Abstract

We report on an ultralow probe-power transient grating apparatus with probing based on a laser diode pulser, a digital delay generator, and a data acquisition card. The electronic triggering of the diode pulser permits stroboscopic measurement of arbitrarily slow laser-induced dynamics using pulses of probe light with average power $ {\sim} 5 \,\, {\rm nW} $, significantly lower than what is currently used by continuous wave measurement. The proposed method also allows for flexibility in selection of the probe wavelength limited only by availability of low threshold current laser diodes. Examples of impulsive stimulated thermal scattering measurements are presented on liquid isopropanol, single crystal solid $ {{\rm CrCl}_3} $, and a thin film of Cu vapor deposited on a Si substrate, demonstrating the flexibility of the technique.

© 2020 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. H. J. Eichler, P. Günter, and D. W. Pohl, Laser-Induced Dynamic Gratings (Springer, 2013), Vol. 50.
  2. M. Takezaki, N. Hirota, and M. Terazima, “Nonradiative relaxation processes and electronically excited states of nitrobenzene studied by picosecond time-resolved transient grating method,” J. Phys. Chem. A 101, 3443–3448 (1997).
    [Crossref]
  3. T. Sjodin, H. Petek, and H.-L. Dai, “Ultrafast carrier dynamics in silicon: a two-color transient reflection grating study on a (111) surface,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 5664–5667 (1998).
    [Crossref]
  4. J. Salcedo, A. Siegman, D. D. Dlott, and M. Fayer, “Dynamics of energy transport in molecular crystals: the picosecond transient-grating method,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 41, 131–134 (1978).
    [Crossref]
  5. N. Gedik, J. Orenstein, R. Liang, D. Bonn, and W. Hardy, “Diffusion of nonequilibrium quasi-particles in a cuprate superconductor,” Science 300, 1410–1412 (2003).
    [Crossref]
  6. S. De Silvestri, J. Fujimoto, E. Ippen, E. B. Gamble Jr, L. R. Williams, and K. A. Nelson, “Femtosecond time-resolved measurements of optic phonon dephasing by impulsive stimulated Raman scattering in α-perylene crystal from 20 to 300  K,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 116, 146–152 (1985).
    [Crossref]
  7. T. P. Dougherty, G. P. Wiederrecht, and K. A. Nelson, “Impulsive stimulated Raman scattering experiments in the polariton regime,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 9, 2179–2189 (1992).
    [Crossref]
  8. A. Taschin, R. Torre, M. Ricci, M. Sampoli, C. Dreyfus, and R. Pick, “Translation-rotation coupling in transient grating experiments: theoretical and experimental evidences,” Europhys. Lett. 56, 407–413 (2001).
    [Crossref]
  9. R. Torre, A. Taschin, and M. Sampoli, “Acoustic and relaxation processes in supercooled orthoterphenyl by optical-heterodyne transient grating experiment,” Phys. Rev. E 64, 061504 (2001).
    [Crossref]
  10. C. Glorieux, K. Nelson, G. Hinze, and M. Fayer, “Thermal, structural, and orientational relaxation of supercooled salol studied by polarization-dependent impulsive stimulated scattering,” J. Chem. Phys. 116, 3384–3395 (2002).
    [Crossref]
  11. T. Hecksher, D. H. Torchinsky, C. Klieber, J. A. Johnson, J. C. Dyre, and K. A. Nelson, “Toward broadband mechanical spectroscopy,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. 114, 8710–8715 (2017).
    [Crossref]
  12. X. Xu, J. J. A. F. Cuautle, M. Kouyate, N. B. Roozen, J. Goossens, P. Menon, M. K. Malayil, R. Salenbien, R. N. Rajesh, C. Glorieux, P. Griesmar, L. Martinez, and S. Serfaty, “Evolution of elastic and thermal properties during TMOS-gel formation determined by ringing bottle acoustic resonance spectroscopy, impulsive stimulated scattering, photopyroelectric spectroscopy and the hot ball method,” J. Phys. D 49, 085502 (2016).
    [Crossref]
  13. A. R. Duggal, J. A. Rogers, and K. A. Nelson, “Real-time optical characterization of surface acoustic modes of polyimide thin-film coatings,” J. Appl. Phys. 72, 2823–2839 (1992).
    [Crossref]
  14. J. A. Rogers and K. A. Nelson, “Study of Lamb acoustic waveguide modes in unsupported polyimide thin films using real-time impulsive stimulated thermal scattering,” J. Appl. Phys. 75, 1534–1556 (1994).
    [Crossref]
  15. E. Abramson, J. Brown, L. Slutsky, and J. Zaug, “The elastic constants of San Carlos olivine to 17 GPa,” J. Geophys. Res. 102, 12253–12263 (1997).
    [Crossref]
  16. B. Sun, J. Winey, N. Hemmi, Z. Dreger, K. Zimmerman, Y. Gupta, D. H. Torchinsky, and K. A. Nelson, “Second-order elastic constants of pentaerythritol tetranitrate and cyclotrimethylene trinitramine using impulsive stimulated thermal scattering,” J. Appl. Phys. 104, 073517 (2008).
    [Crossref]
  17. A. F. Goncharov, J. Crowhurst, and J. M. Zaug, “Elastic and vibrational properties of cobalt to 120  GPa,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 115502 (2004).
    [Crossref]
  18. J. Janušonis, C.-L. Chang, T. Jansma, A. Gatilova, V. Vlasov, A. Lomonosov, V. Temnov, and R. Tobey, “Ultrafast magnetoelastic probing of surface acoustic transients,” Phys. Rev. B 94, 024415 (2016).
    [Crossref]
  19. C. L. Chang, R. R. Tamming, T. J. Broomhall, J. Janusonis, P. W. Fry, R. I. Tobey, and T. J. Hayward, “Selective excitation of localized spin-wave modes by optically pumped surface acoustic waves,” Phys. Rev. Appl. 10, 034068 (2018).
    [Crossref]
  20. A. J. Schmidt, M. Chiesa, D. H. Torchinsky, J. A. Johnson, A. Boustani, G. H. McKinley, K. A. Nelson, and G. Chen, “Experimental investigation of nanofluid shear and longitudinal viscosities,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 244107 (2008).
    [Crossref]
  21. J. Brown, L. Slutsky, K. Nelson, and L.-T. Cheng, “Velocity of sound and equations of state for methanol and ethanol in a diamond-anvil cell,” Science 241, 65–67 (1988).
    [Crossref]
  22. Z. Dreger, J. Zhou, N. Dang, and Y. Gupta, “Effect of high pressure on acoustic properties of several polymers: use of impulsive stimulated light scattering method,” J. Appl. Phys. 109, 083507 (2011).
    [Crossref]
  23. N. Hemmi, D. Torchinsky, K. Zimmerman, J. Winey, K. Nelson, and Y. Gupta, “Photoacoustic measurements to determine acoustic velocities in shocked condensed materials: application to liquid benzene,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 101926 (2008).
    [Crossref]
  24. J. A. Johnson, A. Maznev, J. Cuffe, J. K. Eliason, A. J. Minnich, T. Kehoe, C. M. S. Torres, G. Chen, and K. A. Nelson, “Direct measurement of room-temperature nondiffusive thermal transport over micron distances in a silicon membrane,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 110, 025901 (2013).
    [Crossref]
  25. C. Hua and A. J. Minnich, “Transport regimes in quasiballistic heat conduction,” Phys. Rev. B 89, 094302 (2014).
    [Crossref]
  26. S. Huberman, R. A. Duncan, K. Chen, B. Song, V. Chiloyan, Z. Ding, A. A. Maznev, G. Chen, and K. A. Nelson, “Observation of second sound in graphite at temperatures above 100  K,” Science 364, 375–379 (2019).
    [Crossref]
  27. O. W. Käding, H. Skurk, A. A. Maznev, and E. Matthias, “Transient thermal gratings at surfaces for thermal characterization of bulk materials and thin films,” Appl. Phys. A 61, 253–261 (1995).
    [Crossref]
  28. J. A. Johnson, A. A. Maznev, M. T. Bulsara, E. A. Fitzgerald, T. Harman, S. Calawa, C. Vineis, G. Turner, and K. A. Nelson, “Phase-controlled, heterodyne laser-induced transient grating measurements of thermal transport properties in opaque material,” J. Appl. Phys. 111, 023503 (2012).
    [Crossref]
  29. M. J. Banet, M. Fuchs, J. A. Rogers, J. H. Reinold Jr, J. M. Knecht, M. Rothschild, R. Logan, A. Maznev, and K. A. Nelson, “High-precision film thickness determination using a laser-based ultrasonic technique,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 73, 169–171 (1998).
    [Crossref]
  30. G. D. Goodno, G. Dadusc, and R. D. Miller, “Ultrafast heterodyne-detected transient-grating spectroscopy using diffractive optics,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 15, 1791–1794 (1998).
    [Crossref]
  31. A. Maznev, T. Crimmins, and K. Nelson, “How to make femtosecond pulses overlap,” Opt. Lett. 23, 1378–1380 (1998).
    [Crossref]
  32. P. Epperlein and O. Martin, “Reflectance modulation studies on laser diode mirrors,” Inst. Phys. Conf. Ser. 120, 353–358 (1992).
  33. F. Houle, D. Neiman, W. Tang, and H. Rosen, “Chemical changes accompanying facet degradation of AlGaAs quantum well lasers,” J. Appl. Phys. 72, 3884–3896 (1992).
    [Crossref]
  34. M. Hempel, M. Ziegler, J. W. Tomm, T. Elsaesser, N. Michel, and M. Krakowski, “Time-resolved analysis of catastrophic optical damage in 975 nm emitting diode lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 251105 (2010).
    [Crossref]
  35. C. A. Werley, S. M. Teo, and K. A. Nelson, “Pulsed laser noise analysis and pump-probe signal detection with a data acquisition card,” Rev. Sci. Instr. 82, 123108 (2011).
    [Crossref]
  36. M. Abramchuk, S. Jaszewski, K. R. Metz, G. B. Osterhoudt, Y. Wang, K. S. Burch, and F. Tafti, “Controlling magnetic and optical properties of the van der Waals crystal via mixed halide chemistry,” Adv. Mater. 30, 1801325 (2018).
    [Crossref]

2019 (1)

S. Huberman, R. A. Duncan, K. Chen, B. Song, V. Chiloyan, Z. Ding, A. A. Maznev, G. Chen, and K. A. Nelson, “Observation of second sound in graphite at temperatures above 100  K,” Science 364, 375–379 (2019).
[Crossref]

2018 (2)

C. L. Chang, R. R. Tamming, T. J. Broomhall, J. Janusonis, P. W. Fry, R. I. Tobey, and T. J. Hayward, “Selective excitation of localized spin-wave modes by optically pumped surface acoustic waves,” Phys. Rev. Appl. 10, 034068 (2018).
[Crossref]

M. Abramchuk, S. Jaszewski, K. R. Metz, G. B. Osterhoudt, Y. Wang, K. S. Burch, and F. Tafti, “Controlling magnetic and optical properties of the van der Waals crystal via mixed halide chemistry,” Adv. Mater. 30, 1801325 (2018).
[Crossref]

2017 (1)

T. Hecksher, D. H. Torchinsky, C. Klieber, J. A. Johnson, J. C. Dyre, and K. A. Nelson, “Toward broadband mechanical spectroscopy,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. 114, 8710–8715 (2017).
[Crossref]

2016 (2)

X. Xu, J. J. A. F. Cuautle, M. Kouyate, N. B. Roozen, J. Goossens, P. Menon, M. K. Malayil, R. Salenbien, R. N. Rajesh, C. Glorieux, P. Griesmar, L. Martinez, and S. Serfaty, “Evolution of elastic and thermal properties during TMOS-gel formation determined by ringing bottle acoustic resonance spectroscopy, impulsive stimulated scattering, photopyroelectric spectroscopy and the hot ball method,” J. Phys. D 49, 085502 (2016).
[Crossref]

J. Janušonis, C.-L. Chang, T. Jansma, A. Gatilova, V. Vlasov, A. Lomonosov, V. Temnov, and R. Tobey, “Ultrafast magnetoelastic probing of surface acoustic transients,” Phys. Rev. B 94, 024415 (2016).
[Crossref]

2014 (1)

C. Hua and A. J. Minnich, “Transport regimes in quasiballistic heat conduction,” Phys. Rev. B 89, 094302 (2014).
[Crossref]

2013 (1)

J. A. Johnson, A. Maznev, J. Cuffe, J. K. Eliason, A. J. Minnich, T. Kehoe, C. M. S. Torres, G. Chen, and K. A. Nelson, “Direct measurement of room-temperature nondiffusive thermal transport over micron distances in a silicon membrane,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 110, 025901 (2013).
[Crossref]

2012 (1)

J. A. Johnson, A. A. Maznev, M. T. Bulsara, E. A. Fitzgerald, T. Harman, S. Calawa, C. Vineis, G. Turner, and K. A. Nelson, “Phase-controlled, heterodyne laser-induced transient grating measurements of thermal transport properties in opaque material,” J. Appl. Phys. 111, 023503 (2012).
[Crossref]

2011 (2)

C. A. Werley, S. M. Teo, and K. A. Nelson, “Pulsed laser noise analysis and pump-probe signal detection with a data acquisition card,” Rev. Sci. Instr. 82, 123108 (2011).
[Crossref]

Z. Dreger, J. Zhou, N. Dang, and Y. Gupta, “Effect of high pressure on acoustic properties of several polymers: use of impulsive stimulated light scattering method,” J. Appl. Phys. 109, 083507 (2011).
[Crossref]

2010 (1)

M. Hempel, M. Ziegler, J. W. Tomm, T. Elsaesser, N. Michel, and M. Krakowski, “Time-resolved analysis of catastrophic optical damage in 975 nm emitting diode lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 251105 (2010).
[Crossref]

2008 (3)

N. Hemmi, D. Torchinsky, K. Zimmerman, J. Winey, K. Nelson, and Y. Gupta, “Photoacoustic measurements to determine acoustic velocities in shocked condensed materials: application to liquid benzene,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 101926 (2008).
[Crossref]

A. J. Schmidt, M. Chiesa, D. H. Torchinsky, J. A. Johnson, A. Boustani, G. H. McKinley, K. A. Nelson, and G. Chen, “Experimental investigation of nanofluid shear and longitudinal viscosities,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 244107 (2008).
[Crossref]

B. Sun, J. Winey, N. Hemmi, Z. Dreger, K. Zimmerman, Y. Gupta, D. H. Torchinsky, and K. A. Nelson, “Second-order elastic constants of pentaerythritol tetranitrate and cyclotrimethylene trinitramine using impulsive stimulated thermal scattering,” J. Appl. Phys. 104, 073517 (2008).
[Crossref]

2004 (1)

A. F. Goncharov, J. Crowhurst, and J. M. Zaug, “Elastic and vibrational properties of cobalt to 120  GPa,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 115502 (2004).
[Crossref]

2003 (1)

N. Gedik, J. Orenstein, R. Liang, D. Bonn, and W. Hardy, “Diffusion of nonequilibrium quasi-particles in a cuprate superconductor,” Science 300, 1410–1412 (2003).
[Crossref]

2002 (1)

C. Glorieux, K. Nelson, G. Hinze, and M. Fayer, “Thermal, structural, and orientational relaxation of supercooled salol studied by polarization-dependent impulsive stimulated scattering,” J. Chem. Phys. 116, 3384–3395 (2002).
[Crossref]

2001 (2)

A. Taschin, R. Torre, M. Ricci, M. Sampoli, C. Dreyfus, and R. Pick, “Translation-rotation coupling in transient grating experiments: theoretical and experimental evidences,” Europhys. Lett. 56, 407–413 (2001).
[Crossref]

R. Torre, A. Taschin, and M. Sampoli, “Acoustic and relaxation processes in supercooled orthoterphenyl by optical-heterodyne transient grating experiment,” Phys. Rev. E 64, 061504 (2001).
[Crossref]

1998 (4)

T. Sjodin, H. Petek, and H.-L. Dai, “Ultrafast carrier dynamics in silicon: a two-color transient reflection grating study on a (111) surface,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 5664–5667 (1998).
[Crossref]

M. J. Banet, M. Fuchs, J. A. Rogers, J. H. Reinold Jr, J. M. Knecht, M. Rothschild, R. Logan, A. Maznev, and K. A. Nelson, “High-precision film thickness determination using a laser-based ultrasonic technique,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 73, 169–171 (1998).
[Crossref]

G. D. Goodno, G. Dadusc, and R. D. Miller, “Ultrafast heterodyne-detected transient-grating spectroscopy using diffractive optics,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 15, 1791–1794 (1998).
[Crossref]

A. Maznev, T. Crimmins, and K. Nelson, “How to make femtosecond pulses overlap,” Opt. Lett. 23, 1378–1380 (1998).
[Crossref]

1997 (2)

M. Takezaki, N. Hirota, and M. Terazima, “Nonradiative relaxation processes and electronically excited states of nitrobenzene studied by picosecond time-resolved transient grating method,” J. Phys. Chem. A 101, 3443–3448 (1997).
[Crossref]

E. Abramson, J. Brown, L. Slutsky, and J. Zaug, “The elastic constants of San Carlos olivine to 17 GPa,” J. Geophys. Res. 102, 12253–12263 (1997).
[Crossref]

1995 (1)

O. W. Käding, H. Skurk, A. A. Maznev, and E. Matthias, “Transient thermal gratings at surfaces for thermal characterization of bulk materials and thin films,” Appl. Phys. A 61, 253–261 (1995).
[Crossref]

1994 (1)

J. A. Rogers and K. A. Nelson, “Study of Lamb acoustic waveguide modes in unsupported polyimide thin films using real-time impulsive stimulated thermal scattering,” J. Appl. Phys. 75, 1534–1556 (1994).
[Crossref]

1992 (4)

A. R. Duggal, J. A. Rogers, and K. A. Nelson, “Real-time optical characterization of surface acoustic modes of polyimide thin-film coatings,” J. Appl. Phys. 72, 2823–2839 (1992).
[Crossref]

T. P. Dougherty, G. P. Wiederrecht, and K. A. Nelson, “Impulsive stimulated Raman scattering experiments in the polariton regime,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 9, 2179–2189 (1992).
[Crossref]

P. Epperlein and O. Martin, “Reflectance modulation studies on laser diode mirrors,” Inst. Phys. Conf. Ser. 120, 353–358 (1992).

F. Houle, D. Neiman, W. Tang, and H. Rosen, “Chemical changes accompanying facet degradation of AlGaAs quantum well lasers,” J. Appl. Phys. 72, 3884–3896 (1992).
[Crossref]

1988 (1)

J. Brown, L. Slutsky, K. Nelson, and L.-T. Cheng, “Velocity of sound and equations of state for methanol and ethanol in a diamond-anvil cell,” Science 241, 65–67 (1988).
[Crossref]

1985 (1)

S. De Silvestri, J. Fujimoto, E. Ippen, E. B. Gamble Jr, L. R. Williams, and K. A. Nelson, “Femtosecond time-resolved measurements of optic phonon dephasing by impulsive stimulated Raman scattering in α-perylene crystal from 20 to 300  K,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 116, 146–152 (1985).
[Crossref]

1978 (1)

J. Salcedo, A. Siegman, D. D. Dlott, and M. Fayer, “Dynamics of energy transport in molecular crystals: the picosecond transient-grating method,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 41, 131–134 (1978).
[Crossref]

Abramchuk, M.

M. Abramchuk, S. Jaszewski, K. R. Metz, G. B. Osterhoudt, Y. Wang, K. S. Burch, and F. Tafti, “Controlling magnetic and optical properties of the van der Waals crystal via mixed halide chemistry,” Adv. Mater. 30, 1801325 (2018).
[Crossref]

Abramson, E.

E. Abramson, J. Brown, L. Slutsky, and J. Zaug, “The elastic constants of San Carlos olivine to 17 GPa,” J. Geophys. Res. 102, 12253–12263 (1997).
[Crossref]

Banet, M. J.

M. J. Banet, M. Fuchs, J. A. Rogers, J. H. Reinold Jr, J. M. Knecht, M. Rothschild, R. Logan, A. Maznev, and K. A. Nelson, “High-precision film thickness determination using a laser-based ultrasonic technique,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 73, 169–171 (1998).
[Crossref]

Bonn, D.

N. Gedik, J. Orenstein, R. Liang, D. Bonn, and W. Hardy, “Diffusion of nonequilibrium quasi-particles in a cuprate superconductor,” Science 300, 1410–1412 (2003).
[Crossref]

Boustani, A.

A. J. Schmidt, M. Chiesa, D. H. Torchinsky, J. A. Johnson, A. Boustani, G. H. McKinley, K. A. Nelson, and G. Chen, “Experimental investigation of nanofluid shear and longitudinal viscosities,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 244107 (2008).
[Crossref]

Broomhall, T. J.

C. L. Chang, R. R. Tamming, T. J. Broomhall, J. Janusonis, P. W. Fry, R. I. Tobey, and T. J. Hayward, “Selective excitation of localized spin-wave modes by optically pumped surface acoustic waves,” Phys. Rev. Appl. 10, 034068 (2018).
[Crossref]

Brown, J.

E. Abramson, J. Brown, L. Slutsky, and J. Zaug, “The elastic constants of San Carlos olivine to 17 GPa,” J. Geophys. Res. 102, 12253–12263 (1997).
[Crossref]

J. Brown, L. Slutsky, K. Nelson, and L.-T. Cheng, “Velocity of sound and equations of state for methanol and ethanol in a diamond-anvil cell,” Science 241, 65–67 (1988).
[Crossref]

Bulsara, M. T.

J. A. Johnson, A. A. Maznev, M. T. Bulsara, E. A. Fitzgerald, T. Harman, S. Calawa, C. Vineis, G. Turner, and K. A. Nelson, “Phase-controlled, heterodyne laser-induced transient grating measurements of thermal transport properties in opaque material,” J. Appl. Phys. 111, 023503 (2012).
[Crossref]

Burch, K. S.

M. Abramchuk, S. Jaszewski, K. R. Metz, G. B. Osterhoudt, Y. Wang, K. S. Burch, and F. Tafti, “Controlling magnetic and optical properties of the van der Waals crystal via mixed halide chemistry,” Adv. Mater. 30, 1801325 (2018).
[Crossref]

Calawa, S.

J. A. Johnson, A. A. Maznev, M. T. Bulsara, E. A. Fitzgerald, T. Harman, S. Calawa, C. Vineis, G. Turner, and K. A. Nelson, “Phase-controlled, heterodyne laser-induced transient grating measurements of thermal transport properties in opaque material,” J. Appl. Phys. 111, 023503 (2012).
[Crossref]

Chang, C. L.

C. L. Chang, R. R. Tamming, T. J. Broomhall, J. Janusonis, P. W. Fry, R. I. Tobey, and T. J. Hayward, “Selective excitation of localized spin-wave modes by optically pumped surface acoustic waves,” Phys. Rev. Appl. 10, 034068 (2018).
[Crossref]

Chang, C.-L.

J. Janušonis, C.-L. Chang, T. Jansma, A. Gatilova, V. Vlasov, A. Lomonosov, V. Temnov, and R. Tobey, “Ultrafast magnetoelastic probing of surface acoustic transients,” Phys. Rev. B 94, 024415 (2016).
[Crossref]

Chen, G.

S. Huberman, R. A. Duncan, K. Chen, B. Song, V. Chiloyan, Z. Ding, A. A. Maznev, G. Chen, and K. A. Nelson, “Observation of second sound in graphite at temperatures above 100  K,” Science 364, 375–379 (2019).
[Crossref]

J. A. Johnson, A. Maznev, J. Cuffe, J. K. Eliason, A. J. Minnich, T. Kehoe, C. M. S. Torres, G. Chen, and K. A. Nelson, “Direct measurement of room-temperature nondiffusive thermal transport over micron distances in a silicon membrane,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 110, 025901 (2013).
[Crossref]

A. J. Schmidt, M. Chiesa, D. H. Torchinsky, J. A. Johnson, A. Boustani, G. H. McKinley, K. A. Nelson, and G. Chen, “Experimental investigation of nanofluid shear and longitudinal viscosities,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 244107 (2008).
[Crossref]

Chen, K.

S. Huberman, R. A. Duncan, K. Chen, B. Song, V. Chiloyan, Z. Ding, A. A. Maznev, G. Chen, and K. A. Nelson, “Observation of second sound in graphite at temperatures above 100  K,” Science 364, 375–379 (2019).
[Crossref]

Cheng, L.-T.

J. Brown, L. Slutsky, K. Nelson, and L.-T. Cheng, “Velocity of sound and equations of state for methanol and ethanol in a diamond-anvil cell,” Science 241, 65–67 (1988).
[Crossref]

Chiesa, M.

A. J. Schmidt, M. Chiesa, D. H. Torchinsky, J. A. Johnson, A. Boustani, G. H. McKinley, K. A. Nelson, and G. Chen, “Experimental investigation of nanofluid shear and longitudinal viscosities,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 244107 (2008).
[Crossref]

Chiloyan, V.

S. Huberman, R. A. Duncan, K. Chen, B. Song, V. Chiloyan, Z. Ding, A. A. Maznev, G. Chen, and K. A. Nelson, “Observation of second sound in graphite at temperatures above 100  K,” Science 364, 375–379 (2019).
[Crossref]

Crimmins, T.

Crowhurst, J.

A. F. Goncharov, J. Crowhurst, and J. M. Zaug, “Elastic and vibrational properties of cobalt to 120  GPa,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 115502 (2004).
[Crossref]

Cuautle, J. J. A. F.

X. Xu, J. J. A. F. Cuautle, M. Kouyate, N. B. Roozen, J. Goossens, P. Menon, M. K. Malayil, R. Salenbien, R. N. Rajesh, C. Glorieux, P. Griesmar, L. Martinez, and S. Serfaty, “Evolution of elastic and thermal properties during TMOS-gel formation determined by ringing bottle acoustic resonance spectroscopy, impulsive stimulated scattering, photopyroelectric spectroscopy and the hot ball method,” J. Phys. D 49, 085502 (2016).
[Crossref]

Cuffe, J.

J. A. Johnson, A. Maznev, J. Cuffe, J. K. Eliason, A. J. Minnich, T. Kehoe, C. M. S. Torres, G. Chen, and K. A. Nelson, “Direct measurement of room-temperature nondiffusive thermal transport over micron distances in a silicon membrane,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 110, 025901 (2013).
[Crossref]

Dadusc, G.

Dai, H.-L.

T. Sjodin, H. Petek, and H.-L. Dai, “Ultrafast carrier dynamics in silicon: a two-color transient reflection grating study on a (111) surface,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 5664–5667 (1998).
[Crossref]

Dang, N.

Z. Dreger, J. Zhou, N. Dang, and Y. Gupta, “Effect of high pressure on acoustic properties of several polymers: use of impulsive stimulated light scattering method,” J. Appl. Phys. 109, 083507 (2011).
[Crossref]

De Silvestri, S.

S. De Silvestri, J. Fujimoto, E. Ippen, E. B. Gamble Jr, L. R. Williams, and K. A. Nelson, “Femtosecond time-resolved measurements of optic phonon dephasing by impulsive stimulated Raman scattering in α-perylene crystal from 20 to 300  K,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 116, 146–152 (1985).
[Crossref]

Ding, Z.

S. Huberman, R. A. Duncan, K. Chen, B. Song, V. Chiloyan, Z. Ding, A. A. Maznev, G. Chen, and K. A. Nelson, “Observation of second sound in graphite at temperatures above 100  K,” Science 364, 375–379 (2019).
[Crossref]

Dlott, D. D.

J. Salcedo, A. Siegman, D. D. Dlott, and M. Fayer, “Dynamics of energy transport in molecular crystals: the picosecond transient-grating method,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 41, 131–134 (1978).
[Crossref]

Dougherty, T. P.

Dreger, Z.

Z. Dreger, J. Zhou, N. Dang, and Y. Gupta, “Effect of high pressure on acoustic properties of several polymers: use of impulsive stimulated light scattering method,” J. Appl. Phys. 109, 083507 (2011).
[Crossref]

B. Sun, J. Winey, N. Hemmi, Z. Dreger, K. Zimmerman, Y. Gupta, D. H. Torchinsky, and K. A. Nelson, “Second-order elastic constants of pentaerythritol tetranitrate and cyclotrimethylene trinitramine using impulsive stimulated thermal scattering,” J. Appl. Phys. 104, 073517 (2008).
[Crossref]

Dreyfus, C.

A. Taschin, R. Torre, M. Ricci, M. Sampoli, C. Dreyfus, and R. Pick, “Translation-rotation coupling in transient grating experiments: theoretical and experimental evidences,” Europhys. Lett. 56, 407–413 (2001).
[Crossref]

Duggal, A. R.

A. R. Duggal, J. A. Rogers, and K. A. Nelson, “Real-time optical characterization of surface acoustic modes of polyimide thin-film coatings,” J. Appl. Phys. 72, 2823–2839 (1992).
[Crossref]

Duncan, R. A.

S. Huberman, R. A. Duncan, K. Chen, B. Song, V. Chiloyan, Z. Ding, A. A. Maznev, G. Chen, and K. A. Nelson, “Observation of second sound in graphite at temperatures above 100  K,” Science 364, 375–379 (2019).
[Crossref]

Dyre, J. C.

T. Hecksher, D. H. Torchinsky, C. Klieber, J. A. Johnson, J. C. Dyre, and K. A. Nelson, “Toward broadband mechanical spectroscopy,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. 114, 8710–8715 (2017).
[Crossref]

Eichler, H. J.

H. J. Eichler, P. Günter, and D. W. Pohl, Laser-Induced Dynamic Gratings (Springer, 2013), Vol. 50.

Eliason, J. K.

J. A. Johnson, A. Maznev, J. Cuffe, J. K. Eliason, A. J. Minnich, T. Kehoe, C. M. S. Torres, G. Chen, and K. A. Nelson, “Direct measurement of room-temperature nondiffusive thermal transport over micron distances in a silicon membrane,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 110, 025901 (2013).
[Crossref]

Elsaesser, T.

M. Hempel, M. Ziegler, J. W. Tomm, T. Elsaesser, N. Michel, and M. Krakowski, “Time-resolved analysis of catastrophic optical damage in 975 nm emitting diode lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 251105 (2010).
[Crossref]

Epperlein, P.

P. Epperlein and O. Martin, “Reflectance modulation studies on laser diode mirrors,” Inst. Phys. Conf. Ser. 120, 353–358 (1992).

Fayer, M.

C. Glorieux, K. Nelson, G. Hinze, and M. Fayer, “Thermal, structural, and orientational relaxation of supercooled salol studied by polarization-dependent impulsive stimulated scattering,” J. Chem. Phys. 116, 3384–3395 (2002).
[Crossref]

J. Salcedo, A. Siegman, D. D. Dlott, and M. Fayer, “Dynamics of energy transport in molecular crystals: the picosecond transient-grating method,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 41, 131–134 (1978).
[Crossref]

Fitzgerald, E. A.

J. A. Johnson, A. A. Maznev, M. T. Bulsara, E. A. Fitzgerald, T. Harman, S. Calawa, C. Vineis, G. Turner, and K. A. Nelson, “Phase-controlled, heterodyne laser-induced transient grating measurements of thermal transport properties in opaque material,” J. Appl. Phys. 111, 023503 (2012).
[Crossref]

Fry, P. W.

C. L. Chang, R. R. Tamming, T. J. Broomhall, J. Janusonis, P. W. Fry, R. I. Tobey, and T. J. Hayward, “Selective excitation of localized spin-wave modes by optically pumped surface acoustic waves,” Phys. Rev. Appl. 10, 034068 (2018).
[Crossref]

Fuchs, M.

M. J. Banet, M. Fuchs, J. A. Rogers, J. H. Reinold Jr, J. M. Knecht, M. Rothschild, R. Logan, A. Maznev, and K. A. Nelson, “High-precision film thickness determination using a laser-based ultrasonic technique,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 73, 169–171 (1998).
[Crossref]

Fujimoto, J.

S. De Silvestri, J. Fujimoto, E. Ippen, E. B. Gamble Jr, L. R. Williams, and K. A. Nelson, “Femtosecond time-resolved measurements of optic phonon dephasing by impulsive stimulated Raman scattering in α-perylene crystal from 20 to 300  K,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 116, 146–152 (1985).
[Crossref]

Gamble Jr, E. B.

S. De Silvestri, J. Fujimoto, E. Ippen, E. B. Gamble Jr, L. R. Williams, and K. A. Nelson, “Femtosecond time-resolved measurements of optic phonon dephasing by impulsive stimulated Raman scattering in α-perylene crystal from 20 to 300  K,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 116, 146–152 (1985).
[Crossref]

Gatilova, A.

J. Janušonis, C.-L. Chang, T. Jansma, A. Gatilova, V. Vlasov, A. Lomonosov, V. Temnov, and R. Tobey, “Ultrafast magnetoelastic probing of surface acoustic transients,” Phys. Rev. B 94, 024415 (2016).
[Crossref]

Gedik, N.

N. Gedik, J. Orenstein, R. Liang, D. Bonn, and W. Hardy, “Diffusion of nonequilibrium quasi-particles in a cuprate superconductor,” Science 300, 1410–1412 (2003).
[Crossref]

Glorieux, C.

X. Xu, J. J. A. F. Cuautle, M. Kouyate, N. B. Roozen, J. Goossens, P. Menon, M. K. Malayil, R. Salenbien, R. N. Rajesh, C. Glorieux, P. Griesmar, L. Martinez, and S. Serfaty, “Evolution of elastic and thermal properties during TMOS-gel formation determined by ringing bottle acoustic resonance spectroscopy, impulsive stimulated scattering, photopyroelectric spectroscopy and the hot ball method,” J. Phys. D 49, 085502 (2016).
[Crossref]

C. Glorieux, K. Nelson, G. Hinze, and M. Fayer, “Thermal, structural, and orientational relaxation of supercooled salol studied by polarization-dependent impulsive stimulated scattering,” J. Chem. Phys. 116, 3384–3395 (2002).
[Crossref]

Goncharov, A. F.

A. F. Goncharov, J. Crowhurst, and J. M. Zaug, “Elastic and vibrational properties of cobalt to 120  GPa,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 115502 (2004).
[Crossref]

Goodno, G. D.

Goossens, J.

X. Xu, J. J. A. F. Cuautle, M. Kouyate, N. B. Roozen, J. Goossens, P. Menon, M. K. Malayil, R. Salenbien, R. N. Rajesh, C. Glorieux, P. Griesmar, L. Martinez, and S. Serfaty, “Evolution of elastic and thermal properties during TMOS-gel formation determined by ringing bottle acoustic resonance spectroscopy, impulsive stimulated scattering, photopyroelectric spectroscopy and the hot ball method,” J. Phys. D 49, 085502 (2016).
[Crossref]

Griesmar, P.

X. Xu, J. J. A. F. Cuautle, M. Kouyate, N. B. Roozen, J. Goossens, P. Menon, M. K. Malayil, R. Salenbien, R. N. Rajesh, C. Glorieux, P. Griesmar, L. Martinez, and S. Serfaty, “Evolution of elastic and thermal properties during TMOS-gel formation determined by ringing bottle acoustic resonance spectroscopy, impulsive stimulated scattering, photopyroelectric spectroscopy and the hot ball method,” J. Phys. D 49, 085502 (2016).
[Crossref]

Günter, P.

H. J. Eichler, P. Günter, and D. W. Pohl, Laser-Induced Dynamic Gratings (Springer, 2013), Vol. 50.

Gupta, Y.

Z. Dreger, J. Zhou, N. Dang, and Y. Gupta, “Effect of high pressure on acoustic properties of several polymers: use of impulsive stimulated light scattering method,” J. Appl. Phys. 109, 083507 (2011).
[Crossref]

N. Hemmi, D. Torchinsky, K. Zimmerman, J. Winey, K. Nelson, and Y. Gupta, “Photoacoustic measurements to determine acoustic velocities in shocked condensed materials: application to liquid benzene,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 101926 (2008).
[Crossref]

B. Sun, J. Winey, N. Hemmi, Z. Dreger, K. Zimmerman, Y. Gupta, D. H. Torchinsky, and K. A. Nelson, “Second-order elastic constants of pentaerythritol tetranitrate and cyclotrimethylene trinitramine using impulsive stimulated thermal scattering,” J. Appl. Phys. 104, 073517 (2008).
[Crossref]

Hardy, W.

N. Gedik, J. Orenstein, R. Liang, D. Bonn, and W. Hardy, “Diffusion of nonequilibrium quasi-particles in a cuprate superconductor,” Science 300, 1410–1412 (2003).
[Crossref]

Harman, T.

J. A. Johnson, A. A. Maznev, M. T. Bulsara, E. A. Fitzgerald, T. Harman, S. Calawa, C. Vineis, G. Turner, and K. A. Nelson, “Phase-controlled, heterodyne laser-induced transient grating measurements of thermal transport properties in opaque material,” J. Appl. Phys. 111, 023503 (2012).
[Crossref]

Hayward, T. J.

C. L. Chang, R. R. Tamming, T. J. Broomhall, J. Janusonis, P. W. Fry, R. I. Tobey, and T. J. Hayward, “Selective excitation of localized spin-wave modes by optically pumped surface acoustic waves,” Phys. Rev. Appl. 10, 034068 (2018).
[Crossref]

Hecksher, T.

T. Hecksher, D. H. Torchinsky, C. Klieber, J. A. Johnson, J. C. Dyre, and K. A. Nelson, “Toward broadband mechanical spectroscopy,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. 114, 8710–8715 (2017).
[Crossref]

Hemmi, N.

B. Sun, J. Winey, N. Hemmi, Z. Dreger, K. Zimmerman, Y. Gupta, D. H. Torchinsky, and K. A. Nelson, “Second-order elastic constants of pentaerythritol tetranitrate and cyclotrimethylene trinitramine using impulsive stimulated thermal scattering,” J. Appl. Phys. 104, 073517 (2008).
[Crossref]

N. Hemmi, D. Torchinsky, K. Zimmerman, J. Winey, K. Nelson, and Y. Gupta, “Photoacoustic measurements to determine acoustic velocities in shocked condensed materials: application to liquid benzene,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 101926 (2008).
[Crossref]

Hempel, M.

M. Hempel, M. Ziegler, J. W. Tomm, T. Elsaesser, N. Michel, and M. Krakowski, “Time-resolved analysis of catastrophic optical damage in 975 nm emitting diode lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 251105 (2010).
[Crossref]

Hinze, G.

C. Glorieux, K. Nelson, G. Hinze, and M. Fayer, “Thermal, structural, and orientational relaxation of supercooled salol studied by polarization-dependent impulsive stimulated scattering,” J. Chem. Phys. 116, 3384–3395 (2002).
[Crossref]

Hirota, N.

M. Takezaki, N. Hirota, and M. Terazima, “Nonradiative relaxation processes and electronically excited states of nitrobenzene studied by picosecond time-resolved transient grating method,” J. Phys. Chem. A 101, 3443–3448 (1997).
[Crossref]

Houle, F.

F. Houle, D. Neiman, W. Tang, and H. Rosen, “Chemical changes accompanying facet degradation of AlGaAs quantum well lasers,” J. Appl. Phys. 72, 3884–3896 (1992).
[Crossref]

Hua, C.

C. Hua and A. J. Minnich, “Transport regimes in quasiballistic heat conduction,” Phys. Rev. B 89, 094302 (2014).
[Crossref]

Huberman, S.

S. Huberman, R. A. Duncan, K. Chen, B. Song, V. Chiloyan, Z. Ding, A. A. Maznev, G. Chen, and K. A. Nelson, “Observation of second sound in graphite at temperatures above 100  K,” Science 364, 375–379 (2019).
[Crossref]

Ippen, E.

S. De Silvestri, J. Fujimoto, E. Ippen, E. B. Gamble Jr, L. R. Williams, and K. A. Nelson, “Femtosecond time-resolved measurements of optic phonon dephasing by impulsive stimulated Raman scattering in α-perylene crystal from 20 to 300  K,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 116, 146–152 (1985).
[Crossref]

Jansma, T.

J. Janušonis, C.-L. Chang, T. Jansma, A. Gatilova, V. Vlasov, A. Lomonosov, V. Temnov, and R. Tobey, “Ultrafast magnetoelastic probing of surface acoustic transients,” Phys. Rev. B 94, 024415 (2016).
[Crossref]

Janusonis, J.

C. L. Chang, R. R. Tamming, T. J. Broomhall, J. Janusonis, P. W. Fry, R. I. Tobey, and T. J. Hayward, “Selective excitation of localized spin-wave modes by optically pumped surface acoustic waves,” Phys. Rev. Appl. 10, 034068 (2018).
[Crossref]

Janušonis, J.

J. Janušonis, C.-L. Chang, T. Jansma, A. Gatilova, V. Vlasov, A. Lomonosov, V. Temnov, and R. Tobey, “Ultrafast magnetoelastic probing of surface acoustic transients,” Phys. Rev. B 94, 024415 (2016).
[Crossref]

Jaszewski, S.

M. Abramchuk, S. Jaszewski, K. R. Metz, G. B. Osterhoudt, Y. Wang, K. S. Burch, and F. Tafti, “Controlling magnetic and optical properties of the van der Waals crystal via mixed halide chemistry,” Adv. Mater. 30, 1801325 (2018).
[Crossref]

Johnson, J. A.

T. Hecksher, D. H. Torchinsky, C. Klieber, J. A. Johnson, J. C. Dyre, and K. A. Nelson, “Toward broadband mechanical spectroscopy,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. 114, 8710–8715 (2017).
[Crossref]

J. A. Johnson, A. Maznev, J. Cuffe, J. K. Eliason, A. J. Minnich, T. Kehoe, C. M. S. Torres, G. Chen, and K. A. Nelson, “Direct measurement of room-temperature nondiffusive thermal transport over micron distances in a silicon membrane,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 110, 025901 (2013).
[Crossref]

J. A. Johnson, A. A. Maznev, M. T. Bulsara, E. A. Fitzgerald, T. Harman, S. Calawa, C. Vineis, G. Turner, and K. A. Nelson, “Phase-controlled, heterodyne laser-induced transient grating measurements of thermal transport properties in opaque material,” J. Appl. Phys. 111, 023503 (2012).
[Crossref]

A. J. Schmidt, M. Chiesa, D. H. Torchinsky, J. A. Johnson, A. Boustani, G. H. McKinley, K. A. Nelson, and G. Chen, “Experimental investigation of nanofluid shear and longitudinal viscosities,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 244107 (2008).
[Crossref]

Käding, O. W.

O. W. Käding, H. Skurk, A. A. Maznev, and E. Matthias, “Transient thermal gratings at surfaces for thermal characterization of bulk materials and thin films,” Appl. Phys. A 61, 253–261 (1995).
[Crossref]

Kehoe, T.

J. A. Johnson, A. Maznev, J. Cuffe, J. K. Eliason, A. J. Minnich, T. Kehoe, C. M. S. Torres, G. Chen, and K. A. Nelson, “Direct measurement of room-temperature nondiffusive thermal transport over micron distances in a silicon membrane,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 110, 025901 (2013).
[Crossref]

Klieber, C.

T. Hecksher, D. H. Torchinsky, C. Klieber, J. A. Johnson, J. C. Dyre, and K. A. Nelson, “Toward broadband mechanical spectroscopy,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. 114, 8710–8715 (2017).
[Crossref]

Knecht, J. M.

M. J. Banet, M. Fuchs, J. A. Rogers, J. H. Reinold Jr, J. M. Knecht, M. Rothschild, R. Logan, A. Maznev, and K. A. Nelson, “High-precision film thickness determination using a laser-based ultrasonic technique,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 73, 169–171 (1998).
[Crossref]

Kouyate, M.

X. Xu, J. J. A. F. Cuautle, M. Kouyate, N. B. Roozen, J. Goossens, P. Menon, M. K. Malayil, R. Salenbien, R. N. Rajesh, C. Glorieux, P. Griesmar, L. Martinez, and S. Serfaty, “Evolution of elastic and thermal properties during TMOS-gel formation determined by ringing bottle acoustic resonance spectroscopy, impulsive stimulated scattering, photopyroelectric spectroscopy and the hot ball method,” J. Phys. D 49, 085502 (2016).
[Crossref]

Krakowski, M.

M. Hempel, M. Ziegler, J. W. Tomm, T. Elsaesser, N. Michel, and M. Krakowski, “Time-resolved analysis of catastrophic optical damage in 975 nm emitting diode lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 251105 (2010).
[Crossref]

Liang, R.

N. Gedik, J. Orenstein, R. Liang, D. Bonn, and W. Hardy, “Diffusion of nonequilibrium quasi-particles in a cuprate superconductor,” Science 300, 1410–1412 (2003).
[Crossref]

Logan, R.

M. J. Banet, M. Fuchs, J. A. Rogers, J. H. Reinold Jr, J. M. Knecht, M. Rothschild, R. Logan, A. Maznev, and K. A. Nelson, “High-precision film thickness determination using a laser-based ultrasonic technique,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 73, 169–171 (1998).
[Crossref]

Lomonosov, A.

J. Janušonis, C.-L. Chang, T. Jansma, A. Gatilova, V. Vlasov, A. Lomonosov, V. Temnov, and R. Tobey, “Ultrafast magnetoelastic probing of surface acoustic transients,” Phys. Rev. B 94, 024415 (2016).
[Crossref]

Malayil, M. K.

X. Xu, J. J. A. F. Cuautle, M. Kouyate, N. B. Roozen, J. Goossens, P. Menon, M. K. Malayil, R. Salenbien, R. N. Rajesh, C. Glorieux, P. Griesmar, L. Martinez, and S. Serfaty, “Evolution of elastic and thermal properties during TMOS-gel formation determined by ringing bottle acoustic resonance spectroscopy, impulsive stimulated scattering, photopyroelectric spectroscopy and the hot ball method,” J. Phys. D 49, 085502 (2016).
[Crossref]

Martin, O.

P. Epperlein and O. Martin, “Reflectance modulation studies on laser diode mirrors,” Inst. Phys. Conf. Ser. 120, 353–358 (1992).

Martinez, L.

X. Xu, J. J. A. F. Cuautle, M. Kouyate, N. B. Roozen, J. Goossens, P. Menon, M. K. Malayil, R. Salenbien, R. N. Rajesh, C. Glorieux, P. Griesmar, L. Martinez, and S. Serfaty, “Evolution of elastic and thermal properties during TMOS-gel formation determined by ringing bottle acoustic resonance spectroscopy, impulsive stimulated scattering, photopyroelectric spectroscopy and the hot ball method,” J. Phys. D 49, 085502 (2016).
[Crossref]

Matthias, E.

O. W. Käding, H. Skurk, A. A. Maznev, and E. Matthias, “Transient thermal gratings at surfaces for thermal characterization of bulk materials and thin films,” Appl. Phys. A 61, 253–261 (1995).
[Crossref]

Maznev, A.

J. A. Johnson, A. Maznev, J. Cuffe, J. K. Eliason, A. J. Minnich, T. Kehoe, C. M. S. Torres, G. Chen, and K. A. Nelson, “Direct measurement of room-temperature nondiffusive thermal transport over micron distances in a silicon membrane,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 110, 025901 (2013).
[Crossref]

A. Maznev, T. Crimmins, and K. Nelson, “How to make femtosecond pulses overlap,” Opt. Lett. 23, 1378–1380 (1998).
[Crossref]

M. J. Banet, M. Fuchs, J. A. Rogers, J. H. Reinold Jr, J. M. Knecht, M. Rothschild, R. Logan, A. Maznev, and K. A. Nelson, “High-precision film thickness determination using a laser-based ultrasonic technique,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 73, 169–171 (1998).
[Crossref]

Maznev, A. A.

S. Huberman, R. A. Duncan, K. Chen, B. Song, V. Chiloyan, Z. Ding, A. A. Maznev, G. Chen, and K. A. Nelson, “Observation of second sound in graphite at temperatures above 100  K,” Science 364, 375–379 (2019).
[Crossref]

J. A. Johnson, A. A. Maznev, M. T. Bulsara, E. A. Fitzgerald, T. Harman, S. Calawa, C. Vineis, G. Turner, and K. A. Nelson, “Phase-controlled, heterodyne laser-induced transient grating measurements of thermal transport properties in opaque material,” J. Appl. Phys. 111, 023503 (2012).
[Crossref]

O. W. Käding, H. Skurk, A. A. Maznev, and E. Matthias, “Transient thermal gratings at surfaces for thermal characterization of bulk materials and thin films,” Appl. Phys. A 61, 253–261 (1995).
[Crossref]

McKinley, G. H.

A. J. Schmidt, M. Chiesa, D. H. Torchinsky, J. A. Johnson, A. Boustani, G. H. McKinley, K. A. Nelson, and G. Chen, “Experimental investigation of nanofluid shear and longitudinal viscosities,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 244107 (2008).
[Crossref]

Menon, P.

X. Xu, J. J. A. F. Cuautle, M. Kouyate, N. B. Roozen, J. Goossens, P. Menon, M. K. Malayil, R. Salenbien, R. N. Rajesh, C. Glorieux, P. Griesmar, L. Martinez, and S. Serfaty, “Evolution of elastic and thermal properties during TMOS-gel formation determined by ringing bottle acoustic resonance spectroscopy, impulsive stimulated scattering, photopyroelectric spectroscopy and the hot ball method,” J. Phys. D 49, 085502 (2016).
[Crossref]

Metz, K. R.

M. Abramchuk, S. Jaszewski, K. R. Metz, G. B. Osterhoudt, Y. Wang, K. S. Burch, and F. Tafti, “Controlling magnetic and optical properties of the van der Waals crystal via mixed halide chemistry,” Adv. Mater. 30, 1801325 (2018).
[Crossref]

Michel, N.

M. Hempel, M. Ziegler, J. W. Tomm, T. Elsaesser, N. Michel, and M. Krakowski, “Time-resolved analysis of catastrophic optical damage in 975 nm emitting diode lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 251105 (2010).
[Crossref]

Miller, R. D.

Minnich, A. J.

C. Hua and A. J. Minnich, “Transport regimes in quasiballistic heat conduction,” Phys. Rev. B 89, 094302 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. A. Johnson, A. Maznev, J. Cuffe, J. K. Eliason, A. J. Minnich, T. Kehoe, C. M. S. Torres, G. Chen, and K. A. Nelson, “Direct measurement of room-temperature nondiffusive thermal transport over micron distances in a silicon membrane,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 110, 025901 (2013).
[Crossref]

Neiman, D.

F. Houle, D. Neiman, W. Tang, and H. Rosen, “Chemical changes accompanying facet degradation of AlGaAs quantum well lasers,” J. Appl. Phys. 72, 3884–3896 (1992).
[Crossref]

Nelson, K.

N. Hemmi, D. Torchinsky, K. Zimmerman, J. Winey, K. Nelson, and Y. Gupta, “Photoacoustic measurements to determine acoustic velocities in shocked condensed materials: application to liquid benzene,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 101926 (2008).
[Crossref]

C. Glorieux, K. Nelson, G. Hinze, and M. Fayer, “Thermal, structural, and orientational relaxation of supercooled salol studied by polarization-dependent impulsive stimulated scattering,” J. Chem. Phys. 116, 3384–3395 (2002).
[Crossref]

A. Maznev, T. Crimmins, and K. Nelson, “How to make femtosecond pulses overlap,” Opt. Lett. 23, 1378–1380 (1998).
[Crossref]

J. Brown, L. Slutsky, K. Nelson, and L.-T. Cheng, “Velocity of sound and equations of state for methanol and ethanol in a diamond-anvil cell,” Science 241, 65–67 (1988).
[Crossref]

Nelson, K. A.

S. Huberman, R. A. Duncan, K. Chen, B. Song, V. Chiloyan, Z. Ding, A. A. Maznev, G. Chen, and K. A. Nelson, “Observation of second sound in graphite at temperatures above 100  K,” Science 364, 375–379 (2019).
[Crossref]

T. Hecksher, D. H. Torchinsky, C. Klieber, J. A. Johnson, J. C. Dyre, and K. A. Nelson, “Toward broadband mechanical spectroscopy,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. 114, 8710–8715 (2017).
[Crossref]

J. A. Johnson, A. Maznev, J. Cuffe, J. K. Eliason, A. J. Minnich, T. Kehoe, C. M. S. Torres, G. Chen, and K. A. Nelson, “Direct measurement of room-temperature nondiffusive thermal transport over micron distances in a silicon membrane,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 110, 025901 (2013).
[Crossref]

J. A. Johnson, A. A. Maznev, M. T. Bulsara, E. A. Fitzgerald, T. Harman, S. Calawa, C. Vineis, G. Turner, and K. A. Nelson, “Phase-controlled, heterodyne laser-induced transient grating measurements of thermal transport properties in opaque material,” J. Appl. Phys. 111, 023503 (2012).
[Crossref]

C. A. Werley, S. M. Teo, and K. A. Nelson, “Pulsed laser noise analysis and pump-probe signal detection with a data acquisition card,” Rev. Sci. Instr. 82, 123108 (2011).
[Crossref]

A. J. Schmidt, M. Chiesa, D. H. Torchinsky, J. A. Johnson, A. Boustani, G. H. McKinley, K. A. Nelson, and G. Chen, “Experimental investigation of nanofluid shear and longitudinal viscosities,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 244107 (2008).
[Crossref]

B. Sun, J. Winey, N. Hemmi, Z. Dreger, K. Zimmerman, Y. Gupta, D. H. Torchinsky, and K. A. Nelson, “Second-order elastic constants of pentaerythritol tetranitrate and cyclotrimethylene trinitramine using impulsive stimulated thermal scattering,” J. Appl. Phys. 104, 073517 (2008).
[Crossref]

M. J. Banet, M. Fuchs, J. A. Rogers, J. H. Reinold Jr, J. M. Knecht, M. Rothschild, R. Logan, A. Maznev, and K. A. Nelson, “High-precision film thickness determination using a laser-based ultrasonic technique,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 73, 169–171 (1998).
[Crossref]

J. A. Rogers and K. A. Nelson, “Study of Lamb acoustic waveguide modes in unsupported polyimide thin films using real-time impulsive stimulated thermal scattering,” J. Appl. Phys. 75, 1534–1556 (1994).
[Crossref]

A. R. Duggal, J. A. Rogers, and K. A. Nelson, “Real-time optical characterization of surface acoustic modes of polyimide thin-film coatings,” J. Appl. Phys. 72, 2823–2839 (1992).
[Crossref]

T. P. Dougherty, G. P. Wiederrecht, and K. A. Nelson, “Impulsive stimulated Raman scattering experiments in the polariton regime,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 9, 2179–2189 (1992).
[Crossref]

S. De Silvestri, J. Fujimoto, E. Ippen, E. B. Gamble Jr, L. R. Williams, and K. A. Nelson, “Femtosecond time-resolved measurements of optic phonon dephasing by impulsive stimulated Raman scattering in α-perylene crystal from 20 to 300  K,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 116, 146–152 (1985).
[Crossref]

Orenstein, J.

N. Gedik, J. Orenstein, R. Liang, D. Bonn, and W. Hardy, “Diffusion of nonequilibrium quasi-particles in a cuprate superconductor,” Science 300, 1410–1412 (2003).
[Crossref]

Osterhoudt, G. B.

M. Abramchuk, S. Jaszewski, K. R. Metz, G. B. Osterhoudt, Y. Wang, K. S. Burch, and F. Tafti, “Controlling magnetic and optical properties of the van der Waals crystal via mixed halide chemistry,” Adv. Mater. 30, 1801325 (2018).
[Crossref]

Petek, H.

T. Sjodin, H. Petek, and H.-L. Dai, “Ultrafast carrier dynamics in silicon: a two-color transient reflection grating study on a (111) surface,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 5664–5667 (1998).
[Crossref]

Pick, R.

A. Taschin, R. Torre, M. Ricci, M. Sampoli, C. Dreyfus, and R. Pick, “Translation-rotation coupling in transient grating experiments: theoretical and experimental evidences,” Europhys. Lett. 56, 407–413 (2001).
[Crossref]

Pohl, D. W.

H. J. Eichler, P. Günter, and D. W. Pohl, Laser-Induced Dynamic Gratings (Springer, 2013), Vol. 50.

Rajesh, R. N.

X. Xu, J. J. A. F. Cuautle, M. Kouyate, N. B. Roozen, J. Goossens, P. Menon, M. K. Malayil, R. Salenbien, R. N. Rajesh, C. Glorieux, P. Griesmar, L. Martinez, and S. Serfaty, “Evolution of elastic and thermal properties during TMOS-gel formation determined by ringing bottle acoustic resonance spectroscopy, impulsive stimulated scattering, photopyroelectric spectroscopy and the hot ball method,” J. Phys. D 49, 085502 (2016).
[Crossref]

Reinold Jr, J. H.

M. J. Banet, M. Fuchs, J. A. Rogers, J. H. Reinold Jr, J. M. Knecht, M. Rothschild, R. Logan, A. Maznev, and K. A. Nelson, “High-precision film thickness determination using a laser-based ultrasonic technique,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 73, 169–171 (1998).
[Crossref]

Ricci, M.

A. Taschin, R. Torre, M. Ricci, M. Sampoli, C. Dreyfus, and R. Pick, “Translation-rotation coupling in transient grating experiments: theoretical and experimental evidences,” Europhys. Lett. 56, 407–413 (2001).
[Crossref]

Rogers, J. A.

M. J. Banet, M. Fuchs, J. A. Rogers, J. H. Reinold Jr, J. M. Knecht, M. Rothschild, R. Logan, A. Maznev, and K. A. Nelson, “High-precision film thickness determination using a laser-based ultrasonic technique,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 73, 169–171 (1998).
[Crossref]

J. A. Rogers and K. A. Nelson, “Study of Lamb acoustic waveguide modes in unsupported polyimide thin films using real-time impulsive stimulated thermal scattering,” J. Appl. Phys. 75, 1534–1556 (1994).
[Crossref]

A. R. Duggal, J. A. Rogers, and K. A. Nelson, “Real-time optical characterization of surface acoustic modes of polyimide thin-film coatings,” J. Appl. Phys. 72, 2823–2839 (1992).
[Crossref]

Roozen, N. B.

X. Xu, J. J. A. F. Cuautle, M. Kouyate, N. B. Roozen, J. Goossens, P. Menon, M. K. Malayil, R. Salenbien, R. N. Rajesh, C. Glorieux, P. Griesmar, L. Martinez, and S. Serfaty, “Evolution of elastic and thermal properties during TMOS-gel formation determined by ringing bottle acoustic resonance spectroscopy, impulsive stimulated scattering, photopyroelectric spectroscopy and the hot ball method,” J. Phys. D 49, 085502 (2016).
[Crossref]

Rosen, H.

F. Houle, D. Neiman, W. Tang, and H. Rosen, “Chemical changes accompanying facet degradation of AlGaAs quantum well lasers,” J. Appl. Phys. 72, 3884–3896 (1992).
[Crossref]

Rothschild, M.

M. J. Banet, M. Fuchs, J. A. Rogers, J. H. Reinold Jr, J. M. Knecht, M. Rothschild, R. Logan, A. Maznev, and K. A. Nelson, “High-precision film thickness determination using a laser-based ultrasonic technique,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 73, 169–171 (1998).
[Crossref]

Salcedo, J.

J. Salcedo, A. Siegman, D. D. Dlott, and M. Fayer, “Dynamics of energy transport in molecular crystals: the picosecond transient-grating method,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 41, 131–134 (1978).
[Crossref]

Salenbien, R.

X. Xu, J. J. A. F. Cuautle, M. Kouyate, N. B. Roozen, J. Goossens, P. Menon, M. K. Malayil, R. Salenbien, R. N. Rajesh, C. Glorieux, P. Griesmar, L. Martinez, and S. Serfaty, “Evolution of elastic and thermal properties during TMOS-gel formation determined by ringing bottle acoustic resonance spectroscopy, impulsive stimulated scattering, photopyroelectric spectroscopy and the hot ball method,” J. Phys. D 49, 085502 (2016).
[Crossref]

Sampoli, M.

A. Taschin, R. Torre, M. Ricci, M. Sampoli, C. Dreyfus, and R. Pick, “Translation-rotation coupling in transient grating experiments: theoretical and experimental evidences,” Europhys. Lett. 56, 407–413 (2001).
[Crossref]

R. Torre, A. Taschin, and M. Sampoli, “Acoustic and relaxation processes in supercooled orthoterphenyl by optical-heterodyne transient grating experiment,” Phys. Rev. E 64, 061504 (2001).
[Crossref]

Schmidt, A. J.

A. J. Schmidt, M. Chiesa, D. H. Torchinsky, J. A. Johnson, A. Boustani, G. H. McKinley, K. A. Nelson, and G. Chen, “Experimental investigation of nanofluid shear and longitudinal viscosities,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 244107 (2008).
[Crossref]

Serfaty, S.

X. Xu, J. J. A. F. Cuautle, M. Kouyate, N. B. Roozen, J. Goossens, P. Menon, M. K. Malayil, R. Salenbien, R. N. Rajesh, C. Glorieux, P. Griesmar, L. Martinez, and S. Serfaty, “Evolution of elastic and thermal properties during TMOS-gel formation determined by ringing bottle acoustic resonance spectroscopy, impulsive stimulated scattering, photopyroelectric spectroscopy and the hot ball method,” J. Phys. D 49, 085502 (2016).
[Crossref]

Siegman, A.

J. Salcedo, A. Siegman, D. D. Dlott, and M. Fayer, “Dynamics of energy transport in molecular crystals: the picosecond transient-grating method,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 41, 131–134 (1978).
[Crossref]

Sjodin, T.

T. Sjodin, H. Petek, and H.-L. Dai, “Ultrafast carrier dynamics in silicon: a two-color transient reflection grating study on a (111) surface,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 5664–5667 (1998).
[Crossref]

Skurk, H.

O. W. Käding, H. Skurk, A. A. Maznev, and E. Matthias, “Transient thermal gratings at surfaces for thermal characterization of bulk materials and thin films,” Appl. Phys. A 61, 253–261 (1995).
[Crossref]

Slutsky, L.

E. Abramson, J. Brown, L. Slutsky, and J. Zaug, “The elastic constants of San Carlos olivine to 17 GPa,” J. Geophys. Res. 102, 12253–12263 (1997).
[Crossref]

J. Brown, L. Slutsky, K. Nelson, and L.-T. Cheng, “Velocity of sound and equations of state for methanol and ethanol in a diamond-anvil cell,” Science 241, 65–67 (1988).
[Crossref]

Song, B.

S. Huberman, R. A. Duncan, K. Chen, B. Song, V. Chiloyan, Z. Ding, A. A. Maznev, G. Chen, and K. A. Nelson, “Observation of second sound in graphite at temperatures above 100  K,” Science 364, 375–379 (2019).
[Crossref]

Sun, B.

B. Sun, J. Winey, N. Hemmi, Z. Dreger, K. Zimmerman, Y. Gupta, D. H. Torchinsky, and K. A. Nelson, “Second-order elastic constants of pentaerythritol tetranitrate and cyclotrimethylene trinitramine using impulsive stimulated thermal scattering,” J. Appl. Phys. 104, 073517 (2008).
[Crossref]

Tafti, F.

M. Abramchuk, S. Jaszewski, K. R. Metz, G. B. Osterhoudt, Y. Wang, K. S. Burch, and F. Tafti, “Controlling magnetic and optical properties of the van der Waals crystal via mixed halide chemistry,” Adv. Mater. 30, 1801325 (2018).
[Crossref]

Takezaki, M.

M. Takezaki, N. Hirota, and M. Terazima, “Nonradiative relaxation processes and electronically excited states of nitrobenzene studied by picosecond time-resolved transient grating method,” J. Phys. Chem. A 101, 3443–3448 (1997).
[Crossref]

Tamming, R. R.

C. L. Chang, R. R. Tamming, T. J. Broomhall, J. Janusonis, P. W. Fry, R. I. Tobey, and T. J. Hayward, “Selective excitation of localized spin-wave modes by optically pumped surface acoustic waves,” Phys. Rev. Appl. 10, 034068 (2018).
[Crossref]

Tang, W.

F. Houle, D. Neiman, W. Tang, and H. Rosen, “Chemical changes accompanying facet degradation of AlGaAs quantum well lasers,” J. Appl. Phys. 72, 3884–3896 (1992).
[Crossref]

Taschin, A.

R. Torre, A. Taschin, and M. Sampoli, “Acoustic and relaxation processes in supercooled orthoterphenyl by optical-heterodyne transient grating experiment,” Phys. Rev. E 64, 061504 (2001).
[Crossref]

A. Taschin, R. Torre, M. Ricci, M. Sampoli, C. Dreyfus, and R. Pick, “Translation-rotation coupling in transient grating experiments: theoretical and experimental evidences,” Europhys. Lett. 56, 407–413 (2001).
[Crossref]

Temnov, V.

J. Janušonis, C.-L. Chang, T. Jansma, A. Gatilova, V. Vlasov, A. Lomonosov, V. Temnov, and R. Tobey, “Ultrafast magnetoelastic probing of surface acoustic transients,” Phys. Rev. B 94, 024415 (2016).
[Crossref]

Teo, S. M.

C. A. Werley, S. M. Teo, and K. A. Nelson, “Pulsed laser noise analysis and pump-probe signal detection with a data acquisition card,” Rev. Sci. Instr. 82, 123108 (2011).
[Crossref]

Terazima, M.

M. Takezaki, N. Hirota, and M. Terazima, “Nonradiative relaxation processes and electronically excited states of nitrobenzene studied by picosecond time-resolved transient grating method,” J. Phys. Chem. A 101, 3443–3448 (1997).
[Crossref]

Tobey, R.

J. Janušonis, C.-L. Chang, T. Jansma, A. Gatilova, V. Vlasov, A. Lomonosov, V. Temnov, and R. Tobey, “Ultrafast magnetoelastic probing of surface acoustic transients,” Phys. Rev. B 94, 024415 (2016).
[Crossref]

Tobey, R. I.

C. L. Chang, R. R. Tamming, T. J. Broomhall, J. Janusonis, P. W. Fry, R. I. Tobey, and T. J. Hayward, “Selective excitation of localized spin-wave modes by optically pumped surface acoustic waves,” Phys. Rev. Appl. 10, 034068 (2018).
[Crossref]

Tomm, J. W.

M. Hempel, M. Ziegler, J. W. Tomm, T. Elsaesser, N. Michel, and M. Krakowski, “Time-resolved analysis of catastrophic optical damage in 975 nm emitting diode lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 251105 (2010).
[Crossref]

Torchinsky, D.

N. Hemmi, D. Torchinsky, K. Zimmerman, J. Winey, K. Nelson, and Y. Gupta, “Photoacoustic measurements to determine acoustic velocities in shocked condensed materials: application to liquid benzene,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 101926 (2008).
[Crossref]

Torchinsky, D. H.

T. Hecksher, D. H. Torchinsky, C. Klieber, J. A. Johnson, J. C. Dyre, and K. A. Nelson, “Toward broadband mechanical spectroscopy,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. 114, 8710–8715 (2017).
[Crossref]

A. J. Schmidt, M. Chiesa, D. H. Torchinsky, J. A. Johnson, A. Boustani, G. H. McKinley, K. A. Nelson, and G. Chen, “Experimental investigation of nanofluid shear and longitudinal viscosities,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 244107 (2008).
[Crossref]

B. Sun, J. Winey, N. Hemmi, Z. Dreger, K. Zimmerman, Y. Gupta, D. H. Torchinsky, and K. A. Nelson, “Second-order elastic constants of pentaerythritol tetranitrate and cyclotrimethylene trinitramine using impulsive stimulated thermal scattering,” J. Appl. Phys. 104, 073517 (2008).
[Crossref]

Torre, R.

A. Taschin, R. Torre, M. Ricci, M. Sampoli, C. Dreyfus, and R. Pick, “Translation-rotation coupling in transient grating experiments: theoretical and experimental evidences,” Europhys. Lett. 56, 407–413 (2001).
[Crossref]

R. Torre, A. Taschin, and M. Sampoli, “Acoustic and relaxation processes in supercooled orthoterphenyl by optical-heterodyne transient grating experiment,” Phys. Rev. E 64, 061504 (2001).
[Crossref]

Torres, C. M. S.

J. A. Johnson, A. Maznev, J. Cuffe, J. K. Eliason, A. J. Minnich, T. Kehoe, C. M. S. Torres, G. Chen, and K. A. Nelson, “Direct measurement of room-temperature nondiffusive thermal transport over micron distances in a silicon membrane,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 110, 025901 (2013).
[Crossref]

Turner, G.

J. A. Johnson, A. A. Maznev, M. T. Bulsara, E. A. Fitzgerald, T. Harman, S. Calawa, C. Vineis, G. Turner, and K. A. Nelson, “Phase-controlled, heterodyne laser-induced transient grating measurements of thermal transport properties in opaque material,” J. Appl. Phys. 111, 023503 (2012).
[Crossref]

Vineis, C.

J. A. Johnson, A. A. Maznev, M. T. Bulsara, E. A. Fitzgerald, T. Harman, S. Calawa, C. Vineis, G. Turner, and K. A. Nelson, “Phase-controlled, heterodyne laser-induced transient grating measurements of thermal transport properties in opaque material,” J. Appl. Phys. 111, 023503 (2012).
[Crossref]

Vlasov, V.

J. Janušonis, C.-L. Chang, T. Jansma, A. Gatilova, V. Vlasov, A. Lomonosov, V. Temnov, and R. Tobey, “Ultrafast magnetoelastic probing of surface acoustic transients,” Phys. Rev. B 94, 024415 (2016).
[Crossref]

Wang, Y.

M. Abramchuk, S. Jaszewski, K. R. Metz, G. B. Osterhoudt, Y. Wang, K. S. Burch, and F. Tafti, “Controlling magnetic and optical properties of the van der Waals crystal via mixed halide chemistry,” Adv. Mater. 30, 1801325 (2018).
[Crossref]

Werley, C. A.

C. A. Werley, S. M. Teo, and K. A. Nelson, “Pulsed laser noise analysis and pump-probe signal detection with a data acquisition card,” Rev. Sci. Instr. 82, 123108 (2011).
[Crossref]

Wiederrecht, G. P.

Williams, L. R.

S. De Silvestri, J. Fujimoto, E. Ippen, E. B. Gamble Jr, L. R. Williams, and K. A. Nelson, “Femtosecond time-resolved measurements of optic phonon dephasing by impulsive stimulated Raman scattering in α-perylene crystal from 20 to 300  K,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 116, 146–152 (1985).
[Crossref]

Winey, J.

B. Sun, J. Winey, N. Hemmi, Z. Dreger, K. Zimmerman, Y. Gupta, D. H. Torchinsky, and K. A. Nelson, “Second-order elastic constants of pentaerythritol tetranitrate and cyclotrimethylene trinitramine using impulsive stimulated thermal scattering,” J. Appl. Phys. 104, 073517 (2008).
[Crossref]

N. Hemmi, D. Torchinsky, K. Zimmerman, J. Winey, K. Nelson, and Y. Gupta, “Photoacoustic measurements to determine acoustic velocities in shocked condensed materials: application to liquid benzene,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 101926 (2008).
[Crossref]

Xu, X.

X. Xu, J. J. A. F. Cuautle, M. Kouyate, N. B. Roozen, J. Goossens, P. Menon, M. K. Malayil, R. Salenbien, R. N. Rajesh, C. Glorieux, P. Griesmar, L. Martinez, and S. Serfaty, “Evolution of elastic and thermal properties during TMOS-gel formation determined by ringing bottle acoustic resonance spectroscopy, impulsive stimulated scattering, photopyroelectric spectroscopy and the hot ball method,” J. Phys. D 49, 085502 (2016).
[Crossref]

Zaug, J.

E. Abramson, J. Brown, L. Slutsky, and J. Zaug, “The elastic constants of San Carlos olivine to 17 GPa,” J. Geophys. Res. 102, 12253–12263 (1997).
[Crossref]

Zaug, J. M.

A. F. Goncharov, J. Crowhurst, and J. M. Zaug, “Elastic and vibrational properties of cobalt to 120  GPa,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 115502 (2004).
[Crossref]

Zhou, J.

Z. Dreger, J. Zhou, N. Dang, and Y. Gupta, “Effect of high pressure on acoustic properties of several polymers: use of impulsive stimulated light scattering method,” J. Appl. Phys. 109, 083507 (2011).
[Crossref]

Ziegler, M.

M. Hempel, M. Ziegler, J. W. Tomm, T. Elsaesser, N. Michel, and M. Krakowski, “Time-resolved analysis of catastrophic optical damage in 975 nm emitting diode lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 251105 (2010).
[Crossref]

Zimmerman, K.

N. Hemmi, D. Torchinsky, K. Zimmerman, J. Winey, K. Nelson, and Y. Gupta, “Photoacoustic measurements to determine acoustic velocities in shocked condensed materials: application to liquid benzene,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 101926 (2008).
[Crossref]

B. Sun, J. Winey, N. Hemmi, Z. Dreger, K. Zimmerman, Y. Gupta, D. H. Torchinsky, and K. A. Nelson, “Second-order elastic constants of pentaerythritol tetranitrate and cyclotrimethylene trinitramine using impulsive stimulated thermal scattering,” J. Appl. Phys. 104, 073517 (2008).
[Crossref]

Adv. Mater. (1)

M. Abramchuk, S. Jaszewski, K. R. Metz, G. B. Osterhoudt, Y. Wang, K. S. Burch, and F. Tafti, “Controlling magnetic and optical properties of the van der Waals crystal via mixed halide chemistry,” Adv. Mater. 30, 1801325 (2018).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. A (1)

O. W. Käding, H. Skurk, A. A. Maznev, and E. Matthias, “Transient thermal gratings at surfaces for thermal characterization of bulk materials and thin films,” Appl. Phys. A 61, 253–261 (1995).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (4)

M. J. Banet, M. Fuchs, J. A. Rogers, J. H. Reinold Jr, J. M. Knecht, M. Rothschild, R. Logan, A. Maznev, and K. A. Nelson, “High-precision film thickness determination using a laser-based ultrasonic technique,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 73, 169–171 (1998).
[Crossref]

A. J. Schmidt, M. Chiesa, D. H. Torchinsky, J. A. Johnson, A. Boustani, G. H. McKinley, K. A. Nelson, and G. Chen, “Experimental investigation of nanofluid shear and longitudinal viscosities,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 244107 (2008).
[Crossref]

N. Hemmi, D. Torchinsky, K. Zimmerman, J. Winey, K. Nelson, and Y. Gupta, “Photoacoustic measurements to determine acoustic velocities in shocked condensed materials: application to liquid benzene,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 101926 (2008).
[Crossref]

M. Hempel, M. Ziegler, J. W. Tomm, T. Elsaesser, N. Michel, and M. Krakowski, “Time-resolved analysis of catastrophic optical damage in 975 nm emitting diode lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 251105 (2010).
[Crossref]

Chem. Phys. Lett. (1)

S. De Silvestri, J. Fujimoto, E. Ippen, E. B. Gamble Jr, L. R. Williams, and K. A. Nelson, “Femtosecond time-resolved measurements of optic phonon dephasing by impulsive stimulated Raman scattering in α-perylene crystal from 20 to 300  K,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 116, 146–152 (1985).
[Crossref]

Europhys. Lett. (1)

A. Taschin, R. Torre, M. Ricci, M. Sampoli, C. Dreyfus, and R. Pick, “Translation-rotation coupling in transient grating experiments: theoretical and experimental evidences,” Europhys. Lett. 56, 407–413 (2001).
[Crossref]

Inst. Phys. Conf. Ser. (1)

P. Epperlein and O. Martin, “Reflectance modulation studies on laser diode mirrors,” Inst. Phys. Conf. Ser. 120, 353–358 (1992).

J. Appl. Phys. (6)

F. Houle, D. Neiman, W. Tang, and H. Rosen, “Chemical changes accompanying facet degradation of AlGaAs quantum well lasers,” J. Appl. Phys. 72, 3884–3896 (1992).
[Crossref]

J. A. Johnson, A. A. Maznev, M. T. Bulsara, E. A. Fitzgerald, T. Harman, S. Calawa, C. Vineis, G. Turner, and K. A. Nelson, “Phase-controlled, heterodyne laser-induced transient grating measurements of thermal transport properties in opaque material,” J. Appl. Phys. 111, 023503 (2012).
[Crossref]

A. R. Duggal, J. A. Rogers, and K. A. Nelson, “Real-time optical characterization of surface acoustic modes of polyimide thin-film coatings,” J. Appl. Phys. 72, 2823–2839 (1992).
[Crossref]

J. A. Rogers and K. A. Nelson, “Study of Lamb acoustic waveguide modes in unsupported polyimide thin films using real-time impulsive stimulated thermal scattering,” J. Appl. Phys. 75, 1534–1556 (1994).
[Crossref]

B. Sun, J. Winey, N. Hemmi, Z. Dreger, K. Zimmerman, Y. Gupta, D. H. Torchinsky, and K. A. Nelson, “Second-order elastic constants of pentaerythritol tetranitrate and cyclotrimethylene trinitramine using impulsive stimulated thermal scattering,” J. Appl. Phys. 104, 073517 (2008).
[Crossref]

Z. Dreger, J. Zhou, N. Dang, and Y. Gupta, “Effect of high pressure on acoustic properties of several polymers: use of impulsive stimulated light scattering method,” J. Appl. Phys. 109, 083507 (2011).
[Crossref]

J. Chem. Phys. (1)

C. Glorieux, K. Nelson, G. Hinze, and M. Fayer, “Thermal, structural, and orientational relaxation of supercooled salol studied by polarization-dependent impulsive stimulated scattering,” J. Chem. Phys. 116, 3384–3395 (2002).
[Crossref]

J. Geophys. Res. (1)

E. Abramson, J. Brown, L. Slutsky, and J. Zaug, “The elastic constants of San Carlos olivine to 17 GPa,” J. Geophys. Res. 102, 12253–12263 (1997).
[Crossref]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (2)

J. Phys. Chem. A (1)

M. Takezaki, N. Hirota, and M. Terazima, “Nonradiative relaxation processes and electronically excited states of nitrobenzene studied by picosecond time-resolved transient grating method,” J. Phys. Chem. A 101, 3443–3448 (1997).
[Crossref]

J. Phys. D (1)

X. Xu, J. J. A. F. Cuautle, M. Kouyate, N. B. Roozen, J. Goossens, P. Menon, M. K. Malayil, R. Salenbien, R. N. Rajesh, C. Glorieux, P. Griesmar, L. Martinez, and S. Serfaty, “Evolution of elastic and thermal properties during TMOS-gel formation determined by ringing bottle acoustic resonance spectroscopy, impulsive stimulated scattering, photopyroelectric spectroscopy and the hot ball method,” J. Phys. D 49, 085502 (2016).
[Crossref]

Opt. Lett. (1)

Phys. Rev. Appl. (1)

C. L. Chang, R. R. Tamming, T. J. Broomhall, J. Janusonis, P. W. Fry, R. I. Tobey, and T. J. Hayward, “Selective excitation of localized spin-wave modes by optically pumped surface acoustic waves,” Phys. Rev. Appl. 10, 034068 (2018).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. B (2)

J. Janušonis, C.-L. Chang, T. Jansma, A. Gatilova, V. Vlasov, A. Lomonosov, V. Temnov, and R. Tobey, “Ultrafast magnetoelastic probing of surface acoustic transients,” Phys. Rev. B 94, 024415 (2016).
[Crossref]

C. Hua and A. J. Minnich, “Transport regimes in quasiballistic heat conduction,” Phys. Rev. B 89, 094302 (2014).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. E (1)

R. Torre, A. Taschin, and M. Sampoli, “Acoustic and relaxation processes in supercooled orthoterphenyl by optical-heterodyne transient grating experiment,” Phys. Rev. E 64, 061504 (2001).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (4)

A. F. Goncharov, J. Crowhurst, and J. M. Zaug, “Elastic and vibrational properties of cobalt to 120  GPa,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 115502 (2004).
[Crossref]

J. A. Johnson, A. Maznev, J. Cuffe, J. K. Eliason, A. J. Minnich, T. Kehoe, C. M. S. Torres, G. Chen, and K. A. Nelson, “Direct measurement of room-temperature nondiffusive thermal transport over micron distances in a silicon membrane,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 110, 025901 (2013).
[Crossref]

T. Sjodin, H. Petek, and H.-L. Dai, “Ultrafast carrier dynamics in silicon: a two-color transient reflection grating study on a (111) surface,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 5664–5667 (1998).
[Crossref]

J. Salcedo, A. Siegman, D. D. Dlott, and M. Fayer, “Dynamics of energy transport in molecular crystals: the picosecond transient-grating method,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 41, 131–134 (1978).
[Crossref]

Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. (1)

T. Hecksher, D. H. Torchinsky, C. Klieber, J. A. Johnson, J. C. Dyre, and K. A. Nelson, “Toward broadband mechanical spectroscopy,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. 114, 8710–8715 (2017).
[Crossref]

Rev. Sci. Instr. (1)

C. A. Werley, S. M. Teo, and K. A. Nelson, “Pulsed laser noise analysis and pump-probe signal detection with a data acquisition card,” Rev. Sci. Instr. 82, 123108 (2011).
[Crossref]

Science (3)

J. Brown, L. Slutsky, K. Nelson, and L.-T. Cheng, “Velocity of sound and equations of state for methanol and ethanol in a diamond-anvil cell,” Science 241, 65–67 (1988).
[Crossref]

N. Gedik, J. Orenstein, R. Liang, D. Bonn, and W. Hardy, “Diffusion of nonequilibrium quasi-particles in a cuprate superconductor,” Science 300, 1410–1412 (2003).
[Crossref]

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[Crossref]

Other (1)

H. J. Eichler, P. Günter, and D. W. Pohl, Laser-Induced Dynamic Gratings (Springer, 2013), Vol. 50.

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1. Representation of the TG process. (a) Pump beams of wavelength $ {\lambda _e} $ crossed at an angle $ \theta $ produce a grating of wavelength $ \Lambda = {\lambda _e}/(2\sin (\theta /2)) $. (b) The probe beam diffracts off of propagating excitations and the slowly decaying grating with the signal amplified by a local oscillator field in the heterodyne configuration.
Fig. 2.
Fig. 2. Top-down diagram of ISTS setup with side-on inset. CL, cylindrical lens; PM, phase mask; SM, spherical mirror; S, sample; F, filter; L, lens; A and B, photodiode detectors; G, galvanometer mounted coverslip; P, phase and delay compensating coverslip.
Fig. 3.
Fig. 3. ISTS data in isopropanol. (a) Acoustic data comprising 1020 data points taken with a 1 ns time step. The decay of the acoustic oscillations is governed by acoustic wave propagation away from the probed area as opposed to intrinsic damping. (b) Thermal data comprise 170 data points taken with a 5 ns time step. In both cases, data acquisition lasted $ {\sim} 2 \,\, {\rm min} $.
Fig. 4.
Fig. 4. ISTS data on $ {{\rm CrCl}_3} $. The data comprise 321 data points taken with a 500 ps time step and required 5 min of averaging. The acoustic amplitude is considerably smaller relative to a large, slowly decaying background.
Fig. 5.
Fig. 5. ISTS data for a 3.2 µm film of Cu evaporatively coated on Si comprising 538 data points taken with a 400 ps time step, necessitating $ {\sim} 7 \,\, {\rm min} $ of data acquisition. (a) Time-domain signal for acoustic wavelength $ \Lambda = 8.03 \,\, \unicode{x00B5}{\rm m} $. (b) Fourier transform of the time-domain signal in panel (a) showing three acoustic modes at the labeled frequencies. (c) Fits to the measured acoustic dispersion curves for the three observed acoustic branches.
Fig. 6.
Fig. 6. Response of pulsed laser diode to “excitation” by parasitic backscattered pump light reminiscent of ISTS data. There was no sample in the beam path.