SC spectra obtained for various fiber lengths, (a) 6, (b) 9, and (c) 12 cm, of the tellurite fiber with a core diameter of 3.5 μm pumped at 2.4 μm with a constant incoming power of 400 mW. The average output power is given for each SC spectrum.

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