Abstract

We numerically investigate the effect of high-order dispersion on Kerr frequency comb generation in optical microresonators characterized with anomalous group velocity dispersion (GVD) using realistic slot-waveguide-based silicon nitride microring and spheroidal crystalline magnesium fluoride resonators. Our numerical simulations indicate that all orders of GVD should be taken into account to obtain the correct envelope shape of the generated Kerr frequency comb. High-order GVD affects the 3 dB comb bandwidth, nonlinear conversion efficiency, and frequency recoil of the comb spectrum (i.e., spectral shift effect), as well as pulse peak power and the power dependence of the pulse timing. Additionally, high-order dispersion terms affect the spectral position of a dispersive wave generated in a microresonator. Our results emphasize the influence of the pump power on the dispersive wave radiation frequency as well as the repetition rate of the generated frequency comb. The latter has significant practical ramifications, for instance, for the use of resonator-based frequency combs in optical clocks. We also observe competition in the generation of two different pulses corresponding to nearly the same spectral envelope. These mode-locked combs appear in the presence of a strong negative fourth-order GVD; one of them takes a hyperbolic-secant soliton shape, while the other resembles a Gaussian pulse superimposed on a modulated pedestal. The appearance and stability of the latter pulse depend on the numerical integration technique utilized.

© 2017 Optical Society of America

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