Abstract

In previous continuous-variable quantum key distribution (CV-QKD) systems, the transmission rate is limited by the Nyquist criterion. Since the data symbols transmit without intersymbol interference (ISI) under this limitation, how to improve the secret key rate is still a notoriously hard problem. Faster-than-Nyquist (FTN) technology has been viewed as a potential technique in future communication systems, because of its higher spectrum efficiency and faster symbol rate. In this paper, a CV-QKD system based on FTN is proposed. The transmission of an FTN system is simulated, and then we analyze the Mazo limit and the constrained capacities of the system, and finally compare the secret key rate of FTN signals and Nyquist signals. Our proposed scheme is especially beneficial for the high-speed scenario. Simulation results demonstrate that such a CV-QKD system can increase channel capacity and enhance key rate; it can also improve the safe transmission distance of CV-QKD.

© 2020 Optical Society of America

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