Abstract

Phase-sensitive amplification (PSA) can provide low-noise signal amplification, and a quantum-limited noise figure of 0 dB, that is, additional noise-free amplification, is theoretically achievable. However, in fiber-based single-pumped PSA systems, it has been reported that Raman scattering in the fiber degrades the noise figure from the ideal 0 dB. In the present study, the influence of Raman scattering on quantum noise in dual-pumped degenerate PSA in a fiber is investigated. A quantum mechanical treatment starting from the Heisenberg equation of motion is developed, considering the parametric interaction and Raman interaction simultaneously, and an analytical expression for the noise figure is derived. An example of calculation is also presented, which quantitatively indicates the degradation in the noise figure due to Raman scattering.

© 2019 Optical Society of America

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