Abstract

Circularly dichroic metasurfaces are highly sought for a plethora of applications; while many alternative options are present in the literature, it is hard to select an approach that combines high circular dichroism (CD) with stable performances and easy reproducibility. In this work, we have designed and experimentally investigated a planar plasmonic metamaterial based on a comma-shaped geometry, which features such characteristics. We have focused the complexity of realization in the design process, which combines intrinsic chirality and high field localization, while fabrication was executed by using a standard single-step lift-off procedure. We have produced two classes of samples, closely related in shape but differing slightly in designing method and results, both reaching high levels of CD. Experiments on the first reveal the sensibility of the metasurface to geometrical variations due to fabrication non-idealities, as often happens in metamaterials based on surface plasmons and resonances; on the other hand, with the second, we demonstrate that it is possible to guarantee stable peak values on specific wavelength ranges, even when dealing with relevant fabrication tolerances. Moreover, numerical analyses suggest the possibility to reach values converging toward unity. The ease of implementation by using standard fabrication procedures and the robustness of the performance even with fabrication imprecisions make our proposed metamaterial eligible for adoption for further research in high-precision spectroscopy and implementation at industrial scale.

© 2019 Optical Society of America

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